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(orthopedic) from:2005 to:2010)

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161. Electromagnetic induction heating of an orthopaedic nickel--titanium shape memory device. (Abstract)

were retrieved and examined for inflammatory changes, necrosis, and corrosion pits. Cytokine measurements and histological specimens showed no significant differences among the groups. We concluded that electromagnetic induction heating of orthopedic NiTi implants is feasible and safe in a rat model. This is the first step in the development of new orthopedic implants in which stiffness or rigidity can be modified after implantation to optimize bone-healing.© 2010 Orthopaedic Research Society (...) Electromagnetic induction heating of an orthopaedic nickel--titanium shape memory device. Shape memory orthopaedic implants made from nickel-titanium (NiTi) might allow the modulation of fracture healing, changing their cross-sectional shape by employing the shape memory effect. We aimed to show the feasibility and safety of contact-free electromagnetic induction heating of NiTi implants in a rat model. A water-cooled generator-oscillator combination was used. Induction characteristics were

2010 Journal of Orthopaedic Research

162. Iatrogenic arterial injuries of spine and orthopedic operations. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Iatrogenic arterial injuries of spine and orthopedic operations. To describe the results of contemporary management of iatrogenic arterial injuries following spine and orthopedic operations.Patients with major arterial injuries following spine and orthopedic operations in four teaching hospitals (Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Mich; Henry Ford Macomb Hospital, Clinton Township, Mich; St John Macomb Hospital, Warren, Mich; and St John Hospital, Detroit, Mich) over the last 10 years were studied (...) . Data were collected on a continuous basis from vascular registries and analyzed retrospectively.Seventeen patients (8 spine, 9 orthopedic operations) had iatrogenic arterial injuries manifest as thrombosis or laceration with bleeding, pseudoaneurysm, or arteriovenous fistula. The majority of arterial lacerations with bleeding and pseudoaneurysms were treated with open surgical repair while the majority of thromboses and arteriovenous fistulae were treated with endovascular techniques. Fasciotomy

2010 Journal of Vascular Surgery

163. Biofilm development by clinical isolates of Staphylococcus spp. from retrieved orthopedic prostheses. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Biofilm development by clinical isolates of Staphylococcus spp. from retrieved orthopedic prostheses. Biofilms are considered the key factor in the development of implant-related infections. However, only a few reports have dealt with the ability of organisms isolated from such infections to develop biofilms in vitro.We evaluated different phenotypic techniques (2 microtiter plate assays and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) and genotypic techniques (detection of the ica operon) related (...) to the phenotypic ability of the strains to develop a biofilm in vitro, so both studies (genetic and phenotypic) are required for a better evaluation of the biofilm-producing ability of clinical strains of Staphylococcus isolated from orthopedic infections.

2010 Acta Orthopaedica

164. The Harris hip score: Do ceiling effects limit its usefulness in orthopedics? Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Harris hip score: Do ceiling effects limit its usefulness in orthopedics? The Harris hip score (HHS), a disease-specific health status scale that is frequently used to measure the outcome of total hip arthroplasty, has never been validated properly. A questionnaire is suitable only when all 5 psychometric properties are of sufficient quality. We questioned the usefulness of the HHS by investigating its content validity.We performed a systematic review based on a literature search in PubMed

2010 Acta Orthopaedica

165. Effectiveness of the AAOS Leadership Fellows Program for Orthopaedic Surgeons. (Abstract)

Effectiveness of the AAOS Leadership Fellows Program for Orthopaedic Surgeons. Effective physician leadership is critical to the future success of healthcare organizations. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) Leadership Fellows Program is a one-year program designed to train young orthopaedic surgeons to become future leaders in orthopaedics. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of the AAOS Leadership Fellows Program on the leadership skills and achievements

2010 The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume

166. Child Abuse: The Role of the Orthopaedic Surgeon in Nonaccidental Trauma. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Child Abuse: The Role of the Orthopaedic Surgeon in Nonaccidental Trauma. Child abuse presents in many different forms: physical, sexual, psychological, and neglect. The orthopaedic surgeon is involved mostly with physical abuse but should be aware of the other forms. There is limited training regarding child abuse, and the documentation is poor when a patient is at risk for abuse. There is a considerable risk to children when abuse is not recognized.In this review, we (1) define abuse, (2 (...) ) describe the incidence and demographic characteristics of abuse, (3) describe the orthopaedic manifestations of abuse, and (4) define the orthopaedic surgeon's role in cases of abuse.We performed a PubMed literature review and a search of the Department of Health and Human Services Web site. The Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery of North America trauma symposium was referenced and expanded to create this review.Recognition and awareness of child abuse are the primary tasks of the orthopaedic surgeon. Skin

2010 Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research

167. The Accuracy of Digital Radiography in Orthopaedic Applications. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Accuracy of Digital Radiography in Orthopaedic Applications. Recent advances in technology and the use of image archiving and communication systems (PACS) has led some institutions to abandon conventional plain film radiography and rely solely on digital computed radiography. The level of accuracy of digital radiography in measuring distances for orthopaedic applications is unclear.Is it possible to accurately measure small distances using digital radiographs and PACS software?A model

