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101. What strategies to address communication barriers for refugees and migrants in health care settings have been implemented and evaluated across the WHO European Region?

) and general practitioner (GP) care for psychosomatic symptoms (52). Two studies provided examples of cultural mediation to improve access for migrant women to health care: these focused on gynaecology and family planning (54) and cervical screening services (40). Examples were found of cultural mediation to promote migrant health by promoting the participation of migrant mothers in a physical exercise programme (55), enhancing health literacy (56), providing health education information on travel health (...) (HEN synthesis reports 42–47, 53 and 56) are available at http://www. euro.who.int/en/health-topics/health-determinants/migration-and-health/publications/health- evidence-network-hen-synthesis-reports.Health Evidence Network synthesis report 62 What strategies to address communication barriers for refugees and migrants in health care settings have been implemented and evaluated across the WHO European Region? Themed issues on migration and health, IX Orla McGarry | Ailish Hannigan | Maria Manuela

2018 WHO Health Evidence Network

102. WHO recommendations: non-clinical interventions to reduce unnecessary caesarean sections

interventions to reduce unnecessary caesarean sections. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2018. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO. Cataloguing-in-Publication (CIP) data. CIP data are available at http:/ /apps.who.int/iris. Sales, rights and licensing. T o purchase WHO publications, see http:/ /apps.who.int/bookorders. T o submit requests for commercial use and queries on rights and licensing, see http:/ /www.who.int/about/licensing. Third-party materials. If you wish to reuse material from this work (...) , infertility, hysterectomy and intra- abdominal adhesions, with the risk of these morbidities progressively increasing as the number of previous caesarean deliveries increases (7–10). According to the latest data from 150 countries, currently 18.6% of all births occur by caesarean section, ranging from 1.4% to 56.4% (11). Latin America and the Caribbean currently have the highest caesarean section rates (40.5%), followed by North America (32.3%), Oceania (31.1%), Europe (25%), Asia (19.2%) and Africa (7.3

2018 World Health Organisation Guidelines

103. Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide (CGRP) Inhibitors as Preventive Treatments for Patients with Episodic or Chronic Migraine: Effectiveness and Value

statistically significant results. In addition, we reviewed data for the subpopulation of episodic migraine patients who experienced the failure of at least one preventive therapy prior to the start of the trial. Manufacturers of erenumab and fremanezumab submitted the data in confidence. As per ICER’s data in confidence policy, these results are redacted in this report, but will be unredacted no later than December 2019. For longer-term outcomes, one-year data from an open-label extension (OLE) of erenumab (...) may not return to normal (i.e., pre-headache). 5 Hence, for some patients, the duration of impairment may be longer than the migraine attack itself, which can lead to ongoing disability. 6-8 In patients with more severe disease, migraine also may affect school, employment, choice of leisure activities and foods, or interpersonal relationships. 9-11 In addition, patients with migraine feel stigmatized, which may disrupt quality of life and ability to work. 12 Patients with migraine can be diagnosed

2018 California Technology Assessment Forum

104. Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease in South Asians in the United States: Epidemiology, Risk Factors, and Treatments: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association

with other Asian groups and non-Hispanic whites, in contrast to the finding that Asian Americans (Asian Indian, Chinese, Filipino, Japanese, Korean, and Vietnamese) aggregated as a group are at lower risk of ASCVD, largely because of the lower risk observed in East Asian populations. Literature relevant to South Asian populations regarding demographics and risk factors, health behaviors, and interventions, including physical activity, diet, medications, and community strategies, is summarized (...) mechanisms contributing to excess ASCVD, health behaviors, and interventions, including physical activity, diet, medications, and community strategies, in South Asians is summarized. We focus on potentially unique contributors to ASCVD risk in the South Asian community, clinical strategies to reduce disease, and directions for future research to reduce ASCVD in this high-risk population. Methods The writing group members, nominated by the AHA Manuscript Oversight Committee, have a broad range

