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21. Population Approaches to Improve Diet, Physical Activity, and Smoking Habits Full Text available with Trip Pro

Comprehensive worksite wellness programs with nutrition, physical activity, and tobacco cessation/prevention components (IIa A) Structured worksite programs that encourage activity and also provide a set time for physical activity during work hours (IIa B) Improving stairway access and appeal, potentially in combination with “skip-stop” elevators that skip some floors (IIa B) Adding new or updating worksite fitness centers (IIa B) Local environment Improved accessibility of recreation and exercise spaces (...) to systematically review these data to identify (1) which policies work and should be implemented, (2) which policies are promising and deserve further intensive investigation, and (3) what critical research gaps remain. Methods Search Strategies and Data Extraction The writing group searched for evidence of the effectiveness of different population approaches in changing dietary, physical activity, or tobacco use habits and related health outcomes. The present report does not review which specific behavioral

2012 American Heart Association

22. Does Participation in a Pre-Operative Physical Activity Program Improve Patient Outcomes and Quality of Life?

outcomes and inform the development of evidence-based physical activity (PA) guidelines for bariatric surgery patients and improved CMBS program delivery. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Obesity Bariatric Surgery Roux-En-Y Gastric Bypass Exercise Quality of Life Behavioral: ENCOURAGEING START Not Applicable Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Interventional (Clinical Trial) Estimated Enrollment : 48 participants Allocation: Non-Randomized Intervention (...) for additional information Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No Keywords provided by Dr. Krista Hardy, University of Manitoba: Roux-En-Y Gastric Bypass Bariatric Surgery Pre-Operative Physical Activity and Education Program Obesity Exercise Behaviour Modification Surgical Outcomes Quality of Life

2017 Clinical Trials

23. Predictors of Physical Activity After Gastric Bypass-a Prospective Study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Predictors of Physical Activity After Gastric Bypass-a Prospective Study. Most patients do not meet the recommended level of physical activity after bariatric surgery, and psychological factors underlying postoperative physical activity remain poorly understood. This study aimed at identifying self-regulatory predictors of physical activity after bariatric surgery.Questionnaire data including self-regulation variables and the short-version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (...) were obtained in a prospective cohort of 230 patients 1 year after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. The study sample consisted of participants consenting to wear an ActiGraph GT3X+ accelerometer for seven consecutive days, 18-24 months after surgery (n = 120).A total of 112 participants with complete self-report data provided valid accelerometer data. Mean age was 46.8 years (SD = 9.3), and 81.3% was women. Preoperative and postoperative BMI was 44.8 ± 5.5 and 30.6 ± 5.0 kg/m2, respectively. Total weight

2017 Obesity Surgery

24. Physical activity for children and young people

, schools and colleges Community and voluntary groups (running sports and other organised activities) Government departments Local authorities (leisure and related services, transport and planning, regeneration) and local strategic partnerships Organisations offering practitioners education and training The police Primary care trusts Private sector providers Children, young people, their families and carers and members of the public Physical activity for children and young people (PH17) © NICE 2018. All (...) of breath or sweating. Opportunities for moderate to vigorous physical activity include everything from competitive sport and formal exercise to active play and other physically demanding activities (such as dancing, swimming or skateboarding). They also include some of the actions that can be involved in daily life (such as walking, cycling or using other modes of travel involving physical activity). Groupings, themes and links The recommendations are grouped as follows: Physical activity for children

2009 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

25. Exercise Prescription (Overview)

programs with aerobic activities for children at early ages. Programs should include recreational sports (eg, running, dancing, swimming). Support at home for an active lifestyle for children helps to promote healthy physical activity patterns. In the clinical setting, discuss physical activity and provide exercise prescriptions for patients and their families. In some instances, suggestions could be made about implementing physical activity recommendations at the work site. Consider intensity (...) the least active (eg, 75% of black women; less educated, obese, elderly persons), is important. [ , , , , , ] Previous Next: Different Types of Exercise Exercise has been defined as an activity for the express purpose of improving fitness or health. Physical activity includes all forms of activity (eg, occupational, recreational, sports-related) that are performed without the specific purpose of fitness or health. Different types of exercise are as follows: Aerobic (eg, walking, swimming) Anaerobic (eg

2014 eMedicine.com

26. Exercise Prescription (Treatment)

programs with aerobic activities for children at early ages. Programs should include recreational sports (eg, running, dancing, swimming). Support at home for an active lifestyle for children helps to promote healthy physical activity patterns. In the clinical setting, discuss physical activity and provide exercise prescriptions for patients and their families. In some instances, suggestions could be made about implementing physical activity recommendations at the work site. Consider intensity (...) the least active (eg, 75% of black women; less educated, obese, elderly persons), is important. [ , , , , , ] Previous Next: Different Types of Exercise Exercise has been defined as an activity for the express purpose of improving fitness or health. Physical activity includes all forms of activity (eg, occupational, recreational, sports-related) that are performed without the specific purpose of fitness or health. Different types of exercise are as follows: Aerobic (eg, walking, swimming) Anaerobic (eg

