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181. How Much Blood Could a JP Suck If a JP Could Suck Blood? (PubMed)

How Much Blood Could a JP Suck If a JP Could Suck Blood? Active surgical drains minimize fluid accumulation in the postoperative period. The Jackson-Pratt (JP) system consists of a silicone drain connected by flexible tubing to a bulb. When air in the bulb is evacuated, negative pressure is applied at the surgical site to aspirate fluid. The objective of this study was to determine if the evacuation method and volume of accumulated fluid affect the pressure generated by the bulb.Bulbs were (...) a side-in evacuation of a JP bulb was 87.4 cm H2 O compared to 17.7 cm H2 O for a bottom-up evacuation (P < 0.0001). When the drain contained 25 mL, 50 mL, 75 mL, and 100 mL of fluid, the pressure applied dropped to 72.6, 41.3, 37.0, and 35.6 cm H2 O, respectively.JP drains generate negative pressure in order to reduce fluid accumulation at surgical sites. Although its function is frequently taken for granted, this study demonstrates that both the specific method for evacuating the bulb as well

2018 Laryngoscope

182. The impact or effect of 'wish- granting' interventions on the psychosocial and physical wellbeing of children with life threatening conditions, and their families

The impact or effect of 'wish- granting' interventions on the psychosocial and physical wellbeing of children with life threatening conditions, and their families Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr (...) no). For stratified analyses, a minimum number of 8 studies per subgroup is required. ">Subgroup analyses A sensitivity analysis is conducted to assess the impact of decisions taken in the review process on the meta-analysis outcome. These decisions may have been made in various stages of the review, e.g. the decision to exclude certain disease models, the decision to pool certain units of measurement for an outcome, the choice of effect measure, how subgroup variables are stratified etc. In order to assess

2018 PROSPERO

183. The Effect of Individualised Homoeopathic Treatment Using the Grant Bentley Method in Premenstrual Syndrome

The Effect of Individualised Homoeopathic Treatment Using the Grant Bentley Method in Premenstrual Syndrome The Effect of Individualised Homoeopathic Treatment Using the Grant Bentley Method in Premenstrual Syndrome - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (...) (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. The Effect of Individualised Homoeopathic Treatment Using the Grant Bentley Method in Premenstrual Syndrome The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02481973 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : June 25, 2015 Last Update

2015 Clinical Trials

184. Five New Grants Totaling $6.7 Million Will Improve Care of Older Adults

by these passionate clinicians and a pilot to help EDs implement quality improvement projects based on those guidelines. This two-year, first phase will also study the impact of guideline recommended care, set up an infrastructure for ongoing data collection and research, and develop a business plan for the expansion of the collaborative to 50 hospitals in a second grant-funded phase before becoming self-sustaining. In another exciting and collaborative project, we will be taking lessons learned from the highly (...) Five New Grants Totaling $6.7 Million Will Improve Care of Older Adults Five New Grants Totaling $6.7 Million Will Improve Care of Older Adults Contact JAHF Tel: Fax: The John A. Hartford Foundation 55 East 59th Street 16th Floor New York, NY 10022-1713 / / on December 16, 2015 , our grantees, and colleagues who are all working to improve the care of older adults! We have so much to celebrate that has already been accomplished and the momentum going forward is palpable. I am pleased to let you

2015 Health AGEnda blog

185. New Grants Totaling $3.28 Million Spur Long-Term Changes in Delivery of Care to Older Adults

performance measures for health plans focused on the outcomes older adults identify as important. These measures will be designed for eventual use in NCQA accreditation programs, and by states and CMS. Together, these projects will meet the need for quality measures that assess how well organizations provide integrated, patient-centered, goal-based care that helps people to achieve their priority outcomes. Finally, the Board also approved a three-year, grant of a little over $515,000 to continue support (...) New Grants Totaling $3.28 Million Spur Long-Term Changes in Delivery of Care to Older Adults New Grants Totaling $3.28 Million Spur Long-Term Changes in Delivery of Care to Older Adults Contact JAHF Tel: Fax: The John A. Hartford Foundation 55 East 59th Street 16th Floor New York, NY 10022-1713 / / on September 24, 2015 approved three grants totaling more than $3.28 million last week that we believe will lead to fundamental, long-term changes in the way care is delivered to older adults. We

2015 Health AGEnda blog

186. Size and characteristics of the biomedical research workforce associated with U.S. National Institutes of Health extramural grants (PubMed)

of the first-ever census of the NIH-funded extramural research workforce. Data were extracted from All Personnel Reports submitted for NIH grants funded in FY 2009, including position title, months of effort, academic degrees obtained, and personal identifiers. Data were de-duplicated to determine a unique person count. Person-years of effort (PYE) on NIH grants were computed. In FY 2009, NIH funded 50,885 grant projects, which created 313,049 full- and part-time positions spanning all job functions (...) Size and characteristics of the biomedical research workforce associated with U.S. National Institutes of Health extramural grants The U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) annually invests approximately $22 billion in biomedical research through its extramural grant programs. Since fiscal year (FY) 2010, all persons involved in research during the previous project year have been required to be listed on the annual grant progress report. These new data have enabled the production