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2018 American Heart Association

105. Optimizing Postpartum Care

) Sleep and fatigue • Discuss coping options for fatigue and sleep disruption • Engage family and friends in assisting with care responsibilities Physical recovery from birth • Assess presence of perineal or cesarean incision pain; provide guidance regarding normal versus prolonged recovery 12 • Assess for presence of urinary and fecal continence, with referral to physical therapy or urogynecology as indicated 13,14 • Provide actionable guidance regarding resumption of physical activity and attainment (...) physical, social, and psychologi- cal changes. She is recovering from childbirth, adjust- ing to changing hormones, and learning to feed and care for her newborn (1). In addition to being a time of joy and excitement, this “fourth trimester” can pres- ent considerable challenges for women, including lack of sleep, fatigue, pain, breastfeeding difficulties, stress, new onset or exacerbation of mental health disorders, lack of sexual desire, and urinary incontinence (2–4). Women also may need to navigate

2018 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

106. Psychodynamic Psychotherapy with Children

of realities of the child’s life. It en- hances the capacity for pro-social activities, age- appropriate autonomous functioning in school, and an age-appropriate sense of identity includ- ing sexuality and positive self-regard. For severely organically impaired children, those with signi?cant mental retardation, psycho- sis, or severe pervasive developmental disorders and for severe conduct disorder without guilt or remorse, expressive psychodynamic psychother- apy is usually contraindicated. In contrast (...) . 76-86 Children’s activities in a play therapy tend to fall into the following categories: physical activ- ities, solo imaginary play games with rules, cre- ative projects, and imaginary play with the ther- apist as a participant. 50 The play therapy of?ce must be suitably sturdy and equipped in a man- ner age-appropriate to the children who will be treated there. When working with young chil- dren who are struggling to control intensely messy or aggressive impulses a separate play- room

2018 American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

107. Hoarseness (Dysphonia)

–Head and Neck Surgery Article Menu Content List Citation Tools How to cite this article If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. Simply select your manager software from the list below and click on download. How to cite this article Style Format Download Citation Download article citation data for: Robert J. Stachler, MD , David O. Francis, MD, MS , Seth R. Schwartz, MD, MPH , Cecelia C. Damask, DO , German P (...) . Digoy, MD , Helene J. Krouse, PhD , Scott J. McCoy, DMA , Daniel R. Ouellette, MD , Rita R. Patel, PhD, CCC-SLP , Charles (Charlie) W. Reavis, Libby J. Smith, DO , Marshall Smith, MD , Steven W. Strode, MD, MEd, MPH , Peak Woo, MD , and Lorraine C. Nnacheta, MPH Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery 2018 158 : 1_suppl , S1-S42 Download Citation If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. Simply select your manager

2018 American Academy of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery

108. Routine investigation and monitoring of adult HIV-1-positive individuals (2019 interim update)

-gamma release assay (IGRA) in the situations recommended in the BHIVA tuberculosis guidelines • Test patients for parasitic infections if persistent eosinophilia on FBC and relevant travel history • Within first 3 months assess current or previous mental health problems, neurocognitive problems, current social and welfare situation, employment status, immigration status 1 Integrase resistance testing not recommended unless background resistance rate rises to >3%, or history suggesting possible (...) ART History • General health and wellbeing enquiry to be performed at least annually Since last visit any new or changes in: • Symptoms • Contraception/pregnancy • Sexual history • Mental health • Newly diagnosed co-morbidities and treatment changes • Smoking status • Alcohol/drugs including over the counter/recreational drugs • Vaccines: flu/HPV vaccine • Safeguarding • Children/partner status and whether tested • Housing, occupation/student, income/benefits • Vaccinations • Travel plans

