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121. The impact of care farms on quality of life, depression and anxiety among different population groups: A systematic review Full Text available with Trip Pro

sector, but a lack of infrastructure and sustained income has hindered the development of a robust evidence base here. Additionally, the complexities and multifaceted nature of care farms means that this is not an intervention that lends itself easily to a randomised controlled study design. Nonetheless, there are a number of studies of care farms published in a wide range of journals across Europe. Although one systematic review and a small number of overviews exist (Bragg & Atkins, ; Elings, 2012b (...) size and study authors did not respond to requests for data, these studies have been included in the review and we report study authors’ findings. If metaanalysis had been possible, these studies would not be eligible for inclusion in metaanalysis. There were not a sufficient number of studies that reported enough data to calculate effect sizes in any outcome category, thus quantitative studies were not quantitatively synthesised. The results of the quantitative studies are provided in Table

2019 Campbell Collaboration

122. The promotion of well?being among children exposed to intimate partner violence: A systematic review of interventions Full Text available with Trip Pro

the first relevant reason in our a priori hierarchy (no new data—such as an overview, critical review or editorial; metaanalysis/systematic review of intervention studies; study protocol; no intervention; wrong intervention; wrong population; wrong study design; no child‐level outcomes; no outcome data for population; high risk of bias). Below we describe each of these exclusion reasons in turn. 6.1.3.1 No data/not original research We excluded 31 reports because they did not present data or original (...) research; that is, the reports were critical reviews (or another type of unsystematic review), opinions, commentaries, or editorials/letters to the editor. 6.1.3.2 Metaanalysis/systematic review During the searches, we kept eight articles which corresponded to systematic reviews literature reviews and/or meta‐analyses related to interventions to promote well‐being following parent and/or child IPV exposure. These eight manuscripts were initially retained to examine reference lists, but eventually

2019 Campbell Collaboration

123. Citizen engagement in public services in low? and middle?income countries: A mixed?methods systematic review of participation, inclusion, transparency and accountability (PITA) initiatives Full Text available with Trip Pro

Review Questions 1‐3, the authors extracted effect size data measuring the change in outcomes in consistent units from each included impact evaluation. We used statistical metaanalysis to synthesise the findings. To structure the metaanalysis, authors used a conceptual model for outcomes along the results chain relating to immediate outcomes (citizen and service provider engagement), intermediate outcomes (access to services and service uptake), and final outcomes (citizen welfare and state‐society (...) Citizen engagement in public services in low? and middle?income countries: A mixed?methods systematic review of participation, inclusion, transparency and accountability (PITA) initiatives Citizen engagement in public services in low‐ and middle‐income countries: A mixed‐methods systematic review of participation, inclusion, transparency and accountability (PITA) initiatives - Waddington - 2019 - Campbell Systematic Reviews - Wiley Online Library By continuing to browse this site, you agree

2019 Campbell Collaboration

124. Incentives for climate mitigation in the land use sector—the effects of payment for environmental services on environmental and socioeconomic outcomes in low? and middle?income countries: A mixed?methods systematic review Full Text available with Trip Pro

with your friends and colleagues. Copy URL Share a link Share on 1 A web‐based software programme for managing and analysing data in systematic reviews. We sused metaanalysis to synthesise evidence on the effect of PESs when feasible, using an inverse‐variance weighted, random effects model. Where there were too few studies, or included studies were too heterogeneous in terms of interventions or outcomes, we report on the individual effect estimates only. For the qualitative synthesis, we conducted (...) then, including studies from Uganda, Ecuador, Tanzania and new evaluations of long‐term programmes in China, Mexico and Costa Rica. Second, Samii et al. ( ) were unable to conduct a metaanalysis for income and poverty related outcomes and for forest condition due to lack of data and heterogeneity between studies. Given the increase in the evaluation evidence base since then, we anticipated to be able to undertake additional meta‐analyses. Third, Samii et al.'s ( ) review focused on PES for forest areas. We

