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1. Screen time and young children: Promoting health and development in a digital world

Screen time and young children: Promoting health and development in a digital world The digital landscape is evolving more quickly than research on the effects of screen media on the development, learning and family life of young children. This statement examines the potential benefits and risks of screen media in children younger than 5 years, focusing on developmental, psychosocial and physical health. Evidence-based guidance to optimize and support children’s early media experiences involves (...) four principles: minimizing, mitigating, mindfully using and modelling healthy use of screens. Knowing how young children learn and develop informs best practice strategies for health care providers. Keywords: Development; Digital media; Health; Infant; Preschool child; Screen time    

2017 Canadian Paediatric Society

2. Screen time and young children: Promoting health and development in a digital world

Screen time and young children: Promoting health and development in a digital world The digital landscape is evolving more quickly than research on the effects of screen media on the development, learning and family life of young children. This statement examines the potential benefits and risks of screen media in children younger than 5 years, focusing on developmental, psychosocial and physical health. Evidence-based guidance to optimize and support children’s early media experiences involves (...) four principles: minimizing, mitigating, mindfully using and modelling healthy use of screens. Knowing how young children learn and develop informs best practice strategies for health care providers. Keywords: Development; Digital media; Health; Infant; Preschool child; Screen time    

2017 Canadian Paediatric Society

3. Digital media: Promoting healthy screen use in school-aged children and adolescents

and families involves four principles: healthy management , meaningful screen use, positive modelling , and balanced, informed monitoring of screen time and behaviours.  Keywords: Adolescents; Children; Development; Digital media; Family; Health; Screen use (...) Digital media: Promoting healthy screen use in school-aged children and adolescents Digital media are integrated into the everyday lives of children and adolescents, with potential benefits and risks for learning, mental and physical health, and for social life. This statement examines the cognitive, psychosocial, and physical effects of digital media on school-aged children and adolescents, with a focus on family routines, context, and activities. Evidence-based guidance for clinicians

2019 Canadian Paediatric Society

4. What mums think matters: A mediating model of maternal perceptions of the impact of screen time on preschoolers' actual screen time (PubMed)

What mums think matters: A mediating model of maternal perceptions of the impact of screen time on preschoolers' actual screen time Screen time during the preschool years is detrimental to wellbeing. The impact of parental perceptions on preschoolers' screen time is unknown. This paper explores the association between maternal perceptions of the impact of screen time on their preschoolers' wellbeing with their child's screen time and the potential mediating role of their perception (...) of the appropriate amount of screen time. In 2013-2014, mothers of 575 preschoolers (2-5 years; metropolitan Melbourne and online sources) reported: their perceptions of the impact of screen time on 11 aspects of wellbeing, conceptually grouped to physical, social and cognitive well-being; their perceptions of the appropriate amount of screen time for preschoolers; and their child's actual screen time. Regression analyses investigated associations between perceptions and children's screen time. Mediation

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2017 Preventive medicine reports

5. Screen time and social media: Interventions to protect our children’s health

influencers on children’s screen time habits, and it is imperative that they set an example of healthy online behaviours. The UK CMOs commend the work of the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health in developing questions and practical tips to support families’ discussion of their screen use . [7] The UK CMOs have also produced advice for parents on how to incorporate screen use into health development. [ 8] To better understand the intersection of screen time and health more comprehensive research (...) Screen time and social media: Interventions to protect our children’s health Screen time and social media: Interventions to protect our children’s health - The BMJ ---> An appropriate mechanism for measuring children’s digital engagement needs to be developed Today’s children have screens integrated into daily life from an early age. There are advantages of having this online world at their fingertips, but the potential threat to their health and development has become of increasing concern

2019 The BMJ Blog

6. Screen-time is associated with inattention problems in preschoolers: Results from the CHILD birth cohort study. (PubMed)

