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1. Knowledge of and attitudes to sports drinks of adolescents living in South Wales, UK. (PubMed)

) claimed to drink sports drinks. 45.9% thought that sports drinks were aimed at everyone; approximately a third (50) viewed teenagers as the target group. Over two thirds recognised the brand logos, yet less than a third could identify brand ambassadors. About half were aware that dental erosion may result from consumption and approximately two thirds knew that they were linked to dental caries and energy provision. Despite this the majority claimed to drink them. As previously reported most of those (...) Knowledge of and attitudes to sports drinks of adolescents living in South Wales, UK. Background The UK sports drinks market has a turnover in excess of £200 million. Adolescents consume 15.6% of total energy as free sugars, much higher than the recommended 5%. Sugar sweetened beverages, including sports drinks, account for 30% of total free sugar intake for those aged 11-18 years.Objective To investigate children's knowledge and attitudes surrounding sports drinks.Method One hundred and eighty

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2017 British Dental Journal

2. Regular Consumption of Sports Drinks are a Risk to Children’s Health

athletes or children. However, there is evidence that an increasing consumption of sugar sweetened drinks in the UK increases cardiometabolic risks and contributes to tooth decay. Half of the children surveyed claimed to drink them socially and most (80%) purchased sports drinks in local shops, whilst 90% claimed that taste was a factor and only (18%) claiming to drink them because of the perceived performance enhancing effect. The FSEM is calling for tighter regulation around the, price, availability (...) and marketing of sports drinks to children, especially surrounding the school area, to safeguard general and dental health: Dr Paul D Jackson, President of the FSEM UK comments : “The proportion of children in this study who consume high carbohydrate drinks, which are designed for sport, in a recreational non-sporting context is of concern. “Sports drinks are intended for athletes taking part in endurance and intense sporting events, they are also connected with tooth decay in athletes and should be used

2016 British Journal of Sports Medicine Blog

3. A survey of sports drinks consumption among adolescents. (PubMed)

A survey of sports drinks consumption among adolescents. Background Sports drinks intended to improve performance and hydrate athletes taking part in endurance sport are being marketed to children, for whom these products are not intended. Popularity among children has grown exponentially. Worryingly they consume them socially, as well as during physical activity. Sports drinks are high in sugar and are acidic. Product marketing ignores the potential harmful effects of dental caries (...) and erosion.Objective To investigate the use of sports drinks by children.Method One hundred and eighty-three self-complete questionnaires were distributed to four schools in South Wales. Children in high school years 8 and 9 (aged 12-14) were recruited to take part. Questions focused on use of sports drinks, type consumed, frequency of and reason for consumption and where drinks were purchased.Results One hundred and sixty children responded (87% response rate): 89.4% (143) claimed to drink sports drinks, half

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2016 British Dental Journal

4. Pediatrician-recommended use of sports drinks and dental caries in 3-year-old children. (PubMed)

Pediatrician-recommended use of sports drinks and dental caries in 3-year-old children. To determine whether children advised by a pediatrician to take sports drinks consume them more frequently than do other children and whether these children have an increased risk of dental caries.The subjects were 522 mother/child pairs who attended a dental checkup for 3-year-olds at one of ten community health centers in Nagasaki, Japan. Pearson's chi-square test was used to compare the prevalence (...) of children with or without dental caries according to child-related variables. Multiple logistic regression was performed to assess the relationship between the presence of dental caries and child-related variables taken from a dental checkup and a questionnaire.A high frequency of sports drink consumption was strongly associated with dental caries in children. The highest proportion of mothers answered that they were advised by a pediatrician to give sports drinks to their children. However

2011 Community dental health

5. Mouthguard and Sports Drinks on Tooth Surface pH. (PubMed)

subjects. When sports drinks were taken over the mouthguard, no significant differences in pH level were observed among the different conditions.Within the limitations of this study, it was suggested that wearing a mouthguard during exercise is in itself not a possible risk factor for dental caries, while wearing a mouthguard after consuming sports drinks is. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York. (...) Mouthguard and Sports Drinks on Tooth Surface pH. The influence of sports drinks and mouthguards on the pH level of tooth surface was examined. A custom-made mouthguard was fabricated for each subject. The pH level was measured by electric pH meter with sensitivity of 0.01 up to 30 min. Sports drinks (pH=3.75) containing 9.4% sugar were used in this study. Measurements were performed on a cohort of 23 female subjects without a mouthguard (control), wearing a mouthguard only (MG), wearing