2019 Campbell Collaboration

125. Focused deterrence strategies effects on crime: A systematic review Full Text available with Trip Pro

and to weight effect sizes based on the variance of the effect size and the study sample size (Lipsey & Wilson, ). In this systematic review, the standardized mean difference effect size (also known as Cohen's d ; see Rosenthal, ) was used. The Effect Size Calculator, developed by David B. Wilson and available on the Campbell Collaboration's web site, was used to calculate standardized mean difference effect sizes for reported outcomes in each study. 7 . Biostat's Comprehensive MetaAnalysis Version 2.2 (...) was then used to conduct the metaanalysis of effect sizes. Computation of effect sizes in the studies was not always direct. The goal was to convert all observed effects into a standardized mean difference effect size metric. Indeed, it was sometimes difficult to develop precise effect size metrics from published materials. This reflects a more general problem in crime and justice with “reporting validity” (Farrington, ; Lösel & Köferl, ) and has been documented in reviews of reporting validity in crime

2019 Campbell Collaboration

126. Effects of bystander programs on the prevention of sexual assault among adolescents and college students: A systematic review Full Text available with Trip Pro

to foster prerequisite knowledge and skills for intervening on behalf of potential victims. Thus, by treating young people as part of the solution to sexual assault, rather than part of the problem, bystander programs may limit the risk of defensiveness or backlash among participants (e.g., decreased empathy for victims, increased rape myth acceptance; Banyard et al., ; Katz, ). 5.2 Objectives The overall objective of this systematic review and metaanalysis was to examine what effects bystander (...) , education level of sample, single‐ or mixed‐sex implementation, gendered content of program, fraternity/sorority membership, and athletic team membership) on the effects of bystander programs. 7 OBJECTIVES 7.1 The problem, condition or issue The overall objective of this systematic review and metaanalysis was to examine the effects bystander programs have on preventing sexual assault among adolescents and college students. More specifically, and given the study designs that were included, this review

2019 Campbell Collaboration

127. Interventions to support people exposed to adverse childhood experiences: systematic review of systematic reviews. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Interventions to support people exposed to adverse childhood experiences: systematic review of systematic reviews. Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) such as abuse, neglect or household adversity may have a range of serious negative impacts. There is a need to understand what interventions are effective to improve outcomes for people who have experienced ACEs.Systematic review of systematic reviews. We searched 18 database sources from 2007 to 2018 for systematic reviews of effectiveness data (...) on people who experienced ACEs aged 3-18, on any intervention and any outcome except incidence of ACEs. We included reviews with a summary quality score (AMSTAR) of 5.5 or above.Twenty-five reviews were included. Most reviews focus on psychological interventions and mental health outcomes. The strongest evidence is for cognitive-behavioural therapy for people exposed to abuse. For other interventions - including psychological therapies, parent training, and broader support interventions - the findings

2020 BMC Public Health

128. Nudge strategies to improve healthcare providers' implementation of evidence-based guidelines, policies and practices: a systematic review of trials included within Cochrane systematic reviews. Full Text available with Trip Pro

of trials using each nudge strategy was calculated. Due to substantial heterogeneity, we did not undertake a meta-analysis. Instead, we calculated within-study point estimates and 95% confidence intervals, and used a vote-counting approach to explore effects.Seven reviews including 42 trials reporting on 57 outcomes were included. The most common nudge strategy was priming (69%), then norms and messenger (40%). Of the 57 outcomes, 86% had an effect on clinician behaviour in the hypothesised direction (...) Nudge strategies to improve healthcare providers' implementation of evidence-based guidelines, policies and practices: a systematic review of trials included within Cochrane systematic reviews. Nudge interventions are those that seek to modify the social and physical environment to enhance capacity for subconscious behaviours that align with the intrinsic values of an individual, without actively restricting options. This study sought to describe the application and effects of nudge strategies

2020 Implementation Science

129. Associations and risk factors for dental trauma: A systematic review of systematic reviews. (Abstract)

Associations and risk factors for dental trauma: A systematic review of systematic reviews. We sought to revise, qualify and summarize the body of evidence based on current information on the known associations and risk factors for traumatic dental injury (TDI) occurrence with an overview of systematic reviews.Electronic searches were performed with no language nor date restrictions.According to the PECO strategy, systematic reviews that investigated participants (P) with (E) and without (O (...) ) the presentation of factors relating to TDI and these factors' association with TDI episodes (O) as primary or secondary outcomes were included. Quality assessment and bias control were carried out according to the AMSTAR 2 checklist. In cases of systematic review results of discordance, the Jadad decision algorithm was applied.After titles, abstracts and full texts were read, 19 systematic reviews were included in this overview. Four were classified with critically low, eleven with low and four with moderate

