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161. Body mass index trajectories of Indigenous Australian children and relation to screen time, diet, and demographic factors. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Body mass index trajectories of Indigenous Australian children and relation to screen time, diet, and demographic factors. Limited cross-sectional data indicate elevated overweight/obesity prevalence among Indigenous versus non-Indigenous Australian children. This study aims to quantify body mass index (BMI) trajectories among Indigenous Australian children aged 3-6 and 6-9 years and to identify factors associated with the development of overweight/obesity.Three-year BMI change was examined

2017 Obesity

162. The effect of an online video intervention 'Movie Models' on specific parenting practices and parental self-efficacy related to children's physical activity, screen-time and healthy diet: a quasi experimental study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The effect of an online video intervention 'Movie Models' on specific parenting practices and parental self-efficacy related to children's physical activity, screen-time and healthy diet: a quasi experimental study. In children, being sufficiently physically active, having low levels of screen-time and having a healthy diet are largely influenced by parenting practices. Children of parents applying positive parenting practices are at lower risk for overweight and obesity. Therefore, we (...) investigated the effect of a health promoting online video intervention for parents ('Movie Models') on children's physical activity (PA), screen-time and healthy diet, and on specific parenting practices and parental self-efficacy related to these parenting practices. The online videos are delivered to parents of primary schoolchildren, and were based on real-life scenarios.A two-armed, quasi experimental design was used. Parents of primary schoolchildren were recruited between November and December 2013

2017 BMC Public Health

163. Screen time is associated with adiposity and insulin resistance in children. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Screen time is associated with adiposity and insulin resistance in children. Higher screen time is associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk in adults, but the association with T2D risk markers in children is unclear. We examined associations between self-reported screen time and T2D risk markers in children.Survey of 4495 children aged 9-10 years who had fasting cardiometabolic risk marker assessments, anthropometry measurements and reported daily screen time; objective physical activity (...) was measured in a subset of 2031 children.Compared with an hour or less screen time daily, those reporting screen time over 3 hours had higher ponderal index (1.9%, 95% CI 0.5% to 3.4%), skinfold thickness (4.5%, 0.2% to 8.8%), fat mass index (3.3%, 0.0% to 6.7%), leptin (9.2%, 1.1% to 18.0%) and insulin resistance (10.5%, 4.9% to 16.4%); associations with glucose, HbA1c, physical activity and cardiovascular risk markers were weak or absent. Associations with insulin resistance remained after adjustment

2017 Archives of Disease in Childhood

164. Making the most of screen time: recommendations for families

Making the most of screen time: recommendations for families The AFP Community Blog: Making the most of screen time: recommendations for families | Sunday, June 2, 2019 - Jennifer Middleton, MD, MPH With the academic year wrapping up, planning for the summer months is a reality for many American families. While planning for vacations and other away activities is often paramount, considering in advance how to spend days at home can be equally valuable. Setting expectations and limits on screen (...) time at the beginning of the summer break can set families up for success in encouraging physical activity and good sleep habits. The no screen time for children younger than ages 18-24 months and limiting screen time to one hour of “high-quality programming” for children aged 2-5 years. For older children, the AAP advises setting limits that are consistent with “your family’s values and parenting style.” Engaging in media use with children and teens is preferred to unsupervised use, and families

2019 The AFP Community Blog

165. What is the effectiveness of interventions to reduce recreational screen time in school children aged 4 to 12 years?

What is the effectiveness of interventions to reduce recreational screen time in school children aged 4 to 12 years? Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence

2018 PROSPERO

166. The association between screen time and academic achievement and cognition in children and adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analysis

The association between screen time and academic achievement and cognition in children and adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne

2018 PROSPERO

167. How is adults' screen time behaviour influencing their views on screen time restrictions for children? A cross-sectional study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

%) and non-work days (88%). Adults spending ≤ 2 h/day in leisure-related screen time were less likely to permit children > 2 h/day of screen time. These associations did not differ by adult gender and parental status.Most adults think it is appropriate to limit children's screen time to the recommended ≤ 2 h/day but few adults themselves adhere to this screen time limit. Adults with lower screen use may be more inclined to limit children's screen time. Strategies to reduce screen time in children may (...) How is adults' screen time behaviour influencing their views on screen time restrictions for children? A cross-sectional study. High screen time in children and its detrimental health effects is a major public health problem. How much screen time adults think is appropriate for children remains little explored, as well as whether adults' screen time behaviour would determine their views on screen time restrictions for children. This study aimed to investigate how adults' screen time behaviour

