How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

5,423 results for

("physical activity" OR "physical exercise" OR "physical fitness") AND (leisure OR "active travel" OR "sports participation" OR housework OR mental) AND (statistics OR data)

by
...
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

1. Effects of a School-Based Sports Program on Physical Fitness, Physical Activity, and Cardiometabolic Health in Youth With Physical Disabilities: Data From the Sport-2-Stay-Fit Study (PubMed)

Effects of a School-Based Sports Program on Physical Fitness, Physical Activity, and Cardiometabolic Health in Youth With Physical Disabilities: Data From the Sport-2-Stay-Fit Study To investigate the effects of a school-based once-a-week sports program on physical fitness, physical activity, and cardiometabolic health in children and adolescents with a physical disability.This controlled clinical trial included 71 children and adolescents from four schools for special education [mean age 13.7 (...) 2.8% more fat mass compared to the control group (p = 0.007). No changes were found for aerobic performance, VO2 peak, physical activity, blood pressure, arterial stiffness, and the metabolic profile.Anaerobic performance and fat mass improved following a school-based sports program. These effects are promising for long-term fitness and health promotion, because sports sessions at school eliminate certain barriers for sports participation and adding a once-a-week sports session showed already

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 Frontiers in pediatrics

2. Free entry for leisure centres may increase physical activity across all social groups

. These researchers looked at one such physical activity scheme, re:fresh , introduced in a deprived local authority in the Northwest of England in 2008, could increase overall levels of physical activity and whether any increase in activity levels vary by socioeconomic group. What did this study do? The study used local gym and pool attendance data before and after the re:fresh scheme, covering the nine leisure facilities in Blackburn with Darwen (population 147,489) and separate survey data with a sample (...) adults who are at risk of falls should also incorporate physical activity to improve balance and coordination on at least two days a week. What are the implications? Pressure to save costs might lead to a reduction of public subsidies to leisure facilities. This study provides evidence that expanding free leisure schemes can increase physical activity, particularly in disadvantaged groups. This can potentially address inequalities in physical and mental health. Re:fresh had free sessions during 90

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

3. Influence of family history on prognosis of spinal pain and the role of leisure time physical activity and body mass index: a prospective study using family-linkage data from the Norwegian HUNT study. (PubMed)

Influence of family history on prognosis of spinal pain and the role of leisure time physical activity and body mass index: a prospective study using family-linkage data from the Norwegian HUNT study. To investigate the influence of parental chronic spinal pain on prognosis of chronic spinal pain in adult offspring, and whether offspring physical activity level and body mass index (BMI) modified this association.Prospective cohort study.We used family-linked longitudinal data from the Norwegian (...) HUNT study collected in HUNT2 (1995-1997) and HUNT3 (2006-2008).A total of 1529 offspring who reported spinal pain in HUNT2 were linked with parental data and followed up in HUNT3.We estimated relative risk (RR) with 95% CI for recovery from chronic spinal pain, and also from activity limiting spinal pain, in offspring related to chronic spinal pain in parents. We also investigated whether offspring leisure time physical activity and BMI modified these intergenerational associations in spinal

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 BMJ open

4. Free entry for leisure centres may increase physical activity across all social groups

. These researchers looked at one such physical activity scheme, re:fresh , introduced in a deprived local authority in the Northwest of England in 2008, could increase overall levels of physical activity and whether any increase in activity levels vary by socioeconomic group. What did this study do? The study used local gym and pool attendance data before and after the re:fresh scheme, covering the nine leisure facilities in Blackburn with Darwen (population 147,489) and separate survey data with a sample (...) adults who are at risk of falls should also incorporate physical activity to improve balance and coordination on at least two days a week. What are the implications? Pressure to save costs might lead to a reduction of public subsidies to leisure facilities. This study provides evidence that expanding free leisure schemes can increase physical activity, particularly in disadvantaged groups. This can potentially address inequalities in physical and mental health. Re:fresh had free sessions during 90

2018 NIHR Dissemination Centre

5. Non-response bias in estimates of prevalence of club-based sport participation from an Australian national physical activity, recreation and sport survey. (PubMed)

Non-response bias in estimates of prevalence of club-based sport participation from an Australian national physical activity, recreation and sport survey. An estimate of the prevalence of an activity derived from a sample survey is potentially subject to non-response bias, whereby people not involved in the activity are less likely to respond than those involved. Quantifying the extent of non-response bias is generally difficult, since it involves estimating differences between respondents (...) respondents reporting participation, with associated confidence limits, was compared with the corresponding SSA count expressed as a proportion of the population, to form an ERASS/SSA prevalence ratio with associated confidence limits.The 24 ERASS/SSA ratios ranged from 1.72 to 7.80. Most ratios lay in the range 2 to 3. The lower 95% confidence bound for the ratio was greater than 1.0 in 23 out of 24 cases.ERASS estimates of prevalence of these particular aspects of sport participation were higher than