Screen-time is associated with inattention problems in preschoolers: Results from the CHILD birth cohort study. Pre-school children spend an average of two-hours daily using screens. We examined associations between screen-time on pre-school behavior using data from the Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development (CHILD) study.CHILD participant parents completed the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) at five-years of age. Parents reported their child's total screen-time including gaming (...) and mobile devices. Screen-time was categorized using the recommended threshold of two-hours/day for five-years or one-hour/day for three-years. Multiple linear regression examined associations between screen-time and externalizing behavior (e.g. inattention and aggression). Multiple logistic regression identified characteristics of children at risk for clinically significant externalizing problems (CBCL T-score≥65).Screen-time was available for over 95% of children (2,322/2,427) with CBCL data. Mean

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2019 PLoS ONE

7. A systematic review of the association between screen time and sleep in school-aged children and adolescents

A systematic review of the association between screen time and sleep in school-aged children and adolescents Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files

2019 PROSPERO

8. How is adults' screen time behaviour influencing their views on screen time restrictions for children? A cross-sectional study. (PubMed)

%) and non-work days (88%). Adults spending ≤ 2 h/day in leisure-related screen time were less likely to permit children > 2 h/day of screen time. These associations did not differ by adult gender and parental status.Most adults think it is appropriate to limit children's screen time to the recommended ≤ 2 h/day but few adults themselves adhere to this screen time limit. Adults with lower screen use may be more inclined to limit children's screen time. Strategies to reduce screen time in children may (...) How is adults' screen time behaviour influencing their views on screen time restrictions for children? A cross-sectional study. High screen time in children and its detrimental health effects is a major public health problem. How much screen time adults think is appropriate for children remains little explored, as well as whether adults' screen time behaviour would determine their views on screen time restrictions for children. This study aimed to investigate how adults' screen time behaviour

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2016 BMC Public Health

9. [Parent information on newborn screening using pulse oximetry addendum to commission S13-01]

[Parent information on newborn screening using pulse oximetry addendum to commission S13-01] Elterninformation zum pulsoxymetrie-screening bei neugeborenen: addendum zum auftrag S13-01 [Parent information on newborn screening using pulse oximetry; addendum to commission S13-01] Elterninformation zum pulsoxymetrie-screening bei neugeborenen: addendum zum auftrag S13-01 [Parent information on newborn screening using pulse oximetry; addendum to commission S13-01] Institut für Qualität und (...) Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Institut für Qualität und Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen. Elterninformation zum pulsoxymetrie-screening bei neugeborenen: addendum zum auftrag S13-01. [Parent information on newborn screening using pulse oximetry; addendum to commission S13-01] Cologne: Institut

2016 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

10. Association Between Screen Time and Children's Performance on a Developmental Screening Test. (PubMed)

Association Between Screen Time and Children's Performance on a Developmental Screening Test. Excessive screen time is associated with delays in development; however, it is unclear if greater screen time predicts lower performance scores on developmental screening tests or if children with poor developmental performance receive added screen time as a way to modulate challenging behavior.To assess the directional association between screen time and child development in a population of mothers (...) and children.This longitudinal cohort study used a 3-wave, cross-lagged panel model in 2441 mothers and children in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, drawn from the All Our Families study. Data were available when children were aged 24, 36, and 60 months. Data were collected between October 20, 2011, and October 6, 2016. Statistical analyses were conducted from July 31 to November 15, 2018.Media.At age 24, 36, and 60 months, children's screen-time behavior (total hours per week) and developmental outcomes (Ages

2019 JAMA pediatrics

11. Physical activity, screen time, and outdoor learning environment practices and policy implementation: a cross sectional study of Texas child care centers. (PubMed)

Physical activity, screen time, and outdoor learning environment practices and policy implementation: a cross sectional study of Texas child care centers. Early care and education (ECE) centers are important for combating childhood obesity. Understanding policies and practices of ECE centers is necessary for promotion of healthy behaviors. The purpose of this study is to describe self-reported practices, outdoor environment aspects, and center policies for physical activity and screen time (...) respondents. > 80% of centers meet best practice recommendations for screen time practices for infants and toddlers, although written policies were low (M = 1.4 policies, SD = 1.65, range = 0-6). For physical activity, < 30% meet best practice recommendations with M = 3.9 policies (SD = 3.0, range = 0-10) policies reported. Outdoor learning environment indicators (M = 5.7 policies, SD = 2.5, range = 0-12) and adequate play settings, storage (< 40%), and greenery (< 20%) were reported.This statewide

