How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

489 results for

("physical activity" OR "physical exercise" OR "physical fitness") AND (leisure OR "active travel" OR "sports participation" OR housework OR mental) AND (statistics OR data) 〈=en

by
...
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

101. Canadian Cardiovascular Society/Canadian Heart Rhythm Society Joint Position Statement on the Cardiovascular Screening of Competitive Athletes

Association Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism: endorsed by the American College of Cardiology Foundation. Circulation . 2007 ; 115 : 1643–1655 The distinction between competitive and recreational athletes often lies in the ability and freedom afforded by the participant to judge when it is prudent to reduce or stop exertion. x 3 Poirier, P., Sharma, S., and Pipe, A. The Atlantic Rift: guidelines for athletic screening-where should Canada stand?. Can J Cardiol . 2016 ; 32 : 400–406 (...) . A prospective study of sudden cardiac death among children and young adults. N Engl J Med . 2016 ; 374 : 2441–2452 , x 30 Pilmer, C.M., Porter, B., Kirsh, J.A. et al. Scope and nature of sudden cardiac death before age 40 in Ontario: a report from the cardiac death advisory committee of the office of the chief coroner. Heart Rhythm . 2013 ; 10 : 517–523 One might argue that PPS might lead to a diagnosis of heart disease, and the provision of advice regarding vigorous physical activity that might reduce

2018 Canadian Cardiovascular Society

102. Research gaps identified in systematic reviews and health technology assessments published by the Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services in 2015

and parent education/ guidance and counselling (5). Information and communication strategies targeting physical activity and one or more lifestyle changes This systematic review included 79 comparisons (from 75 studies) conducted in 22 different countries. The main conclusion of this systematic review was that infor- mation and communication strategies had beneficial effects for certain outcomes with short-term follow-up when compared with the control group who did not re- ceive the intervention. At long (...) -term follow-up, we found that there was less caloric intake in the intervention group compared to the control group. For other outcomes, there was little or no difference between groups. We assessed the quality of the evi- dence to be of moderate to very low quality. Based on this documentation, we found little or no effect of population-targeted strategies to promote physical activity com- pared with a population-targeted interventions to improve diet (3). Knowledge gaps – Information

2017 Norwegian Institute of Public Health

103. Interventions to improve the labour market outcomes of youth: a systematic review of training, entrepreneurship promotion, employment services and subsidized employment interventions

of the underlying research. The review is systematic through a clearly defined and transparent inclusion and exclusion criteria, an objective and extensive search, a punctual data extraction process, a standardized statistical testing and analysis, and a thorough reporting of findings. These elements and underlying methods and tools were laid out and reviewed in the protocol (Kluve et al., 2014). The evidence suggests that investing in youth through active labour market measures may pay off. The evidence also (...) . A number of Campbell’s editors, librarians, methodologists and external peer reviewers contribute. The Campbell Collaboration P.O. Box 4404 Nydalen 0403 Oslo, Norway www.campbellcollaboration.org 4 The Campbell Collaboration | www.campbellcollaboration.org Table of contents PLAIN LANGUAGE SUMMARY 12 ABSTRACT 15 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 17 Background 17 Objectives 17 Search methods 17 Selection criteria 18 Data collection and analysis 18 Results 19 Conclusions 21 1 BACKGROUND 24 1.1 The research problem: why

2017 Campbell Collaboration

104. WHO recommendation on duration of bladder catheterization after surgical repair of simple obstetric urinary fistula

and midwives to improve fistula surgery outcomes. • Assess the effectiveness of physical exercise before and after surgery/ rehabilitation for improving surgical outcomes. • Determine if simple surgical procedures (i.e. 2–3 simple sutures to adapt fistula edges) could enhance spontaneous closure of the fistula or increase the success rate of the repair surgery. • Determine the optimal time between the occurrence of the fistula and the repair . • Describe the bladder dysfunctions after fistula surgery (...) mediation relating to disputes arising under the licence shall be conducted in accordance with the mediation rules of the World Intellectual Property Organization. Suggested citation. WHO recommendation on duration of bladder catheterization after surgical repair of simple obstetric urinary fistula. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2018. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO. Cataloguing-in-Publication (CIP) data. CIP data are available at http://apps.who.int/iris. Sales, rights and licensing. To purchase WHO