2019 British HIV Association

109. Breastfeeding Programs and Policies, Breastfeeding Uptake, and Maternal Health Outcomes in Developed Countries

for Healthcare Research and Quality Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality v Ruowei (Rosie) Li, M.D., Ph.D. Ursuline Singleton, M.P.H., R.D. Senior Epidemiologist Public Health Advisor Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, Office on Women’s Health and Obesity Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health Centers for Disease Control and Prevention vi Acknowledgments The authors gratefully acknowledge the following individuals for their contributions to this project and deeply appreciate (...) breastfeeding and maternal health. Data sources. We searched PubMed ® /MEDLINE ® , the Cochrane Library, and CINAHL ® from January 1, 1980, to October 12, 2017, for studies relevant to the effectiveness of health care system–based, workplace, and community breastfeeding programs and policies. For evidence on breastfeeding and maternal health, we updated the 2007 Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality report on this topic and searched the same databases from November 1, 2005, to October 12, 2017

2018 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

110. Adults With Congenital Heart Disease

, medical therapy, myocardial infarction, noncardiac surgery, patent ductus arteriosus, perioperative care, physical activity, postoperative complications, pregnancy, preoperative assessment, psychosocial, pulmonary arterial hypertension, hypoplastic left heart syndrome, pulmonary regurgitation, pulmonary stenosis, pulmonary valve replacement, right heart obstruction, right ventricle to pulmonary artery conduit, single ventricle, supravalvular pulmonary stenosis, surgical therapy, tachyarrhythmia (...) . Echocardiography 27 3.4.4. CMR Imaging 28 3.4.5. Cardiac Computed Tomography 29 3.4.6. Cardiac Catheterization 30 3.4.7. Exercise Testing 31 3.5. Transition Education 31 3.6. Exercise and Sports 32 3.7. Mental Health and Neurodevelopmental Issues 34 3.8. Endocarditis Prevention 34 3.9. Concomitant Syndromes 35 3.10. Acquired Cardiovascular Disease 36 3.11. Noncardiac Medical Issues 37 3.12. Noncardiac Surgery 37 3.13. Pregnancy, Reproduction, and Sexual Health 39 3.13.1. Pregnancy 39 3.13.2. Contraception 41

2018 American College of Cardiology

111. Sodium and Potassium Intake: Effects on Chronic Disease Outcomes and Risks

set the AI for sodium for the population aged 19-50 years at 1500 mg (65 mmol) per day based on three criteria: (1) the amount of sodium that would likely need to be ingested in order to meet the needs of all other essential nutrients through food (2) the amount of sodium that would need to be replenished due to sweat losses in un-acclimatized individuals who are exposed to high temperatures or who are moderately physically active (as recommended in other DRI reports) and (3) the level of sodium (...) on cardiovascular and renal disease outcomes and related risk factors, as well as evidence from prospective cohort studies on the associations between sodium, potassium, or sodium to potassium ratio and these outcomes. The purpose of the review is to provide a future Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI) Committee with the evidence on chronic disease endpoints for consideration in reviewing the DRIs for sodium and potassium. Data sources. PubMed ® , Embase ® , the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane

2018 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

112. Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Due to Steroid 21-Hydroxylase Deficiency

. (1|⊕⊕⊕○) 4.8 In patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia under everyday mental and emotional stress and minor illness and/or before routine physical exercise we recommend against the use of increased glucocorticoid doses. (1|⊕⊕○○) 4.9 In patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia who require treatment, we recommend always wearing or carrying medical identification indicating that they have adrenal insufficiency. (1|⊕⊕⊕○) 4.10 In patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia, we recommend (...) in centers with experienced pediatric surgeons/urologists, pediatric endocrinologists, pediatric anesthesiologists, behavioral/mental health professionals, and social work services. Extensive discussions regarding risks and benefits, shared decision-making, review of potential complications, and fully informed consent need to occur prior to surgery. The option to forgo surgery should be considered. 7.2 In severely virilized females, we advise discussion about early surgery to repair the urogenital sinus