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2019 BMC Public Health

12. Is screen time associated with anxiety or depression in young people? Results from a UK birth cohort. (PubMed)

Is screen time associated with anxiety or depression in young people? Results from a UK birth cohort. There is limited and conflicting evidence for associations between use of screen-based technology and anxiety and depression in young people. We examined associations between screen time measured at 16 years and anxiety and depression at 18.Participants (n = 14,665; complete cases n = 1869) were from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, a UK-based prospective cohort study. We (...) assessed associations between various types of screen time (watching television, using a computer, and texting, all measured via questionnaire at 16y), both on weekdays and at weekends, and anxiety and depression (measured via the Revised Clinical Interview Schedule at 18y). Using ordinal logistic regression, we adjusted for multiple confounders, particularly focussing on activities that might have been replaced by screen time (for example exercising or playing outdoors).More time spent using

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2019 BMC Public Health

13. Associations between family structure and young people's physical activity and screen time behaviors. (PubMed)

Associations between family structure and young people's physical activity and screen time behaviors. Identifying factors that can influence young peoples' physical activity and sedentary behaviors is important for the development of effective interventions. The family structure in which children grow up may be one such factor. As the prevalence of single parent and reconstituted families have increased substantially over the last decades, the objective of this study was to examine whether (...) these family structures are differentially associated with young people's MVPA, participation in organized sports and screen-time activities (screen-based passive entertainment, gaming, other screen-based activities) as compared to traditional nuclear families.The data stem from the 2013/2014 "Health Behaviour in School- aged Children (HBSC) study". A large Norwegian sample of 11-16 years old students (n = 4509) participated. Cluster-adjusted regression models were estimated using full information maximum

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2019 BMC Public Health

14. The longitudinal impact of diet, physical activity, sleep, and screen time on Canadian adolescents' academic achievement: An analysis from the COMPASS study. (PubMed)

The longitudinal impact of diet, physical activity, sleep, and screen time on Canadian adolescents' academic achievement: An analysis from the COMPASS study. Adequate amounts of physical activity, sleep, and screen time along with a healthy diet have been demonstrated to have positive associations with academic achievement. No longitudinal study has investigated the simultaneous relationship between all of these behaviours and academic achievement. Data from 11,016 adolescent participants (...) information, body weight status, and baseline academic achievement. Students who adhered to a greater number of recommendations performed better than students who adhered to fewer recommendations. Meeting recommendations for Meat and Alternatives (protein-rich foods) and screen time were consistently associated with higher academic achievement compared to students who did not meet these recommendations. A change from not meeting recommendations for Vegetables and Fruit to meeting the recommendation

2019 Preventive Medicine

15. Pubertal development and screen time among South Korean adolescents: testing body mass index and psychological well-being as mediators (PubMed)

Pubertal development and screen time among South Korean adolescents: testing body mass index and psychological well-being as mediators This study tested links between pubertal development and screen time among South Korean adolescent boys and girls.Secondary analysis was conducted on data from the Korean Children and Youth Panel Study (KCYPS) involving 2071 adolescents (age M = 13.14 years). Body mass index (BMI) at Grade 8 (baseline), self-esteem and depression at Grade 9 were examined (...) as mediators of the relationship between pubertal development and screen time after adjusting for household income and academic performance. Structural equation modeling was used to assess direct and indirect pathways between pubertal development at Grade 8 and screen time at Grade 9.No direct effect of pubertal development on screen time was found. But, an indirect effect existed for boys from pubertal development to screen time through BMI. Earlier pubertal development predicted higher BMI, and in turn

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2016 Global health research and policy

