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21. Carotid artery plaque screening using abdominal aortic calcification on lumbar radiographs. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Carotid artery plaque screening using abdominal aortic calcification on lumbar radiographs. Arteriosclerotic disease is increasing due to aging of the population, and is associated with diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, obesity, and smoking. This disease may result in fatal cerebrovascular disease, and especially cardiogenic cerebral embolism caused by artery plaque-based atherothrombotic cerebral infarction. The study was performed to examine the relationship of abdominal aortic

2019 PLoS ONE

22. [Parent information on newborn screening using pulse oximetry addendum to commission S13-01]

[Parent information on newborn screening using pulse oximetry addendum to commission S13-01] Elterninformation zum pulsoxymetrie-screening bei neugeborenen: addendum zum auftrag S13-01 [Parent information on newborn screening using pulse oximetry; addendum to commission S13-01] Elterninformation zum pulsoxymetrie-screening bei neugeborenen: addendum zum auftrag S13-01 [Parent information on newborn screening using pulse oximetry; addendum to commission S13-01] Institut für Qualität und (...) Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Institut für Qualität und Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen. Elterninformation zum pulsoxymetrie-screening bei neugeborenen: addendum zum auftrag S13-01. [Parent information on newborn screening using pulse oximetry; addendum to commission S13-01] Cologne: Institut

2016 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

23. Lung cancer screening using low-dose computed tomography

Lung cancer screening using low-dose computed tomography 1 Prepared by the Standing Committee on Screening Endorsed by Cancer Australia 07/09/15, Cancer Council 10/09/15, and the Community Care and Population Health Principal Committee of the Australian Health Ministers’ Advisory Council 14/10/15 Position Statement: Lung Cancer Screening using Low-Dose Computed Tomography Lung cancer is one of the leading causes of death globally. 1 In Australia, lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer (...) ., Leong, SC., Windsor, M., Zimmerman, PV., Yang, IA., Fong, KM. (2015). ‘Low-dose CT screening using the NLST protocol appears feasible in the Australian health setting’, Eur Respir J. 45(1): 1734-1737. doi: 10.1183/09031936.00208714 21 Manser, R., Dalton, A., Carter, R., Byrnes, G., Elwood, M., Campbell, DA. (2005) ‘Cost-effectiveness analysis of screening for lung cancer with low dose spiral CT (computed tomography) in the Australian setting.’ Lung Cancer, 48(2):171-85. 22 Black, WC., Gareen

2015 Cancer Australia

24. Parenting to Reduce Child Screen Time: A Feasibility Pilot Study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Parenting to Reduce Child Screen Time: A Feasibility Pilot Study. Excessive screen time has been associated with a multitude of child health problems. This pilot study examined the feasibility and preliminary outcome of a novel 1-session intervention designed to help parents reduce their child's screen time.Thirty-nine parents of 5- to 12-year-old children were randomized to the intervention (a combined didactics and hands-on approach focused on technology-specific parenting) or waitlist (...) control group.The findings suggested that a sample could be recruited in a reasonable time (6 wk) at a reasonable cost, randomized, and retained at 6 weeks postintervention. Preliminary evidence suggested the intervention, which was implemented with fidelity, was associated with change in technology-specific parenting and 1 of 2 measures of child screen time. Parents reported satisfaction with the intervention and confidence in managing their child's screen time.The results of this pilot study suggest

2018 Journal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics : JDBP Controlled trial quality: uncertain

25. Associations between self-reported physical activity and screen time with cardiometabolic risk factors in adolescents: Findings from the 1993 Pelotas (Brazil) Birth Cohort Study. (Abstract)

Associations between self-reported physical activity and screen time with cardiometabolic risk factors in adolescents: Findings from the 1993 Pelotas (Brazil) Birth Cohort Study. The overall aim of this study was to examine the association of physical activity (PA) and screen time (ST) on indicators of cardio-metabolic risk during adolescence, by examining the combined association of PA and ST at ages 11, 15 and 18 on cardio-metabolic risk factors at 18 years. Data from the 1993 Pelotas (Brazil

