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181. Overview of pregnancy complications

=bestpractice.com Zhang C, Solomon CG, Manson JE, et al. A prospective study of pregravid physical activity and sedentary behaviors in relation to the risk for gestational diabetes mellitus. Arch Intern Med. 2006 Mar 13;166(5):543-8. https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamainternalmedicine/fullarticle/409910 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16534041?tool=bestpractice.com and prior gestational diabetes. Kim C, Berger DK, Chamany S. Recurrence of gestational diabetes mellitus: a systematic review. Diabetes Care (...) , but the onset of a depressive episode within 4 weeks of childbirth can be recorded via the postpartum-onset specifier in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 5th ed., (DSM-5). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing; 2013. There is evidence to suggest that the DSM-5 specifier is too narrow. Forty L, Jones L, Macgregor S, et al. Familiality of postpartum depression in unipolar

2018 BMJ Best Practice

182. Chronic fatigue syndrome/Myalgic encephalomyelitis

considered historical precedents of CFS/ME. Sigurdsson B. Clinical findings six years after outbreak of Akureyri disease. Lancet. 1956 May 26;270(6926):766-7. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/13320872?tool=bestpractice.com The World Health Organization classifies CFS/ME as a neurological illness. World Health Organization. International classification of diseases 11th revision for mortality and morbidity statistics (ICD-11 MMS). 2018 [internet publication]. https://icd.who.int/browse11/l-m/en History (...) syndrome versus myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome. Fatigue. 2013 Jun 1;1(3):168-83. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3728084/ http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23914329?tool=bestpractice.com PEM has been described as a group of symptoms following mental or physical exertion, lasting 24 hours or more. Symptoms of PEM include fatigue, headaches, muscle aches, cognitive deficits, and insomnia. It can occur after even simple tasks (e.g., walking, or holding a conversation

2018 BMJ Best Practice

183. Pharmacological management of migraine

evidence for best practice in the acute and prophylactic management of adults with migraine using pharmacological therapies or devices. The focus is on adults with acute migraine and preventative treatment in patients with episodic or chronic migraine and medication-overuse headache. Studies of children with migraine were not included, however the recommendations could be considered for treating adolescents with migraine. The guideline excludes complementary, physical and psychological therapies (...) general practitioners (GPs), headache nurses, neurologists, out-of-hours clinicians, pharmacists, and patients with migraine. 1.2.5 PATIENT VERSION A patient version of this guideline is available from the SIGN website, www.sign.ac.uk. 1.3 STATEMENT OF INTENT This guideline is not intended to be construed or to serve as a standard of care. Standards of care are determined on the basis of all clinical data available for an individual case and are subject to change as scientific knowledge and technology

2018 SIGN

184. Screening for impaired vision in community-dwelling adults aged 65 years and older in primary care settings

by decreased participation in social, work or leisure activities, as well as difficulties in family relationships; symptoms of depression; injuries from accidents, including falls; or the loss of driving privileges. 6–9 Many people with impaired vision become aware of it and obtain help on their own. Self-reported data on vision care from the 2005 Canadian Community Health Survey 10 showed that 59% of adults aged 65 years and older had consulted an eye care pro- fessional in the previous year (...) by an optometrist or other ophthalmic primary care professional. References 1. Freeman EE, Roy-Gagnon MH, Samson E, et al. The global burden of visual dif- ficulty in low, middle, and high income countries. PLoS One 2013;8:e63315. 2. The 2006 Participation and Activity Limitation Survey: disability in Canada (89- 628-X). Ottawa: Statistics Canada (updated 2010 Jan. 29). Available: www5. statcan.gc.ca/olc-cel/olc.action?objId=89-628-X&objType=2&lang=en&limit=1. (accessed 2017 Aug 8). 3. Maberley DA, Hollands H

