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(orthopedic) from:2005 to:2010)

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7241. Orthopaedic faculty trauma call policies: a survey of accredited orthopaedic residency programs. (Abstract)

Orthopaedic faculty trauma call policies: a survey of accredited orthopaedic residency programs. The purpose of the study was to determine the practices and policies for trauma call for orthopaedic faculty at residency training programs. A 2-page survey was mailed to the chairs of 141 nonmilitary, accredited residency programs. Responses were received from 106 (75% response rate). Of the responders, 97 (91.5%) of the programs were associated with a Level 1 trauma center. All faculty took trauma (...) call in 44% of programs. The chair took trauma call in 60% of the programs. In 35% of programs, full-time faculty earned additional compensation for taking call. The source of this compensation for full-time faculty was the hospital alone in 72%. In 32 programs, a per-diem stipend (mean $696, range $100-1,500) was provided. In 59% of programs, there was a specific orthopaedic "trauma team" that took over patient care from other faculty members after call. Thirty-three percent of programs had

2008 Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma

7242. From the Department of Physiotherapy, Federal University of Sao Carlos; Department of Cell Biology, State University of Campinas; and Department of Orthopedics and Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, (Abstract)

From the Department of Physiotherapy, Federal University of Sao Carlos; Department of Cell Biology, State University of Campinas; and Department of Orthopedics and Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, To analyze the presence of inflammatory cells in the synovial fluid (SF) of subjects with osteoarthritis (OA) and correlate them with the concentration of sulfated glycosaminoglycan (GAG).The degree of chondral injury from 20 subjects (17 men

2008 Journal of Rheumatology

7243. Readability of patient education materials from the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America web sites. (Abstract)

Readability of patient education materials from the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America web sites. While experts recommend that the readability of patient education materials should be less than the sixth grade level, the available information pertaining to orthopaedic diseases may be excessively complex for some to read and comprehend. The Flesch-Kincaid grade level is the most widely used tool to evaluate the readability score of a given (...) text, with a lower grade level suggesting easier readability. The goal of our study was to assess the readability of pediatric orthopaedic patient education materials that were developed by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) and the Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America (POSNA) and were accessible to the general public through the Internet.All articles from the "Children" section of the patient education library, "Your Orthopaedic Connection," on the AAOS web site

2008 The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume

7244. Compliance of Dutch orthopedic departments with national guidelines on thromboprophylaxis. A survey of Dutch orthopedic thromboprohylaxis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Compliance of Dutch orthopedic departments with national guidelines on thromboprophylaxis. A survey of Dutch orthopedic thromboprohylaxis. All 110 Dutch orthopedic departments were sent a survey on perioperative thromboprophylaxis protocols, and 79% responded. After hip and knee replacements, all used pharmacological thromboprophylaxis: a low-molecular weight heparin (LMWH) in 87% of departments, which was most often combined with vitamin K antagonists (VKAs). LMWH was usually started (...) , Dutch orthopedic departments comply poorly with the national guidelines on extended thromboprophylaxis for hip and knee replacement surgery, which recommends postoperative LMWH for 6 weeks. They are divided in the use of pharmacological prophylaxis in day-care surgery.

2005 Acta Orthopaedica

7245. Molecular biology in orthopaedics: the advent of molecular orthopaedics. (Abstract)

Molecular biology in orthopaedics: the advent of molecular orthopaedics. Molecular biology is the study, at the molecular level, of how genetic information is stored, inherited, and expressed and how it influences the structure and function of cells. Although molecular biology approaches have been used for decades in orthopaedic research, they are only now beginning to influence clinical practice. A variety of sophisticated techniques permit rapid and affordable DNA sequencing, gene expression (...) profiling, gene cloning, gene manipulation, gene transfer, recombinant protein production, and other technologies of enormous biomedical importance. Success in genomics has spawned additional ambitious endeavors, including proteomics, pharmacogenetics, and bioinformatics. These techniques are providing new diagnostic, staging, prognostic, and therapeutic opportunities in all areas of medicine, including orthopaedics. With the use of molecular criteria, treatment of the orthopaedic patient may become

2005 The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume

7246. The future of the orthopaedic clinician-scientist. Part I: The potential role of MD-PhD students considering orthopaedic surgery. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The future of the orthopaedic clinician-scientist. Part I: The potential role of MD-PhD students considering orthopaedic surgery. There is currently a severe shortage of clinician-scientists, who fill a vital role in musculoskeletal care. One way to address this shortage is to recruit more MD-PhD students into orthopaedics. We analyzed data from a national survey of MD-PhD students to assess this potential.A total of 868 students from thirteen MD-PhD training programs were requested to fill out (...) a multiple-choice online survey concerning their education and future goals.We achieved a response rate of 56.7% (492 of 868). Seven (1.4%) of the 492 respondents listed orthopaedics as their primary clinical interest, and thirty (6.1%) listed it as one of their three strongest clinical interests. Among the thirty respondents, seven (23%) were senior students, five (17%) were women, and none were minorities. In comparison, 33% of the 462 respondents in the nonorthopaedic cohort were women and 12.1% were

2008 The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume

7247. Orthopaedic Clinical Officer Program in Malawi: A Model for Providing Orthopaedic Care. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Orthopaedic Clinical Officer Program in Malawi: A Model for Providing Orthopaedic Care. Malawi has a population of about 13 million people, 85% of whom live in rural areas. The gross national income per capita is US$620, with 42% of the people living on less than US$1 per day. The government per capita expenditure on health is US$5. Malawi has 266 doctors, of whom only nine are orthopaedic surgeons. To address the severe shortage of doctors, Malawi relies heavily on paramedical officers (...) to provide the bulk of healthcare. Specialized orthopaedic clinical officers have been trained since 1985 and are deployed primarily in rural district hospitals to manage 80% to 90% of the orthopaedic workload in Malawi. They are trained in conservative management of most common traumatic and nontraumatic musculoskeletal conditions. Since the program began, 117 orthopaedic clinical officers have been trained, of whom 82 are in clinical practice. In 2002, Malawi began a local orthopaedic postgraduate

