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1. Active travel in Glasgow: what we?ve learned so far

issues and possible ways forward. Research has shown that active forms of travel, including walking and cycling, are not only important to health for their contribution to increasing physical activity, but also to help address obesity, improve mental health, tackle climate change, reduce air pollution, and can help build more connected communities. However, despite policies that support and advocate for more active travel at both Scotland and Glasgow levels, current evidence suggests that almost all (...) 1). Transportation infrastructure is primarily located within the urban environment domain, but it has influences across all four key areas, and these influences can be both positive and negative. Active forms of travel are important for their contribution to increasing physical activity, and therefore, to improving physical and mental health. Increasing active travel also contributes to better health by reducing the impact of obesity, climate change and air pollution, and can help build more

2017 Glasgow Centre for Population Health

2. Physical activity and the environment

potential to increase travel on foot, by bicycle, or by other forms of active travel. Base this on demographic data, travel surveys, land use mix and other sources of local information. T ake into account views identified through community engagement (see recommendation 1.1.2). [2018] [2018] Physical activity and the environment (NG90) © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 8 of 571.2.2 Increase physical (...) Physical activity and the environment Ph Physical activity and the en ysical activity and the environment vironment NICE guideline Published: 22 March 2018 nice.org.uk/guidance/ng90 © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and-conditions#notice-of- rights).Y Y our responsibility our responsibility The recommendations in this guideline represent the view of NICE, arrived at after careful consideration of the evidence available. When exercising

2018 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

3. Community design factors and their influence on physical activity in the aging population: A Rapid Review

: CCHS, 2011/12, Statistics Canada, Share File. Accessed from Peel Health Status Data: https://www.peelregion.ca/health/statusdata/HealthBehaviours/activity.asp (15) World Health Organization. (2014). Global recommendations on physical activity for health. Physical activity and older adults. Accessed from: http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/factsheet_olderadults/en/ (16) Jack E, McCormack GR. The associations between objectively-determined and self-reported urban form characteristics (...) . 2014; 26:1340-1372. (12) Data source: CCHS, 2009/10, Statistics Canada, Share File. Accessed from Peel Health Status Data: https://www.peelregion.ca/health/statusdata/GeneralHealth/activity- limitation.asp (13) Statistics Canada. Directly measured physical activity of Canadian adults, 2012 to 2013. Health Fact Sheet. Ottawa (ON): Statistics Canada; 2015. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 82-625-X. Accessed from: http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/82-625- x/2015001/article/14135-eng.htm 30 (14) Data source

2017 Peel Health Library

4. Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics

(smoking, physical activity, diet, and weight) and health factors (cholesterol, blood pressure [BP], and glucose control) that contribute to cardiovascular health. The Statistical Update represents a critical resource for the lay public, policy makers, media professionals, clinicians, healthcare administrators, researchers, health advocates, and others seeking the best available data on these factors and conditions. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) produces immense health and economic burdens in the United (...) participating in adequate leisure-time aerobic and muscle-strengthening activity to meet the 2008 federal guidelines for physical activity. Converging evidence from epidemiological studies suggests that limiting sedentary time is associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular events and mortality after accounting for other traditional risk factors and physical activity levels. A Nielsen report from 2017 suggests that technology use is changing rapidly, with potential implications for influencing sedentary

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2019 American Heart Association

5. Pain Neuroscience Education and Physical Exercise Program in Chronic Back Pain

Formacion en Ciencias de la Salud Collaborators: Castilla-León Health Service University of Valladolid Information provided by (Responsible Party): Fundacion para la Investigacion y Formacion en Ciencias de la Salud Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: This study evaluates the effects of a pain neuroscience education (PNE) and physical exercise (PE) program in patients with chronic back pain. Half of participants receive PNE and PE program supervised by a physiotherapist and the other (...) Pain Neuroscience Education and Physical Exercise Program in Chronic Back Pain Pain Neuroscience Education and Physical Exercise Program in Chronic Back Pain - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more

2018 Clinical Trials

6. Physical Exercise Program for Family Caregivers of Dependent Patients

: Castilla-León Health Service Information provided by (Responsible Party): Fundacion para la Investigacion y Formacion en Ciencias de la Salud Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: This estudy evaluates the effects of physical exercise program on health related quality of life (HRQoL), pain and physical fitness in family caregiver. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Caregiver Physical Activity Other: PE Other: Usual Care Not Applicable Detailed Description: Justification (...) program for 12 weeks, with 3 weekly sessions realized in group and monitored by physiotherapists. The outcomes variables are measured by Quality of life (SF-36), Burden (Zarit), anxiety (Goldberg Ansiety Questionanaire), depression (Yesavage Questionnaire), pain intensity (EVA), disability (Roland Morris) and physical fitness (battery of fitness tests). Patients evaluator and Outcomes Assessor are masked. Applicability of results: If the physical exercise program, carried out from the primary health