16. Endoscopic screening using esophageal iodine staining and genotypes of ADH1B and ALDH2 in Japanese alcohol-dependent women. (PubMed)

Endoscopic screening using esophageal iodine staining and genotypes of ADH1B and ALDH2 in Japanese alcohol-dependent women. The presence of large or multiple esophageal distinct iodine-unstained lesions (DIULs) is a strong predictor of field cancerization in the upper aerodigestive tract. Several risk factors for DIULs, including genetic polymorphisms of alcohol and aldehyde dehydrogenases (ADH1B, rs1229984; ALDH2, rs671), have been demonstrated in Japanese alcohol-dependent men. However, few (...) evaluations of alcohol-dependent women have been conducted in this field.Using multiple logistic regression models, we investigated the results of screening using esophageal iodine staining and the identification of determinants for esophageal DIULs in 472 Japanese alcohol-dependent women.DIULs ≥5 mm, multiple DILUs, and both characteristics were observed in 35 (7.4%), 31 (6.6%), and 16 (3.4%) patients, respectively. DIULs ≥5 mm were histologically diagnosed as low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia in 26

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2019 PLoS ONE

17. Carotid artery plaque screening using abdominal aortic calcification on lumbar radiographs. (PubMed)

Carotid artery plaque screening using abdominal aortic calcification on lumbar radiographs. Arteriosclerotic disease is increasing due to aging of the population, and is associated with diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, obesity, and smoking. This disease may result in fatal cerebrovascular disease, and especially cardiogenic cerebral embolism caused by artery plaque-based atherothrombotic cerebral infarction. The study was performed to examine the relationship of abdominal aortic

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2019 PLoS ONE

18. Randomised controlled trial: Fifty years of age-based screening: time for a new risk-based screening approach

Randomised controlled trial: Fifty years of age-based screening: time for a new risk-based screening approach Fifty years of age-based screening: time for a new risk-based screening approach | BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts (...) OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Fifty years of age-based screening: time for a new risk-based screening approach Article Text Prevention Randomised controlled trial Fifty years of age-based screening: time for a new risk-based

2014 Evidence-Based Medicine (Requires free registration)

19. Joint Association of Screen Time and Physical Activity with Obesity: Findings from the Korea Media Panel Study (PubMed)

Joint Association of Screen Time and Physical Activity with Obesity: Findings from the Korea Media Panel Study There is evidence to suggest that sedentary behavior is associated with a higher risk of metabolic disease. The aim of this study was to investigate cross-sectional joint associations of physical activity (PA) and screen time (ST), with the risk of obesity in Korean adults.The Korea Media Panel Study consisted of a household interview and a self-administered diary survey on media usage (...) in the analyses.Increased ST was significantly associated with the risk of obesity (controlling for other possible confounders), but PA level was not found to be significantly linked. Participants who engaged in screen time > 6 hours per day had a higher incidence of obesity.This study provides evidence of the association between ST and the increased incidence of obesity measured by BMI, independent of PA amongst Korean adults.

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2018 Osong public health and research perspectives

20. Relationship of Parental and Adolescents' Screen Time to Self-Rated Health: A Structural Equation Modeling. (PubMed)

Relationship of Parental and Adolescents' Screen Time to Self-Rated Health: A Structural Equation Modeling. To investigate the association of parental and adolescents' screen time with self-rated health and to examine the mediating effects of psychosocial factors (social relationships and distress) on this association.A cross-sectional study was conducted among 984 Brazilian adolescents (10- to 17-year-olds). Self-rated health, screen time (adolescents and parental), and perception of social (...) relationships and distress were evaluated through self-report questionnaires. Structural equation modeling was adopted to investigate the pathways of the relationship between adolescents' screen time and self-rated health.Adolescents' screen time was directly and negatively related to self-rated health only in boys ( r = -0.158, p = .015). In girls, screen time was related to self-rated health through distress ( r = -0.188, p = .007) and social relationships ( r = 0.176, p = .008). The models fit

2018 Health Education & Behavior

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