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7321. Determinants of colorectal cancer screening use, attempts, and non-use. (Abstract)

Determinants of colorectal cancer screening use, attempts, and non-use. Relatively little is known about the experiences and preferences of users and those who attempt colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. This study describes factors influencing CRC screening decisions among users, attempters, attempter users (individuals who both attempted and completed at least one screening procedure), and non-users; identifies factors interfering with test completion; and describes correlates of screening (...) preferences.A primarily stratified random sample of patients from the University of Michigan Health System clinics, Ann Arbor, Michigan, with oversampling of FOBT attempters, completed a mailed questionnaire in fall, 2003. Descriptive and multivariate approaches evaluated factors influencing screening use and preferences."Accuracy of results" was reported most often as important when deciding about CRC screening regardless of screening status. The importance of psychological decisional factors differed

2007 Preventive Medicine

7322. Cost-effectiveness of targeted and tailored interventions on colorectal cancer screening use. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cost-effectiveness of targeted and tailored interventions on colorectal cancer screening use. Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening is cost-effective but underused. The objective of this study was to determine the cost-effectiveness of targeted and tailored behavioral interventions to increase CRC screening use by conducting an economic analysis associated with a randomized trial among patients in a large, racially and ethnically diverse, urban family practice in Philadelphia.The incremental costs (...) additional individual screened. Mailed SBT cards significantly boosted CRC screening use. However, going beyond the targeted intervention to include tailoring or tailoring plus reminder calls in the manner used in this study did not appear to be an economically attractive strategy.Cancer 2008. (c) 2007 American Cancer Society.

2007 Cancer

7323. Clinical evaluation of the vector algorithm for neonatal hearing screening using automated auditory brainstem response. (Abstract)

Clinical evaluation of the vector algorithm for neonatal hearing screening using automated auditory brainstem response. A novel auditory brainstem response (ABR) detection and scoring algorithm, entitled the Vector algorithm is described. An independent clinical evaluation of the algorithm using 464 tests (120 non-stimulated and 344 stimulated tests) on 60 infants, with a mean age of approximately 6.5 weeks, estimated test sensitivity greater than 0.99 and test specificity at 0.87 for one test

2004 Journal of Laryngology & Otology

7324. Genome-wide screening using automated fluorescent genotyping to detect cryptic cytogenetic abnormalities in children with idiopathic syndromic mental retardation. (Abstract)

Genome-wide screening using automated fluorescent genotyping to detect cryptic cytogenetic abnormalities in children with idiopathic syndromic mental retardation. Mental retardation (MR) is the most common developmental disability, affecting approximately 2% of the population. The causes of MR are diverse and poorly understood, but chromosomal rearrangements account for 4-28% of cases, and duplications/deletions smaller than 5 Mb are known to cause syndromic MR. We have previously developed

2004 Clinical Genetics

7325. Development of a cell-based high-throughput specificity screen using a hepatitis C virus-bovine viral diarrhea virus dual replicon assay. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Development of a cell-based high-throughput specificity screen using a hepatitis C virus-bovine viral diarrhea virus dual replicon assay. The hepatitis C virus (HCV) replicon is a unique system for the development of a high-throughput screen (HTS), since the analysis of inhibitors requires the quantification of a decrease in a steady-state level of HCV RNA. HCV replicon replication is dependent on host cell factors, and any toxic effects may have a significant impact on HCV replicon replication

2005 Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

7326. Genome-wide screening using array-CGH does not reveal microdeletions/microduplications in children with Kabuki syndrome. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Genome-wide screening using array-CGH does not reveal microdeletions/microduplications in children with Kabuki syndrome. Kabuki syndrome (KS) is a rare multiple congenital anomaly/mental retardation syndrome. It is characterized by a distinct facial appearance, mental retardation, postnatal growth retardation, skeletal anomalies, unusual dermatoglyphics and fetal fingertip pads. It has previously been speculated that KS is caused by a microdeletion or duplication. In a recent report

2005 European Journal of Human Genetics

7327. Comparison of currently available devices designed for newborn hearing screening using automated auditory brainstem and/or otoacoustic emission measurements. (Abstract)

