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189581. Association between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and systemic inflammation: a systematic review and a meta-analysis. (Full text)

Association between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and systemic inflammation: a systematic review and a meta-analysis. Individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are at increased risk of cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis, and muscle wasting. Systemic inflammation may be involved in the pathogenesis of these disorders. A study was undertaken to determine whether systemic inflammation is present in stable COPD.A systematic review was conducted of studies which

2004 Thorax PubMed

189582. Using the coronary artery calcium score to predict coronary heart disease events: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (Full text)

Using the coronary artery calcium score to predict coronary heart disease events: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Primary prevention of coronary heart disease is most appropriate for patients at relatively high risk. Measurement of coronary artery calcium has been proposed as a way to improve risk assessment, but it is unknown whether it adds predictive information to standard risk factor assessment.We systematically searched electronic databases for relevant articles published between

2004 Archives of internal medicine PubMed

189583. Breastfeeding and cardiovascular mortality: the Boyd Orr cohort and a systematic review with meta-analysis. (Full text)

Breastfeeding and cardiovascular mortality: the Boyd Orr cohort and a systematic review with meta-analysis. To investigate the association of breastfeeding with all-cause, cardiovascular, and ischaemic heart disease mortality.A long-term follow-up of 4999 children originally surveyed from 1937 to 1939 was undertaken (Boyd Orr cohort). Four thousand three hundred and seventy-nine subjects (88%) were traced in adulthood and 3555 (71%) had complete data on all covariates. The results were combined (...) with a meta-analysis of the published literature. In the Boyd Orr study, there was little evidence that breastfeeding was associated with all-cause (hazard ratio: 1.04 [95% CI: 0.90-1.20]), cardiovascular (1.04 [0.83-1.30]), or ischaemic heart disease (1.02 [0.77-1.36]) mortality, compared with bottle-feeding. Meta-analyses of observational studies showed little evidence of an association of breastfeeding with all-cause (pooled rate ratio: 1.01 [95% CI: 0.91-1.13]) or cardiovascular (1.06 [0.94-1.20

2004 European heart journal PubMed

189584. Payments for care at private for-profit and private not-for-profit hospitals: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (Full text)

Payments for care at private for-profit and private not-for-profit hospitals: a systematic review and meta-analysis. It has been shown that patients cared for at private for-profit hospitals have higher risk-adjusted mortality rates than those cared for at private not-for-profit hospitals. Uncertainty remains, however, about the economic implications of these forms of health care delivery. Since some policy-makers might still consider for-profit health care if expenditure savings were (...) sufficiently large, we undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare payments for care at private for-profit and private not-for-profit hospitals.We used 6 search strategies to identify published and unpublished observational studies that directly compared the payments for care at private for-profit and private not-for-profit hospitals. We masked the study results before teams of 2 reviewers independently evaluated the eligibility of all studies. We confirmed data or obtained additional data

2004 Canadian Medical Association Journal PubMed

189585. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the sex ratio for Barrett's esophagus, erosive reflux disease, and nonerosive reflux disease. (Full text)

A systematic review and meta-analysis of the sex ratio for Barrett's esophagus, erosive reflux disease, and nonerosive reflux disease. Barrett's esophagus is associated with reflux disease and substantially increases the risk of esophageal adenocarcinoma. The authors undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis of the sex ratio for Barrett's esophagus, erosive reflux disease (ERD), and nonerosive reflux disease (non-ERD) to compare these results with the sex ratio for esophageal (...) was investigated by meta-regression. The Barrett's esophagus meta-analysis gave an overall pooled male/female sex ratio of 1.96/1 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.77, 2.17/1). For ERD, the pooled male/female sex ratio was 1.57/1 (95% CI: 1.40, 1.76/1) and, for non-ERD, 0.72/1 (95% CI: 0.62, 0.84/1). All of these estimates were associated with substantial heterogeneity (I2 = 81.1%, 92.7%, and 88.8%, respectively). The meta-analysis estimates for ERD and Barrett's esophagus, while showing an excess of males

2005 American journal of epidemiology PubMed

189586. Concomitant chemoradiotherapy for cervical cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis of individual patient data. (PubMed)

