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3. Opium addiction as new source of lead poisoning: An emerging epidemic in Iran (PubMed)

Opium addiction as new source of lead poisoning: An emerging epidemic in Iran 30034314 2018 11 14 1611-2156 17 2018 EXCLI journal EXCLI J Opium addiction as new source of lead poisoning: An emerging epidemic in Iran. 513-515 10.17179/excli2018-1355 Nakhaee Samaneh S Medical Toxicology and Drug Abuse Research Center (MTDRC), Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran. Mehrpour Omid O Medical Toxicology and Drug Abuse Research Center (MTDRC), Birjand University of Medical Sciences

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2018 EXCLI journal

4. Lead Poisoning (PubMed)

Lead Poisoning The following fictional case is intended as a learning tool within the Pathology Competencies for Medical Education (PCME), a set of national standards for teaching pathology. These are divided into three basic competencies: Disease Mechanisms and Processes, Organ System Pathology, and Diagnostic Medicine and Therapeutic Pathology. For additional information, and a full list of learning objectives for all three competencies, see http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177

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2017 Academic pathology

5. A comparative study of edetate calcium disodium and dimercaptosuccinic acid in the treatment of lead poisoning in adults. (PubMed)

A comparative study of edetate calcium disodium and dimercaptosuccinic acid in the treatment of lead poisoning in adults. We evaluated the efficacy of two antidotes, edetate calcium disodium (CaNa2EDTA) and dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA), for the treatment of lead poisoning in adults.Thirty-seven patients with blood lead concentrations >40 μg/dL and positive CaNa2EDTA lead mobilization were randomized to receive 1050 mg/m2/day of oral DMSA (n = 21) or 500 mg/m2/day of intravenous CaNa2EDTA (n

2018 Clinical toxicology (Philadelphia, Pa.)

6. A Plasma Biochemical Analysis of Acute Lead Poisoning in a Rat Model by Chemometrics-Based Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy: An Exploratory Study (PubMed)

A Plasma Biochemical Analysis of Acute Lead Poisoning in a Rat Model by Chemometrics-Based Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy: An Exploratory Study In this work, we explored to use chemometrics-based Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy to investigate the plasma biochemical changes due to acute lead poisoning (ALP) in a rat model. We first collected the FTIR spectra of the plasma samples from the rats with and without suffering from ALP. We then performed the chemometric analysis (...) of these FTIR spectra using principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA). We found that the chemometrics-based FTIR spectroscopy can discriminate the rats with and without ALP. Further analysis on the PLS-DA regression coefficient revealed that the spectral changes, in particular, corresponding to the biochemical changes of proteins in the plasma may be used as potential spectral biomarkers for the diagnostics of lead poisoning. Our work demonstrates

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2018 Frontiers in chemistry

7. Folk prescription for treating rhinitis as a rare cause of childhood lead poisoning: a case series. (PubMed)

Folk prescription for treating rhinitis as a rare cause of childhood lead poisoning: a case series. Folk prescriptions continue to be important sources of childhood lead poisoning. Nasal spray folk prescriptions for treating rhinitis has only been reported once previously as a cause of lead poisoning.We identified three pediatric cases of severe lead poisoning caused by nasal spray folk medicines prescribed for treating rhinitis. The three patients had similar clinical manifestations including (...) prescriptions for treating rhinitis may contain extremely high bio-accessible lead content and are potential sources of lead poisoning. Clinicians should be alert to this possibility especially in those children presenting with multisystem symptoms.

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2018 BMC Pediatrics

8. Lead Poisoning in Opium Abuser in Iran: A Systematic Review. (PubMed)

Lead Poisoning in Opium Abuser in Iran: A Systematic Review. Substance abuse and its consequences are major health hazards in the world. Opium addiction is a common form of substance abuse in Iran. Adulteration of illegal substances in the process of production and distribution of the drug in black market with many types of materials have been reported. One of the main goals of the adulteration of illegal substances is cutting of the substance for deal and increase of the weight for more (...) benefit. However, adding of adulterating agents to illegal drugs could be considered as a cause of nonspecific and rare toxicity during substance abuse. Although the presence of lead in street-level heroin, marijuana, and amphetamines has been reported from some countries previously, recently, several reports suggested lead poisoning in Iranian opium addicts. Adulteration of opium with lead is a new source of lead poisoning in Iran in which the opium abuse is frequent and it could be a new health

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2018 International journal of preventive medicine