Comparison of currently available devices designed for newborn hearing screening using automated auditory brainstem and/or otoacoustic emission measurements. Suitability in clinical practise of three currently available devices designed for automated newborn hearing screening, one combining evoked otoacoustic emissions (EOAE) and automated auditory brain stem response (AABR), the Echoscreen-TDA from Fischer-Zoth, and two AABR screeners, the Algo 3 from Natus and the Beraphone MB11 from Maico

2004 International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

7328. Rapid Group B Streptococci Screening Using a Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction Assay. (Abstract)

Rapid Group B Streptococci Screening Using a Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction Assay. To estimate the clinical performance characteristics of a real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay using vaginal/rectal swabs from antepartum (35-37 weeks of gestation) and intrapartum women.The assay evaluated is a qualitative, automated, real-time PCR test for the detection of group B streptococci, with results available in approximately 75 minutes. Enrollment in this multicenter clinical study

2008 Obstetrics and Gynecology

7329. The diagnostic accuracy and reproducibility of school dental screening using an index of treatment need. (Abstract)

The diagnostic accuracy and reproducibility of school dental screening using an index of treatment need. To test the use of an index in school screening programmes by assessing its accuracy in determining treatment need, and its reproducibility.Diagnostic accuracy was measured against a gold standard, inter-examiner and intra-examiner variation was measured by comparing the results of two examiners for the same subjects. Setting A large inner city primary school in Birmingham.570 primary school

2004 Community dental health

7330. Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening using sigmoidoscopy followed by colonoscopy: a feasibility and efficacy study on a cancer institute based population. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening using sigmoidoscopy followed by colonoscopy: a feasibility and efficacy study on a cancer institute based population. Advanced distal neoplasia found at sigmoidoscopy could be the marker for more proximal lesions.In the setting of a screening clinic, subjects underwent flexible sigmoidoscopy. If no significant lesion was found, sigmoidoscopy was planned after 5 years. If an advanced neoplasia was found, colonoscopy was performed just after the first

2006 Annals of Oncology

7331. Predictors of prophylactic bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy compared with gynecologic screening use in BRCA1/2 mutation carriers. (Abstract)

Predictors of prophylactic bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy compared with gynecologic screening use in BRCA1/2 mutation carriers. Women with BRCA1/2 gene mutations who have completed their childbearing are strong candidates for risk-reducing prophylactic bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (PBSO). The aim of the current study was to identify baseline predictors of PBSO versus gynecologic screening (GS) in this group of high-risk women.Baseline questionnaires were available from 160 BRCA1/2 carriers

2007 Journal of Clinical Oncology

7332. Ethnic Dance and Screen Time Reduction to Prevent Weight Gain in Latina Girls

Ethnic Dance and Screen Time Reduction to Prevent Weight Gain in Latina Girls Ethnic Dance and Screen Time Reduction to Prevent Weight Gain in Latina Girls - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more (...) . Ethnic Dance and Screen Time Reduction to Prevent Weight Gain in Latina Girls (ECHALE) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00476775 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : May 22, 2007 Last Update Posted : December 17, 2012 Sponsor: Stanford University Collaborator: National

2007 Clinical Trials

7333. A pilot of a video game (DDR) to promote physical activity and decrease sedentary screen time. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A pilot of a video game (DDR) to promote physical activity and decrease sedentary screen time. We examined the feasibility of Dance Dance Revolution (DDR), a dance video game, in participants' homes, to increase physical activity (PA) and to decrease sedentary screen time (SST).Sixty children (7.5 +/- 0.5 years) were randomized in a 2:1 ratio to DDR or to wait-list control (10-week delay). DDR use was logged, PA was measured objectively by accelerometry. SST was self-reported at weeks 0 and 10

2008 Obesity Controlled trial quality: uncertain

7334. Why did soft drink consumption decrease but screen time not? Mediating mechanisms in a school-based obesity prevention program. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Why did soft drink consumption decrease but screen time not? Mediating mechanisms in a school-based obesity prevention program. This paper aims to identify the mediating mechanisms of a school-based obesity prevention program (DOiT).The DOiT-program was implemented in Dutch prevocational secondary schools and evaluated using a controlled, cluster-randomised trial (September 2003 to May 2004). We examined mediators of effects regarding (1) consumption of sugar containing beverages (SCB); (2

2008 The international journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity Controlled trial quality: uncertain

7335. A Pilot of a Video Game (DDR) to Promote Physical Activity and Decrease Sedentary Screen Time. (Abstract)

A Pilot of a Video Game (DDR) to Promote Physical Activity and Decrease Sedentary Screen Time.

