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1. Screen time and young children: Promoting health and development in a digital world

Screen time and young children: Promoting health and development in a digital world The digital landscape is evolving more quickly than research on the effects of screen media on the development, learning and family life of young children. This statement examines the potential benefits and risks of screen media in children younger than 5 years, focusing on developmental, psychosocial and physical health. Evidence-based guidance to optimize and support children’s early media experiences involves (...) four principles: minimizing, mitigating, mindfully using and modelling healthy use of screens. Knowing how young children learn and develop informs best practice strategies for health care providers. Keywords: Development; Digital media; Health; Infant; Preschool child; Screen time    

2017 Canadian Paediatric Society

2. Screen time and young children: Promoting health and development in a digital world

Screen time and young children: Promoting health and development in a digital world The digital landscape is evolving more quickly than research on the effects of screen media on the development, learning and family life of young children. This statement examines the potential benefits and risks of screen media in children younger than 5 years, focusing on developmental, psychosocial and physical health. Evidence-based guidance to optimize and support children’s early media experiences involves (...) four principles: minimizing, mitigating, mindfully using and modelling healthy use of screens. Knowing how young children learn and develop informs best practice strategies for health care providers. Keywords: Development; Digital media; Health; Infant; Preschool child; Screen time    

2017 Canadian Paediatric Society

3. Digital media: Promoting healthy screen use in school-aged children and adolescents

and families involves four principles: healthy management , meaningful screen use, positive modelling , and balanced, informed monitoring of screen time and behaviours.  Keywords: Adolescents; Children; Development; Digital media; Family; Health; Screen use (...) Digital media: Promoting healthy screen use in school-aged children and adolescents Digital media are integrated into the everyday lives of children and adolescents, with potential benefits and risks for learning, mental and physical health, and for social life. This statement examines the cognitive, psychosocial, and physical effects of digital media on school-aged children and adolescents, with a focus on family routines, context, and activities. Evidence-based guidance for clinicians

2019 Canadian Paediatric Society

4. What mums think matters: A mediating model of maternal perceptions of the impact of screen time on preschoolers' actual screen time (Full text)

What mums think matters: A mediating model of maternal perceptions of the impact of screen time on preschoolers' actual screen time Screen time during the preschool years is detrimental to wellbeing. The impact of parental perceptions on preschoolers' screen time is unknown. This paper explores the association between maternal perceptions of the impact of screen time on their preschoolers' wellbeing with their child's screen time and the potential mediating role of their perception (...) of the appropriate amount of screen time. In 2013-2014, mothers of 575 preschoolers (2-5 years; metropolitan Melbourne and online sources) reported: their perceptions of the impact of screen time on 11 aspects of wellbeing, conceptually grouped to physical, social and cognitive well-being; their perceptions of the appropriate amount of screen time for preschoolers; and their child's actual screen time. Regression analyses investigated associations between perceptions and children's screen time. Mediation

2017 Preventive medicine reports PubMed

5. Screen time and social media: Interventions to protect our children’s health

influencers on children’s screen time habits, and it is imperative that they set an example of healthy online behaviours. The UK CMOs commend the work of the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health in developing questions and practical tips to support families’ discussion of their screen use . [7] The UK CMOs have also produced advice for parents on how to incorporate screen use into health development. [ 8] To better understand the intersection of screen time and health more comprehensive research (...) Screen time and social media: Interventions to protect our children’s health Screen time and social media: Interventions to protect our children’s health - The BMJ ---> An appropriate mechanism for measuring children’s digital engagement needs to be developed Today’s children have screens integrated into daily life from an early age. There are advantages of having this online world at their fingertips, but the potential threat to their health and development has become of increasing concern

2019 The BMJ Blog

6. Screen-time is associated with inattention problems in preschoolers: Results from the CHILD birth cohort study. (Full text)

Screen-time is associated with inattention problems in preschoolers: Results from the CHILD birth cohort study. Pre-school children spend an average of two-hours daily using screens. We examined associations between screen-time on pre-school behavior using data from the Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development (CHILD) study.CHILD participant parents completed the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) at five-years of age. Parents reported their child's total screen-time including gaming (...) and mobile devices. Screen-time was categorized using the recommended threshold of two-hours/day for five-years or one-hour/day for three-years. Multiple linear regression examined associations between screen-time and externalizing behavior (e.g. inattention and aggression). Multiple logistic regression identified characteristics of children at risk for clinically significant externalizing problems (CBCL T-score≥65).Screen-time was available for over 95% of children (2,322/2,427) with CBCL data. Mean

2019 PLoS ONE PubMed

7. A systematic review of the association between screen time and sleep in school-aged children and adolescents

A systematic review of the association between screen time and sleep in school-aged children and adolescents Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files

2019 PROSPERO

8. What behaviour change techniques are associated with effective interventions to reduce screen time in 0-5 year olds? A systematic review