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2018 The Endocrine Society

113. Management of Pregnancy

the past 25 years, maternal pregnancy-related mortality and morbidity have been increasing. Common complications that can occur during pregnancy include maternal obesity or excessive weight gain, mental health conditions (e.g., depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD]), hyperemesis gravidarum, anemia, gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (e.g., gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, eclampsia).[ ] 9 Pregnancy-related deaths (approximately 600 (...) of Service Members and Veterans may amplify the physical and psychological stresses of pregnancy. Although there is limited information regarding the impact of such exposures on reproductive health outcomes, the effort to assess the possible health impacts of military experience on women and their implications for obstetric healthcare is ongoing.[ ] 19 As in the general population, in some cases, births in Veterans and Service Members are affected by complications. The following data relates

2018 VA/DoD Clinical Practice Guidelines

114. Identifying Community Assessment Practices for Public Health: A Rapid Review

. Supporting references are provided for the guide. The guide states that the key elements were adapted from the work of Bill Lee’s Pragmatics of Community Organization. It does not describe how the community assessment approach was tested or evaluated. Community assessment is defined as a systematic way of identifying the needs and resources of a community. Statistical data, community member’s perspectives and information about service providers and other community resources are collected. Carroll, AM (...) . Center for Community Health and Development. Chapter 3: Assessing Community Needs and Resources [Internet]. Total Chapters: 24, Kansas, MO: University of Kansas; 2017 [cited 2018Jan31]. Available from: https://ctb.ku.edu/en/table-of- contents/assessment/assessing-community-needs-and-resources 25 Appendices Appendix A: Search Strategy Appendix B: Relevance Screening Table Appendix C: Literature Search Flowchart Appendix D: Data Extraction Tables Appendix E: Applicability & Transferability Worksheet 26

2018 Peel Health Library

115. Canada's Low-Risk Alcohol Drinking Guidelines: Communications Toolkit

are: driving a vehicle or using machinery and tools • taking medicine or other drugs that interact with alcohol • Doing any kind of dangerous physical activity • living with mental or physical health problems • living with alcohol dependence • pregnant or planning to be pregnant • responsible for the safety of others • making important decisions PREGNANT? ZERO IS SAFEST If you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant, or about to breastfeed, the safest choice is to drink no alcohol at all. DELAY YOUR (...) not start to drink or increase your drinking for health benefits. Low-risk drinking helps to promote a culture of moderation. Low-risk drinking supports healthy lifestyles. 500–75 Albert Street, Ottawa, ON K1P 5E7 Tel: 613-235-4048 | Fax: 613-235-8101 Charitable #: 122328750RR0001 Developed on behalf of the National Alcohol Strategy Advisory Committee © Canadian Centre on Substance Use and Addiction 2018 Cette publication est également disponible en français. The Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse

2018 Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse

116. What is the evidence on existing policies and linked activities and their effectiveness for improving health literacy at national, regional and organizational levels in the WHO European Region?

Health, School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Australiavi vi External peer reviewers Jürgen M. Pelikan Emeritus Professor of Sociology, University of Vienna, and Director, Competence Center Health Promotion in Hospitals and Health Care, Gesundheit Österreich GmbH, Vienna, Austria Stephan Van den Broucke Professor of Public Health Psychology, Institut de Recherche en Sciences Psychologiques, Faculté de Psychologie et des Sciences de l'Education, Université Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la (...) for which both the strategy and the funding are devolved from the Member State to the individual country or semiautonomous region.ix Policies were examined to (i) describe the policy stages; and (ii) analyse the components (antecedents, actors, activities and beneficiaries) and activities using a new framework, the Health Literacy Policy Model. A wide range of activities was identified at international, national and local levels. Baseline health literacy data are not available in all Member States