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2015 The FASEB Journal

187. The effects of school physical education grants on obesity, fitness, and academic achievement. (PubMed)

The effects of school physical education grants on obesity, fitness, and academic achievement. Foundations and governments fund a number of programs that provide grants to improve school physical education or other forms of school-based physical activity. The effects of these grant programs are unknown. We evaluate the effects of Texas Fitness Now, a program in which the state of Texas granted $37 million to improve physical education in high-poverty middle schools over the 4 school years from (...) 2007-08 to 2010-11. The stated goals of Texas Fitness Now were to reduce obesity, increase fitness, and raise academic achievement.We summarize how Texas Fitness Now funds were spent and estimate the impact of Texas Fitness Now using a fixed-effects longitudinal model that exploits changes in schools' eligibility over time. Changes in eligibility occurred when eligibility expanded to new schools after year 2 and when the program was terminated after year 4.Most Texas Fitness Now funds were spent

2015 Preventive Medicine

188. Transformation of the Title V Maternal and Child Health Services Block Grant (PubMed)

Transformation of the Title V Maternal and Child Health Services Block Grant This paper describes the transformation of the Title V Maternal and Child Health (MCH) Services Block Grant. The Maternal and Child Health Bureau of the Health Resources and Services Administration led a 21-month visioning process to engage input from MCH stakeholders and other national, state and local MCH leaders, families and other partners to improve, innovate, and transform the Title V MCH Services Block Grant (...) . The process has helped inform the development of a new grant guidance for the next 5-year cycle beginning in fiscal year 2016. The triple aims of the transformation are to reduce burden, maintain flexibility, and increase accountability. State reporting burden is reduced by aligning and streamlining the needs assessment, annual report and application, reducing the number of forms States have to fill out, eliminating Health Systems Capacity Indicators, and prepopulating the annual report and application

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2015 Maternal and child health journal

189. Comparative genomics: beyond the horizon of the next research grant. (PubMed)

Comparative genomics: beyond the horizon of the next research grant. With the development of agriculture and food processing techniques, humanity has recently challenged the rules of a billion-year-old experiment called evolution. In this experiment the availability of food in a particular niche has been one of the major driving forces to shape particular species. Comparative genomics is a new research discipline that investigates two or more genomes from different species in order to find (...) specific genetic adaptations that explain a 'workable match' between genetic make-up and environmental constraints such as nutrition. Three recent examples in the literature illustrate how selection of particular genes can contribute to species-specific adaptations that allow them to recognise, secure and digest particular types of food and metabolise its ingredients. There is growing consensus that the recent changes in human diet and physical activity play an active role in the rapid growth

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2015 Diabetologia

190. Mixed methods study: Professionals providing cervical screening may require training and support on how to provide safe and sensitive care for survivors of childhood sexual abuse

Mixed methods study: Professionals providing cervical screening may require training and support on how to provide safe and sensitive care for survivors of childhood sexual abuse Professionals providing cervical screening may require training and support on how to provide safe and sensitive care for survivors of childhood sexual abuse | Evidence-Based Nursing We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your (...) browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Professionals providing cervical screening may require

2015 Evidence-Based Nursing

191. Cigarette Smoking: Health Risks and How to Quit (PDQ®): Health Professional Version

Cigarette Smoking: Health Risks and How to Quit (PDQ®): Health Professional Version Cigarette Smoking: Health Risks and How to Quit (PDQ®) - PDQ Cancer Information Summaries - NCBI Bookshelf Warning: The NCBI web site requires JavaScript to function. Search database Search term Search NCBI Bookshelf. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health. PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Cancer Institute (US); 2002-. PDQ Cancer (...) Information Summaries [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): ; 2002-. Search term Cigarette Smoking: Health Risks and How to Quit (PDQ®) Health Professional Version PDQ Screening and Prevention Editorial Board . Published online: September 21, 2018. This PDQ cancer information summary for health professionals provides comprehensive, peer-reviewed, evidence-based information about the prevention and cessation of cigarette smoking and the control of tobacco use. It is intended as a resource to inform and assist

2016 PDQ - NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database

192. How to assess publication bias: funnel plot, trim-and-fill method and selection models

How to assess publication bias: funnel plot, trim-and-fill method and selection models How to assess publication bias: funnel plot, trim-and-fill method and selection models | Evidence-Based Mental Health We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers (...) of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here How to assess publication bias: funnel plot, trim-and-fill method and selection models Article Text Statistics in pills How to assess publication bias: funnel plot, trim-and-fill method and selection models Dimitris