2018 Clinical Trials

7. Better Mental Health for All: A Public Health Approach to Mental Health Improvement

environment 26 Socio-economic environment 27 Section 3: Taking action for public mental health 28 Principles behind public mental health action 28 Measuring mental health: using data to make the case for change 29 Current data and evidence base 29 Mental health problems 30 Mental wellbeing 31 Community mental health 31 Public mental health interventions 32 Universal, selective or indicated prevention 32 Contents2 Better Mental Health For All | A public health approach to mental health improvement Creating (...) of depression in their lifetimes 56 , and the statistics from England, which will be revised in 2016, show that 23% of adults have at least one diagnosed mental health problem at any one point in time 57 . Mental health problems are a key factor in determining premature mortality, with Nordic research estimating that a person who has been admitted to hospital for mental health reasons will die 15-20 years prematurely 58 .There is strong evidence that investment in the protection and promotion of mental

2016 Faculty of Public Health

8. Community-based mental health and wellbeing support for refugees

: Summary of details related to Question 2 for each study 55 Trauma informed psychotherapy programs delivered with a group component 55 Community-based psychoeducation and/or health programs 65 Physical activity and sports-based programs 75 COMMUNITY-BASED MENTAL HEALTH AND WELLBEING SUPPORT FOR REFUGEES | SAX INSTITUTE 5 Peer support and/or mentoring programs 82 School-based programs 86 Appendix D: Promising programs (with evaluations underway or not undertaken) 91 1. Feeding Cultures 91 2. Parents (...) FOR REFUGEES | SAX INSTITUTE Reference, Year, Location Study design and PSS program type Sample size Improvement noted on mental health and/or wellbeing outcomes Study quality Hartwig et al. 57 (2016, USA) MMS; Physical activity 208 adults and adolescents ? Low to medium Eggert et al. 58 (2015, USA) MMS; Physical activity 4 gardeners (age and sex not stated) ? Low Gerber et al. 59 (2017, USA) MMS; Physical activity 50 adults ? Medium Nathan et al. 60 (2013, Australia) MMS; Physical activity 142 adolescents

2019 Sax Institute Evidence Check

9. Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics 2017 Update: A Report From the American Heart Association

, and other government agencies, brings together in a single document the most up- to-date statistics related to heart disease, stroke, and the factors in the AHA’s Life’s Simple 7 (Figure 1 ), which include core health behaviors (smoking, physical activity [PA], diet, and weight) and health factors (cholesterol, blood pressure [BP], and glucose control) that contribute to cardiovascular health. The Statistical Update represents a critical resource for the lay public, policy makers, media professionals (...) failure (HF), valvular disease, venous disease, and peripheral arterial disease) and the as- sociated outcomes (including quality of care, procedures, and economic costs). Since 2006, the annual versions of the Statistical Update have been cited >20 000 times in the literature. In 2015 alone, the various Statistical Updates were cited ˜4000 times. Each annual version of the Statistical Update under- goes revisions to include the newest nationally represen- tative data, add additional relevant

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2017 American Heart Association

10. Effects of Physical Exercise to Prevent Osteoporosis in Postmenopausal Women

are of primary importance. This randomized clinical trial analyzes the effects of two types of physical exercise oriented to prevent osteoporosis in postmenopausal women with pharmacological supplements of Calcium and Vitamin-D. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal Osteoporosis, Osteopenia Physical Activity Other: walking at an intense pace Other: osteoporosis specific-oriented training Not Applicable Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type (...) information, Layout table for eligibility information Ages Eligible for Study: Child, Adult, Older Adult Sexes Eligible for Study: Female Accepts Healthy Volunteers: Yes Criteria Inclusion Criteria: Postmenopausal woman Pharmacological treatment (VitaminD+Calcium) Exclusion Criteria: Disease or physical-mental condition which prevents to perform the proposed physical exercise Contacts and Locations Go to No Contacts or Locations Provided More Information Go to Publications automatically indexed

