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"metaanalysis" OR "meta analysis" OR "systematic review"〈=en

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166841. Topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for corneal abrasions: meta-analysis of randomized trials

Topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for corneal abrasions: meta-analysis of randomized trials Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2005 DARE.

166842. A meta-analysis of exercise programmes for preventing falls in older people

A meta-analysis of exercise programmes for preventing falls in older people A meta-analysis of exercise programmes for preventing falls in older people A meta-analysis of exercise programmes for preventing falls in older people Sohng K Y, Choi J H, Song H H, Moon J S CRD summary This review assessed the effectiveness of exercise programmes in preventing falls and improving balance and muscle strength in older people. The authors concluded that there is an overall, marginally significant (...) the methods used to pool the data. The authors' conclusions appear to be supported by the review findings. However, given that other relevant studies might have been missed and details of the validity assessment were lacking, the reliability of the included studies, and thus the review, cannot be assured. Implications of the review for practice and research Practice: The authors did not state any implications for practice. Research: The authors stated that as additional studies are published, a meta

2005 DARE.

166843. Assisted reproductive technology and the incidence of ovarian cancer: a meta-analysis

Assisted reproductive technology and the incidence of ovarian cancer: a meta-analysis Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2004 DARE.

166844. The effectiveness of tai chi exercise in improving aerobic capacity: a meta-analysis

The effectiveness of tai chi exercise in improving aerobic capacity: a meta-analysis The effectiveness of tai chi exercise in improving aerobic capacity: a meta-analysis The effectiveness of tai chi exercise in improving aerobic capacity: a meta-analysis Taylor-Piliae R E, Froelicher E S CRD summary This review assessed the effects of t'ai chi on aerobic capacity. The authors concluded that t'ai chi may improve aerobic capacity but further research is required. There were considerable (...) Study designs of evaluations included in the review Randomised controlled trials (RCTs), or studies comparing t'ai chi with a control group, were eligible for inclusion. Reviews, commentaries, case reports, reanalyses of data, meta-analyses, overviews and qualitative research studies were excluded. One prospective cohort study was subsequently excluded from the analysis because the baseline VO2 scores differed between treatment groups. Specific interventions included in the review Studies of t'ai

2004 DARE.

166845. Effect of initial corticosteroid therapy on coronary artery aneurysm formation in Kawasaki disease: a meta-analysis of 862 children

Effect of initial corticosteroid therapy on coronary artery aneurysm formation in Kawasaki disease: a meta-analysis of 862 children Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2005 DARE.

166846. Exercise, lipids, and lipoproteins in older adults: a meta-analysis

Exercise, lipids, and lipoproteins in older adults: a meta-analysis Exercise, lipids, and lipoproteins in older adults: a meta-analysis Exercise, lipids, and lipoproteins in older adults: a meta-analysis Kelley G A, Kelley K S, Tran Z V CRD summary This review evaluated the effects of aerobic exercise on lipids and lipoproteins in older adults. The authors concluded that aerobic exercise improves high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and the ratio of total cholesterol to HDL-C (...) the study validity. The characteristics of the participants and interventions were adequately summarised. The analysis appears to have been restricted to those with pre- and post lipid assessment, which may mean that results from the individual studies have been overestimated and not reliable. Statistical heterogeneity was assessed, studies were pooled using meta-analysis, and the influence of many relevant factors on lipids and lipoproteins was examined and the results discussed; the multiplicity

2005 DARE.

166847. Controlled endurance exercise training and VO2max changes in older adults: a meta-analysis

Controlled endurance exercise training and VO2max changes in older adults: a meta-analysis Controlled endurance exercise training and VO2max changes in older adults: a meta-analysis Controlled endurance exercise training and VO2max changes in older adults: a meta-analysis Huang G, Gibson C A, Tran Z V, Osness W H CRD summary This review concluded that endurance training improves aerobic capacity in older sedentary adults, thus protecting against cardiovascular aging and improving quality (...) the use of intention-to-treat analysis; other studies used a per-protocol analysis. The drop-out rates ranged from 0 to 69%. The funnel plot showed no evidence of publication bias. The meta-analysis showed that aerobic exercise significantly increased VO2 max compared with control; the ES was moderate (0.64, 95% CI: 0.56, 0.73, p<0.001). No significant heterogeneity was found (Q=66.03%, p>0.05). The net change in VO2 max was 3.78 mL/kg per minute (95% CI: 3.24, 4.33, p<0.001). The subgroup analysis

2005 DARE.

166848. Meta-analysis of the effect of thiazolidinediones on serum C-reactive protein levels

Meta-analysis of the effect of thiazolidinediones on serum C-reactive protein levels Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2006 DARE.

166849. Effective weight loss for overweight children: a meta-analysis of intervention studies

Effective weight loss for overweight children: a meta-analysis of intervention studies Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2006 DARE.

166850. Meta-analysis of clinical outcomes of maze-related surgical procedures for medically refractory atrial fibrillation

Meta-analysis of clinical outcomes of maze-related surgical procedures for medically refractory atrial fibrillation Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2005 DARE.

