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121. Associations between screen time and lower psychological well-being among children and adolescents: Evidence from a population-based study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Associations between screen time and lower psychological well-being among children and adolescents: Evidence from a population-based study Previous research on associations between screen time and psychological well-being among children and adolescents has been conflicting, leading some researchers to question the limits on screen time suggested by physician organizations. We examined a large (n = 40,337) national random sample of 2- to 17-year-old children and adolescents in the U.S. in 2016 (...) that included comprehensive measures of screen time (including cell phones, computers, electronic devices, electronic games, and TV) and an array of psychological well-being measures. After 1 h/day of use, more hours of daily screen time were associated with lower psychological well-being, including less curiosity, lower self-control, more distractibility, more difficulty making friends, less emotional stability, being more difficult to care for, and inability to finish tasks. Among 14- to 17-year-olds

2018 Preventive medicine reports

122. Digital Screen Time and Pediatric Sleep: Evidence from a Preregistered Cohort Study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Digital Screen Time and Pediatric Sleep: Evidence from a Preregistered Cohort Study. To determine the extent to which time spent with digital devices predicts meaningful variability in pediatric sleep.Following a preregistered analysis plan, data from a sample of American children (n = 50 212) derived from the 2016 National Survey of Children's Health were analyzed. Models adjusted for child-, caregiver-, household-, and community-level covariates to estimate the potential effects of digital (...) screen use.Each hour devoted to digital screens was associated with 3-8 fewer minutes of nightly sleep and significantly lower levels of sleep consistency. Furthermore, those children who complied with 2010 and 2016 American Academy of Pediatrics guidance on screen time limits reported between 20 and 26 more minutes, respectively, of nightly sleep. However, links between digital screen time and pediatric sleep outcomes were modest, accounting for less than 1.9% of observed variability in sleep

2018 Journal of Pediatrics

123. Mothers' and father's perceptions of the risks and benefits of screen time and physical activity during early childhood: a qualitative study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Mothers' and father's perceptions of the risks and benefits of screen time and physical activity during early childhood: a qualitative study. This study sought to explore mothers' and fathers' perceptions of the risks and benefits of screen time and active play during early childhood.In-depth semi structured telephone interviews were conducted with mothers and fathers (n = 28) of children aged 3-5 years who had earlier taken part in a larger quantitative study in Australia and identified (...) perceptions of screen time, with benefits such as learning, education and relaxation, and risks including habit formation, inappropriate content, negative cognitive and social outcome, and detriments to health being reported. A few differences between mothers' and fathers' perceptions were evident.This study identified that some parental perceptions of benefits and risks of screen time and active play were consistent with published evidence, while others were contradicted by current evidence. Future

2018 BMC Public Health

124. The Longitudinal Impact of Screen Time on Adolescent Development: Moderation by Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Longitudinal Impact of Screen Time on Adolescent Development: Moderation by Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia. To date, little is known about underlying psychophysiological contributions to the impact of media content and overall screen time on adolescent psychological functioning. In the present study we examine respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) as a moderator of the link between specific types of media content use, overall media exposure, and the development of internalizing and aggressive (...) , but not prosocial, media content. For aggressive content, youth exhibiting RSA withdrawal reported significantly greater internalizing and aggressive symptoms when exposed to higher amounts of screen time and aggressive content.These findings suggest that profiles of heightened RSA withdrawal may place adolescents at greater risk to the negative impact of violent media, whereas prosocial media content may not significantly impact youth development of psychopathology. Implications for the role

2018 The Journal of Adolescent Health

125. Reducing NAFLD screening time: A comparative study of eight diagnostic methods offering an alternative to ultrasound scans. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Reducing NAFLD screening time: A comparative study of eight diagnostic methods offering an alternative to ultrasound scans. The use of ultrasound scan (US) in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) screening overloads US waiting lists. We hypothesized and tested a hybrid two-step method, consisting of applying a formula, to exclude subjects at low risk, before US.The sample included 2970 males and females (937 with NAFLD) diagnosed by US. We selected eight formulas: Fatty Liver Index (FLI