2018 CPG Infobase

185. Deprescribing benzodiazepine receptor agonists

syndrome or tic disorders, autism, mental retar- dation or developmental delay, obsessive-compulsive disorder, alcoholism, cocaine abuse, or Parkinson dis- ease psychosis; or as an adjunct in the treatment of depression; or for the treatment of delusions and hallu- cinations in patients with dementia. Box 1. Notes on the GRADE framework for guideline development This guideline was developed in accordance with the methods proposed by the GRADE Working Group 17 and was informed by a subset of data from (...) dose toutes les une à deux semaines). Forte recommandation (selon la revue systématique et la méthode GRADE) En cas de récidive des SCPD : Schizophrénie Trouble schizo-affectif Trouble bipolaire Délirium aigu Syndrome de la Tourette Tics Autisme Psychose liée à la démence durant depuis moins de 3 mois Retard mental Retard de développement Trouble obsessionnel-compulsif Alcoolisme Cocaïnomanie Psychose associée à la maladie de Parkinson Ajout au traitement d’un trouble dépressif majeur • Pourquoi le

2018 CPG Infobase

186. Simplified guideline for prescribing medical cannabinoids in primary care

Decrease: 1.3-1.7 Baseline: 6.2 Decrease: 1.0 NA Very low GRADE—Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation, NA—not applicable, NNT—number needed to treat, NS—not statistically significant. Data from accompanying systematic review by Allan et al (page e78). 12 *Meta-analysis results included 13 studies on neuropathic pain and 2 studies on cancer pain. † Confidence intervals suggest that benefit is likely (risk ratio = 1.34, 95% CI 0.96 to 1.86), so estimated NNT provided. ‡ Scales (...) , NNH—number needed to harm, NS—not statistically significant. Data from accompanying systematic review by Allan et al (page e78). 12 Examples of harms were selected from the largest statistically signifi- cant meta-analyses providing event rates. Grouping of adverse events follows the combinations used in the original research. 12 *Confidence intervals suggest that harm is likely (risk ratio = 3.41, 95% CI 0.95-12.27), so estimated NNH provided.118 Canadian Family Physician | Le Médecin de famille

2018 CPG Infobase

187. Qualitative evidence on barriers to and facilitators of women’s participation in higher or growing productivity and male-dominated labour market sectors in low- and middle-income countries

://eppi.ioe.ac.uk/) hold the copyright for the text of their reviews. The EPPI-Centre owns the copyright for all material on the website it has developed, including the contents of the databases, manuals, and keywording and data-extraction systems. The centre and authors give permission for users of the site to display and print the contents of the site for their own non-commercial use, providing that the materials are not modified, copyright and other proprietary notices contained in the materials are retained (...) , an additional 22 did not meet quality criteria (related to rigour in sampling, data collection, data analysis, and whether findings are supported by the data). This left 18 studies for the final systematic review. The vast majority of these studies were from sub-Saharan Africa (n=16), followed by East Asia (n=3), South Asia (n=1) and Latin America (n=1). The studies focused on three sectors: commercial agriculture (n=11), trade (n=12), and mining (n=4). SUMMARY OF EVIDENCE The conceptual framework presented

2019 EPPI Centre

188. Caffeinated energy drinks and effects in UK young people

and adolescents aged 17 years and under. We aimed to review the existing systematic review research evidence on patterns of CED use in young people and assess the evidence on the effects of CEDs on their physical, mental and social health and wellbeing. Methods We conducted an overview of English-language systematic reviews published between 2013 and 2018, identified from database and citation searching. Descriptive data on study characteristics and effects were extracted and synthesised narratively (...) boost energy, reduce fatigue, improve concentrations and enhance mental alertness. However, widespread concern is growing about the use and effects of consumption of CEDs, particularly amongst children and adolescents (‘young people’) under age 18. This population is thought to be at more risk of ill effects than adults; and a range of physical, psychological and behavioural factors have been associated with high or chronic consumption of CEDs. Young males and minority ethnic and lower socio

2019 EPPI Centre

189. Factors associated with youth gang membership in low? and middle?income countries: a systematic review Full Text available with Trip Pro

