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1. Nine primary malignant neoplasms-involving the esophagus, stomach, colon, rectum, prostate, and external ear canal-without microsatellite instability: a case report. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Nine primary malignant neoplasms-involving the esophagus, stomach, colon, rectum, prostate, and external ear canal-without microsatellite instability: a case report. Although cases of multiple primary malignant neoplasms are increasing, reports of more than three or four primary metachronous malignant neoplasms are extremely rare. Moreover, very few publications have provided a genetic mutational analysis or have evaluated risk factors associated with such neoplasms. We present an extremely (...) is extremely rare, the present case of nine primary malignancies with no associated microsatellite instability and no apparent predisposing hereditary conditions, is extraordinary. Our case study shows that it is possible for up to nine sporadic neoplasms to occur, and efficient disease management requires diligent screening and early detection.

2018 BMC Cancer

2. Prostatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Controlled for Cancer Grade and Tumor Volume Does Not Have an Independent Effect on Adverse Radical Prostatectomy Outcomes Compared to Usual Acinar Prostatic Adenocarcinoma. (Abstract)

Prostatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Controlled for Cancer Grade and Tumor Volume Does Not Have an Independent Effect on Adverse Radical Prostatectomy Outcomes Compared to Usual Acinar Prostatic Adenocarcinoma. To study if prostatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) controlled by Grade Group (GG), PSA, and tumor volume (TV) is an independent predictor of adverse radical prostatectomy (RP) outcomes.One-hundred and twenty-eight PDA and 1141 acinar continuous RPs were studied. Each tumor nodule (TN

2020 Urology

3. Malignant jejunal gastrointestinal stromal tumor with history of prostate cancer: A case report. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Malignant jejunal gastrointestinal stromal tumor with history of prostate cancer: A case report. The problem of the coexistence of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) with other neoplasms is complex, and carcinomas of prostate is one of the common types of GIST-associated cancers. Doubling time of GIST is about 3.9 months for high-risk GIST, and the treatment paradigm for GIST has required the integration of surgery and molecular therapy.A 70-year-old man with postoperative history (...) of prostate cancer experienced fast-growing malignant jejunal GIST with multiple peritoneal metastases within 1 year.Enhanced computed tomography (CT) detected a neoplasm of small intestine with multiple peritoneal nodules and postoperative pathology confirmed GIST.Oral imatinib after surgery, at 400 mg per day, was used for 4 years.The patient remains well, and the peritoneal nodules located in front of the rectum disappeared gradually.Physicians should be aware of possibility of GIST in patients

2019 Medicine

4. Skene's Gland Adenocarcinoma: Borrowing from Prostate Cancer Experience for the Evaluation and Management of a Rare Malignancy. (Abstract)

Skene's Gland Adenocarcinoma: Borrowing from Prostate Cancer Experience for the Evaluation and Management of a Rare Malignancy. To determine if adenocarcinoma of the Skene's glands in women, which has a histological and immunohistochemical appearance similar to prostate cancer, can be evaluated and managed with the same tools we use for prostate cancer.Serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) kinetics, 3D multiparametric (MP) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), fluciclovine F-18 positron emission (...) of Skene's gland adenocarcinoma, we can employ many of the tools at our disposal for the evaluation and management of prostate cancer to benefit the women found to have this malignancy.Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Inc.

2020 Urology

5. Prostatic stromal tumors of uncertain malignant potential. (Abstract)

Prostatic stromal tumors of uncertain malignant potential. We present a 53-year-old man with a multilocular solid and cystic mass measuring 19 cm on cross-sectional imaging. After undergoing pelvic mass excision, final histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of primary prostatic stromal tumor of uncertain malignant potential (STUMP). Prostatic STUMPs are rare mesenchymal tumors with diverse histological patterns. They are distinct from prostatic stromal sarcomas as they do not behave (...) aggressively, although some may occasionally demonstrate local recurrence after resection. Due to their unpredictable malignant potential, lack of correlation between histologic patterns, and sarcomatous differentiation, these patients warrant surgical excision and close follow-up.Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier Inc.

2019 Urology

6. Padeliporfin (Tookad) - prostate cancer / Prostatic Neoplasms

the Committee, issued a positive opinion for granting a marketing authorisation to Tookad on 14 September 2017. 2. Scientific discussion 2.1. Problem statement 2.1.1. Disease or condition Tookad is indicated as monotherapy for adult patients with previously untreated, unilateral, low-risk, adenocarcinoma of the prostate with a life expectancy = 10 years and: - Clinical stage T1c or T2a, - Gleason Score = 6, based on high-resolution biopsy strategies, - PSA = 10 ng/mL, - 3 positive cancer cores (...) Padeliporfin (Tookad) - prostate cancer / Prostatic Neoplasms 30 Churchill Place ? Canary Wharf ? London E14 5EU ? United Kingdom An agency of the European Union Telephone +44 (0)20 3660 6000 Facsimile +44 (0)20 3660 5520 Send a question via our website www.ema.europa.eu/contact 14 September 2017 EMA/644309/2017 Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) Assessment report TOOKAD International non-proprietary name: padeliporfin Procedure No. EMEA/H/C/004182/0000 Note Assessment report