2010 Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research

168. Hypovitaminosis D in patients scheduled to undergo orthopaedic surgery: a single-center analysis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Hypovitaminosis D in patients scheduled to undergo orthopaedic surgery: a single-center analysis. Vitamin D is essential for optimal bone health and muscle function. An alarmingly high rate of vitamin-D deficiency in the general population has been reported recently. The purpose of the present study was to characterize the extent of low serum levels of vitamin D among orthopaedic surgery patients.We performed a retrospective chart review of 723 patients who were scheduled for orthopaedic (...) surgery between January 2007 and March 2008. Preoperative serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) levels were measured. The prevalence of normal (≥32 ng/mL), insufficient (<32 ng/mL), and deficient (<20 ng/mL) vitamin-D levels was determined. Logistic regression was used to assess risk factors for insufficient (<32 ng/mL) 25(OH)D levels.Overall, 43% of all patients had insufficient serum vitamin-D levels, and, of these, 40% had deficient levels. Among the orthopaedic services, the highest rates of low

2010 The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume

169. Diversity based on race, ethnicity, and sex between academic orthopaedic surgery and other specialties: a comparative study. (Abstract)

Diversity based on race, ethnicity, and sex between academic orthopaedic surgery and other specialties: a comparative study. Previous studies have demonstrated a lack of diversity in orthopaedics; however, it is unclear whether this observation is unique to orthopaedics or similar to other surgical fields. The present study compares diversity in the field of orthopaedics with diversity in other surgical and nonsurgical fields. To our knowledge, no previous study has placed this issue (...) in a comparative perspective between specialties at both the residency and faculty levels.Public registries from 2006 and 2007 were used to determine the composition (according to race, ethnicity, and sex) of the orthopaedic workforce in the United States, including medical students, orthopaedic residents, orthopaedic faculty, and full professors. The diversity of orthopaedic residents and faculty was then compared with that in five other specialties. In addition, the applicant pools to orthopaedic and general

2010 The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume

170. Level of evidence and conflict of interest disclosure associated with higher citation rates in orthopedics. (Abstract)

Level of evidence and conflict of interest disclosure associated with higher citation rates in orthopedics. To identify the scientific and nonscientific factors associated with rates of citation in the orthopedic literature.All original clinical articles published in three general orthopedics journals between July 2002 and December 2003 were reviewed. Information was collected on variables plausibly related to rates of citation, including scientific and nonscientific factors. The number

2010 Journal of Clinical Epidemiology

171. [The value of bowel preparation procedure in major orthopedic procedures performed in spinal anesthesia]. (Abstract)

[The value of bowel preparation procedure in major orthopedic procedures performed in spinal anesthesia]. In common orthopedic practice the preoperative bowel preparation is used for orthopedic surgery made in spinal anesthesia. This procedure is done to clean bowel from remaining stool and enema or suppository made of laxative substance were used. This activity is undertaken to decrease epidemiological risk and streamline work of orthopedic theater. The purpose of this study was to analyze

2010 Chirurgia narzadów ruchu i ortopedia polska Controlled trial quality: uncertain

172. A multi-center, randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trial of intravenous-ibuprofen (IV-ibuprofen) for treatment of pain in post-operative orthopedic adult patients. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A multi-center, randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trial of intravenous-ibuprofen (IV-ibuprofen) for treatment of pain in post-operative orthopedic adult patients. To determine whether pre- and post-operative administration of intravenous ibuprofen (IV-ibuprofen) can significantly decrease pain and morphine use when compared with placebo in adult orthopedic surgical patients.This was a multi-center, randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trial.This study was completed at eight (...) hospitals; six in the United States and two in South Africa.A total of 185 adult patients undergoing elective orthopedic surgery.Patients were randomized to receive either 800 mg IV-ibuprofen or placebo every 6 hours, with the first dose administered pre-operatively. Additionally, all patients had access to intravenous morphine for rescue.Efficacy of IV-ibuprofen was demonstrated by measuring the patient's self assessment of pain using a visual analog scale (VAS; assessed with movement and at rest

2010 Pain medicine (Malden, Mass.) Controlled trial quality: predicted high

173. Postoperative analgesic efficacy of meloxicam compared to tolfenamic acid in cats undergoing orthopaedic surgery. (Abstract)

Postoperative analgesic efficacy of meloxicam compared to tolfenamic acid in cats undergoing orthopaedic surgery. To investigate the efficacy of meloxicam or tolfenamic acid administered preoperatively and postoperatively (five days in total) to cats undergoing surgical fracture repair.Eighty-eight otherwise healthy cats were matched according to fracture site and then randomly allocated to one of two groups, receiving 0·2 mg/kg meloxicam by subcutaneous injection (group M) or 1·5 to 3 mg/kg

2010 The Journal of small animal practice Controlled trial quality: uncertain

174. Efficacy of mirtazapine in preventing intrathecal morphine-induced nausea and vomiting after orthopaedic surgery*. (Abstract)

