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121. How do iLead? Validation of a scale measuring active and passive implementation leadership in Swedish healthcare. Full Text available with Trip Pro

How do iLead? Validation of a scale measuring active and passive implementation leadership in Swedish healthcare. This study aims to describe the creation of a scale-the iLead scale-through adaptations of existing domain-specific scales that measure active and passive implementation leadership, and to describe the psychometric properties of this scale.Data collected from a leadership intervention were used in this validation study. Respondents were 336 healthcare professionals (90% female (...) consistency and convergent, discriminant and criterion-related validity were all satisfactory.The iLead scale is a valid measure of implementation leadership and is a tool for understanding how active and passive leader behaviours influence an implementation process. This brief scale may be particularly valuable to apply in training focusing on facilitating implementation, and in evaluating leader training. Moreover, the scale can be useful in evaluating various leader behaviours associated

2018 BMJ open

122. How does exercise dose affect patients with long-term osteoarthritis of the knee? A study protocol of a randomised controlled trial in Sweden and Norway: the SWENOR Study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

How does exercise dose affect patients with long-term osteoarthritis of the knee? A study protocol of a randomised controlled trial in Sweden and Norway: the SWENOR Study. Osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee is characterised by knee pain, disability and degenerative changes, and places a burden on societies all over the world. Exercise therapy is an often-used modality, but there is little evidence of what type of exercise dose is the most effective, indicating a need for controlled studies (...) and presented at national and international conferences.NCT02024126; Pre-results.© Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2018. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

2018 BMJ open Controlled trial quality: predicted high

123. How a deliberative approach includes women in the decisions of screening mammography: a citizens' jury feasibility study in Andalusia, Spain. Full Text available with Trip Pro

How a deliberative approach includes women in the decisions of screening mammography: a citizens' jury feasibility study in Andalusia, Spain. To verify whether a citizens' jury study is feasible to the Andalusian population and to know if women, when better informed, are able to answer the research question of whether the Andalusian Public Health System must continue offering screening mammography to women aged 50-69. The reasons for the pertinent decision and recommendations to the political (...) desire informed decision making and to keep or increase medicalisation in their lives.© Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2018. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

2018 BMJ open

124. T-piece resuscitators: how do they compare? (Abstract)

T-piece resuscitators: how do they compare? The T-piece resuscitator (TPR) has seen increased use as a primary resuscitation device with newborns. Traditional TPR design uses a high resistance expiratory valve to produce positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP) or continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) at resuscitation. A new TPR device that uses a dual flow ratio valve (fluidic flip) to produce PEEP/CPAP is now available (rPAP). We aimed to compare the measured ventilation performance (...) compliances expected at birth. Device-generated inadvertent PEEP and overdelivery of PIP may be clinically deleterious for term and preterm newborns or infants with larger Crs during resuscitation.© Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2019. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

2018 Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition

125. How can positive and negative trainer feedback in the operating theatre impact a surgical trainee's confidence and well-being: a qualitative study in the north of England. Full Text available with Trip Pro

How can positive and negative trainer feedback in the operating theatre impact a surgical trainee's confidence and well-being: a qualitative study in the north of England. To identify the perception of positive feedback (PF) and negative feedback (NF) provided by trainers in the operating theatre on surgical trainees' confidence and well-being.Narrative interview study.Twelve hospitals that form part of one deanery within the UK.Maximum variation sampling of 15 higher general surgical trainees (...) provided insight into how PF and NF from trainers in the operating theatre affect confidence and well-being.Narrative telephone interviews were conducted with general surgical trainees between April and June 2016. All interviews were recorded, transcribed and anonymised. Transcriptions were analysed using the five-step framework analysis by two independent researchers.Fifteen trainees (age 28-38 years) were interviewed (median interview time: 29 min). Thematic framework analysis identified nine themes

2018 BMJ open

126. How do time trends in inhospital mortality compare? A retrospective study of England and Scotland over 17 years using administrative data. Full Text available with Trip Pro

How do time trends in inhospital mortality compare? A retrospective study of England and Scotland over 17 years using administrative data. To examine the trends in inhospital mortality for England and Scotland over a 17-year period to determine whether and if so to what extent the time trends differ after controlling for differences in the patients treated.Analysis of retrospective administrative hospital data using descriptive aggregate statistics of trends in inhospital mortality (...) (elective and emergency), we examine aggregate time trends of the proportion of patients who die in hospital and a binary variable indicating whether an individual patient died in hospital or survived, and how that indicator is influenced by the patient's characteristics, the year and the country (England or Scotland) in which they were admitted.Inhospital mortality has declined in both countries over the period studied, for both elective and emergency admissions, but has declined more in England than