2014 International Journal of Sports Medicine

6. Best Practices on Periodicity of Examination, Preventive Dental Services, Anticipatory Guidance/Counseling, and Oral Treatment for Infants, Children, and Adolescents

, dental recall intervals, preventive dental services, anticipatory guidance and dentistry, caries risk assessment, early childhood caries, dental caries prediction, dental care cost effectiveness and children, periodontal disease and children and adolescents U.S., pit and fissure sealants, dental sealants, fluoride supplementation and topical fluoride, dental trauma, dental fracture and tooth, non-nutritive oral habits, treatment of developing malocclusion, removal of wisdom teeth, removal of third (...) as the first primary teeth erupt and be reassessed periodically by dental and medical providers. 6,25 Its goal is to prevent disease by (1) identifying children at high risk for caries, (2) developing individualized preventive measures and caries management, as well as (3) aiding the practitioner in determining appropriate periodicity of services. 25,52,53 Given that the etiology of dental caries is multifactorial and complex, current caries-risk assessment models entail a combination of factors including

2018 American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry

7. The potential impact of sugar taxation on young people?s dietary intake

the diet of Scottish CYP. 7 Introduction Too much sugar is bad for our health – added sugars should not make up more than 5% of our daily energy intake from food and drinks 1 . Secondary school-age children and young people (CYP) in Scotland experience adverse health impacts that are associated with high sugar intake: around a third are overweight or obese 2 and a third have signs of tooth decay by age five 2 . Nearly three-quarters of secondary school children have had treatment for dental decay 3 (...) (such as non-diet Coca Cola and Irn Bru), sports drinks (such as Lucozade Sport, Powerade and Gatorade), sweet teas and ready-mixed coffees 8 . As part of the 2016 UK government budget, it was announced that a soft drinks industry levy (SDIL) involving a new tax on packaged high-sugar drinks will be introduced in April 2018. The stated objective of this levy is to encourage SSB manufacturers to reformulate their products to reduce the added sugar 6 . The SDIL will be imposed on producers and importers

2017 Glasgow Centre for Population Health

8. Recommendation for Record-Keeping

* Previous dentist, address, telephone number Date of last dental examination Date of last dental radiographs, number and type taken, if known Date of last fluoride treatment Prenatal/natal history Family history of caries, including parents and siblings History of smoking in the home Medications or disorders that would impair salivary flow Injuries to teeth and jaws, including TMJ trauma When/where/how Treatment required Dental pain and infections Habits (past and present) such as finger, thumb (...) , pacifier, tongue or lip sucking, bruxism, clenching Snoring Diet and dietary habits Breast-feeding—frequency, weaned/when Bottle feeding/no-spill training (sippy) cup use Frequency Content—Formula, milk water, juice Weaned/when Sugar-sweetened or sugar-containing beverages (e.g., sodas, fruit juice, sports drinks)—amount, frequency Snacks—type, frequency Meals—balanced, frequency, restricted or special diet Oral hygiene Frequency of brushing, flossing, oral rinse use Assisted/supervised Fluoride

2017 American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry

9. Clinical Practice Guidelines for Enhanced Recovery

of preoperative carbohydrate-rich beverages should be encouraged, with the purpose to attenuate insulin resis- tance induced by surgery and starvation. 76 A Cochrane review in 2014 76 identified 27 trials conducted in Europe, China, Bra- zil, Canada, and New Zealand, involving 1976 participants. Most beverages contained complex carbohydrates (eg, malto- dextrin), as opposed to the monosaccharides (eg, fructose) or disaccharides (eg, sucrose) found in fruit juice or sports drinks. The conclusion of the review (...) physi- ologic principles leading to a large volume of fluids have been revised and challenged. Insensible fluid losses during surgery have been significantly overestimated, and even if the bowel is fully exteriorized from the abdominal cavity, insensible fluid losses do not exceed 1 mL/kg/h. 201 The neuroendocrine response induced by surgical trauma leads to a physiologic reduction of urine output that, in the absence of other signs of hypovolemia, should not trigger additional fluid adminis

2017 American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons

10. Oral health: local authorities and partners

and infection. (This can exacerbate symptoms associated with dementia and can also contribute to malnutrition among older people.) How the appearance of teeth contributes to self-esteem. Causes, symptoms and how to prevent tooth decay (including root caries in older people), gum disease and oral cancer, for example: the role of plaque in gum disease and how it can affect the immunity of people with diabetes the role of high-sugar diets the link between the use of sugar-sweetened methadone and poor oral (...) to have tooth decay (Davies et al. 2011). Data collected between 2008 and 2009 show 66.6% of 12 year old children were free from visually obvious dental decay. However, 33.4% are reported as having dental caries (with 1 or more teeth severely decayed, extracted or filled). The same survey reported a higher prevalence and severity of oral disease among those living in Yorkshire and the Humber, the north west and north east compared to those in the midlands and south west; with the lowest levels