2020 Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology

130. Association Between Cigarette Smoking and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: An Updated Multivariate Bayesian Metaanalysis. (Abstract)

Association Between Cigarette Smoking and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: An Updated Multivariate Bayesian Metaanalysis. The association between cigarette smoking and the risk of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) remains a matter for debate. Additionally, the effect of the change of smokers' demographics on the risk of development of SLE over time has not been formally addressed. We aimed to examine the association between cigarette smoking and the risk of SLE by performing an updated (...) metaanalysis.A literature search using keywords including "lupus," "smoking," "cigarette," "environmental," "autoimmune," and "connective tissue disease" was performed in computerized databases to identify studies addressing the relationship between cigarette smoking and SLE occurrence. A Bayesian metaanalysis was conducted by computing the log-OR between current and never smokers, and between former and never smokers. The average log-OR (subsequently converted to OR) and their corresponding 95% credible

2019 Journal of Rheumatology

131. Community hospitals and their services in the NHS: identifying transferable learning from international developments - scoping review, systematic review, country reports and case studies Full Text available with Trip Pro

Community hospitals and their services in the NHS: identifying transferable learning from international developments - scoping review, systematic review, country reports and case studies Community hospitals and their services in the NHS: identifying transferable learning from international developments - scoping review, systematic review, country reports and case studies Journals Library An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found

2017 NIHR HTA programme

132. Effectiveness of market led development approaches in low and middle income countries: A Systematic Review

Effectiveness of market led development approaches in low and middle income countries: A Systematic Review Market-led rural development 18 March 2019 Links Download report (pdf) Effectiveness of market led development approaches in low and middle income countries: A Systematic Review Nepal, one of the poorest countries in the world with 14% of its population living with less than $1.90/day (World Bank, 2010), has made small socio-economic progress in the last few years (ADB, 2016). It is also (...) -led approaches focus on the importance of identifying consumer needs and producing appropriate goods and services or catering to an appropriate market. However, the effectiveness of market-led approaches to rural development still remains relatively understudied. Though interventions like micro-finance or rural infrastructure have been subjected to systematic reviews (e.g. Knox et.al, 2013; VanRooyen, 2012) other initiatives involving rural value chains, capacity building, information

2019 EPPI Centre

133. Urbanisation, insecurity and violence: a systematic review

Urbanisation, insecurity and violence: a systematic review Urbanisation and insecurity 18 March 2019 Links Download reports (pdf) Urbanisation, insecurity and violence: a systematic review What do we want to know? The question of this systematic review is: “What is the impact of approaches for addressing insecurity or violence arising from urbanisation?” Who wants to know and why? Urbanisation process transforms a societal environment and generates various forms of conflicts among the urban (...) tenants that sometimes take the form of violence. Violence in urban areas in LMICs is becoming a growing concern now a day. There is lack of comprehensive assessment on the effectiveness violence reduction approaches in LMICs, particularly for urban areas. Approaches undertaken to address this issue varied widely in their approaches, context and outcomes. This systematic review was commissioned by the South Asia Research Hub (SARH) of DFID for generating a robust assessment of the available evidence

2019 EPPI Centre

134. Natural resource revenue management in low- and middle-income countries experiencing politically fragile conditions: A systematic review

Natural resource revenue management in low- and middle-income countries experiencing politically fragile conditions: A systematic review Natural resource 18 March 2019 Links Download report (pdf) Natural resource revenue management in low- and middle-income countries experiencing politically fragile conditions: A systematic review What do we want to know? This systematic review sought to understand the efficacy of natural resource funds (NRFs) as an intervention to manage revenues from mineral (...) resources in low- and middle-income countries experiencing politically fragile circumstances. The following three questions were examined through the review: How are NRFs used to manage resource revenue in resource-rich countries? What has been the impact of existing NRFs? How can NRFs be made more effective, especially in low- and middle-income countries experiencing politically fragile conditions? Who wants to know and why? This systematic review provides stakeholders, including policy makers

