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61. Associations between self-reported physical activity and screen time with cardiometabolic risk factors in adolescents: Findings from the 1993 Pelotas (Brazil) Birth Cohort Study. (PubMed)

Associations between self-reported physical activity and screen time with cardiometabolic risk factors in adolescents: Findings from the 1993 Pelotas (Brazil) Birth Cohort Study. The overall aim of this study was to examine the association of physical activity (PA) and screen time (ST) on indicators of cardio-metabolic risk during adolescence, by examining the combined association of PA and ST at ages 11, 15 and 18 on cardio-metabolic risk factors at 18 years. Data from the 1993 Pelotas (Brazil

2018 Preventive Medicine

62. Parenting to Reduce Child Screen Time: A Feasibility Pilot Study. (PubMed)

Parenting to Reduce Child Screen Time: A Feasibility Pilot Study. Excessive screen time has been associated with a multitude of child health problems. This pilot study examined the feasibility and preliminary outcome of a novel 1-session intervention designed to help parents reduce their child's screen time.Thirty-nine parents of 5- to 12-year-old children were randomized to the intervention (a combined didactics and hands-on approach focused on technology-specific parenting) or waitlist (...) control group.The findings suggested that a sample could be recruited in a reasonable time (6 wk) at a reasonable cost, randomized, and retained at 6 weeks postintervention. Preliminary evidence suggested the intervention, which was implemented with fidelity, was associated with change in technology-specific parenting and 1 of 2 measures of child screen time. Parents reported satisfaction with the intervention and confidence in managing their child's screen time.The results of this pilot study suggest

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2018 Journal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics : JDBP Controlled trial quality: uncertain

63. INSIGHT responsive parenting intervention reduces infant’s screen time and television exposure (PubMed)

INSIGHT responsive parenting intervention reduces infant’s screen time and television exposure Sedentary behaviors, including screen time, in childhood have been associated with an increased risk for overweight. Beginning in infancy, we sought to reduce screen time and television exposure and increase time spent in interactive play as one component of a responsive parenting (RP) intervention designed for obesity prevention.The Intervention Nurses Start Infants Growing on Healthy Trajectories (...) (INSIGHT) study is a randomized trial comparing a RP intervention with a safety control intervention. Primiparous mother-newborn dyads (N = 279) were randomized after childbirth. Research nurses delivered intervention content at infant ages 3, 16, 28, and 40 weeks and research center visits at 1 and 2 years. As one component of INSIGHT, developmentally appropriate messages on minimizing screen time, reducing television exposure in the home, and promoting parent-child engagement through interactive play

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2018 The international journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity Controlled trial quality: uncertain

64. Original quantitative research The association of school connectedness and bullying involvement with multiple screen-time behaviours among youth in two Canadian provinces: a COMPASS study (PubMed)

Original quantitative research The association of school connectedness and bullying involvement with multiple screen-time behaviours among youth in two Canadian provinces: a COMPASS study Screen time, a proxy for sedentary behaviours, has emerged as a critical health determinant among youth in contemporary societies, where most aspects of youth life involve access to screen-time devices. An understudied approach to reducing screen time among youth is bullying reduction. This study aims (...) to understand the association between bullying perpetration, victimization, youth perception of the school environment and multiple screen-time behaviours.A total of 44,861 youth aged between 13 and 18 years in two Canadian provinces completed a validated questionnaire that collected student data on health behaviours and outcomes, including multiple screen-time behaviours, bullying perpetration and victimization, and school connectedness. The outcome variables were total screen time, time spent watching

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2018 Health promotion and chronic disease prevention in Canada : research, policy and practice

65. A comparative study of radiation dose and screening time between mini C-arm and standard fluoroscopy in elective foot and ankle surgery

A comparative study of radiation dose and screening time between mini C-arm and standard fluoroscopy in elective foot and ankle surgery A comparative study of radiation dose and screening time between mini C-arm and standard fluoroscopy in elective foot and ankle surgery A comparative study of radiation dose and screening time between mini C-arm and standard fluoroscopy in elective foot and ankle surgery Dawe EJ, Fawzy E, Kaczynski J, Hassman P, Palmer SH Record Status This is a critical (...) in the mini C-arm group, who were treated between September 2007 (the date of introduction of the new procedure) and March 2008. The complexity of the surgical procedure was comparable between groups. The length of follow-up was the operation time. The screening time and radiation dose were the key endpoints of the analysis. The radiation dose was measured using dose area product (DAP) meters. Monetary benefit and utility valuations: Not considered. Measure of benefit: No summary benefit measure was used

2011 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

66. Effectiveness of interventions aimed at reducing screen time in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Effectiveness of interventions aimed at reducing screen time in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Effectiveness of interventions aimed at reducing screen time in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Effectiveness of interventions aimed at reducing screen time in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Wahi G, Parkin PC, Beyene J, Uleryk EM, Birken CS CRD summary (...) The review concluded that this meta-analysis did not demonstrate evidence of effectiveness of interventions aimed at reducing screen time in children for reducing body mass index (BMI) and screen time. However, interventions in the preschool age group hold promise. The authors’ conclusions may be not reliable in view of the issues of the review methods. Authors' objectives To assess the effect of interventions on reducing screen time in children. Searching MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, ERIC, CINAHL

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2011 DARE.