2018 Preventive Medicine

26. The Longitudinal Impact of Screen Time on Adolescent Development: Moderation by Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Longitudinal Impact of Screen Time on Adolescent Development: Moderation by Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia. To date, little is known about underlying psychophysiological contributions to the impact of media content and overall screen time on adolescent psychological functioning. In the present study we examine respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) as a moderator of the link between specific types of media content use, overall media exposure, and the development of internalizing and aggressive (...) , but not prosocial, media content. For aggressive content, youth exhibiting RSA withdrawal reported significantly greater internalizing and aggressive symptoms when exposed to higher amounts of screen time and aggressive content.These findings suggest that profiles of heightened RSA withdrawal may place adolescents at greater risk to the negative impact of violent media, whereas prosocial media content may not significantly impact youth development of psychopathology. Implications for the role

2018 The Journal of Adolescent Health

27. Reducing NAFLD screening time: A comparative study of eight diagnostic methods offering an alternative to ultrasound scans. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Reducing NAFLD screening time: A comparative study of eight diagnostic methods offering an alternative to ultrasound scans. The use of ultrasound scan (US) in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) screening overloads US waiting lists. We hypothesized and tested a hybrid two-step method, consisting of applying a formula, to exclude subjects at low risk, before US.The sample included 2970 males and females (937 with NAFLD) diagnosed by US. We selected eight formulas: Fatty Liver Index (FLI

2018 Liver International

28. Screen time behaviours and caffeine intake in US children: findings from the cross-sectional National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Screen time behaviours and caffeine intake in US children: findings from the cross-sectional National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Screen time (ST) behaviours, for example, television (TV) watching and computer use, among youth are associated with unhealthy eating, and these patterns track over time. A positive association between ST and TV watching with consumption of caffeinated foods and beverages has been described in national samples of children in a few European

2018 BMJ Paediatrics Open

29. Patterns of Screen Time Among Rural Mexican-American Children on the New Mexico-Mexico Border Full Text available with Trip Pro

Patterns of Screen Time Among Rural Mexican-American Children on the New Mexico-Mexico Border The prevalence of obesity is 26% among Hispanic children and teenagers and 47% among Hispanic adults. One contributor to obesity is sedentary behavior, such as using electronic screen devices (ie, screens). Low-income and Hispanic youths spend more time using such devices than other youths.We interviewed 202 parents of Mexican-origin children aged 6 to 10 years in 2 rural communities near the US-Mexico (...) border to determine screen use among children. We tested for associations between covariates and heavy screen use (≥4 hours/day) and calculated adjusted odds ratios (AORs) to identify independent, modifiable risk factors for such use.More than two-thirds (68.3%) of households had an annual income of less than $24,000, 89.1% spoke primarily Spanish, and 92.1% had internet access. The percentage of children with heavy screen use was 14.9% on weekdays and 25.2% on weekends. Smartphones were used by 62.4

2018 Preventing chronic disease

30. Relationship between screen time and nutrient intake in Japanese children and adolescents: a cross-sectional observational study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Relationship between screen time and nutrient intake in Japanese children and adolescents: a cross-sectional observational study Sedentary behaviors have recently become an important public health issue. We aimed to investigate the relationship between screen time and nutrient intake in children and adolescents.The present study was conducted in 2013. Data were collected from children and adolescents aged between 6 and 15 years old in Shika town. Questionnaires were distributed to 1459 subjects (...) , were used to provide parameter estimates (β) and 95% CI for the relationship between screen time and nutrient intake.In boys, longer TV viewing times correlated or tended to correlate with a lower intake of protein, potassium, calcium, iron, vitamin K, vitamin B-2, and total dietary fiber. In girls, longer TV viewing times correlated with a lower intake of protein, sodium, calcium, vitamin D, and vitamin B-2. Longer TV viewing times correlated with a higher intake of n-6 fatty acids in girls. PC

2018 Environmental health and preventive medicine

31. Parental Internet Use and Lifestyle Factors as Correlates of Prolonged Screen Time of Children in Japan: Results From the Super Shokuiku School Project Full Text available with Trip Pro

Parental Internet Use and Lifestyle Factors as Correlates of Prolonged Screen Time of Children in Japan: Results From the Super Shokuiku School Project Prolonged screen time (ST), which includes TV viewing and gaming on smartphones and computers, is linked to poor health. Our aim was to explore the associations between school children with prolonged ST and parental internet use (IU) and lifestyles in Japan.Children aged 6 to 13 years from the Super Shokuiku School Project, were surveyed using (...) setting governing screen time (OR 2.41; 95% CI, 1.63-3.58), and mothers with full-time employment (OR 1.95; 95% CI, 1.06-3.64).Prolonged ST among Japanese children was strongly associated with parental IU, no set rules for ST, and mother's unhealthy lifestyles. To reduce children's ST, parental engagement is warranted in the intervention strategy.