2016 BMC Public Health

168. A comparative study of radiation dose and screening time between mini C-arm and standard fluoroscopy in elective foot and ankle surgery

A comparative study of radiation dose and screening time between mini C-arm and standard fluoroscopy in elective foot and ankle surgery A comparative study of radiation dose and screening time between mini C-arm and standard fluoroscopy in elective foot and ankle surgery A comparative study of radiation dose and screening time between mini C-arm and standard fluoroscopy in elective foot and ankle surgery Dawe EJ, Fawzy E, Kaczynski J, Hassman P, Palmer SH Record Status This is a critical (...) in the mini C-arm group, who were treated between September 2007 (the date of introduction of the new procedure) and March 2008. The complexity of the surgical procedure was comparable between groups. The length of follow-up was the operation time. The screening time and radiation dose were the key endpoints of the analysis. The radiation dose was measured using dose area product (DAP) meters. Monetary benefit and utility valuations: Not considered. Measure of benefit: No summary benefit measure was used

2011 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

169. Optimizing Genomic Methods for Mapping and Identification of Candidate Variants in ENU Mutagenesis Screens Using Inbred Mice Full Text available with Trip Pro

Optimizing Genomic Methods for Mapping and Identification of Candidate Variants in ENU Mutagenesis Screens Using Inbred Mice Positional cloning of ENU-induced mutations has traditionally relied on analysis of polymorphic variation between two strains. In contrast, the application of whole-genome sequencing (WGS) has enabled gene discovery in mutant lines maintained on an inbred genetic background. This approach utilizes genetic variation derived from ENU-induced variants for mapping and reduces

2017 G3: Genes|Genomes|Genetics

170. Simple Screening Using Ultrasonography for Prediction of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Full Text available with Trip Pro

Simple Screening Using Ultrasonography for Prediction of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus 29272082 2018 11 13 2233-6079 41 6 2017 Dec Diabetes & metabolism journal Diabetes Metab J Simple Screening Using Ultrasonography for Prediction of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus. 438-439 10.4093/dmj.2017.41.6.438 Chung Seung Min SM Department of Internal Medicine, Yeungnam University College of Medicine, Daegu, Korea. Moon Jun Sung JS https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1569-3068 Department of Internal Medicine

2017 Diabetes & metabolism journal

171. Expediting citation screening using PICo-based title-only screening for identifying studies in scoping searches and rapid reviews. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Expediting citation screening using PICo-based title-only screening for identifying studies in scoping searches and rapid reviews. Citation screening for scoping searches and rapid review is time-consuming and inefficient, often requiring days or sometimes months to complete. We examined the reliability of PICo-based title-only screening using keyword searches based on the PICo elements-Participants, Interventions, and Comparators, but not the Outcomes.A convenience sample of 10 datasets

2017 Systematic reviews

172. Pupillary measurements and anisocoria in Chinese preschoolers 3-4 years of age screened using the plusoptiX A12C. (Abstract)

Pupillary measurements and anisocoria in Chinese preschoolers 3-4 years of age screened using the plusoptiX A12C. To evaluate the distribution of the pupil diameter and distance and the incidence of anisocoria in a screening setting for Chinese preschoolers 3-4 years of age.This was a cross-sectional, population-based study conducted in children aged 3-4 years in Nanjing, China. Plusoptix photoscreening was conducted without cycloplegia. Additional assessments were conducted, including light

2017 JAAPOS - Journal of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus

173. Role of delayed-time-point imaging during abdominal and pelvic cancer screening using FDG-PET/CT in the general population. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Role of delayed-time-point imaging during abdominal and pelvic cancer screening using FDG-PET/CT in the general population. Although delayed-time-point imaging is expected to improve the results of [F]-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT), how examinees will benefit from dual-time-point imaging versus initial-time-point imaging alone, remains unclear. This study investigated the role of delayed-time-point imaging in improving the results (...) of abdominal and pelvic cancer screening using FDG-PET/CT.This retrospective review included 3131 screening results (average subject age: 55.5 years, range: 40-88 years). First, 2 nuclear medicine physicians tentatively evaluated whole-body initial-time-point PET/CT scans. Subsequently, delayed-time-point imaging of the abdomen and pelvis was performed approximately 150 min after FDG injection, followed by re-evaluation for necessary changes. All changed records were retrospectively reviewed and classified

