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7481. Emerging technologies in screening for colorectal cancer: CT colonography, immunochemical fecal occult blood tests, and stool screening using molecular markers. (Abstract)

Emerging technologies in screening for colorectal cancer: CT colonography, immunochemical fecal occult blood tests, and stool screening using molecular markers. The American Cancer Society's (ACS) Colorectal Cancer Advisory Group held a workshop on new technologies for the early detection of colorectal cancer and adenomatous polyps as part of a regular review of ACS guidelines for colorectal cancer screening. The Advisory Group formally reviewed CT colonography, immunochemical fecal occult (...) blood tests (FOBT), and stool screening using molecular markers, and also addressed other technologies including capsule video endoscopy. With the exception of immunochemical stool testing, the ACS has determined that at this time there is insufficient evidence to recommend these technologies for routine colorectal cancer screening. Based on recommendations of the Advisory Group, only a minor modification has been made to the ACS's Recommendations for Screening and Surveillance of the Early

2003 CA: a cancer journal for clinicians

7482. Identification of previously undiagnosed left ventricular systolic dysfunction: community screening using natriuretic peptides and electrocardiography. (Abstract)

Identification of previously undiagnosed left ventricular systolic dysfunction: community screening using natriuretic peptides and electrocardiography. We examined strategies to improve the positive predictive value of natriuretic peptides in screening for undiagnosed left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) in the community.The value of B-type(BNP), N-terminal proB-type (N-BNP) and N-terminal proAtrial(N-ANP) natriuretic peptides was prospectively assessed in 1360 subjects (45-80 years

2003 European Journal of Heart Failure

7483. Colorectal carcinoma and Haemoccult. A study of its value in mass screening using meta-analysis. (Abstract)

Colorectal carcinoma and Haemoccult. A study of its value in mass screening using meta-analysis. Meta-analysis has been performed on the world literature relating to Haemoccult screening for colorectal cancer. The analysis indicated a sensitivity of about 50%, specificity of about 97%, positive predictive value of 4.3% and negative predictive value of 99.85%. These figures assume a prevalence of colorectal cancer in the population of 0.3%. A model calculation using these figures together

1988 International journal of colorectal disease

7484. Energy expenditure of sedentary screen time compared with active screen time for children. (Abstract)

Energy expenditure of sedentary screen time compared with active screen time for children. We examined the effect of activity-enhancing screen devices on children's energy expenditure compared with performing the same activities while seated. Our hypothesis was that energy expenditure would be significantly greater when children played activity-promoting video games, compared with sedentary video games.Energy expenditure was measured for 25 children aged 8 to 12 years, 15 of whom were lean (...) -promoting video games, energy expenditure increased by 108 +/- 40% with the EyeToy (Sony Computer Entertainment) and by 172 +/- 68% with Dance Dance Revolution Ultramix 2 (Konami Digital Entertainment).Energy expenditure more than doubles when sedentary screen time is converted to active screen time. Such interventions might be considered for obesity prevention and treatment.

2006 Pediatrics

7485. Use of a laser guide to reduce screening time for the dynamic hip screw. (Abstract)

Use of a laser guide to reduce screening time for the dynamic hip screw. A prospective, randomized study was used to evaluate a laser guide to aim the image intensifier during the treatment of 52 patients with intertrochanteric fractures of the proximal femur using a dynamic hip screw. The laser guide reduces the fluoroscopic screening time by 40 per cent (P < 0.05). We conclude that laser aiming of the image intensifier has a role in training radiographers, and reducing the dosage

1996 Injury Controlled trial quality: uncertain

7486. Breast screening: Time for translation? (Full text)

Breast screening: Time for translation? 20469517 2010 06 28 2018 11 13 0008-350X 37 1991 Dec Canadian family physician Medecin de famille canadien Can Fam Physician Breast screening. 2544-665 Dixon T T eng fre Journal Article Canada Can Fam Physician 0120300 0008-350X 2010 5 15 6 0 1991 12 1 0 0 1991 12 1 0 1 ppublish 20469517 PMC2145229 BMJ. 1990 Oct 3;301(6754):683-7 2224237 Ann Intern Med. 1990 Oct 1;113(7):547-52 2393209 BMJ. 1989 Nov 4;299(6708):1153-5 2513031 Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1986

1991 Canadian Family Physician PubMed abstract

7487. Breast screening: time for a rethink? (Full text)

Breast screening: time for a rethink? 2513031 1990 01 29 2018 11 13 0959-8138 299 6708 1989 Nov 04 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Breast screening: time for a rethink? 1153-5 Roberts M M MM Edinburgh Breast Screening Project. eng Journal Article England BMJ 8900488 0959-8138 AIM IM BMJ. 1989 Dec 16;299(6714):1529-30 2514886 BMJ. 1989 Nov 25;299(6711):1336-8 2513945 Breast Neoplasms prevention & control psychology therapy Female Humans Mass Screening standards Mastectomy Quality of Health Care

1989 BMJ : British Medical Journal PubMed abstract

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