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61. International evidence-based guideline for the assessment and management of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

that may influence the quality of the evidence: key statistical data; ? and classification of the importance of the outcomes. The quality of evidence reflects the extent to which our confidence in an estimate of the effect is adequate to support a particular recommendation [15] and was largely determined by the expert evidence synthesis team. Table 2: Quality (certainty) of evidence categories (adapted from GRADE [15]): High Very confident that the true effect lies close to that of the estimate (...) reviews, generating 166 recommendations and practice points. International best practice comprehensive methods for evidence review and guideline development were applied, aligned with the NHMRC and ESHRE requirements. A highly experienced team undertook evidence synthesis with a focus on study designs least susceptible to bias; a priori criteria for inclusion and appraisal of studies, stakeholder prioritised clinical questions and outcome measures, extraction of study data; quality appraisal and meta

2018 European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology

62. ESC/ESH Management of Arterial Hypertension

the detection and treatment of hypertension, and to improve the poor rates of BP control by promoting simple and effective treatment strategies. These joint 2018 Guidelines follow the same principles upon which a series of hypertension Guidelines were jointly issued by the two societies in 2003, 2007, and 2013. These fundamental principles are: (i) to base recommendations on properly conducted studies, identified from an extensive review of the literature; (ii) to give the highest priority to data from (...) people, whereas BP centiles are used in children and teenagers, in whom data from interventional trials are not available. Details on BP classification in boys and girls ≤ 16 years of age can be found in the 2016 ESH Guidelines for children and adolescents. 3.2 Classification of blood pressure Classification of BP BP = blood pressure. a Class of recommendation b Level of evidence. Classification of BP BP = blood pressure. a Class of recommendation b Level of evidence. 3.3 Prevalence of hypertension

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2018 European Society of Cardiology

63. Prepregnancy Counseling

small-for-gestational-age fetuses and low-birth-weight infants ( ). Ideally, weight should be optimized before a woman attempts to becoming pregnant (70), although the health benefits of postponing pregnancy need to be balanced against reduced fecundity with female aging (4, 69). Assess Exercise and Physical Activity Regular physical exercise improves cardiovascular health, reduces obesity and associated medical comorbidities, and improves longevity. Patients should exercise moderately at least 30 (...) 2013;8:e61627. Physical activity and exercise during pregnancy and the postpartum period. Committee Opinion No. 650. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Obstet Gynecol 2015;126:135–42. Exposure to toxic environmental agents. Committee Opinion No. 575. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Obstet Gynecol 2013;122:931–5. McDiarmid MA, Gehle K. Preconception brief: occupational/environmental exposures. Matern Child Health J 2006;10:123–8. Published online on December 20

2019 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

64. Professional Practice Guidelines for the Psychological Practice with Boys and Men

positive and negative ways (e.g., Arellano-Morales, Liang, Ruiz, & Rios-Oropeza, 2015; Kiselica, Benton-Wright, & Englar-Carlson, 2016). Although boys and men, as a group, tend to hold privilege and power based on gender, they also demonstrate disproportionate rates of receiving harsh discipline (e.g., suspension and expulsion), academic challenges (e.g., dropping out of high school, particularly among African American and Latino boys), mental health issues (e.g., completed suicide), physical health (...) or others (for reviews, see Pleck, 1981, 1995). The negative effects of gender role strain are mental and physical health problems for the individ- ual and within relationships (O’Neil, 2008, 2013; Pleck, 1995). Boys and men experience gender role strain when they (a) deviate from or violate gender role norms of masculinity, (b) try to meet or fail to meet norms of masculinity, (c) experience discrepancies between real and ideal self-concepts based on gender role stereotypes, (d) personally devalue

2019 American Psychological Association

65. Optimal Exercise Programs for Patients With Peripheral Artery Disease: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association

as a reproducible discomfort or fatigue in the muscles of the lower extremity that occurs with exertion and is relieved within 10 minutes of rest. Most people with PAD do not have classic claudication symptoms but still have significantly greater functional impairment and decline than people without PAD. This significant physical activity limitation results in functional impairment, mobility loss, and decreased quality of life. Improving functioning and quality of life is a major goal in the treatment (...) in functional status and HRQOL. Individuals with PAD often avoid physical activity, especially walking. Their sedentary lifestyle leads to additional declines in functional status and HRQOL, as well as cardiovascular health. , , , Measures of objective and subjective functioning and HRQOL commonly used in patients with PAD are presented in the Outcome Measures section of this statement. Mechanisms of Training Response to Exercise in Patients With PAD The pathophysiological mechanisms underlying