2018 Liver International

126. Excessive Screen Time and Psychosocial Well-Being: The Mediating Role of Body Mass Index, Sleep Duration, and Parent-Child Interaction. (Abstract)

Excessive Screen Time and Psychosocial Well-Being: The Mediating Role of Body Mass Index, Sleep Duration, and Parent-Child Interaction. To examine the relationship between excessive screen time and psychosocial well-being in preschool children, and the potential mediating role of body mass index, sleep duration, and parent-child interaction.A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Shanghai, China using stratified random sampling design. A representative sample of 20 324 children aged 3-4 years (...) old from 191 kindergartens participated in this study. Parents completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire and reported the child's time spent on screen exposure, sleep duration, height, weight, and parent-child interactive activities.Preschool children in Shanghai were exposed to 2.8 (95% CI 2.7, 2.9) hours/day of screen time, with 78.6% (95% CI 77.8,79.3) exceeding 1 hour/day and 53% (95% CI 52.0,53.9) exceeding 2 hours/day. Every additional hour of screen time was associated

2018 Journal of Pediatrics

127. Exploring how Brazilian immigrant mothers living in the USA obtain information about physical activity and screen time for their preschool-aged children: a qualitative study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Exploring how Brazilian immigrant mothers living in the USA obtain information about physical activity and screen time for their preschool-aged children: a qualitative study. To explore how Brazilian-born immigrant mothers living in the USA obtain information about physical activity (PA) and screen time (ST) behaviours for their preschool-aged children.Focus group discussions (FGDs) were used to gain an in-depth understanding of research topics. All FGDs were audio-recorded and professionally

2018 BMJ open

128. Musculoskeletal Multisite Pain and Patterns of Association After Adjusting for Sleep, Physical Activity and Screen Time in Adolescents. (Abstract)

Musculoskeletal Multisite Pain and Patterns of Association After Adjusting for Sleep, Physical Activity and Screen Time in Adolescents. Cross-sectional.This study aims to describe how pain at multiple body sites is associated after controlling for other predictive factors such as age, sex, sleeping hours, time spent in physical activity, and time spent in screening based activities in adolescents aged 13 to 19 years.The prevalence of multisite pain in adolescents is high, but studies (...) , sleep and screen time, most of the previous associations remain significant (OR between 1.50 and 3.07, P < 0.05).This study's results seem to suggest that pain at one body site is more important in determining multiple painful body sites than demographic or lifestyle factors. Longitudinal studies exploring the association and chronology of multisite pain are needed.3.

2018 Spine

129. Cross-sectional and prospective associations between sleep, screen time, active school travel, sports/exercise participation and physical activity in children and adolescents. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cross-sectional and prospective associations between sleep, screen time, active school travel, sports/exercise participation and physical activity in children and adolescents. The aim of this study was to investigate how sleep, screen time, active school travel and sport and/or exercise participation associates with moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in nationally representative samples of Norwegian 9- and 15-y-olds, and whether these four behaviors at age nine predict change in MVPA (...) association between screen time and MVPA among 9- (- 2.2 min/d (95% CI: -3.1, - 1.3)) and 15-y-olds (- 1.7 min/d (95% CI: -2.7, - 0.8)). Compared to their peers with 0-5 min/d of active travel to school, 9- and 15-y-olds with ≥16 min/d accumulated 7.2 (95% CI: 4.0, 10.4) and 9.0 (95% CI: 3.8, 14.1) more min/d of MVPA, respectively. Nine-y-old boys and 15-y-olds reporting ≥8 h/week of sports and/or exercise participation accumulated 14.7 (95% CI: 8.2, 21.3) and 17.9 (95% CI: 14.0, 21.8) more min/d of MVPA