2017 European Medicines Agency - EPARs

7. Tumour metabolism and its unique properties in prostate adenocarcinoma. (Abstract)

Tumour metabolism and its unique properties in prostate adenocarcinoma. Anabolic metabolism mediated by aberrant growth factor signalling fuels tumour growth and progression. The first biochemical descriptions of the altered metabolic nature of solid tumours were reported by Otto Warburg almost a century ago. Now, the study of tumour metabolism is being redefined by the development of new molecular tools, tumour modelling systems and precise instrumentation together with important advances (...) adenocarcinoma are likely to stem from the distinct metabolism of the prostatic epithelium from which it emerges. Normal prostatic epithelium employs comparatively glycolytic metabolism to sustain physiological citrate secretion, whereas prostate adenocarcinoma consumes citrate to power oxidative phosphorylation and fuel lipogenesis, enabling tumour progression through metabolic reprogramming. Current data suggest that the distinct metabolic aberrations in prostate adenocarcinoma are driven by the androgen

2020 Nature reviews. Urology

8. Primary malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor of prostate in a young adult: A case report. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Primary malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor of prostate in a young adult: A case report. Prostate sarcoma has been reported to represent 0.7% of primary prostate malignancies. Leiomyosarcoma and rhabdomyosarcoma are the most common sarcomas of the prostate. Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) of the prostate is very rare.A 22-year-old man presented with gross hematuria and voiding difficulty for 2 weeks. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a 6-cm mass in the left lobe (...) . However, chest CT showed multiple lung metastases a month after prostatectomy. A chemotherapeutic regimen of doxorubicin and ifosfamide was administered.The best response to chemotherapy was partial response. After several courses of chemotherapy, he died 9 months after the surgery.Primary prostate sarcoma and even MPNST are extremely rare. MPNST of the prostate has seldom been reported. This report may help diagnose and manage the disease.

2018 Medicine

9. PTEN loss in prostatic adenocarcinoma correlates with specific adverse histologic features (intraductal carcinoma, cribriform Gleason pattern 4 and stromogenic carcinoma). (Abstract)

PTEN loss in prostatic adenocarcinoma correlates with specific adverse histologic features (intraductal carcinoma, cribriform Gleason pattern 4 and stromogenic carcinoma). The loss of PTEN tumor suppressor gene is one of the most common somatic genetic aberrations in prostate cancer (PCa) and is frequently associated with high-risk disease. Deletion or mutation of at least one PTEN allele has been reported to occur in 20% to 40% of localized PCa and up to 60% of metastases. The goal (...) tumor stroma as previously described: the presence of carcinoma associated stromal response with epithelial to stroma ratio of greater than 50% reactive stroma.Eight-eight (34%) cases exhibited PTEN loss while 172 (66%) had intact PTEN. PTEN loss was significantly (P < 0.05) associated with increasing GG, poorly formed glands (74% of total cases with loss vs 49% of intact), and three well-validated unfavorable pathological features: intraductal carcinoma of the prostate (IDC-P) (69% of total cases

2019 Prostate

10. Small cell carcinoma of the bladder with coexisting prostate adenocarcinoma: two cases report and literature review. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Small cell carcinoma of the bladder with coexisting prostate adenocarcinoma: two cases report and literature review. Primary small cell carcinoma of the bladder (SCCB) is a rare disease of the genitourinary tract and reported limitedly. SCCB is very aggressive and always mixed with other histologic components, but coexistence of SCCB and prostate adenocarcinoma is extremely rare.Two aged males (72 and 58 years) were included in this study. Both of them presented with gross hematuria as initial (...) symptom. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated protruding lesions in the urinary bladder. Pathological examination after radical cystectomy and prostatectomy showed the concurrence of SCCB and prostate adenocarcinoma. One patient died of liver and lung metastasis 8 months after surgery, and the other patient was still alive after 19 months of follow-up.In this paper, we reported two unusual cases of coexistence of SCCB and prostate adenocarcinoma, and reviewed relative literatures with respect