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2019 American Gastroenterological Association Institute

66. Care of Women with Obesity in Pregnancy

, lactating women on the growth of their infants. N Engl J Med 2000;342:449–53. 187. O’Toole ML, Sawicki MA, Artal R. Structured diet and physical activity prevent postpartum weight retention. J Womens Health (Larchmt) 2003;12:991–8. RCOG Green-top Guideline No. 126 e102 of e106 ª 2018 Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists188. Bellamy L, Casas JP, Hingorani AD, Williams D. Type 2 diabetes mellitus after gestational diabetes: a systematic review and meta- analysis. Lancet 2009;373:1773–9. 189 (...) according to RCOG GTG No. 37b. P What special considerations are recommended for screening, diagnosis and management of mental health problems in women with obesity? Women with BMI 30 kg/m 2 or greater are at increased risk of mental health problems and should therefore be screened for these in pregnancy. D There is insuf?cient evidence to recommend a speci?c lifestyle intervention to prevent depression and anxiety in obese pregnant women. P Antenatal screening What special considerations does maternal

2018 Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists

67. Managing health and wellbeing in the workplace

analysis by category is shown below as Figure 5. ‘Physical Activity’ focussed (including sedentary behaviour) studies were the most numerous (39 or 11% of the total), followed by Mental Health/Stress (34 or 10% of total). Alcohol (3) was the category with the fewest retrieved studies. Studies conducted in Australia/by Australian researchers (34) made up 10% of retrieved studies in this bibliometric analysis. Figure 6 - Bibliometric analysis of studies 2007-2017 by strategic theme A bibliometric (...) IN THE WORKPLACE| SAX INSTITUTE Factors driving workplace wellness programs Table 1 shows the main drivers of wellness program design (in terms of modifiable risks and issues). Physical activity and stress are the top priorities globally and in Australia. Workplace safety is of highest importance in Asia, Africa/Middle East and Latin America. Figure 4 shows the fasting growing program components and especially the growth of telephonic support and lifestyle coaching services. 3 Table 1 - Extent to which certain

2018 Sax Institute Evidence Check

68. Enhancing Health Promotion and Disease Prevention in Networked Primary Care

public-health service providers; community-health service providers (e.g., mental health, substance use and home-care service providers); and other health organizations (e.g., community health centres, non-government organizations and the First Nations Health Authority). The eight core attributes of primary-care networks, as outlined by the General Practice Services Committee (one of four joint collaborative committees that represent a partnership between the Government of British Columbia (...) systematic reviews of the research literature and occasionally from single research studies. A systematic review is a summary of studies addressing a clearly formulated question that uses systematic and explicit methods to identify, select and appraise research studies, and to synthesize data from the included studies. The rapid synthesis does not contain recommendations, which would have required the authors to make judgments based on their personal values and preferences. Rapid syntheses can

2018 McMaster Health Forum

69. Depression and anxiety programs for children and young people

programs on child internalising problems, anxiety and depression are unknown due to a lack of evaluation. Given that bullying prevention programs are theoretically linked to mental health benefits for both perpetrators and victims, future bullying prevention evaluations should investigate these effects. The present review identified evaluations of physical activity interventions. However, there is evidence that other healthy lifestyle factors, such as good nutrition and sleep and avoiding substance (...) psychological interventions, although the returns are lower than widely implemented health care interventions. DEPRESSION AND ANXIETY PROGRAMS FOR CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE | SAX INSTITUTE 7 Six other programs were identified as having sufficient evidence to warrant a 2 or 3 thumb rating. These were: Coping Cat ( ? ? ?); Families and Schools Together ( ? ?); Physical activity interventions ( ? ?); the Good Behaviour Game ( ? ?); Mentoring ( ? ?); and Online CBT ( ? ?). All of these programs have been

2018 Sax Institute Evidence Check

70. Bioresorbable Stents in cardiovascular indications (coronary artery disease)

or unstable CAD. CAD is a prevalent disease defined as the manifestation of arteriosclerosis in the coronary arteries and is the leading cause of death in Europe [6]. Risk factors for CAD that can be controlled are smoking, high alcohol consumption, lack of physical activity, high blood cholesterol levels, overweight or obe- sity, diabetes mellitus, hypertension and psychosocial burden, such as stress or depression [7-9]. Patients with CAD have an elevated risk for myocardial infarction (MI), cardiac (...) TABLE OF CONTENTS LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS 6 SUMMARY OF THE RELATIVE EFFECTIVENESS OF BIORESORBABLE STENTS FOR THE TREATMENT OF CARDIOVASCULAR INDICATIONS (CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE) 8 SCOPE 8 INTRODUCTION 8 METHODS 9 RESULTS 10 DISCUSSION 12 CONCLUSION 13 1 SCOPE 18 2 METHODS AND EVIDENCE INCLUDED 20 2.1 ASSESSMENT TEAM 20 2.2 SOURCE OF ASSESSMENT ELEMENTS 20 2.3 SEARCH 20 2.4 STUDY SELECTION 21 2.5 DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSES 23 2.6 QUALITY RATING 23 2.7 DESCRIPTION OF THE EVIDENCE USED 23 2.8