2018 Journal of Epidemiology

32. Comparisons in Screen-Time Behaviours among Adolescents with and without Long-Term Illnesses or Disabilities: Results from 2013/14 HBSC Study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Comparisons in Screen-Time Behaviours among Adolescents with and without Long-Term Illnesses or Disabilities: Results from 2013/14 HBSC Study Reducing sedentary behaviours can help prevent non-communicable diseases, particularly among young adolescents with long term illnesses or disabilities (LTID). Much of young people's voluntary sedentary time is related to screen-time behaviours (STBs) such as TV viewing, playing computer games, and using the computer for other activities. Although public

2018 International journal of environmental research and public health

33. Associations between screen time and lower psychological well-being among children and adolescents: Evidence from a population-based study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Associations between screen time and lower psychological well-being among children and adolescents: Evidence from a population-based study Previous research on associations between screen time and psychological well-being among children and adolescents has been conflicting, leading some researchers to question the limits on screen time suggested by physician organizations. We examined a large (n = 40,337) national random sample of 2- to 17-year-old children and adolescents in the U.S. in 2016 (...) that included comprehensive measures of screen time (including cell phones, computers, electronic devices, electronic games, and TV) and an array of psychological well-being measures. After 1 h/day of use, more hours of daily screen time were associated with lower psychological well-being, including less curiosity, lower self-control, more distractibility, more difficulty making friends, less emotional stability, being more difficult to care for, and inability to finish tasks. Among 14- to 17-year-olds

2018 Preventive medicine reports

34. Insufficient Sleep Duration Is Associated With Dietary Habits, Screen Time, and Obesity in Children Full Text available with Trip Pro

Insufficient Sleep Duration Is Associated With Dietary Habits, Screen Time, and Obesity in Children To examine sleep duration and the association between insufficient sleep duration and life- style factors in a representative sample of Greek children and adolescents.Population data derived from a school-based health survey carried out in spring 2015 on 177,091 children (51% male) aged 8 to 17 years (participation rate was approximately 40% of the total population). Dietary habits, sleeping (...) with unhealthy dietary habits such as skipping breakfast (odds ratio [OR] 1.30, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.25-1.35), fast-food consumption (OR 1.35, 95% CI 1.29-1.41), and consuming sweets regularly (OR 1.32, 95% CI 1.25-1.39). Insufficient sleep duration was found to be associated with insufficient dietary habits (OR 0.59, 95% CI 0.54-0.64), increased screen time (OR 1.26, 95% CI 1.21-1.31), and being overweight/obese (OR 1.21, 95% CI 1.17-1.25), after adjusting for several covariates.Insufficient sleep

2018 Journal of clinical sleep medicine : JCSM : official publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine

35. Physical Activity, Screen Time, and Dietary Intake in Families: A Cluster-Analysis With Mother-Father-Child Triads Full Text available with Trip Pro

Physical Activity, Screen Time, and Dietary Intake in Families: A Cluster-Analysis With Mother-Father-Child Triads Background: The co-occurrence of multiple health behaviors such as physical activity, diet, and sedentary behavior affects individuals' health. Co-occurence of different health behaviors has been shown in a large number of studies. This study extended this perspective by addressing the co-occurrence of multiple health behaviors in multiple persons. The objective was to examine (...) familial health behavioral patterns by (1) identifying clusters of families with similar behavior patterns and (2) characterizing the clusters by analyzing their correlates. Methods: Cross-sectional data were collected from 198 families (mother, father, and child). Mothers, fathers, and children completed questionnaires assessing health related behaviors (physical activity, consumption of "healthy" and "unhealthy" foods, and screen time), the perception of Family Health Climate (regarding physical

