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Activities of Daily Living

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1. Electromechanical and robot-assisted arm training for improving activities of daily living, arm function, and arm muscle strength after stroke. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Electromechanical and robot-assisted arm training for improving activities of daily living, arm function, and arm muscle strength after stroke. Electromechanical and robot-assisted arm training devices are used in rehabilitation, and may help to improve arm function after stroke.To assess the effectiveness of electromechanical and robot-assisted arm training for improving activities of daily living, arm function, and arm muscle strength in people after stroke. We also assessed the acceptability (...) of bias, used the GRADE approach to assess the quality of the body of evidence, and extracted data. We contacted trialists for additional information. We analysed the results as standardised mean differences (SMDs) for continuous variables and risk differences (RDs) for dichotomous variables.We included 45 trials (involving 1619 participants) in this update of our review. Electromechanical and robot-assisted arm training improved activities of daily living scores (SMD 0.31, 95% confidence interval (CI

2018 Cochrane

2. Occupational therapy for adults with problems in activities of daily living after stroke. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Occupational therapy for adults with problems in activities of daily living after stroke. A stroke occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off. Activities of daily living (ADL) are daily home-based activities that people carry out to maintain health and well-being. ADLs include the ability to: eat and drink unassisted, move, go to the toilet, carry out personal hygiene tasks, dress unassisted, and groom. Stroke causes impairment-related functional limitations that may result (...) in difficulties participating in ADLs independent of supervision, direction, or physical assistance.For adults with stroke, the goal of occupational therapy is to improve their ability to carry out activities of daily living. Strategies used by occupational therapists include assessment, treatment, adaptive techniques, assistive technology, and environmental adaptations. This is an update of the Cochrane review first published in 2006.To assess the effects of occupational therapy interventions

2017 Cochrane

3. Repetitive peripheral magnetic stimulation for activities of daily living and functional ability in people after stroke. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Repetitive peripheral magnetic stimulation for activities of daily living and functional ability in people after stroke. Repetitive peripheral magnetic stimulation (rPMS) is a form of therapy that creates painless stimulation of deep muscle structures to improve motor function in people with physical impairment from brain or nerve disorders. Use of rPMS for people after stroke has been identified as a feasible approach to improve activities of daily living and functional ability. However (...) , no systematic reviews have assessed the findings of available trials. The effect and safety of this intervention for people after stroke currently remain uncertain.To assess the effect of rPMS for improving activities of daily living and functional ability in people after stroke.We searched the Cochrane Stroke Group Trials Register (August 2016), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; 2016, Issue 8) in the Cochrane Library (August 2016), MEDLINE Ovid (November 2016), Embase Ovid

2017 Cochrane

4. Effects on activities of daily living and instrumental activities of daily living independence in patients with Alzheimer's disease when the main nursing caregiver consciously provides only minimal nursing care. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects on activities of daily living and instrumental activities of daily living independence in patients with Alzheimer's disease when the main nursing caregiver consciously provides only minimal nursing care. [Purpose] We investigated whether the activities of daily living and instrumental activities of daily living independence in patients with Alzheimer's disease are positively affected by the main nursing caregiver consciously aiming to provide only minimal nursing care. [Participants (...) and Methods] The participants comprised 105 patients (men: 46, women: 59, mean age: 80.1 ± 6.7 years). We conducted interviews to establish whether the main nursing caregivers consciously aimed to provide only minimal nursing care (care consciousness), and participants were thus divided into two groups. Hyogo Activities of Daily Living Scale scores of the groups with and without care consciousness were compared by dementia severity. [Results] In patients with mild Alzheimer's disease, activities of daily

2019 Journal of physical therapy science Controlled trial quality: uncertain

5. Relationship between frontal assessment battery scores and activities of daily living/instrumental activities of daily living ability in older adults Full Text available with Trip Pro