2018 World Health Organisation Guidelines

105. Effects of Dietary Sodium and Potassium Intake on Chronic Disease Outcomes and Risks

set the AI for sodium for the population aged 19-50 years at 1500 mg (65 mmol) per day based on three criteria: (1) the amount of sodium that would likely need to be ingested in order to meet the needs of all other essential nutrients through food (2) the amount of sodium that would need to be replenished due to sweat losses in un-acclimatized individuals who are exposed to high temperatures or who are moderately physically active (as recommended in other DRI reports) and (3) the level of sodium (...) on cardiovascular and renal disease outcomes and related risk factors, as well as evidence from prospective cohort studies on the associations between sodium, potassium, or sodium to potassium ratio and these outcomes. The purpose of the review is to provide a future Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI) Committee with the evidence on chronic disease endpoints for consideration in reviewing the DRIs for sodium and potassium. Data sources. PubMed ® , Embase ® , the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane

2018 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

106. What are the estimated costs of childhood overweight and obesity on the island of Ireland?

body mass index (BMI). 5What are the estimated costs of childhood overweight and obesity on the island of Ireland? ? To make recommendations based on the findings, including recommendations on measures that will facilitate ongoing work on the cost of overweight and obesity on the island of Ireland, drawing on both routine data collection in health and social care services, and specific population-based research programmes. Link with EU Joint Action on Nutrition and Physical Activity (JANPA) project (...) O’Malley, Laura Pimpin, Michelle Queally and Laura Webber ISBN: 978-1-905767-75-5 Publication date: November 2017 What are the estimated costs of childhood overweight and obesity on the island of Ireland? Table of contents Table of contents 1 List of tables 3 List of figures 1 List of abbreviations 1 Acknowledgements 3 Executive summary 4 Introduction 4 Aims and objectives 5 Link with EU Joint Action on Nutrition and Physical Activity (JANPA) project 6 Literature review 6 Methods 11 Results 20

2018 Institute of Public Health in Ireland

107. What strategies to address communication barriers for refugees and migrants in health care settings have been implemented and evaluated across the WHO European Region?

) and general practitioner (GP) care for psychosomatic symptoms (52). Two studies provided examples of cultural mediation to improve access for migrant women to health care: these focused on gynaecology and family planning (54) and cervical screening services (40). Examples were found of cultural mediation to promote migrant health by promoting the participation of migrant mothers in a physical exercise programme (55), enhancing health literacy (56), providing health education information on travel health (...) (HEN synthesis reports 42–47, 53 and 56) are available at http://www. euro.who.int/en/health-topics/health-determinants/migration-and-health/publications/health- evidence-network-hen-synthesis-reports.Health Evidence Network synthesis report 62 What strategies to address communication barriers for refugees and migrants in health care settings have been implemented and evaluated across the WHO European Region? Themed issues on migration and health, IX Orla McGarry | Ailish Hannigan | Maria Manuela

2018 WHO Health Evidence Network

108. WHO recommendations: non-clinical interventions to reduce unnecessary caesarean sections

interventions to reduce unnecessary caesarean sections. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2018. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO. Cataloguing-in-Publication (CIP) data. CIP data are available at http:/ /apps.who.int/iris. Sales, rights and licensing. T o purchase WHO publications, see http:/ /apps.who.int/bookorders. T o submit requests for commercial use and queries on rights and licensing, see http:/ /www.who.int/about/licensing. Third-party materials. If you wish to reuse material from this work (...) , infertility, hysterectomy and intra- abdominal adhesions, with the risk of these morbidities progressively increasing as the number of previous caesarean deliveries increases (7–10). According to the latest data from 150 countries, currently 18.6% of all births occur by caesarean section, ranging from 1.4% to 56.4% (11). Latin America and the Caribbean currently have the highest caesarean section rates (40.5%), followed by North America (32.3%), Oceania (31.1%), Europe (25%), Asia (19.2%) and Africa (7.3