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 BMC Public Health

6. The relationship of physical activity to mental health: A 2015 behavioral risk factor surveillance system data analysis. (PubMed)

The relationship of physical activity to mental health: A 2015 behavioral risk factor surveillance system data analysis. Available literature has repeatedly ascertained the inverse relationship of physical activity to mental health. Engaging in regular physical activity decreases symptoms of anxiety, depression, and stress in a dose-responsive manner.Cross-sectional, national data from the 2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) were analyzed to establish the relationship (...) with fewer self-reported days of poor mental health, which reiterates the important association between physical activity and mental health with national data. The findings of this study could prove to be valuable for developing interventions aimed at improving mental health. Nonetheless, several research gaps persist that warrant further empirical inquiry.Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier B.V.

2019 Journal of Affective Disorders

7. Leisure-time physical activity and circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels in cancer survivors: a cross-sectional analysis using data from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. (PubMed)

Leisure-time physical activity and circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels in cancer survivors: a cross-sectional analysis using data from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) is associated with improved cancer prognosis in some studies, yet it may be a surrogate marker for physical activity. We investigated the associations of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) with circulating 25-OHD levels in cancer survivors, and determined (...) , adjusting for potential confounders. Due to the differences in LTPA measure, the analyses were conducted separately for 2001-2006 and 2007-2010 data. We further estimated associations by indoor and outdoor activity in the 2001-2006 data. There were 1530 cancer survivors (mean age=60.5 years, mean body mass index=28.6 kg/m2). The prevalent cancer sites were breast (19.3%), prostate (18.8%), cervix (10.4%) and colon (8.6%). Compared with inactive cancer survivors, being physically active was associated

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 BMJ open

8. Occupational and leisure-time physical activity and risk of disability pension: prospective data from the HUNT Study, Norway (PubMed)

Occupational and leisure-time physical activity and risk of disability pension: prospective data from the HUNT Study, Norway To prospectively investigate the association between occupational physical activity (OPA) and disability pension due to musculoskeletal cause, mental cause or any cause. We also examined the combined association of OPA and leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) with disability pension.A population-based cohort study in Norway on 32 362 persons aged 20-65 years (...) causes and musculoskeletal disorders, but not for mental disorders. Physical activity during leisure time reduced some, but not all of the unfavourable effect of physically demanding work on risk of disability pension.© Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2018. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 Occupational and environmental medicine

9. Prevalence of adolescent physical activity-related injuries in sports, leisure time, and school: the National Physical Activity Behaviour Study for children and Adolescents. (PubMed)

Prevalence of adolescent physical activity-related injuries in sports, leisure time, and school: the National Physical Activity Behaviour Study for children and Adolescents. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of adolescent physical activity-related injuries in sports club activities, leisure time physical activity and school-based physical activity. The secondary aim was to investigate the differences in the prevalence of physical activity -related injuries between (...) years 2014 and 2016. In addition, we set out to study the associations between age, sex and the frequency of physical activity and injury prevalence.This cross-sectional study is based on the National Physical Activity Behaviour Study for Children and Adolescents (LIITU in Finnish) conducted in years 2014 and 2016. The subjects completed an online questionnaire in the classroom during school hours. A total of 8406 subjects participated in the current study. Out of these, 49% were boys and 51% were

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders

10. Leisure-Time Physical Activity, but not Commuting Physical Activity, is Associated with Cardiovascular Risk among ELSA-Brasil Participants (PubMed)

Leisure-Time Physical Activity, but not Commuting Physical Activity, is Associated with Cardiovascular Risk among ELSA-Brasil Participants Despite reports in the literature that both leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) and commuting physical activity (CPA) can promote health benefits, the literature lacks studies comparing the associations of these domains of physical activity with cardiovascular risk scores.To investigate the association between LTPA and CPA with different cardiovascular (...) risk scores in the cohort of the Longitudinal Study of Adult Health ELSA-Brasil.Cross-sectional study with data from 13,721 participants of both genders, aged 35-74 years, free of cardiovascular disease, from ELSA Brazil. Physical activity was measured using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Five cardiovascular risk scores were used: Framingham score - coronary heart disease (cholesterol); Framingham score - coronary heart disease (LDL-C); Framingham score - cardiovascular