Concomitant chemoradiotherapy for cervical cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis of individual patient data. 16229878 2006 03 07 2017 09 22 0090-8258 100 2 2006 Feb Gynecologic oncology Gynecol. Oncol. Concomitant chemoradiotherapy for cervical cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis of individual patient data. 442-3 Vale Claire C Tierney Jayne J Stewart Lesley L eng MC_U122861323 Medical Research Council United Kingdom Letter 2005 10 17 United States Gynecol Oncol 0365304 0090 (...) -8258 IM Combined Modality Therapy Female Humans Meta-Analysis as Topic Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic Uterine Cervical Neoplasms drug therapy radiotherapy 2005 08 16 2005 09 07 2005 10 19 9 0 2006 3 8 9 0 2005 10 19 9 0 ppublish 16229878 S0090-8258(05)00800-0 10.1016/j.ygyno.2005.09.018

2006 Gynecologic oncology

189587. Systematic reviews and meta-analysis of febrile neutropenia. (PubMed)

Systematic reviews and meta-analysis of febrile neutropenia. 16178491 2005 10 11 2013 12 13 0025-6196 80 9 2005 Sep Mayo Clinic proceedings Mayo Clin. Proc. Systematic reviews and meta-analysis of febrile neutropenia. 1122-5 Paul Mical M Leibovici Leonard L eng Comment Editorial England Mayo Clin Proc 0405543 0025-6196 0 Aminoglycosides 0 Anti-Bacterial Agents 0 beta-Lactams 5E8K9I0O4U Ciprofloxacin AIM IM Mayo Clin Proc. 2005 Sep;80(9):1146-56 16178494 Mayo Clin Proc. 2005 Sep;80(9):1201-7 (...) ; quiz 1208 16178500 Mayo Clin Proc. 2005 Sep;80(9):1215-6 16178502 Aminoglycosides administration & dosage Anti-Bacterial Agents administration & dosage Ciprofloxacin administration & dosage Drug Therapy, Combination Fever drug therapy etiology Humans Meta-Analysis as Topic Neoplasms complications Neutropenia drug therapy etiology Reproducibility of Results Review Literature as Topic Treatment Outcome beta-Lactams administration & dosage 2005 9 24 9 0 2005 10 12 9 0 2005 9 24 9 0 ppublish 16178491

2005 Mayo Clinic proceedings. Mayo Clinic

189588. Diabetes during diarrhea-associated hemolytic uremic syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (PubMed)

Diabetes during diarrhea-associated hemolytic uremic syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis. To quantify the incidence of diabetes during the acute phase of diarrhea-associated hemolytic uremic syndrome (D + HUS) and to identify features associated with its development.A systematic review and meta-analysis of articles assessing diabetes during D + HUS was conducted. Relevant citations were identified from Medline, Embase, and Institute for Scientific Information Citation Index

2005 Diabetes Care

189589. Risk of myocardial infarction and vascular death after transient ischemic attack and ischemic stroke: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (Full text)

Risk of myocardial infarction and vascular death after transient ischemic attack and ischemic stroke: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Whether stroke patients should be investigated for asymptomatic coronary artery disease remains matter of debate. Absolute risks of myocardial infarction (MI) and vascular death after a stroke have not been accurately assessed. We performed a systematic review and a meta-analysis to determine the risk of MI and nonstroke vascular death after transient

2005 Stroke PubMed

189590. Re: Roddam AW, Duffy MJ, Hamdy FC, et al. Use of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) isoforms for the detection of prostate cancer in men with a PSA Level of 2-10 ng/ml: systematic review and meta-analysis. Eur Urol 2005;48:386-99. (PubMed)

Re: Roddam AW, Duffy MJ, Hamdy FC, et al. Use of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) isoforms for the detection of prostate cancer in men with a PSA Level of 2-10 ng/ml: systematic review and meta-analysis. Eur Urol 2005;48:386-99. 16260082 2006 02 03 2015 11 19 0302-2838 48 6 2005 Dec European urology Eur. Urol. Re: Roddam AW, Duffy MJ, Hamdy FC, et al. Use of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) isoforms for the detection of prostate cancer in men with a PSA Level of 2-10 ng/ml: systematic review (...) and meta-analysis. Eur Urol 2005;48:386-99. 1059-60; author reply 1060-1 Stephan Carsten C Schnorr Dietmar D Loening Stefan A SA Jung Klaus K eng Comment Comparative Study Letter Meta-Analysis Review 2005 10 25 Switzerland Eur Urol 7512719 0302-2838 0 Biomarkers, Tumor 0 Protein Isoforms EC 3.4.21.77 Prostate-Specific Antigen IM Eur Urol. 2005 Sep;48(3):386-99; discussion 398-9 15982797 Biomarkers, Tumor blood Humans Male Neoplasm Invasiveness pathology Neoplasm Staging Prognosis Prostate-Specific