2018 BMJ open

127. Undergraduate medical students' behavioural intentions towards medical errors and how to handle them: a qualitative vignette study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

to adequately deal with errors. Educators need to introduce knowledge and skills on how to deal with errors and emotional preparedness for errors into undergraduate medical education.© Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2018. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted. (...) Undergraduate medical students' behavioural intentions towards medical errors and how to handle them: a qualitative vignette study. In undergraduate medical education, the topics of errors in medicine and patient safety are under-represented. The aim of this study was to explore undergraduate medical students' behavioural intentions when confronted with an error.A qualitative case vignette survey was conducted including one of six randomly distributed case scenarios in which a hypothetical

2018 BMJ open

128. How patients' experiences of respiratory tract infections affect healthcare-seeking and antibiotic use: insights from a cross-sectional survey in rural Anhui, China. Full Text available with Trip Pro

How patients' experiences of respiratory tract infections affect healthcare-seeking and antibiotic use: insights from a cross-sectional survey in rural Anhui, China. To investigate the occurrence of reported respiratory tract infection (RTI) symptoms and their effects on use of self and professional care among patients in the community.A cross-sectional retrospective household survey.12 administrative villages from rural Anhui, China.2160 rural adult residents aged ≥18 years registered as rural (...) . No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

2018 BMJ open

129. How well does early-career investigators' cardiovascular outcomes research training align with funded outcomes research? (Abstract)

economics/cost-effectiveness research was more common than funded grants in these areas. Restricting to CV grants (n=132) and National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute-funded grants (n=170) produced similar results.Identifying mismatch between funded grants in outcomes research and early-career investigators' prior/desired training may help efforts to harmonize investigator interests, training, and funding. Our findings suggest a need for further consideration of how to best prepare early-career (...) How well does early-career investigators' cardiovascular outcomes research training align with funded outcomes research? Outcomes research training programs should prepare trainees to successfully compete for research funding. We examined how early-career investigators' prior and desired training aligns with recently funded cardiovascular (CV) outcomes research.We (1) reviewed literature to identify 13 core competency areas in CV outcomes research; (2) surveyed early-career investigators

2018 American Heart Journal

130. From in vivo to in vitro: How the Guatemala STD Experiments Transformed Bodies Into Biospecimens. Full Text available with Trip Pro

From in vivo to in vitro: How the Guatemala STD Experiments Transformed Bodies Into Biospecimens. Policy Points: While most scholarship regarding the US Public Health Service's STD experiments in Guatemala during the 1940s has focused on the intentional exposure experiments, secondary research was also conducted on biospecimens collected from these subjects. These biospecimen experiments continued after the Guatemala grant ended, and the specimens were used in conjunction with those from

2018 Milbank Quarterly

131. How does the outcome of research training fellowships funded via the NHS compare with that from competitively funded fellowships from the MRC and other charities: a cross-sectional retrospective survey of trainees undertaking research training in the West Full Text available with Trip Pro

How does the outcome of research training fellowships funded via the NHS compare with that from competitively funded fellowships from the MRC and other charities: a cross-sectional retrospective survey of trainees undertaking research training in the West This study aimed to investigate the impact of research training funded via the National Health Service (NHS) on medical trainees compared with traditional clinical research training fellowships (CRTFs).Online survey of 221 clinical trainees (...) participants to successfully achieve a higher degree.© Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2018. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

2018 BMJ open

132. How effective and cost-effective are innovative combinatorial technologies and practices for supporting older people with long-term conditions to remain well in the community? An evaluation protocol for an NHS Test Bed in North West England. Full Text available with Trip Pro

How effective and cost-effective are innovative combinatorial technologies and practices for supporting older people with long-term conditions to remain well in the community? An evaluation protocol for an NHS Test Bed in North West England. The Lancashire and Cumbria Innovation Alliance (LCIA) Test Bed is a partnership between the National Health Service in England, industry (led by Philips) and Lancaster University. Through the implementation of a combination of innovative health technologies (...) Authority and Lancaster University's Faculty of Health and Medicine Research Ethics Committee. A range of dissemination methods are adopted, including deliberative panels to validate findings and develop outcomes for policy and practice.© Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2018. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

2018 BMJ open

133. How Does Orthopaedic Research Affect Patient Care? (Abstract)

How Does Orthopaedic Research Affect Patient Care? Academic medicine hinges on high-quality results from research. Surgeon scientists spend their career acquiring grants, writing papers, and educating a next generation of scientists. The real question is how well are we at playing this game? Does our research change surgical practice or affect patient care or government policy? Ideally, published research does and will continue to shape the way care is delivered. Key questions remain, however (...) ; what is the return on research investment in orthopaedics? How can surgeons decide which "evidence" matters, and does practice-change only refer to Level I evidence (randomized trials)? This review considers all these questions.