Relationship between frontal assessment battery scores and activities of daily living/instrumental activities of daily living ability in older adults [Purpose] The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between Frontal Assessment Battery scores and the ability to perform activities of daily living/instrumental activities of daily living based on child development, as well as the ability of Frontal Assessment Battery score to predict functional age. [Participants and Methods (...) ] The present cross-sectional study included 85 older adults (mean age: 83.5 years, standard deviation: 7.3; men: 23, women: 62; facility-dwelling: 43, home-based: 42) recruited from nursing homes and day centers in Hiroshima and Hyogo, Japan. All the participants were assessed using the Frontal Assessment Battery and perform activities of daily living/instrumental activities of daily living Cognitive Level Version 2.0 scale (ADL/IADL-COG ver.2.0). Spearman rank correlation coefficients and single

2018 Journal of physical therapy science

6. Six-month observational follow-up on activities of daily living in people with dementia living in nursing homes after a 6-month group based on either exercise or social activities. (Abstract)

Six-month observational follow-up on activities of daily living in people with dementia living in nursing homes after a 6-month group based on either exercise or social activities. Studies have demonstrated changes in activities of daily living after an exercise intervention in people with dementia (PWD) living in nursing homes (NH). However, some discrepancies are shown during follow-up.Our objective was to measure activities of daily living (ADL) performance during a 6-month observational (...) follow-up after a 6-month exercise or social activity intervention in PWD living in NH.After cluster randomisation, 91 PWD living in NH performed a 6-month structured exercise intervention (n = 44) or a social activity intervention (n = 47). After the intervention, 85 PWD were assessed for post-intervention follow-up. Instrumental and basic activities of daily living (IADL, ADL) were measured at 6-month observational follow-up after the intervention using the Alzheimer's Disease Cooperative Study

2019 Aging clinical and experimental research Controlled trial quality: uncertain

7. Activities of daily living decline is a predictor of lowered coughing ability and correlates with rehabilitative effect of tongue cleaning on coughing ability. (Abstract)

Activities of daily living decline is a predictor of lowered coughing ability and correlates with rehabilitative effect of tongue cleaning on coughing ability. Basic activities of daily living (ADL) is a critical indicator of independency in older adults. The purpose of this study is to evaluate impact of ADL decline on coughing ability, as determined by peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR), and to evaluate impact of ADL decline on the ability of tongue cleaning intervention to improve PEFR

2019 Odontology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

8. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) for improving activities of daily living, and physical and cognitive functioning, in people after stroke. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) for improving activities of daily living, and physical and cognitive functioning, in people after stroke. Stroke is one of the leading causes of disability worldwide. Functional impairment, resulting in poor performance in activities of daily living (ADLs) among stroke survivors is common. Current rehabilitation approaches have limited effectiveness in improving ADL performance, function, muscle strength and cognitive abilities (including spatial (...) searched trials registers and reference lists, handsearched conference proceedings and contacted authors and equipment manufacturers.This is the update of an existing review. In the previous version of this review we focused on the effects of tDCS on ADLs and function. In this update, we broadened our inclusion criteria to compare any kind of active tDCS for improving ADLs, function, muscle strength and cognitive abilities (including spatial neglect) versus any kind of placebo or control

2016 Cochrane

9. Electromechanical and robot-assisted arm training for improving activities of daily living, arm function, and arm muscle strength after stroke. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Electromechanical and robot-assisted arm training for improving activities of daily living, arm function, and arm muscle strength after stroke. Electromechanical and robot-assisted arm training devices are used in rehabilitation, and may help to improve arm function after stroke.To assess the effectiveness of electromechanical and robot-assisted arm training for improving activities of daily living, arm function, and arm muscle strength in people after stroke. We also assessed the acceptability (...) data. We contacted trialists for additional information. We analysed the results as standardised mean differences (SMDs) for continuous variables and risk differences (RDs) for dichotomous variables.We included 34 trials (involving 1160 participants) in this update of our review. Electromechanical and robot-assisted arm training improved activities of daily living scores (SMD 0.37, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.11 to 0.64, P = 0.005, I² = 62%), arm function (SMD 0.35, 95% CI 0.18 to 0.51, P