2005 European urology

189591. Effect of breast feeding on risk of coeliac disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. (Full text)

Effect of breast feeding on risk of coeliac disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. Coeliac disease (CD) is a disorder that may depend on genetic, immunological, and environmental factors. Recent observational studies suggest that breast feeding may prevent the development of CD.To evaluate articles that compared effects of breast feeding on risk of CD.Systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies published between 1966 and June 2004 that examined (...) the association between breast feeding and the development of CD.Six case-control studies met the inclusion criteria. With the exception of one small study, all the included studies found an association between increasing duration of breast feeding and decreased risk of developing CD. Meta-analysis showed that the risk of CD was significantly reduced in infants who were breast feeding at the time of gluten introduction (pooled odds ratio 0.48, 95% CI 0.40 to 0.59) compared with infants who were not breast

2005 Archives of disease in childhood PubMed

189592. Non-invasive brain stimulation for Parkinson's disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature. (Full text)

Non-invasive brain stimulation for Parkinson's disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature. A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted to quantify the efficacy of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) for the treatment of motor dysfunction in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Prospective studies which evaluated the effects of either TMS (12 studies) or ECT (five studies) on motor function in PD using the motor subscale

2005 Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry PubMed

189593. CT colonography in the detection of colorectal polyps and cancer: systematic review, meta-analysis, and proposed minimum data set for study level reporting. (PubMed)

CT colonography in the detection of colorectal polyps and cancer: systematic review, meta-analysis, and proposed minimum data set for study level reporting. To assess the methodologic quality of available data in published reports of computed tomographic (CT) colonography by performing systematic review and meta-analysis.The MEDLINE database was searched for colonography reports published between 1994 and 2003, without language restriction. The terms colonography, colography, CT colonoscopy, CT (...) -patient sensitivity and specificity were calculated for different lesion size categories, and Forest plots were produced. Meta-analysis of paired sensitivity and specificity was conducted by using a hierarchical model that enabled estimation of summary receiver operating characteristic curves allowing for variation in diagnostic threshold, and the average operating point was calculated. Per-polyp sensitivity was also calculated.Of 1398 studies considered for inclusion, 24 met our criteria. There were

2005 Radiology

189594. The accuracy of diagnostic imaging for the assessment of chronic osteomyelitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (Full text)

The accuracy of diagnostic imaging for the assessment of chronic osteomyelitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. A variety of diagnostic imaging techniques is available for excluding or confirming chronic osteomyelitis. Until now, an evidence-based algorithmic model for choosing the most suitable imaging technique has been lacking. The objective of this study was to determine the accuracy of current imaging modalities in the diagnosis of chronic osteomyelitis.A systematic review and meta (...) was described for radiography (two studies), magnetic resonance imaging (five), computed tomography (one), bone scintigraphy (seven), leukocyte scintigraphy (thirteen), gallium scintigraphy (one), combined bone and leukocyte scintigraphy (six), combined bone and gallium scintigraphy (three), and fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (four) were included in the review. No meta-analysis was performed with respect to computed tomography, gallium scintigraphy, and radiography. Pooled sensitivity

2005 The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume PubMed

189595. Breast-feeding and cancer: the Boyd Orr cohort and a systematic review with meta-analysis. (Full text)

Breast-feeding and cancer: the Boyd Orr cohort and a systematic review with meta-analysis. Having been breast-fed has been suggested to influence cancer risk in adulthood. We investigated associations between breast-feeding during infancy and adult cancer incidence and mortality in a cohort study and meta-analyses of published studies.The Boyd Orr cohort consisted of 4999 subjects who were originally surveyed in 1937-39, when they were 0-19 years of age. Cancer outcomes from 1948 through 2003 (...) were available for 4379 (88%) subjects, and 3844 had complete data on all covariates. Associations of breast-feeding with cancer were investigated using proportional hazards models. We also identified 14 studies on infant feeding and cancer published from 1966 through July 2005, of which 10 could be combined with the Boyd Orr cohort results in a meta-analysis of breast cancer using random-effect models.In the Boyd Orr cohort, ever having been breast-fed, compared with never having been breast-fed