2018 Frontiers in public health

36. Original quantitative research The association of school connectedness and bullying involvement with multiple screen-time behaviours among youth in two Canadian provinces: a COMPASS study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Original quantitative research The association of school connectedness and bullying involvement with multiple screen-time behaviours among youth in two Canadian provinces: a COMPASS study Screen time, a proxy for sedentary behaviours, has emerged as a critical health determinant among youth in contemporary societies, where most aspects of youth life involve access to screen-time devices. An understudied approach to reducing screen time among youth is bullying reduction. This study aims (...) to understand the association between bullying perpetration, victimization, youth perception of the school environment and multiple screen-time behaviours.A total of 44,861 youth aged between 13 and 18 years in two Canadian provinces completed a validated questionnaire that collected student data on health behaviours and outcomes, including multiple screen-time behaviours, bullying perpetration and victimization, and school connectedness. The outcome variables were total screen time, time spent watching

2018 Health promotion and chronic disease prevention in Canada : research, policy and practice

37. Joint Association of Screen Time and Physical Activity with Obesity: Findings from the Korea Media Panel Study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Joint Association of Screen Time and Physical Activity with Obesity: Findings from the Korea Media Panel Study There is evidence to suggest that sedentary behavior is associated with a higher risk of metabolic disease. The aim of this study was to investigate cross-sectional joint associations of physical activity (PA) and screen time (ST), with the risk of obesity in Korean adults.The Korea Media Panel Study consisted of a household interview and a self-administered diary survey on media usage (...) in the analyses.Increased ST was significantly associated with the risk of obesity (controlling for other possible confounders), but PA level was not found to be significantly linked. Participants who engaged in screen time > 6 hours per day had a higher incidence of obesity.This study provides evidence of the association between ST and the increased incidence of obesity measured by BMI, independent of PA amongst Korean adults.

2018 Osong public health and research perspectives

38. Screen Time, Physical Activity and Self-Esteem in Children: The Ulm Birth Cohort Study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Screen Time, Physical Activity and Self-Esteem in Children: The Ulm Birth Cohort Study Screen time is a central activity of children’s daily life and jeopardizes mental health. However, results appear inconclusive and are often based on small cross-sectional studies. We aimed to investigate the temporal sequence of the association between screen time and self-esteem taking into account further indirect effects through family or friendship relationship. In our population-based birth cohort (...) study (baseline November 2000⁻November 2001, Ulm, Germany), these relationships were explored in n = 519 11- and 13-year-old children and their parents who both provided information on children’s screen time: time spent watching television or videos (TV), time spent on computers, video game consoles, mobile devices, or cell phones; so called “other screen time”, and children’s self-esteem (KINDL-R). Time watching TV (self-reported) at age 11 was negatively associated

2018 International journal of environmental research and public health

39. Children’s screen time alters the expression of saliva extracellular miR-222 and miR-146a Full Text available with Trip Pro

Children’s screen time alters the expression of saliva extracellular miR-222 and miR-146a An imbalance between energy uptake and energy expenditure is the most important reason for increasing trends in obesity starting from early in life. Extracellular miRNAs are expressed in all bodily fluids and their expression is influenced by a broad range of stimuli. We examined whether screen time, physical activity and BMI are associated with children's salivary extracellular miR-222 and miR-146a (...) expression. In 80 children the extracellular fraction of saliva was obtained by means of differential centrifugation and ultracentrifugation. Expression levels of miR-222 and miR-146a were profiled by qPCR. We studied the association between children's salivary extracellular miRNA expression and screen time, physical activity and BMI using mixed models, while accounting for potential confounders. We found that higher screen time was positively associated with salivary extracellular miR-222 and miR-146a

2018 Scientific reports

40. Contrasting Screen-Time and Green-Time: A Case for Using Smart Technology and Nature to Optimize Learning Processes Full Text available with Trip Pro

Contrasting Screen-Time and Green-Time: A Case for Using Smart Technology and Nature to Optimize Learning Processes 29910749 2018 11 14 1664-1078 9 2018 Frontiers in psychology Front Psychol Contrasting Screen-Time and Green-Time: A Case for Using Smart Technology and Nature to Optimize Learning Processes. 773 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00773 Schilhab Theresa S S TSS Future Technology, Culture and Learning, Danish School of Education, University of Aarhus, Copenhagen, Denmark. Stevenson Matt P MP

2018 Frontiers in psychology

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