2020 BMC Urology

11. A rare case of malignant solitary fibrous tumor in prostate with review of the literature Full Text available with Trip Pro

a homogeneous morphology: part of the neoplasm (about 50%) showed the features of a conventional solitary fibrous tumor, while the remaining part showed the features of a malignant solitary fibrous tumor. In addition, the case is the first malignant solitary fibrous tumor reaching a huge diameter of 20 cm and replacing all prostatic parenchyma. Interestingly, normal prostatic parenchyma was observed on left-lobe trans-rectal needle-core biopsies, but was totally absent in surgical specimen. Since radical (...) -like vessels. In some fields the neoplasm was characterized by a high mitotic index and evident cellular atypia. Immunohistochemically, neoplastic cells were positive for CD34, bcl2, CD99, STAT6 and partially for PgR. The neoplasm was diagnosed as a malignant solitary fibrous tumor.The differential diagnosis of spindle cells tumors arising in the prostrate is broad and includes lesions of epithelial and mesenchymal origin, primary prostatic lesions such as stromal tumors of uncertain malignant

2017 Diagnostic pathology

12. Molecular analyses of prostate tumors for diagnosis of malignancy on fine-needle aspiration biopsies Full Text available with Trip Pro

Molecular analyses of prostate tumors for diagnosis of malignancy on fine-needle aspiration biopsies Prostate cancer (PCa) is a common cancer and remains the second-leading cause of cancer-associated mortality in men, but diagnosis of PCa remains a main clinical challenge. To investigate the involvement of differentially expressing genes in PCa with deregulated pathways to allow earlier diagnosis of the disease, transcriptomic analyses of differential expression genes in fine-needle aspiration (...) (FNA) biopsies helped to discriminate PCa from benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). We identified 255 genes that were deregulated in prostate tumors compared with BPH tissues. qRT-PCR was conducted to examine the expression levels of the four genes in FNA biopsies and confirmed that ITGBL1 was significantly up-regulated and HOXA7, KRT15 and TGM4 were down-regulated in the PCa compared to the BPH, with a sensitivity of 87.1% and a specificity of 87.8%; the area under the receiver operating

2017 Oncotarget

13. MRI feature analysis of uncommon prostatic malignant tumors Full Text available with Trip Pro

MRI feature analysis of uncommon prostatic malignant tumors 28566559 2019 01 26 1745-7262 20 3 2018 May-Jun Asian journal of andrology Asian J. Androl. MRI feature analysis of uncommon prostatic malignant tumors. 313-315 10.4103/aja.aja_12_17 Feng Zhao-Yan ZY The Department of Radiology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, China. Min Xiang-De XD The Department of Radiology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong (...) . Zhang Pei-Pei PP The Department of Radiology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, China. Kang Zhen Z The Department of Radiology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, China. eng Letter China Asian J Androl 100942132 1008-682X 2017 6 2 6 0 2017 6 2 6 0 2017 6 2 6 0 ppublish 28566559 10.4103/aja.aja_12_17 207301 PMC5952491 Cancer Imaging. 2013 May 30;13:228-37 23722584

2017 Asian journal of andrology

14. Synchronous Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor and Adenocarcinoma of the Prostate: Case Report and Literature Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Synchronous Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor and Adenocarcinoma of the Prostate: Case Report and Literature Review Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumors (MPNSTs) of the prostate are extremely rare. A very unusual case of simultaneous adenocarcinoma and MPNST of the prostate is reported. A 60-year-old Caucasian male presented for annual urologic examination. Digital rectal examination revealed a painless, toughish, and asymmetrically enlarged prostate. Serum prostate-specific antigen (...) was 1 ng/mL. Radiologic examinations demonstrated a large mass, which was arising from the left peripheral lobe of the prostate. The patient underwent transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy of the prostate which revealed a smooth muscle tumor of uncertain malignant potential. Radical retropubic prostatectomy with en bloc removal of the mass and the seminal vesicles was performed and histology demonstrated low-grade MPNST and adenocarcinoma of the prostate. To the best of our knowledge

2016 Case reports in urology

15. Synchronous Bone Metastasis From Multiple Myeloma and Prostate Adenocarcinoma as Initial Presentation of Coexistent Malignancies Full Text available with Trip Pro

studies revealed osteoblastic spinal metastasis, prostate enhancement on CT and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level of 90 ng/mL, concerning for concomitant prostate neoplasm. After endoprosthetic reconstruction, pathology of the femur identified both plasma cell neoplasm and metastatic prostate adenocarcinoma. An association between prostate cancer and multiple myeloma is hypothesized due to tumor microenvironment similarities and possible common genetic variations, however, coexisting bone (...) Synchronous Bone Metastasis From Multiple Myeloma and Prostate Adenocarcinoma as Initial Presentation of Coexistent Malignancies The radiographic appearance of bone metastases is usually determined by tumor histology and can be osteolytic, osteoblastic, or mixed. We present a patient with coexistent bone metastasis from multiple myeloma and prostate adenocarcinoma who exhibited synchronous bone involvement of both histologies within the same bone lesion, a rare phenomenon that has not been