). Humiliating levels of deprivation may lead to the search for an extreme public masculinity that provides the gang member with power or ‘respect’ ( ). Gang membership can be viewed as a means to overcome “extreme poverty, exclusion, and a lack of opportunities” ( , p.5). “Youth gangs represent a spontaneous effort by children and young people to create, where it does not exist, an urban space in society that is adapted to their needs, where they can exercise the rights that their families, government (...) , and communities do not offer them. Arising out of extreme poverty, exclusion, and a lack of opportunities, gangs try to gain their rights and meet their needs by organizing themselves without supervision and developing their own rules, and by securing for themselves a territory and a set of symbols that gives meaning to their membership in the group. This endeavour to exercise their citizenship is, in many cases, a violation of their own and others’ rights, and frequently generates violence and crime

2018 Campbell Collaboration

190. Effectiveness of interventions to reduce homelessness: a systematic review and meta?analysis Full Text available with Trip Pro

management interventions (N=26) Study (ref); country Population (N, description) Intervention Follow‐up (FU) in months (mos), N Comparison N Primary outcome HIGH INTENSITY CASE MANAGEMENT (N=18) Bell 2015 (44), USA N=1380, disabled Medicaid beneficiaries with mental health and/or substance abuse problems and comorbid physical conditions Intensive care management FU: 24 mos N=690 Usual services (wait‐list) N=690 Mean number of homeless months per 1000 months Proportion of participants with any homeless (...) individuals who had traditionally relied on a type of housing that was at extremely high risk of demolition and conversion…high numbers of people with mental illness and substance abuse…individuals with other sorts of personal vulnerabilities and problems” (6). Homelessness around the world Although homelessness has been defined and measured differently, some important descriptive statistics from different countries indicate the importance of the problem. Given the various ways of measuring homelessness

2018 Campbell Collaboration

191. Police?initiated diversion for youth to prevent future delinquent behavior: a systematic review Full Text available with Trip Pro

for handling statistically dependent effect sizes (Hedges, Tipton, & Johnson, 2010). This method does not produce a formal test of the statistical significance of τ 2 . When τ 2 is zero, the distribution is homogeneous. As τ 2 increases, it indicates increasing levels of heterogeneity. To get a sense of when τ 2 might be statistically significant, analyses were rerun using David Wilson's meanes macro for Stata , ignoring the statistical dependencies issue. These analyses suggested that with these data, any (...) within were coded as separate studies, such as studies with RCTs conducted in two different cities. Data synthesis Meta‐analysis was conducted using random effects models. Primary analyses were performed using the robust standard error method of modeling statistical dependences as implemented in the Stata package robumeta (see for details). Sensitivity analysis Our a priori planned moderator analyses included the type of diversion (e.g., diversion only, diversion plus services, and diversion plus

2018 Campbell Collaboration

192. Guidance on the clinical management of anxiety disorders, specifically focusing on diagnosis and treatment strategies

always produces distress, anxiety disorders can be disabling. Data from the Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing (Slade et al., 2009b) dem- onstrate significant disruption to everyday life among peo- ple who met criteria for current panic disorder, SAD or GAD as their principal complaint; the number of days unable to work or do normal tasks due to anxiety during the previous month was reported as less than 1 day by approximately half, 1–7 days by one-third, and more than 7 days (...) be experienced as normal when they are consistent with the demands of the situation. Anxiety disorders, like all mental disorders, lie on dimen- sions that extend from transient symptoms, to symptoms that are severe, disabling and persist for years. The threshold on this dimension at which a disorder is defined is specified in the diagnostic criteria listed by International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th revision (ICD-10; World Health Organization, 1993, 2016