2005 Journal of the National Cancer Institute. PubMed

189596. Does the white-coat effect in people of African and South Asian descent differ from that in White people of European origin? A systematic review and meta-analysis. (PubMed)

Does the white-coat effect in people of African and South Asian descent differ from that in White people of European origin? A systematic review and meta-analysis. To assess whether the white-coat effect in people of African (Blacks) and South Asian descent differs from that of people of European origin (Whites), and if so, whether this explains demonstrated ethnic variations in blood pressure.A systematic literature review was carried out using Medline 1966-2003, Embase 1980-2003 (...) , and citations from references. The meta-analysis was performed using the Cochrane review manager software (RevMan version 4.2; Oxford, UK).Eight studies were examined, four studies from the UK and four from the USA. The mean systolic and diastolic white-coat effect was similar in Blacks and Whites. The weighted mean difference in systolic white-coat effect was 0.31 [confidence interval 95% (CI)=-1.96, 2.57; P=0.79] and in diastolic white-coat effect was 0.18 (95% CI=-1.70, 1.35; P=0.82). Two studies

2005 Blood pressure monitoring

189597. [Contributions of systematic review and meta-analysis to public health]. (PubMed)

[Contributions of systematic review and meta-analysis to public health]. Meta-analysis has several precedents; even in Confucius (VI BC) one can find a sentence about the synthesis of knowledge. Meta-analysis is a consequence of the paradigm of induction. Within this paradigm of research, meta-analysis gives an analysis of the principle of consistency of a causal association (2nd principle of Hill). It has promoted the development of evaluation questionnaires and protocols for different designs (...) , mainly clinical trials. It favoured the movement of evidence-based medicine, which is behind the creation of agencies for the evaluation of health technologies, and the recognition of public health professionals dedicated to research methods (mainly epidemiologists). The contributions of meta-analysis to public health are not distinguishable from others made to other specialties, although in the field of research methods it has contributed to the study of publication bias and to the search

2006 Revista española de salud pública

189598. Antibacterial efficacy of calcium hydroxide intracanal dressing: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (Full text)

Antibacterial efficacy of calcium hydroxide intracanal dressing: a systematic review and meta-analysis. To determine to what extent does calcium hydroxide intracanal medication eliminate bacteria from human root canals, compared with the same canals before medication, as measured by the number of positive cultures, in patients undergoing root canal treatment for apical periodontitis (teeth with an infected root canal system).CENTRAL, MEDLINE and EMBASE databases were searched. Reference lists

2007 International endodontic journal PubMed

189599. Predicting foot ulcers in patients with diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (Full text)

Predicting foot ulcers in patients with diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clinical guidelines recommend that all patients with diabetes should be screened annually to establish their risk of foot ulceration. The aim of this systematic review was to quantify the predictive value of diagnostic tests, physical signs and elements from the patient's history in relation to diabetic foot ulcers. Observational studies were identified from: electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL

2007 QJM : monthly journal of the Association of Physicians PubMed

189600. Systematic review and meta-analysis of 12 years of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. (Full text)

Systematic review and meta-analysis of 12 years of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Endovascular repair (ER) of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a new technique, and reported rates of endoleak, conversion to open repair, rupture and mortality vary widely. The aim of this study was to estimate these rates from the published data, and examine how this has changed as more patients have undergone ER.A systematic review and meta-analysis of publications identified through searches (...) of the electronic databases EMBASE and Medline. All publications quoting endoleak, conversion to open repair, rupture and mortality rates for a series of patients undergoing ER were included.163 studies pertaining to 28,862 patients undergoing ER were identified as relevant for the review and meta-analysis. The pooled estimate for operative mortality was 3.3% (95% confidence interval 2.9 to 3.6%). The pooled estimate for type 1 endoleaks was 10.5% (95% confidence interval 9.0 to 12.1%), with an annual rate

2007 European journal of vascular and endovascular surgery : the official journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery PubMed

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