2018 Frontiers in oncology

16. Lineage relationship between prostate adenocarcinoma and small cell carcinoma. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Lineage relationship between prostate adenocarcinoma and small cell carcinoma. Prostate cancer displays different morphologies which, in turn, affect patient outcome. This fact prompted questions about the lineage relationship between differentiated, more treatable prostate adenocarcinoma and poorly differentiated, less treatable non-adenocarcinoma including small cell carcinoma, and the molecular mechanism underlying prostate cancer differentiation.Newly available non-adenocarcinoma/small cell (...) the gene expression of prostate non-small cell carcinoma cells, as well as fibroblasts. The resultant cells grew in stem-like colonies. Of note was a 10-fold lower expression of B2M in the transfected cells. Low B2M was also characteristic of LuCaP 145.1. Conversely, B2M was increased when stem cells were induced to differentiate.This work suggested a pathway in the emergence of non-adenocarcinoma/small cell carcinoma from adenocarcinoma through activation of scTF genes that produced cancer de

2019 BMC Cancer

17. Expression of the SIBLINGs and their MMP partners in human benign and malignant prostate neoplasms Full Text available with Trip Pro

Expression of the SIBLINGs and their MMP partners in human benign and malignant prostate neoplasms The small integrin binding ligands n-linked glycoproteins (SIBLINGs) have emerged as potential diagnostic and prognostic indices, and as key targets, in cancer therapy. Three members of the SIBLING family: bone sialoprotein (BSP); osteopontin (OPN); and dentin matrix protein1 (DMP1), bind and interact with specific matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs): BSP-MMP2; OPN-MMP3; DMP1-MMP9, in biochemical (...) and biologic systems. The other two family members are dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP) and matrix extracellular phosphoglycoprotein (MEPE). The specific SIBLING-MMP pairing reported in some cancers have not been reported in prostate neoplasms. In this study, we investigated SIBLING-MMP expression and potential interaction in prostate neoplasms. Chi square analysis of immunohistochemistry results showed significant upregulation of OPN (X2=25.710/p<0.001), BSP (X2=19.546/p<0.001), and DSPP (X2=8.720/p

2016 Oncotarget

18. Deletion of the p16INK4a tumor suppressor and expression of the androgen receptor induce sarcomatoid carcinomas with signet ring cells in the mouse prostate. Full Text available with Trip Pro

. The p16Ink4a plays an important role in tumor suppression, whereby its deletion, mutation, or epigenetic silencing is a frequently observed genetic alteration in prostate cancer. To assess its roles and related molecular mechanisms in prostate cancer initiation and progression, we generated a mouse model with conditional deletion of p16Ink4a in prostatic luminal epithelium. The mice underwent oncogenic transformation and developed prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) from eight months of age (...) Deletion of the p16INK4a tumor suppressor and expression of the androgen receptor induce sarcomatoid carcinomas with signet ring cells in the mouse prostate. The tumor suppressor p16Ink4a, encoded by the INK4a gene, is an inhibitor of cyclin D-dependent kinases 4 and 6, CDK4 and CDK6. This inhibition prevents the phosphorylation of the retinoblastoma protein (pRb), resulting in cellular senescence through inhibition of E2F-mediated transcription of S phase genes required for cell proliferation

2019 PLoS ONE

19. Resveratrol inhibits the tumor migration and invasion by upregulating TET1 and reducing TIMP2/3 methylation in prostate carcinoma cells. (Abstract)

Resveratrol inhibits the tumor migration and invasion by upregulating TET1 and reducing TIMP2/3 methylation in prostate carcinoma cells. Recently, resveratrol (Res) has been suggested to suppress the migration and invasion of prostate cancer (PCa). In the present study, we aimed to investigate the effects of Res on genomic DNA methylation, as well as the migration and invasion of PCa cells.The suppression by Res of the growth of PCa cells was verified through a cytotoxicity assay. In addition

2020 Prostate

20. The expression of YAP1 is increased in high-grade prostatic adenocarcinoma but is reduced in neuroendocrine prostate cancer. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The expression of YAP1 is increased in high-grade prostatic adenocarcinoma but is reduced in neuroendocrine prostate cancer. After long-term androgen deprivation therapy, 25-30% prostate cancer (PCa) acquires an aggressive neuroendocrine (NE) phenotype. Dysregulation of YAP1, a key transcription coactivator of the Hippo pathway, has been related to cancer progression. However, its role in neuroendocrine prostate cancer (NEPC) has not been assessed.Immunohistochemistry and bioinformatics (...) analysis were conducted to evaluate YAP1 expression levels during PCa initiation and progression.YAP1 expression was present in the basal epithelial cells in benign prostatic tissues, lost in low-grade PCa, but elevated in high-grade prostate adenocarcinomas. Interestingly, the expression of YAP1 was reduced/lost in both human and mouse NEPC.The expression of YAP1 is elevated in high-grade prostate adenocarcinomas but lost in NEPC.

2020 Prostate cancer and prostatic diseases

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