2015 Cochrane

10. Medicare Spending and the Adequacy of Support With Daily Activities in Community-Living Older Adults With Disability: An Observational Study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Medicare Spending and the Adequacy of Support With Daily Activities in Community-Living Older Adults With Disability: An Observational Study. Identifying factors that affect variation in health care spending among older adults with disability may reveal opportunities to better address their care needs while offsetting excess spending.To quantify differences in total Medicare spending among older adults with disability by whether they experience negative consequences due to inadequate support (...) with household activities, mobility, or self-care.Observational study of in-person interviews and linked Medicare claims.United States, 2015.3716 community-living older adults who participated in the 2015 NHATS (National Health and Aging Trends Study) and survived for 12 months.Total Medicare spending by spending quartile in multivariable regression models that adjusted for individual characteristics.Negative consequences were experienced by 18.3% of participants with disability in household activities, 25.6

2019 Annals of Internal Medicine

11. Validity of consumer-grade activity monitor to identify manual wheelchair propulsion in standardized activities of daily living. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Validity of consumer-grade activity monitor to identify manual wheelchair propulsion in standardized activities of daily living. Hypoactive lifestyle contributes to the development of secondary complications and lower quality of life in wheelchair users. There is a need for objective and user-friendly physical activity monitors for wheelchair-dependent individuals in order to increase physical activity through self-monitoring, goal setting, and feedback provision.To determine the validity (...) of daily living. Each participant was equipped with a set of two Activ8 Professional Activity Monitors, one at the right forearm and one at the right wheel. Task classification by the Active8 Monitors was validated using video recordings. For the overall agreement, sensitivity and positive predictive value, outcomes above 90% are considered excellent, between 70 and 90% good, and below 70% unsatisfactory.Division in two classes resulted in overall agreement of 82.1%, sensitivity of 77.7% and positive

2018 PLoS ONE

12. Rehabilitation improves prognosis and activities of daily living in hemodialysis patients with low activities of daily living Full Text available with Trip Pro

Rehabilitation improves prognosis and activities of daily living in hemodialysis patients with low activities of daily living Activities of daily living (ADL) in aged hemodialysis patients decrease by many factors as hemodialysis therapy, various disease-related complications and underlying disease for rehabilitation. But the correlation between low ADL and mortality remains unclear. We assessed the levels of ADL and effects of rehabilitation in hemodialysis patients with low ADL. Moreover

2017 Physical therapy research

13. Muscle measures as predictors of activities of daily living and instrumental activities of daily living in older populations: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Muscle measures as predictors of activities of daily living and instrumental activities of daily living in older populations: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability

2019 PROSPERO

14. Association among activities of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living and health-related quality of life in elderly Yi ethnic minority. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Association among activities of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living and health-related quality of life in elderly Yi ethnic minority. The health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of the elderly population of Yi ethnic minority, which is the seventh largest nationality in China, has been rarely reported. This study was designed to explore the HRQoL of the elderly Yi ethnicity and association between their HRQOL and functional abilities.A total of 291 Yi ethnic residents were (...) randomly recruited from 12 rural counties in Yunnan province and divided into different age groups. Local residents in Yunnan province and the elderly from Hangzhou were enrolled as controls. The MOS 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), activities of daily living (ADL), instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) scales were utilized to evaluate the HRQoL and functional ability. One-way ANOVA was used to statistically compare the ADL and IADL among different age groups. The influential

2017 BMC Geriatrics

15. How do impairments in cognitive functions affect activities of daily living functions in older adults? Full Text available with Trip Pro

How do impairments in cognitive functions affect activities of daily living functions in older adults? The assessment of daily living activities could provide information about daily functions and participation restrictions to develop intervention strategies. The purposes of this study were to assess the scores of the Barthel Index (BI) and Lawton Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) scale in older adults with cognitive impairment and to explore the different effects that levels (...) the problem-solving score of the Clinical Dementia Rating scale, a Qmci score of > 20.4 and an age of ≤ 81.2 years, a MoCA score of < 9.4 and an age of > 81.2 years, and the MMSE score and an age of > 81.2 years. This study adds to the evidence that the description of basic and instrumental daily activities is integrated in older adults with cognitive impairment. Notably, the Qmci is the most significant predictor of changes in IADL function for "young" older adults, as are the MoCA and MMSE for "old