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia

11. Urban Adolescents’ Physical Activity Experience, Physical Activity Levels, and Use of Screen-Based Media during Leisure Time: A Structural Model (PubMed)

from doing physical activity). Using a sample predominantly consisting of African and Latino American urban adolescents, this study examined the interrelationships between physical activity experience, physical activity level, and use of screen-based media during leisure time. Data collected using self-report, paper and pencil surveys was analyzed using structural equation modeling. Results showed that physical activity experience was positively associated with physical activity level and had (...) Urban Adolescents’ Physical Activity Experience, Physical Activity Levels, and Use of Screen-Based Media during Leisure Time: A Structural Model There is limited understanding of the relationship between physical activity and use of screen-based media, two important behaviors associated with adolescents' health outcomes. To understand this relationship, researchers may need to consider not only physical activity level but also physical activity experience (i.e., affective experience obtained

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 Frontiers in psychology

12. Long-term leisure-time physical activity and other health habits as predictors of objectively monitored late-life physical activity – A 40-year twin study (PubMed)

Long-term leisure-time physical activity and other health habits as predictors of objectively monitored late-life physical activity – A 40-year twin study Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in old age is an important indicator of good health and functional capacity enabling independent living. In our prospective twin cohort study with 616 individuals we investigated whether long-term physical activity assessed three times, in 1975, 1982 and 1990 (mean age 48 years in 1990 (...) ), and other self-reported health habits predict objectively measured MVPA measured with a hip-worn triaxial accelerometer (at least 10 hours per day for at least 4 days) 25 years later (mean age of 73 years). Low leisure-time physical activity at younger age, higher relative weight, smoking, low socioeconomic status, and health problems predicted low MVPA in old age in individual-based analyses (altogether explaining 20.3% of the variation in MVPA). However, quantitative trait modeling indicated

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 Scientific reports

13. Aerobic Physical Fitness and Recreational Sports Participation After Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Systematic Review. (PubMed)

Aerobic Physical Fitness and Recreational Sports Participation After Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Systematic Review. Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is routinely performed in younger patients who desire to be active in fitness and recreational sports. The activities patients can participate in without symptoms and the level of aerobic fitness routinely maintained are important to investigate.To determine physical activity (PA) and recreational sports resumed after primary TKA, symptoms (...) review.Level 4.Data were extracted as available from 19 eligible studies. Assessment of study quality was rated using the MINORS (Methodological Index for Non-Randomized Studies) instrument.There were 5179 knees (mean age, 67.5 years) followed for a mean 4.8 years postoperatively. Marked variability was present between studies regarding the percentage of patients who resumed recreational activities (34%-100%), most of which were low impact. Only 2 studies used accelerometers to measure PA; these reported

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2016 Sports health

14. Physical Fitness, Exercise Self-efficacy, Physical Activity Level in People With Spinal Cord Injury (SCI)

Physical Fitness, Exercise Self-efficacy, Physical Activity Level in People With Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) Physical Fitness, Exercise Self-efficacy, Physical Activity Level in People With Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100 (...) ). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Physical Fitness, Exercise Self-efficacy, Physical Activity Level in People With Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03420170

2018 Clinical Trials

15. Physical Activity Level and Sport Participation in Relation to Musculoskeletal Pain in a Population-Based Study of Adolescents: The Young-HUNT Study (PubMed)

in adolescent population samples.To examine the associations between physical activity level, sport participation, and musculoskeletal pain in the neck and shoulders, low back, and lower extremities in a population-based sample of adolescents.Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence 4.Data from the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (Young-HUNT3) were used. All 10,464 adolescents in the Nord-Trøndelag county of Norway were invited, of whom 74% participated. Participants were asked how often they had experienced (...) Physical Activity Level and Sport Participation in Relation to Musculoskeletal Pain in a Population-Based Study of Adolescents: The Young-HUNT Study Prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among adolescents is high, and pain in adolescence increases the risk of chronic pain in adulthood. Studies have shown conflicting evidence regarding associations between physical activity and musculoskeletal pain, and few have evaluated the potential impact of sport participation on musculoskeletal pain

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 Orthopaedic journal of sports medicine