2019 EUnetHTA

71. Withdrawal Management Services in Canada: The National Treatment Indicators Report

use the International Statistical Classification of Disease and Related Health Problems, 10 th revision (ICD-10-CA) (Canadian Institute for Health Information, 2015) (see Appendix E). The OMHRS and HMHS report diagnoses codes that are based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition, text revision (DSM-IV-TR). While most provinces and territories only use ICD-10-CA, the hospital data from Ontario contain records coded using both ICD- 10-CA and DSM-IV-TR (...) provincial and territorial-level WM data. Within Indigenous Services Canada’s Mental Wellness Program, the Youth Solvent Addictions Committee and the Thunderbird Partnership Foundation also provided information about some treatment services pertaining to First Nations. A variety of different systems, methods and processes were used to collect this information across Canada. Generally, a substantial amount of service and client information is collected at the point of screening and assessment or intake

2019 Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse

72. Developing a Value Framework for Genetic Diagnosis: Part I A Systematic Review of Outcomes Hierarchies and Measurement Approaches

Disclaimer: The findings and conclusions in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the American College of Medical Genetics. ACMG Value Review, March 16, 2012 Page 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS Commonly Used Acronyms and Abbreviations 4 Executive Summary 5-9 Introduction 10-13 Background and Context 10 Purpose and Scope 11 Methods 14-19 Key Questions and Review Framework 14 Search Strategy 16 Change in Scope of Review 16 Data Abstraction 17 Data Analysis 17 (...) PROs Patient-reported outcomes QA Quality assurance QALY Quality adjusted life year QI Quality improvement QOF UK Quality Outcomes Framework QOL Quality of life QSR Qualitative Systematic Review RW “real world”, as in “RW data” SER Systematic evidence review TEP Technical Expert Panel UK NHS UK National Health Service US United States ACMG Value Review, March 16, 2012 Page 5 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Introduction This qualitative systematic review was commissioned by the American College of Medical

2019 American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics

73. WHO consolidated guideline on self-care interventions for health: sexual and reproductive health and rights

the licence shall be conducted in accordance with the mediation rules of the World Intellectual Property Organization. Suggested citation. WHO consolidated guideline on self-care interventions for health: sexual and reproductive health and rights. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2019. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO. Cataloguing-in-Publication (CIP) data. CIP data are available at Sales, rights and licensing. To purchase WHO publications, see (...) in the preparation of this guideline 133 Annex 2: Existing recommendations for noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) 135 Annex 3: Scoping review: WHO self-care definitions Annex 8: Guideline Development Group (GDG) judgements related to the new recommendations 149 152 Annex 6: Priority questions and outcomes for the interventions identified for this guideline Web annex: GRADE tables (available at: reproductivehealth/self- care-interventions/en/) 138 Annex 4: Glossary 151 Annex 7: List of reviews

2019 World Health Organisation Guidelines

75. 2019 ACC/AHA Guideline on the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease

and Science University to perform rapid systematic evidence reviews for 5 of the key topics: aspirin use, T2DM, nutrition and diet, obesity and weight loss, and tobacco use. In parallel, an independent health data and epidemiology expert, Lee Ann Prebil, conducted a systematic evidence review for the key topic of exercise and physical activity and conducted targeted literature searches to support this document’s discussion of patient-centered approaches, including team-based care, shared decision-making (...) Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease Page 21 of 98 3.2. Exercise and Physical Activity Recommendations for Exercise and Physical Activity Referenced studies that support recommendations are summarized in Online Data Supplements 6 and 7. COR LOE Recommendations I B-R 1. Adults should be routinely counseled in healthcare visits to optimize a physically active lifestyle (S3.2-1, S3.2-2). I B-NR 2. Adults should engage in at least 150 minutes per week of accumulated moderate-intensity or 75 minutes per week