166851. Meta-analysis of immediate changes with rapid maxillary expansion treatment

Meta-analysis of immediate changes with rapid maxillary expansion treatment Meta-analysis of immediate changes with rapid maxillary expansion treatment Meta-analysis of immediate changes with rapid maxillary expansion treatment Lagravere M O, Heo G, Major P W, Flores-Mir C CRD summary The authors of this review concluded that the greatest changes resulting from rapid maxillary expansion treatment were immediate dental and skeletal transverse changes, and that few vertical and anteroposterior (...) The authors did not state how the data were extracted for the review, or how many reviewers performed the extraction. Data on the key characteristics of the included studies were extracted. Methods of synthesis How were the studies combined? The studies were combined in a meta-analysis and pooled estimates of immediate changes during activation of the RME appliance were calculated, along with 95% confidence intervals (CI). A fixed-effect model was used to pool homogeneous studies and a random-effects

2006 DARE.

166852. Newer antidepressants in pregnancy and rates of major malformations: a meta-analysis of prospective comparative studies

Newer antidepressants in pregnancy and rates of major malformations: a meta-analysis of prospective comparative studies Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2005 DARE.

166853. The value of contrast and subtraction arthrography in the assessment of aseptic loosening of total hip prostheses: a meta-analysis

The value of contrast and subtraction arthrography in the assessment of aseptic loosening of total hip prostheses: a meta-analysis Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2005 DARE.

166854. Efficacy of lifestyle education to prevent type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Efficacy of lifestyle education to prevent type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Efficacy of lifestyle education to prevent type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Efficacy of lifestyle education to prevent type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Yamaoka K, Tango T CRD summary This review concluded that exercise and/or dietary education is effective in reducing 2-hour plasma glucose and the incidence of type 2 diabetes (...) studies investigated? Differences between the included studies were explored using a chi-squared test. Sensitivity analysis was performed according to the intervention type and duration of follow-up. Results of the review Nine RCTs (n=5,260) were included in the review. Of these, eight (n=2,026) were included in the meta-analysis. A statistically significant effect for lifestyle interventions was reported from the pooled analysis of 5 studies; this showed a reduced incidence of type 2 diabetes (RR

2005 DARE.

166855. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) use during pregnancy and effects on the fetus and newborn: a meta-analysis

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) use during pregnancy and effects on the fetus and newborn: a meta-analysis Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2005 DARE.

166856. A meta-analysis: comparison of esomeprazole and other proton pump inhibitors in eradicating Helicobacter pylori

A meta-analysis: comparison of esomeprazole and other proton pump inhibitors in eradicating Helicobacter pylori Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2006 DARE.

166857. The effectiveness of constraint-induced therapy as a stroke intervention: a meta-analysis

The effectiveness of constraint-induced therapy as a stroke intervention: a meta-analysis The effectiveness of constraint-induced therapy as a stroke intervention: a meta-analysis The effectiveness of constraint-induced therapy as a stroke intervention: a meta-analysis Bjorklund A, Fecht A CRD summary The authors concluded that constraint-induced therapy may be an effective treatment for patients with hemiparesis due to stroke. The authors' conclusions appear to be supported by the review (...) implications for practice. Research: The authors stated the need to investigate mechanisms underlying the effects of CIT and to evaluate client-centered occupational-based activities using CIT and to compare different CIT approaches. Bibliographic details Bjorklund A, Fecht A. The effectiveness of constraint-induced therapy as a stroke intervention: a meta-analysis. Occupational Therapy in Health Care 2006; 20(2): 31-49 Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Adaptation, Physiological; Motor

2006 DARE.

166858. Dietary fiber and blood pressure: a meta-analysis of randomized placebo-controlled trials

Dietary fiber and blood pressure: a meta-analysis of randomized placebo-controlled trials Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2005 DARE.

166859. Meta-analysis: high-dosage vitamin E supplementation may increase all-cause mortality

Meta-analysis: high-dosage vitamin E supplementation may increase all-cause mortality Meta-analysis: high-dosage vitamin E supplementation may increase all-cause mortality Meta-analysis: high-dosage vitamin E supplementation may increase all-cause mortality Miller E R, Pastor-Barriuso R, Dalal D, Riemersma R A, Appel L J, Guallar E CRD summary This review assessed the dose-response relationship between vitamin E supplementation and mortality, and found that doses greater than or equal to 400 IU (...) the evidence presented. Implications of the review for practice and research Practice: The authors stated that high-dose vitamin E supplementation should be discouraged until evidence of efficacy is demonstrated from well-conducted trials. Research: The authors stated that further research is needed to determine the effects of low-dosage vitamin E supplementation in western populations. Bibliographic details Miller E R, Pastor-Barriuso R, Dalal D, Riemersma R A, Appel L J, Guallar E. Meta-analysis: high

2005 DARE.

166860. Rate vs rhythm control in patients with atrial fibrillation: a meta-analysis

Rate vs rhythm control in patients with atrial fibrillation: a meta-analysis Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2005 DARE.

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