2018 Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma

134. How can emergency physicians harness the power of new technologies in clinical practice and education? (Abstract)

to the emergency clinician. This paper outlines areas of our practice that are already changing and speculates on how we might need to prepare our workforce for a technologically enhanced future.© Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2018. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted. (...) How can emergency physicians harness the power of new technologies in clinical practice and education? As the Royal College of Emergency Medicine looks back on 50 years of progress towards the future it is clear that new and emerging technologies have the potential to substantially change the practice of emergency medicine. Education, diagnostics, therapeutics are all likely to change as algorithms, personalised medicine and insights into complexity become more readily available

2018 Emergency Medicine Journal

135. How Participants Perceive Biomedical Research in Pulmonology

How Participants Perceive Biomedical Research in Pulmonology How Participants Perceive Biomedical Research in Pulmonology - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. How Participants Perceive Biomedical (...) Hospital, Montpellier Information provided by (Responsible Party): University Hospital, Montpellier Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: The primary objective of this study is to determine how biomedical research is perceived by patients already participating in a pulmonology research project. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Biomedical Research Other: Questionnaire Detailed Description: Over time, clinical research has become a challenge both in terms of public health

2018 Clinical Trials

136. Building the Child Safety Collaborative Innovation and Improvement Network: How does it work and what is it achieving? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Building the Child Safety Collaborative Innovation and Improvement Network: How does it work and what is it achieving? This study investigated whether the Child Safety Collaborative Innovation and Improvement Network (CS CoIIN) framework could be applied in the field of injury and violence prevention to reduce fatalities, hospitalizations and emergency department visits among 0-19 year olds.Twenty-one states/jurisdictions were accepted into cohort 1 of the CS CoIIN, and 14 were engaged from (...) indicates the CS CoIIN framework can be applied to make progress on process measures, but more time is needed to determine if this will result in progress on long-term outcome measures of fatalities, hospitalizations and emergency department visits. Seventeen states/jurisdictions will participate in cohort 2.© Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2018. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

2018 Injury Prevention

137. “Thinking about the future, what’s gonna happen?”—How young people in Sweden who neither work nor study perceive life experiences in relation to health and well-being Full Text available with Trip Pro

unemployed and not eligible for upper secondary school, or who had dropped out of school.Three themes emerged from the analysis illustrating how the young people perceive their life experiences in relation to health and well-being: Struggling with hardships in the absence of caring connections, Feeling good when closely connected to others, and Being forced to question what has been taken for granted. Each theme consists of 2-3 subthemes.Based on the young people's narrated experiences health can (...) “Thinking about the future, what’s gonna happen?”—How young people in Sweden who neither work nor study perceive life experiences in relation to health and well-being The aim of this study was to explore how young people in Sweden who neither work nor study perceive life experiences in relation to health and well-being.A task-based interview technique was used and data was analysed with qualitative content analysis. Interviews were conducted with 16 participants aged 16-20 who were

2018 International journal of qualitative studies on health and well-being

138. How many people have been bitten by dogs? A cross-sectional survey of prevalence, incidence and factors associated with dog bites in a UK community Full Text available with Trip Pro

How many people have been bitten by dogs? A cross-sectional survey of prevalence, incidence and factors associated with dog bites in a UK community Dog bite studies are typically based on hospital records and may be biased towards bites requiring significant medical treatment. This study investigated true dog bite prevalence and incidence at a community-level and victim-related risk factors, in order to inform policy and prevention.A cross-sectional study of a community of 1280 households (...) requires further investigation and potential consideration in the design of bite prevention schemes.© Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2018. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

2018 Journal of epidemiology and community health

139. How adolescent health influences education and employment: investigating longitudinal associations and mechanisms Full Text available with Trip Pro

How adolescent health influences education and employment: investigating longitudinal associations and mechanisms Education is recognised as a strong determinant of health. Yet there is increasing concern that health in adolescence may also influence educational attainments and future life chances. We examined associations between health in early adolescence and subsequent academic and employment outcomes, exploring potential mediators of these relationships to inform intervention strategies.We (...) otherwise expressly granted.

2018 Journal of epidemiology and community health

140. How do ED patients with criminal justice contact compare with other ED users? A retrospective analysis of ED visits in California. Full Text available with Trip Pro

How do ED patients with criminal justice contact compare with other ED users? A retrospective analysis of ED visits in California. To assess the patterns of emergency department (ED) utilisation among those with and without criminal justice contact in California in 2014, comparing variation in ED use, visit frequency, diagnoses and insurance coverage.Retrospective, cross-sectional study.Analyses included ED visits to all licensed hospitals in California using statewide data on all ED encounters (...) utilisation among this group.© Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2018. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

2018 BMJ open

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