2014 eMedicine.com

27. Exercise Prescription (Follow-up)

programs with aerobic activities for children at early ages. Programs should include recreational sports (eg, running, dancing, swimming). Support at home for an active lifestyle for children helps to promote healthy physical activity patterns. In the clinical setting, discuss physical activity and provide exercise prescriptions for patients and their families. In some instances, suggestions could be made about implementing physical activity recommendations at the work site. Consider intensity (...) the least active (eg, 75% of black women; less educated, obese, elderly persons), is important. [ , , , , , ] Previous Next: Different Types of Exercise Exercise has been defined as an activity for the express purpose of improving fitness or health. Physical activity includes all forms of activity (eg, occupational, recreational, sports-related) that are performed without the specific purpose of fitness or health. Different types of exercise are as follows: Aerobic (eg, walking, swimming) Anaerobic (eg

2014 eMedicine.com

28. Exercise Prescription (Diagnosis)

programs with aerobic activities for children at early ages. Programs should include recreational sports (eg, running, dancing, swimming). Support at home for an active lifestyle for children helps to promote healthy physical activity patterns. In the clinical setting, discuss physical activity and provide exercise prescriptions for patients and their families. In some instances, suggestions could be made about implementing physical activity recommendations at the work site. Consider intensity (...) the least active (eg, 75% of black women; less educated, obese, elderly persons), is important. [ , , , , , ] Previous Next: Different Types of Exercise Exercise has been defined as an activity for the express purpose of improving fitness or health. Physical activity includes all forms of activity (eg, occupational, recreational, sports-related) that are performed without the specific purpose of fitness or health. Different types of exercise are as follows: Aerobic (eg, walking, swimming) Anaerobic (eg

2014 eMedicine.com

29. Assisted Exercise in Obese Endometrial Cancer Patients

- General (FACT-G) FACT-En Short-form Medical Outcomes (SF-36) Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) Godin Leisure-Time Exercise (LSI) Procedure: Neuroimaging Imaging data will be acquired on a Siemens 3.0T Wide-Bore Verio MRI scanner. Other Name: MRI Procedure: Genetic and Biomarkers Patients will be asked to fast for approximately 12 hours and will have approximately 2 Tbs. of blood drawn at baseline and the end of treatment (EOT). Other Names: DNA Testing Biomarker Testing Outcome Measures Go to Primary (...) to 29.9 (overweight) Change in Motivation to Exercise from baseline [ Time Frame: 24 weeks after exercise intervention (EOT) ] Evaluate motivation to exercise using the Exercise Motivations Inventory (EMI-2) 122 and the Intrinsic Motivational Inventory (IMI) modified for exercise. Past physical activity habits will be assessed with the Godin Leisure-Time Exercise (LSI) questionnaire. Change in Eating Behavior from baseline [ Time Frame: 24 weeks after exercise intervention (EOT) ] Eating behavior

2013 Clinical Trials

30. Associations of Acculturation With Self-Report and Objective Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviors Among Latinas. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Associations of Acculturation With Self-Report and Objective Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviors Among Latinas. Less than 50% of Latinas meet physical activity (PA) recommendations. Acculturation is a complex cultural phenomenon that may influence health behaviors, but associations between acculturation and Latinas' activity and sedentary levels are unclear.To examine associations of acculturation with Latinas' domain-specific and total PA as well as sedentary time.We analyzed baseline (...) data collected between 2011 and 2013 among 410 Latinas (18-65 years) from a PA promotion intervention in San Diego, CA ( Fe en Acción/ Faith in Action). Participants wore an accelerometer to assess moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) and sedentary time and completed a survey assessing domain-specific PA, sociodemographics, and acculturation as measured by length of residence in the United States and the Bidimensional Acculturation Scale (BAS) for Hispanics. Higher acculturation was defined as longer

2016 Health Education & Behavior

31. Physical Activity and Protein Supplementation After Bariatric Surgery (PAPAB)

Hospital Tuebingen Information provided by (Responsible Party): University of Hohenheim Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: The purpose of this study is to determine wether regular physical activity in combination with protein supplementation after bariatric surgery can reduce the loss of muscle mass and wether a computer-assisted exercise program is more effective than a usual exercise program regarding frequency of physical activity, fitness and muscular strength. Condition (...) -assisted exercise is advantageous when comparing it to a usual exercise program using written exercise instructions. Therefore, we study the influence of postoperative protein supplementation in combination with computer-assisted exercise on body composition changes, and body weight reduction, as well as physical fitness, protein status and muscle function in obese patients after bariatric surgery. Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Interventional (Clinical Trial) Actual