2019 EPPI Centre

135. Urbanisation and Natural Disaster: A Systematic Review

Urbanisation and Natural Disaster: A Systematic Review Urbanisation and Natural Disaster 18 March 2019 Links Download report (pdf) Urbanisation and Natural Disaster: A Systematic Review What do we want to know? The objective of this systematic review is to identify: The impact of urbanisation on risk of, and vulnerability to, natural disasters. The effective approaches for reducing exposure of urban population to disaster risks. Who wants to know and why? Increasingly more and more natural (...) disasters are reported from the urban areas of low and middle income countries (LMICs). Unplanned urban growth in LMICs has been blamed on increasing the vulnerability of the urban population to the risk of natural disasters. Gaps exist in evidence on the interface between urbanisation and natural disasters and also about the effectiveness of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) approaches. This systematic review was commissioned by the South Asia Research Hub (SARH) of DFID for generating a robust assessment

2019 EPPI Centre

136. Weight-bearing allowed following internal fixation of ankle fractures, a systematic literature review +/- metaanalysis.

Weight-bearing allowed following internal fixation of ankle fractures, a systematic literature review +/- metaanalysis. Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any (...) ); sex (stratified per sex); duration of index ischemia (linear); stem cell dose (linear); blinding of outcome assessment reported (stratified yes vs no). For stratified analyses, a minimum number of 8 studies per subgroup is required. ">Subgroup analyses A sensitivity analysis is conducted to assess the impact of decisions taken in the review process on the meta-analysis outcome. These decisions may have been made in various stages of the review, e.g. the decision to exclude certain disease models

2020 PROSPERO

137. General medicine: Prevention of exacerbations in patients with stable non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis: a systematic review and meta-analysis of pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapies Full Text available with Trip Pro

describing the pathogenesis of bronchiectasis. Pharmacological therapies designed to break this cycle can be grouped into anti-infective, anti-inflammatory and mucoactive agents. Treatment aims to reduce the number of exacerbations, reduce cough and sputum volume, reduce sputum purulence and improve health-related quality of life. This systematic review and meta-analysis assesses the evidence of different therapies by providing a comprehensive overview of the effectiveness of pharmacological and non (...) General medicine: Prevention of exacerbations in patients with stable non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis: a systematic review and meta-analysis of pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapies Prevention of exacerbations in patients with stable non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis: a systematic review and meta-analysis of pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapies | BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You

2018 Evidence-Based Medicine

138. Primary care: Synergistic effects of blood pressure-lowering drugs and statins: systematic review and meta-analysis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Primary care: Synergistic effects of blood pressure-lowering drugs and statins: systematic review and meta-analysis Synergistic effects of blood pressure-lowering drugs and statins: systematic review and meta-analysis | BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password (...) For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Synergistic effects of blood pressure-lowering drugs and statins: systematic review and meta-analysis Article Text Evidence synthesis Primary care Synergistic effects of blood

2018 Evidence-Based Medicine

139. The Effect of High-Flow Nasal Cannula Oxygen Therapy on Mortality and Intubation Rate in Acute Respiratory Failure: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

The Effect of High-Flow Nasal Cannula Oxygen Therapy on Mortality and Intubation Rate in Acute Respiratory Failure: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis PEDSCCM.org Criteria abstracted from series in Review Posted: founded 1995 Questions or comments?

2017 PedsCCM Evidence-Based Journal Club

140. Conservative fluid management or deresuscitation for patients with sepsis or acute respiratory distress syndrome following the resuscitation phase of critical illness: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Conservative fluid management or deresuscitation for patients with sepsis or acute respiratory distress syndrome following the resuscitation phase of critical illness: a systematic review and meta-analysis PEDSCCM.org Criteria abstracted from series in Review Posted: founded 1995 Questions or comments?

2017 PedsCCM Evidence-Based Journal Club

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