2014 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

11. Estimating the health benefits and cost-savings of a cap on the size of single serve sugar-sweetened beverages. (PubMed)

Estimating the health benefits and cost-savings of a cap on the size of single serve sugar-sweetened beverages. Sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake is associated with tooth decay, obesity and diabetes. We aimed to model the health and cost impact of reducing the serving size of all single serve SSB to a maximum of 250 ml in New Zealand. A 250 ml serving size cap was modeled for all instances of single serves (<600 ml) of sugar-sweetened carbonated soft drinks, fruit drinks, carbonated energy (...) drinks, and sports drinks in the New Zealand National Nutrition Survey intake data (2008/09). A multi-state life-table model used the change in energy intake and therefore BMI to predict the resulting health gains in quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) and health system costs over the remaining life course of the New Zealand population alive in 2011 (N = 4.4 million, 3% discounting). The 'base case' model (no compensation for reduced energy intake) resulted in an average reduction in SSB and energy

2019 Preventive Medicine

12. Energy Drinks Cause Enamel Erosion at Much Higher Degrees Than Other Drink Options

of the energy drinks tested were found to have the highest titratable acidity. This also caused them to dissolve enamel at higher rates than the other drinks, even at a rate two times higher than after exposure to sports drinks. Evidence Search "energy drinks, "drinks ,"dental enamel ,"dental”AND “erosion” Comments on The Evidence The first two studies were in-vitro studies done on extracted human teeth. The last study, also in-vitro, was done on artificial tooth models that resembled actual tooth (...) energy drinks will cause erosion of tooth structure to a much higher degree than other drink options such as water or juices. Dentinal hypersensitivity is a common sequela of enamel erosion. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Ehlen/2008 Healthy extracted human teeth. Laboratory Study Key results The teeth were placed in different beverages for 25 continuous hours and then removed

2014 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

14. Dental erosion, prevalence and risk factors among a group of adolescents in Stockholm County (PubMed)

% of 15 years old and 34.3% of 17 years old. Severe erosive wear (grade 3 and 4 according to SEPRS) was found in 18.3% of the adolescents based upon the intra-oral photographs. DE was more prevalent and severe among males than females. Clinically diagnosed erosive lesions correlated significantly with soft drink consumption (p < 0.001), the use of juice or sport drinks as a thirst quencher after exercise (p = 0.006) and tooth hypersensitivity when eating and drinking (p = 0.012). Furthermore, self (...) , 547 males and 524 females were enrolled in the study. Presence of erosive wear was diagnosed (yes/no) on marker teeth by trained dentists/dental hygienists and photographs were taken. The adolescents answered a questionnaire regarding oral symptoms, dietary and behavioural factors. Two calibrated specialist dentists performed evaluation of the photographs for severity of DE using a modified version of the Simplified Erosion Partial Recording System (SEPRS).DE was clinically diagnosed in 28.3

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2018 European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry

15. Impact of Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Health Warnings

by (Responsible Party): University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) like sodas, sports drinks, and fruit drinks remains a pressing public health concern in the United States. Consumption of SSBs remains well above recommended levels, and has been linked to obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. In response, policymakers across the U.S. have proposed requiring warning messages on SSB containers to inform (...) intentions to limit consumption of specific sugar-sweetened beverages [ Time Frame: Within 30 minutes following completion of ~10-minute shopping task ] Intentions to limit consumption of specific beverage categories (i.e., soda, fruit drinks, sport drinks/flavored waters, sweetened coffee/tea, and energy drinks) will be measured at post-test using measures adapted from Klein, Zajax, & Monin (2009). For each of the five beverage categories, participants will rate the extent to which they are likely