2018 Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists

193. Bariatric surgery: an HTA report on the efficacy, safety and cost-effectiveness

) respectively. ? The SR-MA by Zhou et al. 88 aimed to assess the effects of MBS on all- cause mortality, cardiovascular (CV) events, and cancer compared to non-surgical treatment. Eleven RCTs (n=890), 4 non-randomized controlled trials (n=4274) and 17 cohort studies (n=297 024) reporting one or more of the three outcomes at 1 year or longer were included. Data based on RCT suggested substantial uncertainty regarding the three outcomes. Pooling of the unadjusted data suggested statistically lower all-cause (...) , 2 and 3 years or more. Diastolic pressure differences were not statistically significant: -1.53 mmHg (95%CI -4.21 to 1.14), -1.10 mmHg (95%CI -4.70 to 2.50) and 1.75 mmHg (0.14 to 3.36) after 1, 2 and 3 years or more, respectively. 87 In the DSS trial, the primary endpoint was a composite triple endpoint of HbA1c 5 year), there are no solid mortality data from RCTs comparing metabolic and bariatric surgery with non-surgical treatment of obesity. Individual observational studies suggest a long

2019 Belgian Health Care Knowledge Centre

194. How can health care workers help young people not in employment education or training (NEETs) transition into work?

in unemployment and low socio-economic status. Data shows that 40% of unemployed people are more likely to suffer from mental illness, compared to 25% of the general population, and are twice as likely to be prescribed anti-depressants (22, 26). Young people living away from their families need additional support to help them transition in to work, education, or training (22). Young offenders, homeless young people, and young people with severe mental health issues, who have had to leave education permanently (...) Journal of Public Health 45(1) 73-84. Available: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1403494816679555?url_ver=Z39.88- 2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub%3dpubmed 10. Powell R, Bashir N, Crisp R, Parr S 2015. Talent Match Case Study Theme Report: Mental health and well-being. Sheffield Hallam University. Available: https://www.shu.ac.uk/~/media/home/research/cresr/files/tm-mental-health- wellbeing-2015.pdf?la=en 11. Stewart C, Berry P, Przulj D, Treanor C 2017. Cancer-related

2018 Public Health England - Evidence Briefings

195. What is the evidence on the effectiveness of social marketing strategies for lowering the alcohol consumption of middle-aged people?

Effectiveness Reviews, Embase, Health Business Elite, Medline, PsycInfo, PubMed, Social Care Institute of Excellence Online, Scopus, and Social Policy and Practice. Only English language papers were included containing data from between 2015 and 2018. The search strategy is available on request. 39 highly relevant citations were used to produce this evidence briefing. A further 27 citations were identified as partially relevant and these are available on request. What are the most effective social marketing (...) consumption in middle-aged people. A literature search was carried out on 11 bibliographic databases (Campbell Collaboration, Cochrane Library, Database of Promoting Health Effectiveness Reviews, Embase, Health Business Elite, Medline, PsycInfo, PubMed, Social Care Institute of Excellence Online, Scopus, and Social Policy and Practice), Institute for Social Marketing, and Google. Only English language papers were included containing data from between 2015 and 2018, although some older papers have been

2018 Public Health England - Evidence Briefings

196. Age-friendly and inclusive volunteering: Review of community contributions in later life

communities as compared to non-BAME communities, although there is little difference in overall rates of contribution (Community Life Survey Data, 2012-2017; see also Hornung et al, 2017). These figures are echoed by the lower levels of BAME participation reported by mainstream volunteer- involving organisations. Ageing Better’s research in deprived communities suggests that these statistics may mask contributions among minority ethnic groups within faith or identity-based organisations, echoing findings (...) contributed to this review, including in particular Emily Georghiou, Rachel Monaghan, Luke Price and other colleagues at the Centre for Ageing Better; the Minister for Civil Society and her officials in the Office for Civil Society, within the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport for their support for the review; all those who chaired roundtables, or served on the Steering Panel for the review; and everyone who shared their thoughts, experiences and expertise with the review team throughout

