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7341. Methodological factors involved in neonatal screening using transient-evoked otoacoustic emissions and automated auditory brainstem response testing. (PubMed)

Methodological factors involved in neonatal screening using transient-evoked otoacoustic emissions and automated auditory brainstem response testing. The methodological factors involved in screening neonates for hearing loss, using transient-evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) and automated auditory brainstem responses, have been evaluated from a large sample of neonates. The risk factors, commonly used to select babies for a targeted screen, have very little correlation with failing TEOAE

2003 Hearing Research

7342. Usefulness of gastric cancer screening using the serum pepsinogen test method. (PubMed)

Usefulness of gastric cancer screening using the serum pepsinogen test method. The measurement of serum pepsinogen has recently gained attention as a candidate for a new screening test for gastric cancer. This method is particularly attractive given its lower cost and simplicity to administer relative to photofluorography. To compare the accuracy between the two screening methods, and to elucidate the usefulness of the serum pepsinogen test method, we performed this study.Mass screening (...) % for the pepsinogen test method. The percentage of those who required further investigation, as the second step of screening, using endoscopy, was 55.4% for the x-ray method and 51.9% for the pepsinogen test method, respectively. Ten gastric cancers were detected in total. The incidence was 0.05% in the x-ray method and 0.18% in the pepsinogen test method. The rate of early gastric cancer to advanced gastric cancer was 9 to 1, that is, 90% were in the early stages. The positive predictive value was 0.8% in the x

2003 American Journal of Gastroenterology

7343. Clinical evaluation of the vector algorithm for neonatal hearing screening using automated auditory brainstem response. (PubMed)

Clinical evaluation of the vector algorithm for neonatal hearing screening using automated auditory brainstem response. A novel auditory brainstem response (ABR) detection and scoring algorithm, entitled the Vector algorithm is described. An independent clinical evaluation of the algorithm using 464 tests (120 non-stimulated and 344 stimulated tests) on 60 infants, with a mean age of approximately 6.5 weeks, estimated test sensitivity greater than 0.99 and test specificity at 0.87 for one test

2004 Journal of Laryngology & Otology

7344. Comparison of currently available devices designed for newborn hearing screening using automated auditory brainstem and/or otoacoustic emission measurements. (PubMed)

Comparison of currently available devices designed for newborn hearing screening using automated auditory brainstem and/or otoacoustic emission measurements. Suitability in clinical practise of three currently available devices designed for automated newborn hearing screening, one combining evoked otoacoustic emissions (EOAE) and automated auditory brain stem response (AABR), the Echoscreen-TDA from Fischer-Zoth, and two AABR screeners, the Algo 3 from Natus and the Beraphone MB11 from Maico

2004 International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

7345. Development of a cell-based high-throughput specificity screen using a hepatitis C virus-bovine viral diarrhea virus dual replicon assay. (PubMed)

Development of a cell-based high-throughput specificity screen using a hepatitis C virus-bovine viral diarrhea virus dual replicon assay. The hepatitis C virus (HCV) replicon is a unique system for the development of a high-throughput screen (HTS), since the analysis of inhibitors requires the quantification of a decrease in a steady-state level of HCV RNA. HCV replicon replication is dependent on host cell factors, and any toxic effects may have a significant impact on HCV replicon replication

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2005 Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

7346. Cost-effectiveness of targeted and tailored interventions on colorectal cancer screening use. (PubMed)

Cost-effectiveness of targeted and tailored interventions on colorectal cancer screening use. Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening is cost-effective but underused. The objective of this study was to determine the cost-effectiveness of targeted and tailored behavioral interventions to increase CRC screening use by conducting an economic analysis associated with a randomized trial among patients in a large, racially and ethnically diverse, urban family practice in Philadelphia.The incremental costs (...) additional individual screened. Mailed SBT cards significantly boosted CRC screening use. However, going beyond the targeted intervention to include tailoring or tailoring plus reminder calls in the manner used in this study did not appear to be an economically attractive strategy.Cancer 2008. (c) 2007 American Cancer Society.