2019 PLoS ONE

16. Long-term performance of instrumental activities of daily living in young and middle-aged stroke survivors-Impact of cognitive dysfunction, emotional problems and fatigue. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Long-term performance of instrumental activities of daily living in young and middle-aged stroke survivors-Impact of cognitive dysfunction, emotional problems and fatigue. With an upward trend in the number of people who return home to independent living after stroke, the ability to perform more complex activities is becoming an increasingly important long-term outcome after stroke. Although associations between Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) and cognitive dysfunction, emotional (...) problems, and fatigue have been reported, less is known about the long-term impact of these stroke consequences on the performance of everyday activities in young and middle-aged stroke survivors.To explore the impact of cognitive dysfunction, emotional problems, and fatigue on long-term performance of instrumental activities of daily living in young and middle-aged stroke survivors.Data on stroke survivors, aged 18-69 at index stroke, were collected from the Sahlgrenska Academy Study on Ischaemic

2019 PLoS ONE

17. Metabolic costs of activities of daily living in persons with a lower limb amputation: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Metabolic costs of activities of daily living in persons with a lower limb amputation: A systematic review and meta-analysis. To systematically review the literature on the metabolic costs of activities of daily living (ADL) in persons with a lower limb amputation (LLA).A literature search was undertaken in the Pubmed, Embase, CINAHL, CENTRAL, and PsycINFO databases using keywords and synonyms for LLA, metabolic costs, and ADL. The last search was performed on November 29th, 2017.Studies were (...) included if they met the following 2 criteria: participants were adults with a (unilateral or bilateral) LLA and metabolic costs were measured while participants performed a physical activity or ADL.Data of 1,912 participants from 61 studies were included in the systematic review and meta-analysis. The studies used different terms to describe metabolic costs. Participants were recruited in different settings, relatively healthy, with few comorbidities. Limited data were available on metabolic costs

2019 PLoS ONE

18. Effect of Group-Task-Oriented Training on Gross and Fine Motor Function, and Activities of Daily Living in Children with Spastic Cerebral Palsy. (Abstract)

Effect of Group-Task-Oriented Training on Gross and Fine Motor Function, and Activities of Daily Living in Children with Spastic Cerebral Palsy. Aims: To determine the effects of group-task-oriented training (group-TOT) on gross and fine motor function, activities of daily living (ADL) and social function of children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP).Methods: Eighteen children with spastic CP (4-7.5 years, gross motor function classification system level I-III) were randomly assigned

2020 Physical & occupational therapy in pediatrics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

19. Machine learning methods for detecting urinary tract infection and analysing daily living activities in people with dementia. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Machine learning methods for detecting urinary tract infection and analysing daily living activities in people with dementia. Dementia is a neurological and cognitive condition that affects millions of people around the world. At any given time in the United Kingdom, 1 in 4 hospital beds are occupied by a person with dementia, while about 22% of these hospital admissions are due to preventable causes. In this paper we discuss using Internet of Things (IoT) technologies and in-home sensory (...) have used a Non-negative Matrix Factorisation (NMF) technique to extract latent factors from raw observation and use them for clustering and identifying the possible UTI cases. In addition, we have designed an algorithm for detecting changes in activity patterns to identify early symptoms of cognitive decline or health decline in order to provide personalised and preventative care services. For this purpose, we have used an Isolation Forest (iForest) technique to create a holistic view of the daily

2019 PLoS ONE

20. Effects of MOTOmed movement therapy on the mobility and activities of daily living of stroke patients with hemiplegia: a systematic review and meta-analysis (Abstract)

Effects of MOTOmed movement therapy on the mobility and activities of daily living of stroke patients with hemiplegia: a systematic review and meta-analysis To estimate the effectiveness of MOTOmed® movement therapy in increasing mobility and activities of daily living in stroke patients with hemiplegia.Systematic review.English- and Chinese-language articles published from the start of database coverage through 20 June 2018 were retrieved from the Embase, Web of Science, PubMed, OVID, Cochrane (...) combined with standard rehabilitation improves mobility and activities of daily living in stroke patients with hemiplegia.

2018 EvidenceUpdates

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