2018 Clinical Trials

16. How youth sports might be a risk factor for heart disease

all junk food from the house. Join a sports team. Cut back on refined sugars. And of course, I am always thrilled when a mom says her overweight seven-year-old is starting soccer. What a great way to get healthy, right? Right!? It wasn’t until a recent experience with my own child, that I realized that we may be promoting unhealthy habits by placing children on an organized sports team. “How is that possible!?” you ask. Simple, just add the high-fructose “sportsdrink and the post-game goodie bag (...) , I’ve witnessed these items also being handed out: candy (leftover from Halloween), cupcakes, ice-cream bars, Kool-Aid, chocolate bars, gummy bears, donuts and Cheetos. This trend of snacks for any and all occasions is poisoning not only our children’s bodies, taste buds, and teeth, but also their minds. It teaches them that they deserve a sugary treat every time they break a sweat. We are setting our kids up for a lifetime of poor dietary habits. Now, I’m all for the occasional treat. A child who

2018 KevinMD blog

17. Oral health of professional footballers is poor

white (75.1%). 73.4% reported attending for a check-up within the past 12 months. 37% players had active dental caries. There were no statistically significant associations between last visit to dentist for dentine caries or for frequency of sports drink use and dentine caries. 21.7% reported a history of orofacial trauma due to sport. Dental erosion was present in 53.1% of footballers but there was no statistically significant association between sports drinks frequency and dental erosion (...) . Consumption of sports drink at least three times per week was reported by 63.7% players. Ten players (5.4%) reported current tobacco use, mostly smokeless/chewing tobacco. 76.6% were affected by gingivitis and 5% by moderate-severe irreversible periodontal disease. More than 45% of footballers were bothered by their oral health with 19.6% reporting an impact on their quality of life and 6.9% reporting an impact on training or performance. Conclusions The authors concluded: Oral health of professional

2015 The Dental Elf

18. Energy Drinks

in energy drinks? The main ingredients are caffeine & sugar/carbohydrates. Natural “exotic sounding” ingredients provide additional caffeine include: guarana (p. cupana) , yerba mate and/or tea. Most EnDs contain a combination of vitamins (primarily B complex and occasionally vitamin C) , herbals (e.g. gingko & ginseng) & taurine (an amino acid-like compound) . Some may have unlisted ingredients. EnDs are not to be confused with sports drinks Gatorade & Powerade which are suitable for fluid (...) ://www.fda.gov/Food/FoodIngredientsPackaging/ucm190366.htm 19) Alcoholic energy drinks NOT approved by Health Canada. May 21, 2010. Available from: http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/ahc-asc/media/ftr-ati/_2010/2010_83-eng.php. Accessed: October 2, 2010. Additional Ref’s AAP Committee on Nutrition and the Council on Sports Medicine and Fitness. Sports drinks and energy drinks for children and adolescents: are they appropriate? Pediatrics. 2011 Jun;127(6):1182-9. Arria Amelia M., O’Brien Mary Claire. The “High” Risk

2010 RxFiles

19. Testing the Effect of Aggressive Beverage on the Damage of Enamel Structure (PubMed)

Testing the Effect of Aggressive Beverage on the Damage of Enamel Structure Dental erosion is a common problem in modern societies, owing to the increased consumption of acid drinks such as soft drinks, sports drinks, fruit juice. Examining the enamel surface with the Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) enables more precise registering and defining the changes of enamel surface structure and microhardness. This method can be used to compare the efficiency of application of different preventive (...) and therapy materials and medicaments in dentistry. The chronic regular consumption of low pH cola drinks encouraged the erosion of the teeth. The loss of anatomy and sensitivity are direct results of acid cola dissolving coronal tooth material. Under the influence of coca cola, a change of crystal structure and nanomorphology on enamel surface occurs.This paper reflects dental damage from abusive cola drinking, and the clinical presentation can be explained from data presented in this thesis.The trial

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2017 Open access Macedonian journal of medical sciences

20. Survey of the Collective 16s rRNA Genes From Bacterial Populations From Exercising and Non-exercising Participants

. Oral disease may also be exacerbated by the fluid and electrolyte deficit that impedes saliva flow during exercise. However, several studies have failed to demonstrate a clear link between sports drinks and an increased risk of dental caries among athletes. Dental caries are caused by microorganisms in the oral cavity. These microbes may be affected by host factors or nutrition in the progression of oral disease. Due to the documented prevalence of dental caries in athletes and the lack of clear (...) if changes in the collective oral microbiome foster or impede the development of these pathogens. Complex microbe-host interactions occur to allow for the progression of oral disease, with host nutrition and hygiene playing a significant role. Endurance athletes widely consume a variety of sport drinks, gels, and energy bars for supplementation of electrolytes and carbohydrates. The consumption of these foods leads to pH drops in the oral cavity and may contribute to tooth erosion and demineralization

2015 Clinical Trials

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