2018 World Health Organisation Guidelines

109. Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide (CGRP) Inhibitors as Preventive Treatments for Patients with Episodic or Chronic Migraine: Effectiveness and Value

statistically significant results. In addition, we reviewed data for the subpopulation of episodic migraine patients who experienced the failure of at least one preventive therapy prior to the start of the trial. Manufacturers of erenumab and fremanezumab submitted the data in confidence. As per ICER’s data in confidence policy, these results are redacted in this report, but will be unredacted no later than December 2019. For longer-term outcomes, one-year data from an open-label extension (OLE) of erenumab (...) may not return to normal (i.e., pre-headache). 5 Hence, for some patients, the duration of impairment may be longer than the migraine attack itself, which can lead to ongoing disability. 6-8 In patients with more severe disease, migraine also may affect school, employment, choice of leisure activities and foods, or interpersonal relationships. 9-11 In addition, patients with migraine feel stigmatized, which may disrupt quality of life and ability to work. 12 Patients with migraine can be diagnosed

2018 California Technology Assessment Forum

110. Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease in South Asians in the United States: Epidemiology, Risk Factors, and Treatments: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association

with other Asian groups and non-Hispanic whites, in contrast to the finding that Asian Americans (Asian Indian, Chinese, Filipino, Japanese, Korean, and Vietnamese) aggregated as a group are at lower risk of ASCVD, largely because of the lower risk observed in East Asian populations. Literature relevant to South Asian populations regarding demographics and risk factors, health behaviors, and interventions, including physical activity, diet, medications, and community strategies, is summarized (...) mechanisms contributing to excess ASCVD, health behaviors, and interventions, including physical activity, diet, medications, and community strategies, in South Asians is summarized. We focus on potentially unique contributors to ASCVD risk in the South Asian community, clinical strategies to reduce disease, and directions for future research to reduce ASCVD in this high-risk population. Methods The writing group members, nominated by the AHA Manuscript Oversight Committee, have a broad range

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 American Heart Association

111. Optimizing Postpartum Care

) Sleep and fatigue • Discuss coping options for fatigue and sleep disruption • Engage family and friends in assisting with care responsibilities Physical recovery from birth • Assess presence of perineal or cesarean incision pain; provide guidance regarding normal versus prolonged recovery 12 • Assess for presence of urinary and fecal continence, with referral to physical therapy or urogynecology as indicated 13,14 • Provide actionable guidance regarding resumption of physical activity and attainment (...) physical, social, and psychologi- cal changes. She is recovering from childbirth, adjust- ing to changing hormones, and learning to feed and care for her newborn (1). In addition to being a time of joy and excitement, this “fourth trimester” can pres- ent considerable challenges for women, including lack of sleep, fatigue, pain, breastfeeding difficulties, stress, new onset or exacerbation of mental health disorders, lack of sexual desire, and urinary incontinence (2–4). Women also may need to navigate

2018 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

112. Psychodynamic Psychotherapy with Children

of realities of the child’s life. It en- hances the capacity for pro-social activities, age- appropriate autonomous functioning in school, and an age-appropriate sense of identity includ- ing sexuality and positive self-regard. For severely organically impaired children, those with signi?cant mental retardation, psycho- sis, or severe pervasive developmental disorders and for severe conduct disorder without guilt or remorse, expressive psychodynamic psychother- apy is usually contraindicated. In contrast (...) . 76-86 Children’s activities in a play therapy tend to fall into the following categories: physical activ- ities, solo imaginary play games with rules, cre- ative projects, and imaginary play with the ther- apist as a participant. 50 The play therapy of?ce must be suitably sturdy and equipped in a man- ner age-appropriate to the children who will be treated there. When working with young chil- dren who are struggling to control intensely messy or aggressive impulses a separate play- room