16. Organized Sport Participation and Physical Activity Levels among Adolescents with Functional Limitations (PubMed)

Organized Sport Participation and Physical Activity Levels among Adolescents with Functional Limitations Sufficient and regular physical activity is considered a protective factor, reducing the onset of secondary disability conditions in adolescents with chronic diseases and functional limitations. The aim of this study was to explore whether participation in organized sport may be associated to higher levels of physical activity in adolescents with functional limitations, based on a national (...) < 0.001) more physically active (mean = 4.92days, SD = 1.81) than their non-participating (mean = 3.29, SD = 1.86) peers with functional limitations. Despite low population prevalence, adolescents with epilepsy or visual impairments were the least active if they were not participating in organized sport, yet were the most active if they were involved in organized sport. Participating in organized sport appears to be an important factor promoting resources for maintaining recommended levels of physical

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 Sports

17. Gender disparity in the associations of overweight/obesity with occupational activity, transport to/from work, leisure-time physical activity, and leisure-time spent sitting in working adults: A cross-sectional study (PubMed)

Gender disparity in the associations of overweight/obesity with occupational activity, transport to/from work, leisure-time physical activity, and leisure-time spent sitting in working adults: A cross-sectional study The associations of occupational activity (OA), commuting, leisure-time physical activity (LTPA), and sitting with overweight/obesity in working adults are controversial. This study explored these factors with the risk of overall and abdominal overweight/obesity in a Chinese (...) working population and whether these associations differ by gender.A cross-sectional study was conducted. Data analysis was done among 6739 employed participants. Multivariate logistic regression was used to estimate the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the studied associations.For male employees, those with heavy OA had a lower overall (OR 0.76; 95% CI, 0.62-0.93) and abdominal (OR 0.76; 95% CI, 0.62-0.93) overweight/obesity risk than those with light OA. Those with LTPA ≥150

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 Journal of Epidemiology

18. Development of a measurement approach to assess time children participate in organized sport, active travel, outdoor active play, and curriculum-based physical activity. (PubMed)

log. Time spent in active travel is estimated using an existing algorithm that uses GPS data. Time spent in outdoor active play is estimated using an algorithm (with a sensitivity and specificity of 85%) that was developed using data collected in sample 1 and which uses all of the data sources. Time spent in curriculum-based physical activity is estimated using an algorithm (with a sensitivity of 78% and specificity of 92%) that was developed using data collected in sample 2 and which uses (...) Development of a measurement approach to assess time children participate in organized sport, active travel, outdoor active play, and curriculum-based physical activity. Children participate in four main types of physical activity: organized sport, active travel, outdoor active play, and curriculum-based physical activity. The objective of this study was to develop a valid approach that can be used to concurrently measure time spent in each of these types of physical activity.Two samples

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 BMC Public Health

19. Leisure time physical activity reduces the association between TV-viewing and depressive symptoms: A large study among 59,401 Brazilian adults. (PubMed)

Leisure time physical activity reduces the association between TV-viewing and depressive symptoms: A large study among 59,401 Brazilian adults. Both physical activity (PA) and TV-viewing are associated with depressive symptoms, but the combined association with depressive symptoms is unclear. Therefore, our aim was to analyze the joint association of PA and TV-viewing with depressive symptoms among a large cohort of adults.We used data from the Brazilian National Survey, conducted in 2013 (...) . 7.4% (95%CI:7.0%-7.8%)]. However, this association was nullified when people met guidelines and engaged in >150 min of PA per week. Specifically, among men [Active: OR = 1.16 (95%CI: 0.58-2.32) vs. Inactive: OR = 3.63 (95%CI: 2.43-5.42)] and women [Active: OR=1.30 (95%CI: 0.80-2.11) vs. Inactive: OR = 1.84 (95%CI: 1.43-2.36)].Whilst TV viewing is associated with increased depressive symptoms, meeting recommended physical activity levels reduces the association between TV-viewing and depressive

2019 Journal of Affective Disorders

20. The association between leisure time physical activity in adolescence and poor mental health in early adulthood: a prospective cohort study. (PubMed)

The association between leisure time physical activity in adolescence and poor mental health in early adulthood: a prospective cohort study. The incidence of poor mental health (MH) is increasing in Denmark and worldwide, especially among 16-24 year olds. Low physical activity (PA) during adolescence seems to be a risk factor for poor MH in early adulthood. Among adults, it appears that a high level of PA may be protective against poor MH. We aimed to examine whether high levels of leisure time (...) physical activity (LTPA) during adolescence reduced the risk of poor MH at age 20/21.Prospective cohort study with data collected during 2004-2010 in the western part of Denmark. The study population was 3031 young people (age 14/15 in 2004). LTPA was the exposure variable and originates from questionnaires in 2004/2007. MH was the outcome variable and was measured at age 20/21 in 2010. MH was evaluated using a short version of the CES-DC. Logistic regression was used to analyse the associations

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2016 BMC Public Health

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>