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189721. Systematic review and meta-analysis of emergency ultrasonography for blunt abdominal trauma. (PubMed)

Systematic review and meta-analysis of emergency ultrasonography for blunt abdominal trauma. How precise and reliable is ultrasonography as a primary tool for injury assessment in blunt abdominal trauma?A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted of prospective clinical trials of ultrasonography for blunt abdominal trauma. Publications were retrieved by structured searching among databases, review articles and major text books. Authors and experts in the field were contacted

2001 British Journal of Surgery

189722. Incidence of adverse drug reactions in paediatric in/out-patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies. (PubMed)

Incidence of adverse drug reactions in paediatric in/out-patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies. To explore the usefulness of data derived from observational studies on adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in defining and preventing the risk of pharmacological interventions in children in different health care settings.A systematic review of studies on ADRs in hospitalized children, in outpatient children, and on ADRs causing paediatric hospital admissions was performed

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2001 British journal of clinical pharmacology

189723. Abuse: a risk factor for low birth weight? A systematic review and meta-analysis. (PubMed)

Abuse: a risk factor for low birth weight? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Abuse during pregnancy is considered to be a potentially modifiable risk factor for low birth weight (LBW). We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the strength of association between physical, sexual or emotional abuse during pregnancy and LBW.We selected papers for review from an electronic search of MEDLINE (1966-1999), CINAHL (1982-1997) and the Cochrane Library. We retrieved articles (...) were selected for meta-analysis. Using a fixed-effects model, we found that women who reported physical, sexual or emotional abuse during pregnancy were more likely than nonabused women to give birth to a baby with LBW (odds ratio 1.4, 95% confidence interval 1.1-1.8).Abuse may be part of a complex interaction of factors that contribute to LBW.

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2001 Canadian Medical Association Journal

189724. Clinical outcomes in reduction mammaplasty: a systematic review and meta-analysis of published studies. (PubMed)

Clinical outcomes in reduction mammaplasty: a systematic review and meta-analysis of published studies. This systematic review and meta-analysis were undertaken to determine whether reduction mammaplasty improves measurable outcomes in women with breast hypertrophy. A systematic review of the literature in 5 languages from 1985 until March 1999 was performed, and data were compared for meta-analysis. Eligible studies were both experimental and observational and involved women with preoperative

2001 Mayo Clinic proceedings. Mayo Clinic

189725. Are coffee and tea consumption associated with urinary tract cancer risk? A systematic review and meta-analysis. (PubMed)

Are coffee and tea consumption associated with urinary tract cancer risk? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Narrative reviews have concluded that there is a small association between coffee consumption and an increased risk of urinary tract cancer, possibly due to confounding by smoking. No association for tea consumption has been indicated. This systematic review attempts to summarize and quantify these associations both unadjusted and adjusted for age, smoking and sex.Thirty-four case (...) -control and three follow-up studies were included in this systematic review. Summary odds ratios (OR) were calculated by meta-regression analyses.The unadjusted summary OR indicated a small increased risk of urinary tract cancer for current coffee consumers versus non-drinkers. The adjusted summary OR were: 1.26 (95% CI : 1.09-1.46) for studies with only men, 1.08 (95% CI : 0.79-1.46) for studies with only women and 1.18 (95% CI : 1.01-1.38) for studies with men and women combined. Neither unadjusted

2001 International journal of epidemiology

189726. Systematic review and meta-analysis of incidence studies of epilepsy and unprovoked seizures. (PubMed)

Systematic review and meta-analysis of incidence studies of epilepsy and unprovoked seizures. To evaluate the methodology of incidence studies of epilepsy and unprovoked seizures and to assess the value of their findings by summarizing their results.A Medline literature search from January 1966 to December 1999 was conducted. In each selected study, key methodologic items such as case definition and study design were evaluated. Furthermore, a quantitative meta-analysis of the incidence data

2002 Epilepsia

189727. Acquired neuromuscular disorders in critically ill patients: a systematic review. Groupe de Reflexion et d'Etude sur les Neuromyopathies En Reanimation. (PubMed)

Acquired neuromuscular disorders in critically ill patients: a systematic review. Groupe de Reflexion et d'Etude sur les Neuromyopathies En Reanimation. To summarize the prospective clinical studies of neuromuscular abnormalities in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. STUDY IDENTIFICATION AND SELECTION: Studies were identified through MEDLINE, EMBASE, references in primary and review articles, personal files, and contact with authors. Through duplicate independent review, we selected

1999 Intensive Care Medicine

189728. Should we use carbohydrate-deficient transferrin instead of gamma-glutamyltransferase for detecting problem drinkers? A systematic review and metaanalysis. (PubMed)

Should we use carbohydrate-deficient transferrin instead of gamma-glutamyltransferase for detecting problem drinkers? A systematic review and metaanalysis. Carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT) has been used as a test for excessive alcohol consumption in research, clinical, and medico-legal settings, but there remain conflicting data on its accuracy, with sensitivities ranging from <20% to 100%. We examined evidence of its benefit over a conventional and less expensive test, gamma (...) -glutamyltransferase (GGT), and compared the accuracy of different CDT assay methods.We performed a systematic review using summary ROC analysis of 110 studies prior to June 1998 on the use of CDT in the detection of alcohol dependence or hazardous/harmful alcohol use.We identified several potential sources of bias in studies. In studies examining CDT and GGT in the same subjects, subject characteristics were less likely to influence the comparison. In such paired studies, the original Pharmacia CDT assay

2000 Clinical chemistry

189729. Systematic review and meta-analysis of corticosteroids for the resolution of malignant bowel obstruction in advanced gynaecological and gastrointestinal cancers. Systematic Review Steering Committee. (PubMed)

Systematic review and meta-analysis of corticosteroids for the resolution of malignant bowel obstruction in advanced gynaecological and gastrointestinal cancers. Systematic Review Steering Committee. The objective was to locate, appraise and summarise evidence from scientific studies on intestinal obstruction due to advanced gynaecological and gastrointestinal cancers, in order to assess the efficacy of corticosteroids. MATERIALS AND METHODS.A comprehensive list of studies was provided

2000 Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology / ESMO

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