2017 Clinical Trials

11. Coexisting severe mental illness and substance misuse: community health and social care services

NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 10 of 60pregnancy and childcare responsibilities. 1.3.3 Consider covering behaviours in the care plan that may affect the person's physical or mental health, in addition to their substance misuse (see NICE's pathways on drug misuse and alcohol-use disorders). Pay particular attention to: diet (see the NICE pathway on diet) physical activity (see the NICE pathway (...) on physical activity) smoking (see the NICE pathway on smoking) consequences of drug or alcohol misuse practices (see NICE's pathways on hepatitis B, hepatitis C and needle and syringe programmes) sexual practices (see the NICE pathway on preventing sexually transmitted infections and under-18 conceptions). 1.3.4 Explore any barriers to self-care to help the person look after their own physical health. Address these barriers in the care plan. 1.3.5 Consider incorporating activities in the care plan

2016 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

12. The National Physical Activity Plan: A Call to Action From the American Heart Association

of this advisory are to summarize the data that describe the health benefits of regular physical activity and the public health burden of low levels of physical activity, to describe the NPAP and the role it will play in increasing population levels of physical activity, and to encourage readers of Circulation to join the AHA’s efforts to promote its implementation. Physical Inactivity: A Major Public Health Burden As summarized in , there is substantial evidence supporting the benefits of regular physical (...) levels of physical activity are associated with an increased risk of 25 chronic diseases. Using these data and other reports, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention identified physical inactivity, along with tobacco use and unhealthy nutritional habits, as a causal factor contributing to the 2 leading killers of all adults in the United States: coronary artery disease and malignant neoplasms. Studies have shown that sedentary behavior, a component of physical inactivity

2015 American Heart Association

13. Screen-based activities and children and young people’s mental health and psychosocial wellbeing: a systematic map of reviews

mental health: A Systematic Map of Reviews, London: EPPI-Centre, Social Science Research Unit, UCL Institute of Education, University College London. ISBN: 978-1-911605-13-3 © Copyright Authors of the systematic reviews on the EPPI-Centre website (http://eppi.ioe.ac.uk/) hold the copyright for the text of their reviews. The EPPI-Centre owns the copyright for all material on the website it has developed, including the contents of the databases, manuals, and keywording and data-extraction systems (...) permission. ii Contents Executive Summary vii 1 Background 1 1.1 Screen-based activities and children and young people’s mental health 1 1.2 Existing review-level evidence and mapping the literature 2 1.3 Screen-based activities: conceptual frame informing the scope of the map 2 1.4 Review aims and questions 3 2 Brief Methods 4 2.1 Policy stakeholder engagement 4 2.2 Study identification 4 2.3 Eligibility criteria 4 2.4 Data extraction 4 2.5 Critical appraisal 6 2.6 Quality assurance 6 3 Findings 7 3.1

2018 EPPI Centre

14. Lifestyle Integrated Functional Exercise for People With Dementia: a Home-based Physical Activity Program

Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement: Plan to Share IPD: No Layout table for additional information Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No Keywords provided by Alda Sofia Pires de Dias Marques, Aveiro University: Dementia Physical activity Home-based Lifestyle Additional relevant MeSH terms: Layout table for MeSH terms Dementia Brain Diseases Central Nervous System Diseases Nervous System Diseases Neurocognitive Disorders Mental Disorders (...) Lifestyle Integrated Functional Exercise for People With Dementia: a Home-based Physical Activity Program Lifestyle Integrated Functional Exercise for People With Dementia: a Home-based Physical Activity Program - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100

2018 Clinical Trials

15. How to improve the Organisation of Mental healthcare for older adults in Belgium?

: How to improve the Organisation of Mental healthcare for older adults in Belgium? Authors: Jef Adriaenssens (KCE), Laurence Kohn (KCE), Nadia Benahmed (KCE), Cécile Dubois (KCE), Devriese Stephan (KCE), Maria-Isabel Farfan-Portet (KCE), Céline Ricour (KCE) External authors contributing Ronny Bruffaerts (KULeuven): original data ESEMED Alan Lovell, Rosie Martin, Nishanthi Talawila (The Economist Intelligence Unit – EIU): International comparison Project coordinators: Marijke Eyssen (KCE), Els Van (...) Bruystegem (KCE) Reviewers: Sophie Gerkens (KCE), Sabine Stordeur (KCE) External experts: Sophie Bavay (SPF Santé publique, Sécurité de la Chaîne alimentaire et Environnement – FOD Volksgezondheid, Veiligheid van de Voedselketen en Leefmilieu), Christiane Bontemps (Centre de Référence en Santé Mentale (CRéSaM)), Filip Bouckaert (Katholieke Universiteit te Leuven (KULeuven)), Ronny Bruffaerts (UZ Leuven), Isabelle De Brauwer (Société Belge de Gérontologie et de Gériatrie – Belgische vereniging voor