What behaviour change techniques are associated with effective interventions to reduce screen time in 0-5 year olds? A systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration

2019 PROSPERO

9. Measurement of screen time among preschool-aged children: a systematic review

Measurement of screen time among preschool-aged children: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email

2019 PROSPERO

10. Levels of habitual 24-hour movement behaviours (time spent in physical activity, sedentary behaviour including screen time, and sleep) among 3-4 year olds in sub-Saharan Africa

Levels of habitual 24-hour movement behaviours (time spent in physical activity, sedentary behaviour including screen time, and sleep) among 3-4 year olds in sub-Saharan Africa Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability

2019 PROSPERO

11. How is adults' screen time behaviour influencing their views on screen time restrictions for children? A cross-sectional study. (Full text)

%) and non-work days (88%). Adults spending ≤ 2 h/day in leisure-related screen time were less likely to permit children > 2 h/day of screen time. These associations did not differ by adult gender and parental status.Most adults think it is appropriate to limit children's screen time to the recommended ≤ 2 h/day but few adults themselves adhere to this screen time limit. Adults with lower screen use may be more inclined to limit children's screen time. Strategies to reduce screen time in children may (...) How is adults' screen time behaviour influencing their views on screen time restrictions for children? A cross-sectional study. High screen time in children and its detrimental health effects is a major public health problem. How much screen time adults think is appropriate for children remains little explored, as well as whether adults' screen time behaviour would determine their views on screen time restrictions for children. This study aimed to investigate how adults' screen time behaviour

2016 BMC Public Health PubMed

12. [Parent information on newborn screening using pulse oximetry addendum to commission S13-01]

[Parent information on newborn screening using pulse oximetry addendum to commission S13-01] Elterninformation zum pulsoxymetrie-screening bei neugeborenen: addendum zum auftrag S13-01 [Parent information on newborn screening using pulse oximetry; addendum to commission S13-01] Elterninformation zum pulsoxymetrie-screening bei neugeborenen: addendum zum auftrag S13-01 [Parent information on newborn screening using pulse oximetry; addendum to commission S13-01] Institut für Qualität und (...) Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Institut für Qualität und Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen. Elterninformation zum pulsoxymetrie-screening bei neugeborenen: addendum zum auftrag S13-01. [Parent information on newborn screening using pulse oximetry; addendum to commission S13-01] Cologne: Institut

2016 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

13. Association Between Screen Time and Children's Performance on a Developmental Screening Test. (PubMed)

Association Between Screen Time and Children's Performance on a Developmental Screening Test. Excessive screen time is associated with delays in development; however, it is unclear if greater screen time predicts lower performance scores on developmental screening tests or if children with poor developmental performance receive added screen time as a way to modulate challenging behavior.To assess the directional association between screen time and child development in a population of mothers (...) and children.This longitudinal cohort study used a 3-wave, cross-lagged panel model in 2441 mothers and children in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, drawn from the All Our Families study. Data were available when children were aged 24, 36, and 60 months. Data were collected between October 20, 2011, and October 6, 2016. Statistical analyses were conducted from July 31 to November 15, 2018.Media.At age 24, 36, and 60 months, children's screen-time behavior (total hours per week) and developmental outcomes (Ages

2019 JAMA pediatrics

14. Physical activity, screen time, and outdoor learning environment practices and policy implementation: a cross sectional study of Texas child care centers. (Full text)

Physical activity, screen time, and outdoor learning environment practices and policy implementation: a cross sectional study of Texas child care centers. Early care and education (ECE) centers are important for combating childhood obesity. Understanding policies and practices of ECE centers is necessary for promotion of healthy behaviors. The purpose of this study is to describe self-reported practices, outdoor environment aspects, and center policies for physical activity and screen time (...) respondents. > 80% of centers meet best practice recommendations for screen time practices for infants and toddlers, although written policies were low (M = 1.4 policies, SD = 1.65, range = 0-6). For physical activity, < 30% meet best practice recommendations with M = 3.9 policies (SD = 3.0, range = 0-10) policies reported. Outdoor learning environment indicators (M = 5.7 policies, SD = 2.5, range = 0-12) and adequate play settings, storage (< 40%), and greenery (< 20%) were reported.This statewide

2019 BMC Public Health PubMed

15. Is screen time associated with anxiety or depression in young people? Results from a UK birth cohort. (Full text)

Is screen time associated with anxiety or depression in young people? Results from a UK birth cohort. There is limited and conflicting evidence for associations between use of screen-based technology and anxiety and depression in young people. We examined associations between screen time measured at 16 years and anxiety and depression at 18.Participants (n = 14,665; complete cases n = 1869) were from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, a UK-based prospective cohort study. We (...) assessed associations between various types of screen time (watching television, using a computer, and texting, all measured via questionnaire at 16y), both on weekdays and at weekends, and anxiety and depression (measured via the Revised Clinical Interview Schedule at 18y). Using ordinal logistic regression, we adjusted for multiple confounders, particularly focussing on activities that might have been replaced by screen time (for example exercising or playing outdoors).More time spent using