2018 BMC Public Health

130. Prevalence of high screen time and associated factors among students: a cross-sectional study in Zhejiang, China. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Prevalence of high screen time and associated factors among students: a cross-sectional study in Zhejiang, China. To investigate the prevalence and correlates of high screen time (ST) among students in Zhejiang, China.Cross-sectional study.School-based adolescent health survey in Zhejiang Province, China.23 543 students in grades 7-12 from 442 different schools.High ST.The mean age of the students was 15.6 years and 49.7% of them were girls. The prevalence of high ST (screen viewing ≥2 hours

2018 BMJ open

131. Clustering and correlates of screen-time and eating behaviours among young children. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Clustering and correlates of screen-time and eating behaviours among young children. Screen-time and unhealthy dietary behaviours are highly pervasive in young children and evidence suggests that these behaviours often co-occur and are associated. Identifying clusters of unhealthy behaviours, and their influences early in childhood, can assist in the development of targeted preventive interventions. The purpose of this study was to examine the sociodemographic, behavioural, and home physical (...) environmental correlates of co-occurring screen-time and unhealthy eating behaviours and to assess the clustering of screen-time and unhealthy dietary behaviours in young children.Parents of 126 children, from the UK, aged 5-6 years (49% boys) completed a questionnaire which assessed their child's screen-time (ST), fruit and vegetable (FV), and energy-dense (ED) snack consumption. Categories of health behaviours were created based on frequencies of children meeting recommendations for FV and ST and median

2018 BMC Public Health

132. Cross-sectional and longitudinal associations of screen time and physical activity with school performance at different types of secondary school. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cross-sectional and longitudinal associations of screen time and physical activity with school performance at different types of secondary school. Previous studies have already reported associations of media consumption and/or physical activity with school achievement. However, longitudinal studies investigating independent effects of physical activity and media consumption on school performance are sparse. The present study fills this research gap and, furthermore, assesses relationships

2018 BMC Public Health

133. Joint Association of Screen Time and Physical Activity with Obesity: Findings from the Korea Media Panel Study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Joint Association of Screen Time and Physical Activity with Obesity: Findings from the Korea Media Panel Study There is evidence to suggest that sedentary behavior is associated with a higher risk of metabolic disease. The aim of this study was to investigate cross-sectional joint associations of physical activity (PA) and screen time (ST), with the risk of obesity in Korean adults.The Korea Media Panel Study consisted of a household interview and a self-administered diary survey on media usage (...) in the analyses.Increased ST was significantly associated with the risk of obesity (controlling for other possible confounders), but PA level was not found to be significantly linked. Participants who engaged in screen time > 6 hours per day had a higher incidence of obesity.This study provides evidence of the association between ST and the increased incidence of obesity measured by BMI, independent of PA amongst Korean adults.

2018 Osong public health and research perspectives

134. Cross-Sectional Associations of Environmental Perception with Leisure-Time Physical Activity and Screen Time among Older Adults Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cross-Sectional Associations of Environmental Perception with Leisure-Time Physical Activity and Screen Time among Older Adults This study investigated associations of perceived environmental factors with leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) and screen time (ST) among older adults. A cross-sectional study was conducted by administering computer-assisted telephone interviews to 1028 older Taiwanese adults in November 2016. Data on personal factors, perceived environmental factors, LTPA, and ST

2018 Journal of clinical medicine

135. INSIGHT responsive parenting intervention reduces infant’s screen time and television exposure Full Text available with Trip Pro

INSIGHT responsive parenting intervention reduces infant’s screen time and television exposure Sedentary behaviors, including screen time, in childhood have been associated with an increased risk for overweight. Beginning in infancy, we sought to reduce screen time and television exposure and increase time spent in interactive play as one component of a responsive parenting (RP) intervention designed for obesity prevention.The Intervention Nurses Start Infants Growing on Healthy Trajectories (...) (INSIGHT) study is a randomized trial comparing a RP intervention with a safety control intervention. Primiparous mother-newborn dyads (N = 279) were randomized after childbirth. Research nurses delivered intervention content at infant ages 3, 16, 28, and 40 weeks and research center visits at 1 and 2 years. As one component of INSIGHT, developmentally appropriate messages on minimizing screen time, reducing television exposure in the home, and promoting parent-child engagement through interactive play