2019 American Heart Association

76. Testicular Cancer

., et al. Going from evidence to recommendations. BMJ, 2008. 336: 1049. 6. La Vecchia, C., et al. Cancer mortality in Europe, 2000-2004, and an overview of trends since 1975. Ann Oncol, 2010. 21: 1323. 7. Jemal, A., et al. Cancer statistics, 2009. CA Cancer J Clin, 2009. 59: 225. 8. Nigam, M., et al. Increasing incidence of testicular cancer in the United States and Europe between 1992 and 2009. World J Urol, 2014. 33: 623. 9. Ghazarian, A.A., et al. Recent trends in the incidence of testicular germ (...) of metachronous contralateral testicular germ cell tumours. Br J Cancer, 2012. 107: 1637. 32. Lerro, C.C., et al. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the relationship between body size and testicular cancer. Br J Cancer, 2010. 103: 1467. 33. Brierley, J.E., et al., The TNM Classification of Malignant Tumours 8th edition. 2016. 34. Peyret, C. Tumeurs du testicule. Synthèse et recommandations en onco-urologie. [Testicular tumours. Summary of onco-urological recommendations] [Article in French]. Prog Urol

2019 European Association of Urology

77. Management of Infertility

to polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), endometriosis, unknown reasons, or tubal or peritoneal factors or (b) couples with male factor infertility, and evaluated short- and long-term health outcomes of gamete donors in infertility. Data sources. We searched PubMed ® , Embase ® , and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews for English-language studies published from January 1, 2007, to October 3, 2018, that reported live birth rates, pregnancy and neonatal outcomes, time to pregnancy, and short-term (...) and long-term adverse outcomes for mothers and children born after infertility treatment. For male and female donors, we searched for studies reporting short- and long-term adverse effects and quality-of-life outcomes. Review methods. Two investigators screened each abstract and full-text article for inclusion; abstracted data; and performed quality ratings, applicability ratings, and evidence grading. Where appropriate, random-effects models were used to compute summary estimates of effects. Results

2019 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

78. Prevention and early intervention for adults with mild to moderate depression

interventions currently being used within the National Health System (NHS) in England, UK. Data for the review was obtained using a survey of NHS Mental Health Trusts across England, via Freedom of Information requests for Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) services, and a systematic search of the NHS apps library. Results identified that 13 different web apps and 35 smartphone apps for depression, stress and anxiety were being used and made available through IAPT, NHS Apps Library (...) the benefits of technology-based peer support. At the time of the review, barriers to using mobile apps included low bandwidth, disengagement and loss of interest, concerns around privacy and data storage, and concerns about clinical risk and cybersafety of peers and participants interacting in this environment. Significant advances in technology and security have occurred since 2014, potentially increasing the potential of this technology in managing and delivering peer interventions for mental health

2018 Sax Institute Evidence Check

79. Addressing Social Isolation To Improve the Health of Older Adults: A Rapid Review

evaluated physical activity interventions in older adults. Two RCTs 46, 48 reported health benefits, both of which were multicomponent interventions that combined exercise with other interventions including social, leisure activities (e.g. cooking), and/or diet programming. One RCT (n=77) 48 examined a 3-month, twice-weekly, 100-minute resistance exercise program combined with either a nutritional or psychosocial program. This 8 intervention was delivered to pre-frail or frail older adults by trainers (...) . This study involved a 3-month multicomponent intervention delivered at a community center, but was conducted less frequently (once a week vs. twice a week). This intervention included two-hour sessions once a week of physical activity (e.g., walking, stretching, and weights) combined with leisure activities (e.g., cooking, games, and crafts). This study found no effect on social support but did report significant improvement in quality of life at 3 months. This intervention was delivered by health care

2019 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

80. Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease

development process. Avalere Health commissioned the Pacific Northwest Evidence-based Practice Center at Oregon Health and Science University to perform rapid systematic evidence reviews for 5 of the key topics: aspirin use, T2DM, nutrition and diet, obesity and weight loss, and tobacco use. In parallel, an independent health data and epidemiology expert, Lee Ann Prebil, conducted a systematic evidence review for the key topic of exercise and physical activity and conducted targeted literature searches (...) for Exercise and Physical Activity Referenced studies that support recommendations are summarized in Online Data Supplements 6 and 7. COR LOE Recommendations I B-R 1. Adults should be routinely counseled in healthcare visits to optimize a physically active lifestyle (S3.2-1, S3.2-2). I B-NR 2. Adults should engage in at least 150 minutes per week of accumulated moderate-intensity or 75 minutes per week of vigorous-intensity aerobic physical activity (or an equivalent combination of moderate and vigorous

2019 American College of Cardiology

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