2008 Obesity

7336. Activity, inactivity, and screen time in relation to weight and fatness over adolescence in girls. (Abstract)

Activity, inactivity, and screen time in relation to weight and fatness over adolescence in girls. The impact of activity and inactivity on relative weight and fatness change are best evaluated longitudinally. We examined the longitudinal relationship of physical activity, inactivity, and screen time with relative weight status and percentage body fat (%BF) and explored how it differed by parental overweight status.Non-obese pre-menarcheal girls (173), 8 to 12 years old, were followed until 4 (...) years post-menarche. %BF, BMI z-score, and time spent sleeping, sitting, standing, walking, and in vigorous activity were assessed annually. We developed a physical activity index to reflect time and intensity of activity. Inactivity was defined as the sum of time spent sleeping, sitting, and standing. Screen time was defined as time spent viewing television, videotapes, or playing video games. Parental overweight was defined as at least one parent with BMI>25.In separate linear mixed effects models

2007 Obesity

7337. Does children's screen time predict requests for advertised products? Cross-sectional and prospective analyses. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Does children's screen time predict requests for advertised products? Cross-sectional and prospective analyses. To examine children's screen media exposure and requests for advertised toys and food/drinks.Prospective cohort study.Twelve elementary schools in northern California.Eight hundred twenty-seven third grade children participated at baseline; 386 students in 6 schools were followed up for 20 months.None.Child self-reported requests for advertised toys and foods/drinks.At baseline (...) , children's screen media time was significantly associated with concurrent requests for advertised toys (Spearman r = 0.15 [TV viewing] and r = 0.20 [total screen time]; both P<.001) and foods/drinks (Spearman r = 0.16 [TV viewing] and r = 0.18 [total screen time]; both P<.001). In prospective analysis, children's screen media time at baseline was significantly associated with their mean number of toy requests 7 to 20 months later (Spearman r = 0.21 [TV viewing] and r = 0.24 [total screen time]; both P

2006 Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine

7338. Combined Influence of Physical Activity and Screen Time Recommendations on Childhood Overweight. (Abstract)

Combined Influence of Physical Activity and Screen Time Recommendations on Childhood Overweight. To examine the combined influence of physical activity and screen time (television and video games) on the odds of being overweight and to evaluate the utility of current public policy recommendations.Physical activity was assessed by a pedometer and screen time was assessed by survey in a sample of 709 children age 7 to 12 years. The percentage of subjects meeting current physical activity (...) and screen time recommendations was calculated. Cross-tabulated physical activity-screen time groups were formed depending on whether or not the children were meeting current recommendations. Logistic regression was used to examine the influence of physical activity and screen time on the odds of being overweight.Children meeting physical activity and screen time recommendations were the least likely to be overweight. Approximately 10% of the boys and 20% of the girls meeting both recommendations were

2008 Journal of Pediatrics

7339. Estimation of mean sojourn time in breast cancer screening using a Markov chain model of both entry to and exit from the preclinical detectable phase. (Abstract)

Estimation of mean sojourn time in breast cancer screening using a Markov chain model of both entry to and exit from the preclinical detectable phase. The sojourn time, time spent in the preclinical detectable phase (PCDP) for chronic diseases, for example, breast cancer, plays an important role in the design and assessment of screening programmes. Traditional methods to estimate it usually assume a uniform incidence rate of preclinical disease from a randomized control group or historical data

1995 Statistics in medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

7340. Developmental screening using the Rourke Baby Record. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Developmental screening using the Rourke Baby Record. 10216778 1999 05 20 2018 11 13 0008-350X 45 1999 Apr Canadian family physician Medecin de famille canadien Can Fam Physician Developmental screening using the Rourke Baby Record. 869-70 Limbos M M MM Joyce D P DP eng Comment Letter Canada Can Fam Physician 0120300 0008-350X IM Can Fam Physician. 1998 Mar;44:558-67 9559196 Canada Developmental Disabilities diagnosis Family Practice Humans Infant, Newborn Mass Screening methods standards

1999 Canadian Family Physician

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