9. Childhood lead biokinetics and associations with age among a group of lead poisoned children in China (PubMed)

Childhood lead biokinetics and associations with age among a group of lead poisoned children in China Childhood lead exposure has been shown to have a significant effect on neurodevelopment. Many of the biokinetics involved with lead biomarkers in children still remain unknown. Two hundred fifty (157 in the exposed group and 93 controls) children were enrolled in our study and lead exposed children returned for multiple visits for measurement of blood and bone lead and chelation treatment. We

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2018 Journal of exposure science & environmental epidemiology

10. Lead poisoning outbreak among opium users in the Islamic Republic of Iran, 2016–2017 (PubMed)

Lead poisoning outbreak among opium users in the Islamic Republic of Iran, 2016–2017 To describe an outbreak of lead poisoning among opium users in the Islamic Republic of Iran and estimate the number of affected people in the country.We used data from the country's largest poison treatment centre to illustrate the epidemiology of an outbreak of lead poisoning in oral opium users. We describe the government's referral and treatment guidelines in response to the outbreak. Based on the number

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2018 Bulletin of the World Health Organization

11. English language YouTube videos as a source of lead poisoning-related information: a cross-sectional study (PubMed)

English language YouTube videos as a source of lead poisoning-related information: a cross-sectional study Exposure to lead is detrimental to children's development. YouTube is a form of social media through which people may learn about lead poisoning. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to analyze the variation in lead poisoning-related YouTube contents between different video sources. The 100 most viewed lead poisoning-related videos were manually coded, among which, 50 were consumer (...) -generated, 19 were created by health care professionals, and 31 were news. The 100 videos had a total of more than 8.9 million views, with news videos accounting for 63% of those views. The odds of mentioning what lead poisoning is, how to remove lead, and specifically mentioning the danger in ages 1-5 because of rapid growth among videos created by health care professionals were 7.28 times (Odds ratio, OR = 7.28, 95% CI, 2.09, 25.37, p = 0.002); 6.83 times (OR = 6.83, 95% CI, 2.05, 22.75, p = 0.002

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2018 International journal of occupational and environmental health

12. Effectiveness of Environmental Measures to Eliminate the Risks of Lead Exposure in Infant Lead Poisoning

Effectiveness of Environmental Measures to Eliminate the Risks of Lead Exposure in Infant Lead Poisoning Effectiveness of Environmental Measures to Eliminate the Risks of Lead Exposure in Infant Lead Poisoning - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100 (...) ). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Effectiveness of Environmental Measures to Eliminate the Risks of Lead Exposure in Infant Lead Poisoning The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03640143

2018 Clinical Trials

13. Global and Geographically Weighted Quantile Regression for Modeling the Incident Rate of Children’s Lead Poisoning in Syracuse, NY, USA (PubMed)

Global and Geographically Weighted Quantile Regression for Modeling the Incident Rate of Children’s Lead Poisoning in Syracuse, NY, USA Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore the full distribution of children's lead poisoning and identify "high risk" locations or areas in the neighborhood of the inner city of Syracuse (NY, USA), using quantile regression models. Methods: Global quantile regression (QR) and geographically weighted quantile regression (GWQR) were applied to model (...) the relationships between children's lead poisoning and three environmental factors at different quantiles (25th, 50th, 75th, and 90th). The response variable was the incident rate of children's blood lead level ≥ 5 µg/dL in each census block, and the three predictor variables included building year, town taxable values, and soil lead concentration. Results: At each quantile, the regression coefficients of both global QR and GWQR models were (1) negative for both building year and town taxable values

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2018 International journal of environmental research and public health

14. Spatial Hurdle Models for Predicting the Number of Children with Lead Poisoning (PubMed)

Spatial Hurdle Models for Predicting the Number of Children with Lead Poisoning Objective The purpose of this study is to identify the high-risk areas of children's lead poisoning in Syracuse, NY, USA, using spatial modeling techniques. The relationships between the number of children's lead poisoning cases and three socio-economic and environmental factors (i.e., building year and town taxable value of houses, and soil lead concentration) were investigated. Methods Spatial generalized linear (...) models (including Poisson, negative binomial, Poisson Hurdle, and negative binomial Hurdle models) were used to model the number of children's lead poisoning cases using the three predictor variables at the census block level in the inner city of Syracuse. Results The building year and town taxable value were strongly and positively associated with the elevated risk for lead poisoning, while soil lead concentration showed a weak relationship with lead poisoning. The negative binomial Hurdle model

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2018 International journal of environmental research and public health

15. Lead Poisoning and the Dangers of Pragmatism (PubMed)

Lead Poisoning and the Dangers of Pragmatism Drawing from ethnographic research on lead poisoning in Uruguay and secondary literature from lead poisoning cases around the world, the commentary argues that public health policy guided by pragmatism presents multiple dangers to effective health intervention.