67. Quality of Care and Preventive Screening Use in the CareFirst Patient-Centered Medical Home Program. (PubMed)

Quality of Care and Preventive Screening Use in the CareFirst Patient-Centered Medical Home Program. Despite their value, comprehensive diabetes care and screening for common cancers remain underutilized. We examined the association between participation in a patient-centered medical home (PCMH) program with strong financial incentives and receipt of preventive care in the first 5 years after program launch. Using multivariate regression analysis, we compared outcomes for adults under the care

2019 Journal for Healthcare Quality

68. The Impacts of the ACA Medicaid Expansions on Cancer Screening Use by Primary Care Provider Supply. (PubMed)

The Impacts of the ACA Medicaid Expansions on Cancer Screening Use by Primary Care Provider Supply. Recent studies of the impacts of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) Medicaid expansions on cancer screening use have mostly found insignificant effects. We posit that these findings mask meaningful heterogeneity in impacts depending on availability of primary care providers.This study examined the impacts of the ACA Medicaid expansions on cancer screening use separately by state-level supply (...) of primary care providers.We used data from the 2012 and 2016 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System surveys to measure use of mammograms, Pap smear tests, blood stool tests, and sigmoidoscopy/colonoscopy for age groups recommended receiving these tests. The main analytical sample included 24,878-31,890 individuals with household income below 138% Federal Poverty Line. We used a difference-in-differences design comparing pre-post expansion changes in cancer screening use between expanding

2019 Medical Care

69. Feasibility and outcomes of atrial fibrillation screening using intermittent electrocardiography in a primary healthcare setting: A cross-sectional study. (PubMed)

Feasibility and outcomes of atrial fibrillation screening using intermittent electrocardiography in a primary healthcare setting: A cross-sectional study. Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a major risk factor for ischemic stroke unless treated with an anticoagulant. Detecting AF can be difficult because AF is often paroxysmal and asymptomatic. The aims of this study were to develop a screening model to detect AF in a primary healthcare setting and to initiate oral anticoagulant therapy in high-risk

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2018 PLoS ONE

70. Target discovery screens using pooled shRNA libraries and next-generation sequencing: A model workflow and analytical algorithm. (PubMed)

Target discovery screens using pooled shRNA libraries and next-generation sequencing: A model workflow and analytical algorithm. In the search for novel therapeutic targets, RNA interference screening has become a valuable tool. High-throughput technologies are now broadly accessible but their assay development from baseline remains resource-intensive and challenging. Focusing on this assay development process, we here describe a target discovery screen using pooled shRNA libraries and next

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2018 PLoS ONE

71. Cervical cancer incidence after normal cytological sample in routine screening using SurePath, ThinPrep, and conventional cytology: population based study. (PubMed)

Cervical cancer incidence after normal cytological sample in routine screening using SurePath, ThinPrep, and conventional cytology: population based study. Objective To compare the cumulative incidence of cervical cancer diagnosed within 72 months after a normal screening sample between conventional cytology and liquid based cytology tests SurePath and ThinPrep.Design Retrospective population based cohort study.Setting Nationwide network and registry of histo- and cytopathology

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2017 BMJ

72. Cost-effectiveness of osteoporosis screening using biomechanical computed tomography for patients with a previous abdominal CT. (PubMed)

Cost-effectiveness of osteoporosis screening using biomechanical computed tomography for patients with a previous abdominal CT. Osteoporosis screening rates by DXA are low (9.5% women, 1.7% men) in the U.S. Medicare population aged 65 and older. Addressing this care gap, we estimated the benefits of a validated osteoporosis diagnostic test suitable for patients age 65 and older with an abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan taken for any indication but without a recent DXA. Our analysis (...) treatment adherence, and longer treatment duration. When the sensitivity and specificity of BCT were set to those for DXA, the prevented hip fractures versus usual care remained high (2.7 per 1,000 women; 1.5 per 1,000 men), indicating the importance of high screening rates on clinical efficacy. Therefore, for patients with a previously taken abdominal CT and without a recent DXA, osteoporosis screening using biomechanical computed tomography may be a cost-effective alternative to current usual care

2019 Journal of Bone and Mineral Research

73. Addressing priority challenges in the detection and assessment of colorectal polyps from capsule endoscopy and colonoscopy in colorectal cancer screening using machine learning. (PubMed)

Addressing priority challenges in the detection and assessment of colorectal polyps from capsule endoscopy and colonoscopy in colorectal cancer screening using machine learning. Colorectal capsule endoscopy (CCE) is a potentially valuable patient-friendly technique for colorectal cancer screening in large populations. Before it can be widely applied, significant research priorities need to be addressed. We present two innovative data science algorithms which can considerably improve acquisition