2008 Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research

7248. (Mis)perceptions about intimate partner violence in women presenting for orthopaedic care: a survey of Canadian orthopaedic surgeons. Full Text available with Trip Pro

(Mis)perceptions about intimate partner violence in women presenting for orthopaedic care: a survey of Canadian orthopaedic surgeons. Domestic violence is the most common cause of nonfatal injury to women in North America. In a review of 144 such injuries, the second most common manifestation of intimate partner violence was musculoskeletal injuries (28%). The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is explicit that orthopaedic surgeons should play a role in the screening and appropriate (...) identification of victims. We aimed to identify the perceptions, attitudes, and knowledge of Canadian orthopaedic surgeons with regard to intimate partner violence.We surveyed members of the Canadian Orthopaedic Association to identify attitudes toward intimate partner violence. With use of a systematic random sample, 362 surgeons were mailed questionnaires. The questionnaire consisted of three sections: (1) the general attitude of the orthopaedic surgeon toward intimate partner violence, (2) the attitude

2008 The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume

7249. Could platelet rich plasma have effects on systemic circulating growth factors and cytokine release in orthopaedic applications? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Could platelet rich plasma have effects on systemic circulating growth factors and cytokine release in orthopaedic applications? 16920768 2006 11 09 2018 11 13 1473-0480 40 10 2006 Oct British journal of sports medicine Br J Sports Med Could platelet rich plasma have effects on systemic circulating growth factors and cytokine release in orthopaedic applications? 816 Banfi G G Corsi M M MM Volpi P P eng Editorial 2006 08 18 England Br J Sports Med 0432520 0306-3674 0 Cytokines 0 Growth

2006 British Journal of Sports Medicine

7250. Discrepancies and rates of publication in orthopaedic sports medicine abstracts. (Abstract)

Discrepancies and rates of publication in orthopaedic sports medicine abstracts. Presentations of clinically relevant data at AOSSM national meetings are presented yearly and may influence clinical decision making.The incidence of presentations that do not subsequently get published is high, and the numbers of major and minor inconsistencies, once published, are also high.Systematic review.A database was created of all abstracts presented at AOSSM meetings from 1999 to 2001 from official

2008 American Journal of Sports Medicine

7251. Knee immobilization in the immediate post-operative period following ACL reconstruction: a survey of practice patterns of Canadian orthopedic surgeons. (Abstract)

Knee immobilization in the immediate post-operative period following ACL reconstruction: a survey of practice patterns of Canadian orthopedic surgeons. This study was designed to determine the practice patterns and rationale for knee immobilizer use in immediate post-operative period following an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction.Descriptive cross-sectional survey.Canada.A random sample of 50% of Canadian orthopedic surgeons registered with the Canadian Orthopaedic Association

2006 Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine

7252. Double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a computer-assisted orthopaedic surgery study. (Abstract)

Double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a computer-assisted orthopaedic surgery study. The biomechanical function of single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, in cadaveric studies, is successful in limiting anterior tibial translation in response to an anterior tibial load but seems to be insufficient to control a combined rotator load of internal and valgus torque. Anatomical double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction might produce a better

2008 American Journal of Sports Medicine

7253. Twelve-month outcomes of serious orthopaedic sport and active recreation-related injuries admitted to Level 1 trauma centers in Melbourne, Australia. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Twelve-month outcomes of serious orthopaedic sport and active recreation-related injuries admitted to Level 1 trauma centers in Melbourne, Australia. To describe and identify predictors of 12-month outcomes of serious orthopaedic injuries due to sport and active recreation.Prospective cohort study with 12-month follow-up.Two Level 1 adult trauma centers in Victoria, Australia.A total of 366 adults admitted to two Level 1 trauma centers for an orthopaedic sport and active recreation injury (...) between August 2003 and March 2006. Patients were captured by the Victorian Orthopaedic Trauma Outcomes Registry (VOTOR), followed up at 12 months, and were free of moderate to severe disability prior to injury.Independent variables assessed for predictors of outcome were sporting group, age, sex, marital status, education level, Injury Severity Score, injury patterns, and head injury status.The 12-item Short Form Health Survey and maximum pain scores.At 12 months postinjury, 22.8% of patients

2008 Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine

7254. Results of chiropractic treatment of lumbopelvic fixation in 44 patients admitted to an orthopedic department. (Abstract)

Results of chiropractic treatment of lumbopelvic fixation in 44 patients admitted to an orthopedic department. The objectives of this study were to report on and evaluate the results of chiropractic care for patients with low back pain in an orthopedic department.The target group consisted of 44 consecutive patients who experienced sudden and painful low back pain caused by lumbar flexion and rotation without axial loading. Clinical and neurologic examinations by orthopedic surgeons revealed (...) . The mean follow-up was 2 years.All but two patients returned to work. The period of sick leave among the patients was reduced by two thirds as compared with that associated with conventional medical treatment.To our knowledge, this is the first report on the work of a chiropractor participating within an orthopedic department of a Norwegian hospital as initiated by the hospital and with full support of the staff. The results support the initiative of the Norwegian government to increase reference

2007 Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

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