2018 WHO Health Evidence Network

117. Improving Quality of Life: Substance Use and Aging

of alcohol and drug terms. Retrieved from www.who.int/substance_abuse/terminology/who_lexicon/en/ 4 American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, (5 th ed.). Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Publishing.Canadian Centre on Substance Use and Addiction 9 Substance Use and Successful Aging: Key Issues and Considerations 01 CHAPTER AT A GLANCE • Older adults represent the fastest growing segment of society. In Canada, the aging population is expected (...) be downloaded as a PDF at www.ccsa.ca. Ce document est également disponible en français sous le titre : Usage de substances au Canada : Meilleure qualité de vie : usage de substances et vieillissement.Substance Use In Canada—Improving Quality of Life: Substance Use and Aging Canadian Centre on Substance Use and Addiction 1 Canada is getting older. According to Statistics Canada, the share of our population made up of older adults will grow from just under 15% in 2010 to more than 25% in 2036

2018 Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse

118. Cardiovascular Disease and Breast Cancer: Where These Entities Intersect: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association

physical activity, those who reported high lifetime recreational physical activity had a significantly lower risk of breast cancer–related death (HR, 0.73; 95% CI, 0.54–0.98). Additionally, significant risk reduction for breast cancer–related death was demonstrated in women who had engaged in recreational physical activity more recently before diagnosis (HR, 0.84; 95% CI, 0.73–0.97). In NHSII, data showed that physical activity at ages 14 to 17 years was associated with a 15% lower risk (...) factors ( ). Cardiovascular clinical care and research have focused on risk factors for >60 years, because it is believed that ≈80% of CVD can be prevented through risk factor modifications such as promoting a healthy diet, physical activity, and a healthy weight; abstinence from tobacco; blood pressure control; diabetes mellitus management; and a good lipid profile. Adherence to a larger number of ideal cardiovascular health behaviors or factors from the American Heart Association’s Life’s Simple 7

2018 American Heart Association

119. Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Due to Steroid 21-Hydroxylase Deficiency

recommend increasing the glucocorticoid dosage. (1|⊕⊕⊕○) 4.8 In patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia under everyday mental and emotional stress and minor illness and/or before routine physical exercise we recommend against the use of increased glucocorticoid doses. (1|⊕⊕○○) 4.9 In patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia who require treatment, we recommend always wearing or carrying medical identification indicating that they have adrenal insufficiency. (1|⊕⊕⊕○) 4.10 In patients (...) be performed only in centers with experienced pediatric surgeons/urologists, pediatric endocrinologists, pediatric anesthesiologists, behavioral/mental health professionals, and social work services. Extensive discussions regarding risks and benefits, shared decision-making, review of potential complications, and fully informed consent need to occur prior to surgery. The option to forgo surgery should be considered. 7.2 In severely virilized females, we advise discussion about early surgery to repair

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2018 Pediatric Endocrine Society

120. Relative effectiveness assessment of Femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) compared to standard ultrasound phacoemulsification cataract surgery

no difference between study arms). Data from two studies (25,28) assessing refractive outcomes were used for the analysis and pooled estimate showed no difference between study groups. [D0006] At one week, one study found a marginally significant and not clinically relevant difference (less than 0.1 log MAR varia- tion) in favour of FLACS, while the second study found no statistically significant difference be- tween the two study arms. At one month, neither study found a statistically significant result (...) AND EVIDENCE INCLUDED 23 ASSESSMENT TEAM 23 PATIENTS’ INVOLVEMENT 27 SOURCE OF ASSESSMENT ELEMENTS 27 SEARCH 27 STUDY SELECTION 28 DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSES 30 QUALITY RATING 31 PATIENT INVOLVEMENT 32 DESCRIPTION OF THE EVIDENCE USED 32 DEVIATIONS FROM PROJECT PLAN 41 DESCRIPTION AND TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF TECHNOLOGY (TEC) 42 RESEARCH QUESTIONS 42 HEALTH PROBLEM AND CURRENT USE OF THE TECHNOLOGY (CUR) 55 RESEARCH QUESTIONS 55 RESULTS 55 CLINICAL EFFECTIVENESS (EFF) 71 RESEARCH QUESTIONS 71 RESULTS

2018 EUnetHTA

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