2018 Belgian Health Care Knowledge Centre

16. Evidence map of physical activity and exercise interventions for the treatment of chronic diseases

Evidence map of physical activity and exercise interventions for the treatment of chronic diseases KTA Evidence Map KTA Evidence Map No. 1 Evidence map of physical activity and exercise interventions for the treatment of chronic diseases E Ev vi id de en nc ce e M Ma ap p N No o. . 1 1 D De ev ve el lo op pe ed d a as s p pa ar rt t o of f t th he e O OH HR RI I- -C Ch ha am mp pl la ai in n L LH HI IN N K Kn no ow wl le ed dg ge e t to o A Ac ct ti io on n r re es se ea ar rc ch h p pr ro og (...) disease are physical activity (PA), defined as increasing energy expenditure through bodily movement, and exercise, an intentional form of PA in which the goal is improved physical fitness. 2 The objective of this report was to create an evidence map of systematic reviews (SRs) concerning PA and exercise interventions for the following chronic diseases: coronary artery disease (CAD), congestive heart failure (CHF), type 2 diabetes, cancer, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The aim

2011 OHRI Knowledge to Action

17. Does Participation in a Pre-Operative Physical Activity Program Improve Patient Outcomes and Quality of Life?

surgery patients, improves physical fitness, surgical outcomes, patient health and quality of life. Short- (one year) and long- (five year) term outcomes will be compared to matched historical controls (1:1) based on age, gender, and body mass index (BMI) from the existing Manitoba Centre for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery (CMBS) database. Our findings will determine whether a pre-bariatric surgery physical activity and behavior modification/education program results in improve surgical and patient (...) outcomes and inform the development of evidence-based physical activity (PA) guidelines for bariatric surgery patients and improved CMBS program delivery. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Obesity Bariatric Surgery Roux-En-Y Gastric Bypass Exercise Quality of Life Behavioral: ENCOURAGEING START Not Applicable Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Interventional (Clinical Trial) Estimated Enrollment : 48 participants Allocation: Non-Randomized Intervention

2017 Clinical Trials

18. Our data-driven future in healthcare

. For example, daily physical activity data collected by a patient using a wearable technology that is not linked to NHS patient data would be out of scope. • Considering the different organisational structures across UK regions and nations in order to be applicable to all UK countries. • Relevant and applicable to a wide range of technologies, including those that are not yet mainstream or have yet to emerge. Robotics, such as those used in surgery, were out of scope. • Not seeking to reconsider the legal (...) Our data-driven future in healthcare Our data-driven future in healthcare People and partnerships at the heart of health related technologies November 2018The Academy of Medical Sciences is most grateful to Professor Carol Dezateux CBE FMedSci and to the members of the project steering group for undertaking this project. We thank the Academy’s Officers, Council members and staff, and the external review group, as well as our Fellows and all those who have contributed through the dialogue

2018 Academy of Medical Sciences

19. What is the evidence on availability and integration of refugee and migrant health data in health information systems in the WHO European Region?

report in themed issues on migration and health. Previous migration and health issues (HEN synthesis reports 42–47, 53, 56 and 62) are available at http://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/health-determinants/migration-and-health/publications/ health-evidence-network-hen-synthesis-reports.Health Evidence Network synthesis report 66 What is the evidence on availability and integration of refugee and migrant health data in health information systems in the WHO European Region? Themed issues (...) system with different data collection categories Notes: light blue boxes: secondary data, routine statistics; dark blue box: primary data, self-reports based on questionnaires or standardized interviews. Source: adapted from World Health Organization, 2008 (20).WHAT IS THE EVIDENCE ON AVAILABILITY AND INTEGRATION OF REFUGEE AND MIGRANT HEALTH DATA IN HEALTH INFORMATION SYSTEMS IN THE WHO EUROPEAN REGION? HEALTH EVIDENCE NETWORK SYNTHESIS REPORT 4 action plan for refugee and migrant health in the WHO

2019 WHO Health Evidence Network

20. Violence and aggression: short-term management in mental health, health and community settings

are offered appropriate psychological therapies, physical activities, leisure pursuits such as film clubs and reading or writing groups, and support for communication difficulties. Recognise possible teasing, bullying, unwanted physical or sexual contact or miscommunication between service users. Recognise how each service user's mental health problem might affect their behaviour (for example, their diagnosis, severity of illness, current symptoms and past history of violence or aggression). Anticipate (...) ) and encouraging good leadership. Violence and aggression: short-term management in mental health, health and community settings (NG10) © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 22 of 65Ensure that service users are offered appropriate psychological therapies, physical activities, leisure pursuits such as film clubs and reading or writing groups, and support for communication difficulties. Recognise possible teasing

2015 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

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