2019 Acta Oncologica

74. Frailty Screening Using the Electronic Health Record within a Medicare Accountable Care Organization. (PubMed)

Frailty Screening Using the Electronic Health Record within a Medicare Accountable Care Organization. The accumulation of deficits model for frailty has been used to develop an Electronic Health Record (EHR) frailty index (eFI) that has been incorporated into British guidelines for frailty management. However, there have been limited applications of EHR-based approaches in the United States.We constructed an adapted eFI for patients in our Medicare Accountable Care Organization (ACO, N=12,798

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2019 Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences

75. A user-friendly platform for yeast two-hybrid library screening using next generation sequencing. (PubMed)

A user-friendly platform for yeast two-hybrid library screening using next generation sequencing. Yeast two-hybrid (Y2H) is a well-established genetics-based system that uses yeast to selectively display binary protein-protein interactions (PPIs). To meet the current need to unravel complex PPI networks, several adaptations have been made to establish medium- to high-throughput Y2H screening platforms, with several having successfully incorporated the use of the next-generation sequencing (NGS

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2018 PLoS ONE

76. Lung cancer screening using low-dose computed tomography

Lung cancer screening using low-dose computed tomography 1 Prepared by the Standing Committee on Screening Endorsed by Cancer Australia 07/09/15, Cancer Council 10/09/15, and the Community Care and Population Health Principal Committee of the Australian Health Ministers’ Advisory Council 14/10/15 Position Statement: Lung Cancer Screening using Low-Dose Computed Tomography Lung cancer is one of the leading causes of death globally. 1 In Australia, lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer (...) ., Leong, SC., Windsor, M., Zimmerman, PV., Yang, IA., Fong, KM. (2015). ‘Low-dose CT screening using the NLST protocol appears feasible in the Australian health setting’, Eur Respir J. 45(1): 1734-1737. doi: 10.1183/09031936.00208714 21 Manser, R., Dalton, A., Carter, R., Byrnes, G., Elwood, M., Campbell, DA. (2005) ‘Cost-effectiveness analysis of screening for lung cancer with low dose spiral CT (computed tomography) in the Australian setting.’ Lung Cancer, 48(2):171-85. 22 Black, WC., Gareen

2015 Cancer Australia

77. To Each Stress Its Own Screen: A Cross-Sectional Survey of the Patterns of Stress and Various Screen Uses in Relation to Self-Admitted Screen Addiction. (PubMed)

To Each Stress Its Own Screen: A Cross-Sectional Survey of the Patterns of Stress and Various Screen Uses in Relation to Self-Admitted Screen Addiction. The relationship between stress and screen addiction is often studied by exploring a single aspect of screen-related behavior in terms of maladaptive dependency or the risks associated with the content. Generally, little attention is given to the pattern of using different screens for different types of stressors, and variations arising from (...) ) differences in stress types in relation to subjective screen addiction and different types of needs for screens. We hypothesized that interindividual heterogeneity in screen-related behavior would reflect coping differences in dealing with different stressors.A multifactorial Web-based survey was conducted to gather data about screen-related behaviors (such as screen time, internet addiction, and salience of different types of screens and related activities), and different sources of stress (emotional

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2019 Journal of medical Internet research

78. Non-invasive screening using ventilatory gas analysis to distinguish between chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension and pulmonary arterial hypertension. (PubMed)

Non-invasive screening using ventilatory gas analysis to distinguish between chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension and pulmonary arterial hypertension. Clinical presentations associated with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) at rest are highly similar. Differentiating between CTEPH and PAH using non-invasive techniques remains challenging. Thus, we examined whether analysis of ventilatory gas in response to postural changes

2019 Respirology

79. Mobile Health Technology for Atrial Fibrillation Screening Using Photoplethysmography-Based Smart Devices: The HUAWEI Heart study. (PubMed)

Mobile Health Technology for Atrial Fibrillation Screening Using Photoplethysmography-Based Smart Devices: The HUAWEI Heart study. Low detection and nonadherence are major problems in current management approaches for patients with suspected atrial fibrillation (AF). Mobile health (mHealth) devices may enable earlier AF detection, and improved AF management.To investigate the effectiveness of AF screening in a large population-based cohort using smart device based photoplethysmography (PPG

2019 Journal of the American College of Cardiology

80. Does a novel diagnostic pathway including blood-based risk prediction and MRI-targeted biopsies outperform prostate cancer screening using prostate-specific antigen and systematic prostate biopsies? - protocol of the randomised study STHLM3MRI. (PubMed)

Does a novel diagnostic pathway including blood-based risk prediction and MRI-targeted biopsies outperform prostate cancer screening using prostate-specific antigen and systematic prostate biopsies? - protocol of the randomised study STHLM3MRI. Prostate cancer is a leading cause of cancer death among men in the Western world. Early detection of prostate cancer has been shown to decrease mortality, but has limitations with low specificity leading to unnecessary biopsies and overdiagnosis of low

2019 BMJ open Controlled trial quality: uncertain

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