2018 The international journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity Controlled trial quality: uncertain

136. Relationship between Physical Activity, Screen Time and Weight Status among Young Adolescents Full Text available with Trip Pro

Relationship between Physical Activity, Screen Time and Weight Status among Young Adolescents It is well established that lack of physical activity and high bouts of sedentary behaviour are now associated with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between physical activity participation, overall screen time and weight status amongst early Irish adolescent youth. Participants were a sample of 169 students: 113 boys (mean age = 12.89 (...) ± 0.34 years) and 56 girls (mean age = 12.87 ± 0.61 years). The data gathered in the present study included physical activity (accelerometry), screen time (self-report) and anthropometric measurements. Overweight and obese participants accumulated significantly more minutes of overall screen time daily compared to their normal-weight counterparts. A correlation between physical activity and daily television viewing was evident among girls. No significant interaction was apparent when examining daily

2018 Sports

137. Screen time behaviours and caffeine intake in US children: findings from the cross-sectional National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Screen time behaviours and caffeine intake in US children: findings from the cross-sectional National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Screen time (ST) behaviours, for example, television (TV) watching and computer use, among youth are associated with unhealthy eating, and these patterns track over time. A positive association between ST and TV watching with consumption of caffeinated foods and beverages has been described in national samples of children in a few European

2018 BMJ Paediatrics Open

138. The Effect of Screen Time on Recovery From Concussion

The Effect of Screen Time on Recovery From Concussion The Effect of Screen Time on Recovery From Concussion - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. The Effect of Screen Time on Recovery From (...) by (Responsible Party): Theodore Macnow, University of Massachusetts, Worcester Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: This study will prospectively examine the effect of screen time on recovery from concussion. Patients 12 to 25 years of age presenting to the ED with a concussion will be randomized to allow for screen time as tolerated or to abstain from screen time for the first 48 hours of recovery. The amount of screen time use and duration of concussive symptoms will be assessed through

2018 Clinical Trials

139. Fit 5 Kids Screen Time Reduction Curriculum for Latino Preschoolers

Fit 5 Kids Screen Time Reduction Curriculum for Latino Preschoolers Fit 5 Kids Screen Time Reduction Curriculum for Latino Preschoolers - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Fit 5 Kids Screen Time (...) Research Center Baylor College of Medicine USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Center Information provided by (Responsible Party): Jason Mendoza, MD, MPH, Seattle Children's Hospital Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: Childhood obesity and metabolic risk are at record high levels in the US, and Latino children are at very high risk. This project will test an intervention called Fit 5 Kids, designed for Latino preschoolers to decrease their screen time in order to promote physical

2018 Clinical Trials

140. Relationship of Parental and Adolescents' Screen Time to Self-Rated Health: A Structural Equation Modeling. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Relationship of Parental and Adolescents' Screen Time to Self-Rated Health: A Structural Equation Modeling. To investigate the association of parental and adolescents' screen time with self-rated health and to examine the mediating effects of psychosocial factors (social relationships and distress) on this association.A cross-sectional study was conducted among 984 Brazilian adolescents (10- to 17-year-olds). Self-rated health, screen time (adolescents and parental), and perception of social (...) relationships and distress were evaluated through self-report questionnaires. Structural equation modeling was adopted to investigate the pathways of the relationship between adolescents' screen time and self-rated health.Adolescents' screen time was directly and negatively related to self-rated health only in boys ( r = -0.158, p = .015). In girls, screen time was related to self-rated health through distress ( r = -0.188, p = .007) and social relationships ( r = 0.176, p = .008). The models fit

2018 Health Education & Behavior

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