2018 The Centre for Ageing Better

197. Quality indicators for pulmonary rehabilitation programs in Canada: A CTS expert working group report

&rfr_dat=cr_pub% 3Dpubmed#readcube-epdf 13. GUIDANCE NOTES Measuring health outcomes supports discharge planning, provides information to patients and their referring health care professional on program effectiveness, provides data for program planning and can contribute to information to justify program costs or support program expansion. Other outcome measures (such as psychological status, physical activity, self-efficacy, nutritional status) may be helpful in assessing individual benefit. The same (...) and after the program: Aerobic exercise endurance Muscle function Health status 14 Guidance for ongoing exercise, physical activity and self-management is provided to participants at the completion of the pulmonary rehabilitation. 6 G. DECHMAN ET AL.Table 3. Guidance notes to assist interpretation of core indicators for Canadian pulmonary rehabilitation programs. Item Guidance Note 1. GUIDANCE NOTES 1. A cycle ergometer, treadmill and/or flat open space for walking can be used for the exercise

2019 Canadian Thoracic Society

198. Policy on Medically-Necessary Care

. 57 While some third-party carriers restrict reimbursement for sealants to patients of certain ages, it is important to consider that timing of dental eruption can vary widely. Furthermore, caries risk may increase at any time during a patient’s life due to changes in habits (e.g., dietary, home care), oral microflora, or physical condition, and previously unsealed teeth subsequently might benefit from sealant application. 53,58 The extent of the disease process, as well as the patient’s (...) , 2003. Available at: “https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ books/NBK47472/”. Accessed August 10, 2019. 6. Dye BA, Tan S, Smith V, et al. Trends in oral health status: United States, 1988-1994 and 1999-2004. National Center for Health Statistics. Vital Health Stat 11 2007;(248):1-92. Available at: “https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_11/ sr11_248.pdf” Accessed August 10, 2019. 7. Crall JJ. Development and integration of oral health services for preschool-age children. Pediatr Dent 2005;27(4):323-30. 8

2019 American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry

199. Management of Cardiovascular Diseases during Pregnancy Full Text available with Trip Pro

and offspring complications 3174 3.3.3 Pregnancy heart team 3176 3.4 Cardiovascular diagnosis in pregnancy 3176 3.4.1 Electrocardiography 3176 3.4.2 Echocardiography 3176 3.4.3 Exercise testing 3177 3.4.4 Ionizing radiation exposure 3177 3.4.5 Chest radiography and computed tomography 3177 3.4.6 Cardiac catheterization 3177 3.4.7 Magnetic resonance imaging 3177 3.5 Genetic testing and counselling 3177 3.5.1 Pre-natal diagnosis 3178 3.6 Foetal assessment 3178 3.6.1 Screening for congenital heart disease 3178 (...) . Level of evidence 3171 Table . Modified World Health Organization classification of maternal cardiovascular ris k3175 Table . Predictors of maternal and neonatal events 3176 Table . Aortic diseases 3188 Table . Recommended surveillance levels at time of delivery in women with arrhythmias 3205 Table . Drugs and safety data 3215 Abbreviations and acronyms ABPM Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring ACE Angiotensin-converting enzyme ACE-I Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor ACR Albumin:creatinine

2018 European Society of Cardiology

200. ESC/EACTS Guidelines on Myocardial Revascularization Full Text available with Trip Pro

. A critical evaluation of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures was performed including assessment of the risk–benefit ratio. Estimates of expected health outcomes for larger populations were included, where data exist. The level of evidence and the strength of recommendation of particular treatment options were weighed and graded according to predefined scales, as outlined in Tables and . Table 1 Classes of recommendations Table 1 Classes of recommendations Table 2 Levels of evidence Table 2 Levels (...) is the preferred approach. It may also have a role in the assessment of some patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Because of the low sensitivity of exercise electrocardiogram (ECG) testing in the assessment of patients with symptoms of angina, non‐invasive imaging is recommended as the first-line test. Detection of a large area of myocardial ischaemia by functional imaging is associated with impaired prognosis of patients and identifies patients who should undergo revascularization (see

2018 European Society of Cardiology

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