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2007 Cancer

7347. Identification of previously undiagnosed left ventricular systolic dysfunction: community screening using natriuretic peptides and electrocardiography. (PubMed)

Identification of previously undiagnosed left ventricular systolic dysfunction: community screening using natriuretic peptides and electrocardiography. We examined strategies to improve the positive predictive value of natriuretic peptides in screening for undiagnosed left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) in the community.The value of B-type(BNP), N-terminal proB-type (N-BNP) and N-terminal proAtrial(N-ANP) natriuretic peptides was prospectively assessed in 1360 subjects (45-80 years

2003 European Journal of Heart Failure

7348. Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening using sigmoidoscopy followed by colonoscopy: a feasibility and efficacy study on a cancer institute based population. (PubMed)

Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening using sigmoidoscopy followed by colonoscopy: a feasibility and efficacy study on a cancer institute based population. Advanced distal neoplasia found at sigmoidoscopy could be the marker for more proximal lesions.In the setting of a screening clinic, subjects underwent flexible sigmoidoscopy. If no significant lesion was found, sigmoidoscopy was planned after 5 years. If an advanced neoplasia was found, colonoscopy was performed just after the first

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2006 Annals of Oncology

7349. Predictors of prophylactic bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy compared with gynecologic screening use in BRCA1/2 mutation carriers. (PubMed)

Predictors of prophylactic bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy compared with gynecologic screening use in BRCA1/2 mutation carriers. Women with BRCA1/2 gene mutations who have completed their childbearing are strong candidates for risk-reducing prophylactic bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (PBSO). The aim of the current study was to identify baseline predictors of PBSO versus gynecologic screening (GS) in this group of high-risk women.Baseline questionnaires were available from 160 BRCA1/2 carriers

2007 Journal of Clinical Oncology

7350. Gastric cancer screening using the serum pepsinogen test method. (PubMed)

Gastric cancer screening using the serum pepsinogen test method. The current status of gastric cancer screening, worldwide, as well as in Japan, using the serum pepsinogen test method, was reviewed. We performed a metaanalysis of sensitivity and specificity results from 42 individual studies (27 population-based screening studies: n = 296 553 and 15 selected groups: n = 4 385). Pooled pairs of sensitivity and false-positive rates (FPr) for pepsinogen I level < or = 70 ng/ml; pepsinogen I/II

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2007 Gastric cancer : official journal of the International Gastric Cancer Association and the Japanese Gastric Cancer Association

7351. Encoded Guidelines for Targeted Latent Tuberculosis Screening Using an Electronic Medical Record (PubMed)

Encoded Guidelines for Targeted Latent Tuberculosis Screening Using an Electronic Medical Record To determine the impact of information technology on embedding the latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) screening guidelines in an electronic medical record (EMR) in a large health care system. The long-term goal of the study is to test clinician adherence to LTBI screening guidelines using an EMR system. However, preliminary results are presented on the potential impact on providers on implementing

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2003 AMIA Annual Symposium Proceedings

7352. When to test women for human papillomavirus: Cervical screening using HPV testing shows great promise but warrants caution (PubMed)

When to test women for human papillomavirus: Cervical screening using HPV testing shows great promise but warrants caution 16410556 2006 01 27 2018 11 13 1756-1833 332 7533 2006 Jan 14 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ When to test women for human papillomavirus. 61-2 Schiffman Mark M Castle Philip E PE eng Comment Editorial England BMJ 8900488 0959-8138 AIM IM BMJ. 2006 Jan 14;332(7533):83-5 16399706 BMJ. 2006 Jan 14;332(7533):79-85 16399769 Female Humans Mass Screening organization

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2006 BMJ : British Medical Journal

7353. Determinants of colorectal cancer screening use, attempts, and non-use. (PubMed)

Determinants of colorectal cancer screening use, attempts, and non-use. Relatively little is known about the experiences and preferences of users and those who attempt colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. This study describes factors influencing CRC screening decisions among users, attempters, attempter users (individuals who both attempted and completed at least one screening procedure), and non-users; identifies factors interfering with test completion; and describes correlates of screening (...) preferences.A primarily stratified random sample of patients from the University of Michigan Health System clinics, Ann Arbor, Michigan, with oversampling of FOBT attempters, completed a mailed questionnaire in fall, 2003. Descriptive and multivariate approaches evaluated factors influencing screening use and preferences."Accuracy of results" was reported most often as important when deciding about CRC screening regardless of screening status. The importance of psychological decisional factors differed

2007 Preventive Medicine

7354. Hypotensive patients with blunt abdominal trauma: performance of screening US. (PubMed)

Hypotensive patients with blunt abdominal trauma: performance of screening US. To determine retrospectively the accuracy of screening ultrasonography (US) in patients with hypotension (systolic blood pressure screening US over a 9-year period. Abdomens were scanned for free (...) fluid and for parenchymal heterogeneity in visceral organs; scans that depicted these were considered positive. Prospective reports were used to calculate diagnostic performance. Patients were retrospectively given a fluid score according to the number of fluid pockets visualized (0, 1, or > or =2) (consensus by three readers) and were assigned to a low- or high-risk group according to the presence of hematuria and/or axial fracture on radiographs. Screening US results were compared with findings