2018 American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

113. Hoarseness (Dysphonia)

–Head and Neck Surgery Article Menu Content List Citation Tools How to cite this article If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. Simply select your manager software from the list below and click on download. How to cite this article Style Format Download Citation Download article citation data for: Robert J. Stachler, MD , David O. Francis, MD, MS , Seth R. Schwartz, MD, MPH , Cecelia C. Damask, DO , German P (...) . Digoy, MD , Helene J. Krouse, PhD , Scott J. McCoy, DMA , Daniel R. Ouellette, MD , Rita R. Patel, PhD, CCC-SLP , Charles (Charlie) W. Reavis, Libby J. Smith, DO , Marshall Smith, MD , Steven W. Strode, MD, MEd, MPH , Peak Woo, MD , and Lorraine C. Nnacheta, MPH Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery 2018 158 : 1_suppl , S1-S42 Download Citation If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. Simply select your manager

2018 American Academy of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery

114. Routine investigation and monitoring of adult HIV-1-positive individuals (2019 interim update)

-gamma release assay (IGRA) in the situations recommended in the BHIVA tuberculosis guidelines • Test patients for parasitic infections if persistent eosinophilia on FBC and relevant travel history • Within first 3 months assess current or previous mental health problems, neurocognitive problems, current social and welfare situation, employment status, immigration status 1 Integrase resistance testing not recommended unless background resistance rate rises to >3%, or history suggesting possible (...) ART History • General health and wellbeing enquiry to be performed at least annually Since last visit any new or changes in: • Symptoms • Contraception/pregnancy • Sexual history • Mental health • Newly diagnosed co-morbidities and treatment changes • Smoking status • Alcohol/drugs including over the counter/recreational drugs • Vaccines: flu/HPV vaccine • Safeguarding • Children/partner status and whether tested • Housing, occupation/student, income/benefits • Vaccinations • Travel plans

2019 British HIV Association

115. Breastfeeding Programs and Policies, Breastfeeding Uptake, and Maternal Health Outcomes in Developed Countries

for Healthcare Research and Quality Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality v Ruowei (Rosie) Li, M.D., Ph.D. Ursuline Singleton, M.P.H., R.D. Senior Epidemiologist Public Health Advisor Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, Office on Women’s Health and Obesity Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health Centers for Disease Control and Prevention vi Acknowledgments The authors gratefully acknowledge the following individuals for their contributions to this project and deeply appreciate (...) breastfeeding and maternal health. Data sources. We searched PubMed ® /MEDLINE ® , the Cochrane Library, and CINAHL ® from January 1, 1980, to October 12, 2017, for studies relevant to the effectiveness of health care system–based, workplace, and community breastfeeding programs and policies. For evidence on breastfeeding and maternal health, we updated the 2007 Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality report on this topic and searched the same databases from November 1, 2005, to October 12, 2017

2018 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

116. Adults With Congenital Heart Disease

, medical therapy, myocardial infarction, noncardiac surgery, patent ductus arteriosus, perioperative care, physical activity, postoperative complications, pregnancy, preoperative assessment, psychosocial, pulmonary arterial hypertension, hypoplastic left heart syndrome, pulmonary regurgitation, pulmonary stenosis, pulmonary valve replacement, right heart obstruction, right ventricle to pulmonary artery conduit, single ventricle, supravalvular pulmonary stenosis, surgical therapy, tachyarrhythmia (...) . Echocardiography 27 3.4.4. CMR Imaging 28 3.4.5. Cardiac Computed Tomography 29 3.4.6. Cardiac Catheterization 30 3.4.7. Exercise Testing 31 3.5. Transition Education 31 3.6. Exercise and Sports 32 3.7. Mental Health and Neurodevelopmental Issues 34 3.8. Endocarditis Prevention 34 3.9. Concomitant Syndromes 35 3.10. Acquired Cardiovascular Disease 36 3.11. Noncardiac Medical Issues 37 3.12. Noncardiac Surgery 37 3.13. Pregnancy, Reproduction, and Sexual Health 39 3.13.1. Pregnancy 39 3.13.2. Contraception 41