2019 BMC Public Health PubMed

16. Associations between family structure and young people's physical activity and screen time behaviors. (Full text)

Associations between family structure and young people's physical activity and screen time behaviors. Identifying factors that can influence young peoples' physical activity and sedentary behaviors is important for the development of effective interventions. The family structure in which children grow up may be one such factor. As the prevalence of single parent and reconstituted families have increased substantially over the last decades, the objective of this study was to examine whether (...) these family structures are differentially associated with young people's MVPA, participation in organized sports and screen-time activities (screen-based passive entertainment, gaming, other screen-based activities) as compared to traditional nuclear families.The data stem from the 2013/2014 "Health Behaviour in School- aged Children (HBSC) study". A large Norwegian sample of 11-16 years old students (n = 4509) participated. Cluster-adjusted regression models were estimated using full information maximum

2019 BMC Public Health PubMed

17. Feasibility of wearable cameras to assess screen time and time spent restrained in children aged 3 to 5 years: a study protocol. (PubMed)

Feasibility of wearable cameras to assess screen time and time spent restrained in children aged 3 to 5 years: a study protocol. Wearable cameras may help overcome the limitations of existing tools to measure young children's sedentary behaviour, but their use introduces a range of ethical challenges. The primary aim of this study is to determine the feasibility of using wearable cameras to measure the two aspects of sedentary behaviour currently included in evidence-based guidelines (ie (...) , screen time and time spent restrained). If shown to be feasible, a secondary aim will be to validate subjective measures against the directly measured screen time and time spent restrained.A convenience sample (n=20) will be recruited via flyers at the University of Strathclyde and advertisements on online forums for parents of young children (aged 3 to 5 years). Children will be provided with a wearable camera, attached to the front of their clothing with a clip, to be worn for 3 days (2 non

2019 BMJ open

18. Area deprivation, screen time and consumption of food and drink high in fat salt and sugar (HFSS) in young people: results from a cross-sectional study in the UK. (PubMed)

Area deprivation, screen time and consumption of food and drink high in fat salt and sugar (HFSS) in young people: results from a cross-sectional study in the UK. To investigate associations between deprivation in young people and consumption of foods high in fat, salt and sugar (HFSS), screen time exposure and health knowledge.An online cross-sectional survey with people aged 11-19 years in the UK, where participants reported consumption behaviours across 13 HFSS and two non-HFSS groups (...) ; screen time for commercial television and streaming services; and knowledge of health conditions and their links to obesity.UK PARTICIPANTS: A total of 3348 young people aged 11-19 years across the UK.The study assessed the consumption behaviours, commercial screen time exposure and the health knowledge of 3348 people aged 11-19 years. Multivariate binary regression analysis, controlling for age and gender, was performed.Deprivation level was associated with increases in consumption of six

2019 BMJ open

19. The longitudinal impact of diet, physical activity, sleep, and screen time on Canadian adolescents' academic achievement: An analysis from the COMPASS study. (PubMed)

The longitudinal impact of diet, physical activity, sleep, and screen time on Canadian adolescents' academic achievement: An analysis from the COMPASS study. Adequate amounts of physical activity, sleep, and screen time along with a healthy diet have been demonstrated to have positive associations with academic achievement. No longitudinal study has investigated the simultaneous relationship between all of these behaviours and academic achievement. Data from 11,016 adolescent participants (...) information, body weight status, and baseline academic achievement. Students who adhered to a greater number of recommendations performed better than students who adhered to fewer recommendations. Meeting recommendations for Meat and Alternatives (protein-rich foods) and screen time were consistently associated with higher academic achievement compared to students who did not meet these recommendations. A change from not meeting recommendations for Vegetables and Fruit to meeting the recommendation

2019 Preventive Medicine

20. Screen time among Spanish university students with disabilities: a self-organizing maps analysis. (PubMed)

Screen time among Spanish university students with disabilities: a self-organizing maps analysis. Screen time can play a significant role in the health and quality of life of people with disabilities. However, there is a lack of studies on this issue among people with disabilities, and even fewer in the university setting. Thus, the aim of our study was to explore the relationships between screen time, disability grade, body mass index (BMI), physical activity and sociodemographic variables (...) reported high values in overall screen time (5.45 h per day/week), with computers being the media most used (2.45 h per day/week). The SOM analysis showed slightly higher screen time values in women than men. People with a high disability grade spent less screen time than those with lower disability grade. Contradictory results exist when a group of men with the highest BMI had the highest screen time and the lowest physical activity (PA) while women with low BMI show the highest screen time

2019 BMC Public Health

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