Efficacy of mirtazapine in preventing intrathecal morphine-induced nausea and vomiting after orthopaedic surgery*. Nausea and vomiting are frequent complications of intrathecal morphine. In this randomised, double-blind trial, we tested the efficacy of mirtazapine, an antidepressant that blocks receptors associated with vomiting, on the incidence of nausea and vomiting after intrathecal morphine. One hundred patients receiving spinal anaesthesia for lower limb surgery were assigned equally

2010 Anaesthesia Controlled trial quality: uncertain

175. Effectiveness of an anesthetic continuous-infusion device in children with cerebral palsy undergoing orthopaedic surgery. (Abstract)

Effectiveness of an anesthetic continuous-infusion device in children with cerebral palsy undergoing orthopaedic surgery. Effective postoperative pain management is a vital component of orthopaedic surgical care in the pediatric population. In children with cognitive impairments pain management can be difficult, making these children vulnerable to ineffectively managed postoperative pain. This prospective, randomised study evaluated the use of a local anesthetic continuous infusion device (pain (...) pump) to manage postoperative pain in children with cerebral palsy (CP) undergoing lower extremity orthopaedic surgical procedures.Children with a diagnosis of CP who were undergoing select orthopaedic outpatient procedures were enrolled in this study. Postoperatively, patients were randomised to receive either a pain pump in addition to oral analgesics or oral analgesics only. Patient's parents were asked to record the amount of medication administered and assess pain intensity with the use

2010 Journal of pediatric orthopedics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

176. Effect of informational internet web pages on patients' decision-making: randomised controlled trial regarding choice of spinal or general anaesthesia for orthopaedic surgery. (Abstract)

Effect of informational internet web pages on patients' decision-making: randomised controlled trial regarding choice of spinal or general anaesthesia for orthopaedic surgery. This study explored whether patients' preference for particular types of anaesthesia could be influenced pre-operatively by giving them the addresses of various relevant websites. Patients at an orthopaedic pre-assessment education clinic completed a questionnaire, which included a short multiple-choice general knowledge

2010 Anaesthesia Controlled trial quality: uncertain

177. Oral midazolam for removal of Kirschner wires in the children's orthopaedic outpatient department: a randomized controlled trial. (Abstract)

Oral midazolam for removal of Kirschner wires in the children's orthopaedic outpatient department: a randomized controlled trial. Use of Kirschner wires (K-wires) is common in pediatric elbow fracture treatment. We investigate whether anxiety levels at removal of wires may be reduced using oral midazolam.This was a prospective randomized controlled trial with 2 groups, with midazolam and with placebo.Forty-two children with an average age of 7.1 years (range, 3.6-12.3 y) had complete

2010 Journal of pediatric orthopedics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

178. Does HBOC-201 (Hemopure) affect platelet function in orthopedic surgery: a single-site analysis from a multicenter study. (Abstract)

Does HBOC-201 (Hemopure) affect platelet function in orthopedic surgery: a single-site analysis from a multicenter study. HBOC-201, Hemoglobin glutamer-250 (bovine), (Biopure Corp., Cambridge, MA) has been studied in an international, multicenter, pivotal Phase III trial. A subset analysis of use of blood products indicated that the HBOC-201 group required no more than the packed red blood cell (PRBC) group and was limited to less than 6% in both treatment groups. In a subset analysis from one

2010 American journal of therapeutics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

179. Sedation in under 19s: using sedation for diagnostic and therapeutic procedures

is haemodynamically stable is easily roused. 1.8 Painful procedures 1.8.1 For children and young people undergoing a painful procedure (for example suture laceration or orthopaedic manipulation), when the target level of sedation is minimal or moderate, consider: nitrous oxide (in oxygen) and/or midazolam (oral or intranasal) [6] . 1.8.2 For all children and young people undergoing a painful procedure, consider using a local anaesthetic, as well as a sedative. 1.8.3 For children and young people undergoing (...) a painful procedure (for example, suture laceration or orthopaedic manipulation) in whom nitrous oxide (in oxygen) and/or midazolam (oral or intranasal) are unsuitable consider [6] : Sedation in children and young people (CG112) © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 17 of 23ketamine (intravenous or intramuscular), or intravenous midazolam with or without fentanyl (to achieve moderate sedation). 1.8.4

2010 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

180. Meningitis (bacterial) and menigococcal septicaemia in under 16s: recognition, diagnosis and management

services. The following morbidities should be specifically considered: hearing loss (with the child or young person having undergone an urgent assessment for cochlear implants as soon as they are fit) orthopaedic complications (damage to bones and joints) skin complications (including scarring from necrosis) psychosocial problems neurological and developmental problems renal failure. [1] Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid. [2] See National Patient Safety Agency (2007) Patient safety alert 22: Reducing (...) -term effects of bacterial meningitis and meningococcal septicaemia ong-term effects of bacterial meningitis and meningococcal septicaemia 1.5.1 Before discharging children and young people from hospital: consider their requirements for follow-up, taking into account potential sensory, neurological, psychosocial, orthopaedic, cutaneous and renal morbidities, and and discuss potential long-term effects of their condition and likely patterns of recovery with the child or young person and their parents

2010 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

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