2017 Medicine

174. Increasing Colorectal Cancer Screening Using a Quality Improvement Approach in a Nurse-Managed Primary Care Clinic. (Abstract)

Increasing Colorectal Cancer Screening Using a Quality Improvement Approach in a Nurse-Managed Primary Care Clinic. According to the American Cancer Society, 1 in 23 Americans will be diagnosed with colorectal cancer (CRC) in their lifetime. Screening for CRC is an effective, yet underused preventive approach. This is especially true in rural areas, where only 35% of patients were found to be up to date on their screenings in 2014. Increasing CRC screening can produce positive patient outcomes

2017 Journal for Healthcare Quality

175. Small Screen Use and Driving Safety. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Small Screen Use and Driving Safety. The increased availability of "small screens," wireless devices with Internet-enabled connections, and their associated applications has almost overnight changed the way that we interact with our phones. The current work outlines some of the aspects of this problem as it relates to the influence of small screens on driving safety. Small screens are highly compelling to drivers, both for the information they convey and because the ability to ignore them while

2017 Pediatrics

176. Synthetic Lethality Screens Using RNAi in Combination with CRISPR-based Knockout in Drosophila Cells Full Text available with Trip Pro

Synthetic Lethality Screens Using RNAi in Combination with CRISPR-based Knockout in Drosophila Cells A synthetic lethal interaction is a type of genetic interaction where the disruption of either of two genes individually has little effect but their combined disruption is lethal. Knowledge of synthetic lethal interactions can allow for elucidation of network structure and identification of candidate drug targets for human diseases such as cancer. In Drosophila, combinatorial gene disruption has

2017 Bio-protocol

177. Systematic Diabetes Screening Using Point-of-Care HbA1c Testing Facilitates Identification of Prediabetes Full Text available with Trip Pro

Systematic Diabetes Screening Using Point-of-Care HbA1c Testing Facilitates Identification of Prediabetes This prospective longitudinal study compares diabetes screenings between standard practices vs systematically offered point-of-care (POC) hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) tests in patients aged 45 years or older. Systematically screened participants (n = 164) identified 63% (n = 104) with unknown hyperglycemia and 53% (n = 88) in prediabetes. The standard practice (n = 324) screened 22% (n = 73

2017 Annals of family medicine

178. Analysis of Factors Affecting Women of Childbearing Age to Screen Using Visual Inspection with Acetic Acid Full Text available with Trip Pro

Analysis of Factors Affecting Women of Childbearing Age to Screen Using Visual Inspection with Acetic Acid The purpose of this study was to evaluate patient factors such as knowledge, attitude, motivation, perception, socio-economic status and travel time to health facilities and assess how these factors affected patients' decision to pursue cervical cancer screening with visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA).A total of 80 women of childbearing age who visited Kenjeran and Balongsari Public

2017 Osong public health and research perspectives

179. High-content screen using Zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos identifies a novel kinase activator and inhibitor Full Text available with Trip Pro

High-content screen using Zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos identifies a novel kinase activator and inhibitor In this report we utilized zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos in a phenotypical high-content screen (HCS) to identify novel leads in a cancer drug discovery program. We initially validated our HCS model using the flavin adenosine dinucleotide (FAD) containing endoplasmic reticulum (ER) enzyme, endoplasmic reticulum oxidoreductase (ERO1) inhibitor EN460. EN460 showed a dose response effect

2017 Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters

180. A drug screen using human iPSC-derived hepatocyte-like cells identifies cardiac glycosides as a potential treatment for hypercholesterolemia Full Text available with Trip Pro

A drug screen using human iPSC-derived hepatocyte-like cells identifies cardiac glycosides as a potential treatment for hypercholesterolemia Efforts to identify pharmaceuticals to treat heritable metabolic liver diseases have been hampered by the lack of models. However, cells with hepatocyte characteristics can be produced from induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). Here, we have used hepatocyte-like cells generated from homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (hoFH) iPSCs to identify drugs

2017 Cell stem cell

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