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2018 International journal of environmental research and public health

16. Basophilic Stippling and Chronic Lead Poisoning (PubMed)

Basophilic Stippling and Chronic Lead Poisoning 30182925 2018 12 07 1308-5263 35 4 2018 11 13 Turkish journal of haematology : official journal of Turkish Society of Haematology Turk J Haematol Basophilic Stippling and Chronic Lead Poisoning 298-299 10.4274/tjh.2018.0195 Zhao Yantian Y 0000-0001-7332-5920 Capital Medical University Beijing Chao-yang Hospital, Department of Clinical Laboratory, Beijing, China Lv Juan J 0000-0002-2299-120X Capital Medical University Beijing Chao-yang Hospital (...) , Department of Clinical Laboratory, Beijing, China eng Journal Article Bazofilik Noktalanma ve Kronik Kurşun Zehirlenmesi 2018 09 05 Turkey Turk J Haematol 9606065 1300-7777 Basophilic stippling Chronic lead poisoning Blood 2018 9 6 6 0 2018 9 6 6 0 2018 9 6 6 0 ppublish 30182925 10.4274/tjh.2018.0195 PMC6256818

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2018 Turkish Journal of Hematology

17. Toxic metals in ayurvedic preparations from a public health lead poisoning cluster investigation (PubMed)

Toxic metals in ayurvedic preparations from a public health lead poisoning cluster investigation Background Herbal formulations, traditional medicine, and complementary and alternative medicine are used by the majority of the world's population. Toxicity associated with use of Ayurvedic products due to metal content is an increasingly recognized potential public health problem. Objectives Report on toxic metals content of Ayurvedic products obtained during an investigation of lead poisoning

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2018 International journal of occupational and environmental health

18. Improving Childhood Lead Poisoning Surveillance and Data Management in Arizona Through an Evaluation of the Transition to a New Surveillance System. (PubMed)

Improving Childhood Lead Poisoning Surveillance and Data Management in Arizona Through an Evaluation of the Transition to a New Surveillance System. The Arizona Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program (CLPPP) worked with internal teams to identify opportunities for improvement in data quality and data management processes during the transition of lead poisoning surveillance into Arizona's communicable disease surveillance system. A pretransition review led to the determination of key (...) strategies based on feasibility to implement and potential for impact on program operations. The strategies included standardizing reporting methods, automating data processing, and centralizing data management. The Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program evaluated pre- and posttransition data management processes to determine whether improved efficiency was achieved. To evaluate the key strategies, indicators regarding data flow, data capture, and surveillance capacity were used. The key strategies

2017 Journal of Public Health Management and Practice

19. Using Medicaid Data to Improve Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program Outcomes and Blood Lead Surveillance. (PubMed)

Using Medicaid Data to Improve Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program Outcomes and Blood Lead Surveillance. Wisconsin-specific data revealed that not all Medicaid providers were testing children appropriately for blood lead levels and not all blood lead tests were reported to the Department of Health Services, Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program. The Medicaid program requires blood lead screening for all Medicaid-enrolled children at specific ages. Wisconsin state law requires (...) blood lead tests identified in the Medicaid billing data that had not been reported from 2007 to 2015. There were 468 billing providers who had unreported tests. All sites with unreported tests were contacted, 84% of test results were obtained, and 14% of test records could not be retrieved. Outpatient clinics accounted for the majority of all unreported tests (72%) and irretrievable test records (74%).Childhood lead poisoning prevention programs can effectively utilize Medicaid data to increase

2017 Journal of Public Health Management and Practice

20. Identifying and Chronicling Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program Achievements With "Success Stories". (PubMed)

Identifying and Chronicling Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program Achievements With "Success Stories". Success stories showcase a public health program's progress toward achieving population health objectives. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC's) Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program (CLPPP) develops "success stories" in partnership with state and local cooperative agreement recipients as one way to highlight lead poisoning prevention achievements. Success (...) approach results in stronger products ensuring that both CDC and program recipients can use the success stories to demonstrate achievement of key program objectives. We describe how success stories can be used to identify, chronicle, and mobilize public health program achievements using the example of lead poisoning prevention. Success stories allow programs to increase mission awareness, build stakeholder support, generate community interest, and collectively demonstrate progress toward meeting

2017 Journal of Public Health Management and Practice

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