2005 Radiology

7355. Results of a randomized, population-based study of biennial screening using serum prostate-specific antigen measurement to detect prostate carcinoma. (PubMed)

Results of a randomized, population-based study of biennial screening using serum prostate-specific antigen measurement to detect prostate carcinoma. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a prostate carcinoma screening program in which serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels were measured.From a group of 20,000 men born between January 1, 1930, and December 31, 1944, 10,000 men were randomized into a screening group and 10,000 were randomized into a control

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2004 Cancer Controlled trial quality: uncertain

7356. Contrast enhancement for whole-body screening using multidetector row helical CT: comparison between uniphasic and biphasic injection protocols. (PubMed)

Contrast enhancement for whole-body screening using multidetector row helical CT: comparison between uniphasic and biphasic injection protocols. To investigate which is more suitable for whole-body screening with multidetector row CT (MDCT) during one breathhold, a uniphasic or biphasic injection protocol for contrast material.Sixty patients received a volume of 1.7 mL x weight (kg) with iopamidol 300 mg iodine/mL. The patients were randomized into two injection protocols: A) a fixed injection

2004 Radiation medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

7357. Ethnic Dance and Screen Time Reduction to Prevent Weight Gain in Latina Girls

Ethnic Dance and Screen Time Reduction to Prevent Weight Gain in Latina Girls Ethnic Dance and Screen Time Reduction to Prevent Weight Gain in Latina Girls - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more (...) . Ethnic Dance and Screen Time Reduction to Prevent Weight Gain in Latina Girls (ECHALE) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00476775 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : May 22, 2007 Last Update Posted : December 17, 2012 Sponsor: Stanford University Collaborator: National

2007 Clinical Trials

7358. Activity, inactivity, and screen time in relation to weight and fatness over adolescence in girls. (PubMed)

Activity, inactivity, and screen time in relation to weight and fatness over adolescence in girls. The impact of activity and inactivity on relative weight and fatness change are best evaluated longitudinally. We examined the longitudinal relationship of physical activity, inactivity, and screen time with relative weight status and percentage body fat (%BF) and explored how it differed by parental overweight status.Non-obese pre-menarcheal girls (173), 8 to 12 years old, were followed until 4 (...) years post-menarche. %BF, BMI z-score, and time spent sleeping, sitting, standing, walking, and in vigorous activity were assessed annually. We developed a physical activity index to reflect time and intensity of activity. Inactivity was defined as the sum of time spent sleeping, sitting, and standing. Screen time was defined as time spent viewing television, videotapes, or playing video games. Parental overweight was defined as at least one parent with BMI>25.In separate linear mixed effects models

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2007 Obesity

7359. Does children's screen time predict requests for advertised products? Cross-sectional and prospective analyses. (PubMed)

Does children's screen time predict requests for advertised products? Cross-sectional and prospective analyses. To examine children's screen media exposure and requests for advertised toys and food/drinks.Prospective cohort study.Twelve elementary schools in northern California.Eight hundred twenty-seven third grade children participated at baseline; 386 students in 6 schools were followed up for 20 months.None.Child self-reported requests for advertised toys and foods/drinks.At baseline (...) , children's screen media time was significantly associated with concurrent requests for advertised toys (Spearman r = 0.15 [TV viewing] and r = 0.20 [total screen time]; both P<.001) and foods/drinks (Spearman r = 0.16 [TV viewing] and r = 0.18 [total screen time]; both P<.001). In prospective analysis, children's screen media time at baseline was significantly associated with their mean number of toy requests 7 to 20 months later (Spearman r = 0.21 [TV viewing] and r = 0.24 [total screen time]; both P

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2006 Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine

7360. Granulocyte chemotaxis: multiple assay screening using a raft technique. (PubMed)

Granulocyte chemotaxis: multiple assay screening using a raft technique. The assessment of granulocyte chemotaxis is complicated by the difficulty of precisely reproducing results in serial estimations and deciding on the best end point which would reflect most accurately the degree of travel taken by the cells under observation. The methods in use are generally based on the Boyden chamber, following this, we have further developed the principle of the "raft" technique of chamber based

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1982 Journal of Clinical Pathology

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