2014 Clinical Trials

32. Validation of Objective Measures of Place-Based Physical Activity

System (PALMS) researchers at UCSD have created a web-based processing system for location (GPS) and physical activity (accelerometer) data. We will collect data on a pilot sample of 40 Hispanic persons to a) test the validity of PALMS assessments of transportation modes, and activity in different locations against an objective record of activities derived from images collected by Vicon Revue; b) compare PALMS assessments of transportation modes and activity locations to other self-report measures (...) Questionnaire, the American Timeuse Survey, and PALMS based physical activity in location estimates. Usability [ Time Frame: 1 day ] Direct observation of research staff with no experience using the PALMS system. Added Value [ Time Frame: baseline and 1 year ] We will be assessing GPS tracks in participants in the Fe en Accion cohort to determine the effectiveness of the place-based intervention. Eligibility Criteria Go to Information from the National Library of Medicine Choosing to participate in a study

2013 Clinical Trials

33. Improvement in Pain,Function and HRQoL ( Health Related Quality of Life) in Subacute Low Back Pain: A Controlled Clinical Trial of Exercise vs NSAIDs (Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory)

the score the more disability. The higher the score the less disability i.e. a score of zero is equivalent to maximum disability and a score of 100 is equivalent to no disability. This outcome shows the subdomain data: General Health Perceptions. Quality of Life, Mental Health. [ Time Frame: At the beginning ] Improvement in Quality of life was assessed with the SF-36 questionnaire, which ranges from 0 to 100 being 100 the best quality of life. The Short Form (36) Health Survey is a patient-reported (...) survey of patient health. The SF-36 consists of eight scaled scores, which are the weighted sums of the questions in their section. Each scale is directly transformed into a 0-100 scale on the assumption that each question carries equal weight. The lower the score the more disability. The higher the score the less disability i.e. a score of zero is equivalent to maximum disability and a score of 100 is equivalent to no disability. This outcome shows the subdomain data: Mental Health. Quality of Life

2011 Clinical Trials

34. Active travel in Glasgow: what we?ve learned so far

issues and possible ways forward. Research has shown that active forms of travel, including walking and cycling, are not only important to health for their contribution to increasing physical activity, but also to help address obesity, improve mental health, tackle climate change, reduce air pollution, and can help build more connected communities. However, despite policies that support and advocate for more active travel at both Scotland and Glasgow levels, current evidence suggests that almost all (...) 1). Transportation infrastructure is primarily located within the urban environment domain, but it has influences across all four key areas, and these influences can be both positive and negative. Active forms of travel are important for their contribution to increasing physical activity, and therefore, to improving physical and mental health. Increasing active travel also contributes to better health by reducing the impact of obesity, climate change and air pollution, and can help build more

2017 Glasgow Centre for Population Health

35. Associations between dietary patterns, physical activity (leisure-time and occupational) and television viewing in middle-aged French adults. Full Text available with Trip Pro

and occupational physical activities and time spent watching television (TV), as an indicator of sedentary behaviour, in middle-aged French subjects. We performed a cross-sectional analysis using data from 1359 participants in the SUpplémentation en VItamines et Minéraux AntioXydants study, who completed a detailed physical activity questionnaire and at least six 24 h dietary records. Sex-specific dietary patterns were derived using factor analysis; their relationships with leisure-time and occupational (...) Associations between dietary patterns, physical activity (leisure-time and occupational) and television viewing in middle-aged French adults. Diet and physical activity are considered to be major components of a healthy lifestyle. However, few studies have examined in detail the relationships between specific types of physical activity, sedentary behaviour and diet in adults. The objective of the present study was to assess differential relationships between dietary patterns, leisure-time

2011 The British journal of nutrition

36. Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics Full Text available with Trip Pro

(smoking, physical activity, diet, and weight) and health factors (cholesterol, blood pressure [BP], and glucose control) that contribute to cardiovascular health. The Statistical Update represents a critical resource for the lay public, policy makers, media professionals, clinicians, healthcare administrators, researchers, health advocates, and others seeking the best available data on these factors and conditions. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) produces immense health and economic burdens in the United (...) after myocardial infarction (MI), lower risk of atrial fibrillation, and greater positive psychological functioning (dispositional optimism). Among children, from 1999 to 2000 to 2015 to 2016, prevalence of nonsmoking, ideal total cholesterol, and ideal BP improved. For example, nonsmoking among children aged 12 to 19 years went from 76% to 94%. However, meeting ideal levels for physical activity, body mass index (BMI), and blood glucose did not improve. For example, prevalence of ideal BMI declined