2018 American College of Cardiology

117. Sodium and Potassium Intake: Effects on Chronic Disease Outcomes and Risks

set the AI for sodium for the population aged 19-50 years at 1500 mg (65 mmol) per day based on three criteria: (1) the amount of sodium that would likely need to be ingested in order to meet the needs of all other essential nutrients through food (2) the amount of sodium that would need to be replenished due to sweat losses in un-acclimatized individuals who are exposed to high temperatures or who are moderately physically active (as recommended in other DRI reports) and (3) the level of sodium (...) on cardiovascular and renal disease outcomes and related risk factors, as well as evidence from prospective cohort studies on the associations between sodium, potassium, or sodium to potassium ratio and these outcomes. The purpose of the review is to provide a future Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI) Committee with the evidence on chronic disease endpoints for consideration in reviewing the DRIs for sodium and potassium. Data sources. PubMed ® , Embase ® , the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane

2018 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

118. Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Due to Steroid 21-Hydroxylase Deficiency

. (1|⊕⊕⊕○) 4.8 In patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia under everyday mental and emotional stress and minor illness and/or before routine physical exercise we recommend against the use of increased glucocorticoid doses. (1|⊕⊕○○) 4.9 In patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia who require treatment, we recommend always wearing or carrying medical identification indicating that they have adrenal insufficiency. (1|⊕⊕⊕○) 4.10 In patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia, we recommend (...) in centers with experienced pediatric surgeons/urologists, pediatric endocrinologists, pediatric anesthesiologists, behavioral/mental health professionals, and social work services. Extensive discussions regarding risks and benefits, shared decision-making, review of potential complications, and fully informed consent need to occur prior to surgery. The option to forgo surgery should be considered. 7.2 In severely virilized females, we advise discussion about early surgery to repair the urogenital sinus

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 The Endocrine Society

119. Management of Pregnancy

the past 25 years, maternal pregnancy-related mortality and morbidity have been increasing. Common complications that can occur during pregnancy include maternal obesity or excessive weight gain, mental health conditions (e.g., depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD]), hyperemesis gravidarum, anemia, gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (e.g., gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, eclampsia).[ ] 9 Pregnancy-related deaths (approximately 600 (...) of Service Members and Veterans may amplify the physical and psychological stresses of pregnancy. Although there is limited information regarding the impact of such exposures on reproductive health outcomes, the effort to assess the possible health impacts of military experience on women and their implications for obstetric healthcare is ongoing.[ ] 19 As in the general population, in some cases, births in Veterans and Service Members are affected by complications. The following data relates

2018 VA/DoD Clinical Practice Guidelines

120. Identifying Community Assessment Practices for Public Health: A Rapid Review

. Supporting references are provided for the guide. The guide states that the key elements were adapted from the work of Bill Lee’s Pragmatics of Community Organization. It does not describe how the community assessment approach was tested or evaluated. Community assessment is defined as a systematic way of identifying the needs and resources of a community. Statistical data, community member’s perspectives and information about service providers and other community resources are collected. Carroll, AM (...) . Center for Community Health and Development. Chapter 3: Assessing Community Needs and Resources [Internet]. Total Chapters: 24, Kansas, MO: University of Kansas; 2017 [cited 2018Jan31]. Available from: https://ctb.ku.edu/en/table-of- contents/assessment/assessing-community-needs-and-resources 25 Appendices Appendix A: Search Strategy Appendix B: Relevance Screening Table Appendix C: Literature Search Flowchart Appendix D: Data Extraction Tables Appendix E: Applicability & Transferability Worksheet 26

2018 Peel Health Library

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>