2019 American Heart Association

37. Community-based mental health and wellbeing support for refugees

: Summary of details related to Question 2 for each study 55 Trauma informed psychotherapy programs delivered with a group component 55 Community-based psychoeducation and/or health programs 65 Physical activity and sports-based programs 75 COMMUNITY-BASED MENTAL HEALTH AND WELLBEING SUPPORT FOR REFUGEES | SAX INSTITUTE 5 Peer support and/or mentoring programs 82 School-based programs 86 Appendix D: Promising programs (with evaluations underway or not undertaken) 91 1. Feeding Cultures 91 2. Parents (...) programs. The five categories are: • Trauma informed psychotherapy programs delivered with a group component • Community-based psychoeducation and/or health programs • Physical activity and sports-based programs • Peer support and/or mentoring programs. Question 2: Of the community-based psychosocial supports identified in question 1, what have been the modes of delivery and how has this impacted on sustainability? Modes of delivery and sustainability are considered separately for each program category

2019 Sax Institute Evidence Check

38. Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics 2017 Update: A Report From the American Heart Association Full Text available with Trip Pro

, and other government agencies, brings together in a single document the most up- to-date statistics related to heart disease, stroke, and the factors in the AHA’s Life’s Simple 7 (Figure 1 ), which include core health behaviors (smoking, physical activity [PA], diet, and weight) and health factors (cholesterol, blood pressure [BP], and glucose control) that contribute to cardiovascular health. The Statistical Update represents a critical resource for the lay public, policy makers, media professionals (...) failure (HF), valvular disease, venous disease, and peripheral arterial disease) and the as- sociated outcomes (including quality of care, procedures, and economic costs). Since 2006, the annual versions of the Statistical Update have been cited >20 000 times in the literature. In 2015 alone, the various Statistical Updates were cited ˜4000 times. Each annual version of the Statistical Update under- goes revisions to include the newest nationally represen- tative data, add additional relevant

2017 American Heart Association

39. Organisation of mental health care for adults in Belgium

Mental Health Care adults Belgium KCE Report 318 CHAPTER 05 MAPPING MENTAL HEALTH CARE SERVICES IN BELGIUM 89 AUTHORS: LAGUESSE R 1 , LAMBERT M 1 , VAN NUFFEL R 2 , DE COEN M 2 , VAN SPEYBROECK J 2 , BONTEMPS C 1 89 1 LEXICON 89 2 INTRODUCTION 92 2.1 CONTEXT 92 2.2 HISTORY 92 2.3 BOUNDARIES OF MENTAL HEALTH CARE 93 3 METHOD 95 3.1 TYPE OF DATA AND STRUCTURE OF THEIR DESCRIPTION 95 3.1.1 Distribution of services/institutions by levels 95 3.1.2 Regions 95 3.1.3 Data 95 3.1.4 Overview of the situation (...) 96 3.1.5 Associations and networks involved in mental health 96 3.1.6 Transfer of competences 96 3.2 SCOPE (AND LIMITS OF THE SCOPE) 96 3.2.1 Scope 96 3.2.2 Limitations 96 3.3 DATA DISCUSSION 97 3.4 SOURCES OF DATA 97 4 DESCRIPTION OF SERVICES CATEGORIES 98 4.1 INFORMAL COMMUNITY CARE 98 4.1.1 User associations and family associations 99 KCE Report 318 Organisation Mental Health Care adults Belgium 5 4.1.2 Society 99 4.1.3 Non-accredited accommodation structures 101 4.2 MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES

2019 Belgian Health Care Knowledge Centre

40. Challenges and priorities for global mental health research in low- and middle-income countries

the impact of highly patriarchal societies, a lack of female empowerment, and in particular early marriage, was seen as an important research challenge. The role of schools in teaching psychological coping or other life skills was also identified as an important focus for research, as was the use of sporting or cultural activities to promote mental wellbeing and how to reach vulnerable young people outside the education system. Other possible solutions warranting rigorous evaluation include financial (...) -resource settings. Underfunded mental health services, a shortage of mental health professionals and the stigma associated with mental health disorders create barriers to scaling-up treatments and deter individuals from seeking help when treatments are available. In 2011, the Grand Challenges in Global Mental Health initiative, funded by the US National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) and supported by the Global Alliance for Chronic Diseases (GACD), undertook a Delphi consensus exercise to identify

2018 Academy of Medical Sciences

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