2014 Evidence-Based Mental Health

193. Describing qualitative research undertaken with randomised controlled trials in grant proposals: a documentary analysis. (PubMed)

Describing qualitative research undertaken with randomised controlled trials in grant proposals: a documentary analysis. There is growing recognition of the value of conducting qualitative research with trials in health research. It is timely to reflect on how this qualitative research is presented in grant proposals to identify lessons for researchers and research commissioners. As part of a larger study focusing on how to maximise the value of undertaking qualitative research with trials, we (...) , with an associated lack of attention to the rationale for doing the qualitative research and important methodological details. Acknowledging the space restrictions faced by researchers writing grant proposals, we suggest a starting point for providing practical guidance to help researchers write proposals and research commissioners assess proposals of qualitative research with trials.

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2014 BMC medical research methodology

194. Percentile Ranking and Citation Impact of a Large Cohort of NHLBI-Funded Cardiovascular R01 Grants. (PubMed)

Percentile Ranking and Citation Impact of a Large Cohort of NHLBI-Funded Cardiovascular R01 Grants. Funding decisions for cardiovascular R01 grant applications at the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) largely hinge on percentile rankings. It is not known whether this approach enables the highest impact science.Our aim was to conduct an observational analysis of percentile rankings and bibliometric outcomes for a contemporary set of funded NHLBI cardiovascular R01 grants.We (...) identified 1492 investigator-initiated de novo R01 grant applications that were funded between 2001 and 2008 and followed their progress for linked publications and citations to those publications. Our coprimary end points were citations received per million dollars of funding, citations obtained <2 years of publication, and 2-year citations for each grant's maximally cited paper. In 7654 grant-years of funding that generated $3004 million of total National Institutes of Health awards, the portfolio

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2014 Circulation Research

195. Does receiving an American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation Centralized Otolaryngology Research Efforts grant influence career path and scholarly impact among fellowship-trained rhinologists? (PubMed)

Institutes of Health (NIH) and CORE programs is associated with increased scholarly impact among rhinologists. Another aim was to explore whether obtaining CORE grant funding is associated with NIH award acquisition.Practice setting, academic rank, and fellowship-training status were determined for individuals in the CORE grant database. The h-index and publication experience of practitioners was calculated using the Scopus database. Faculty listings were used to determine this data for a non-CORE-grants (...) -funded "control" group of academic rhinologists. Active and past NIH funding was obtained using the NIH RePORTER database.Fifteen of 26 (57.7%) fellowship-trained rhinologists receiving CORE grants were funded for rhinologic projects. Five of 6 rhinologists receiving NIH funding had a CORE-grants-funding history. Twenty-two of 26 (84.6%) rhinologists receiving CORE funding are currently in academic practice. Academic rhinologists receiving CORE or NIH funding had higher h-indices, a result reaching

2014 International forum of allergy & rhinology

196. The impact of funding through the RF President's grants for young scientists (the field--medicine) on research productivity: a quasi-experimental study and a brief systematic review. (PubMed)

competitions) revealed a small treatment effect--an increase in the total number of publications over a 4-5-year period after the competition by 1.23 (95% CI 0.48-1.97). However, the relationship between the number of total publications published by applicants before and after the competition revealed that this treatment effect is an effect of the "maturation" of scientists with a high baseline publication activity--not of grant funding. (...) The impact of funding through the RF President's grants for young scientists (the field--medicine) on research productivity: a quasi-experimental study and a brief systematic review. The impact of grants on research productivity has been investigated by a number of retrospective studies. The results of these studies vary considerably. The objective of my study was to investigate the impact of funding through the RF President's grants for young scientists on the research productivity of awarded

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2014 PloS one

197. How does sevoflurane induction, followed by a ketamine maintenance infusion, affect intraocular pressure? Establishment of an anaesthetic protocol for paediatric glaucoma examinations under anaesthesia. (PubMed)

How does sevoflurane induction, followed by a ketamine maintenance infusion, affect intraocular pressure? Establishment of an anaesthetic protocol for paediatric glaucoma examinations under anaesthesia. Accurate measurement of intraocular pressure (IOP) is essential in paediatric glaucoma management. Children require serial measurements and examination under anaesthesia (EUA). Most anaesthetic agents reduce IOP, and the ideal time to measure IOP under anaesthesia is questionable.To determine (...) in the text of the article) 2018. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

2017 British Journal of Ophthalmology

198. How to adapt existing evidence-based clinical practice guidelines: a case example with smoking cessation guidelines in Canada. (PubMed)

How to adapt existing evidence-based clinical practice guidelines: a case example with smoking cessation guidelines in Canada. To develop and encourage the adoption of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for smoking cessation in Canada by engaging stakeholders in the adaptation of existing high-quality CPGs using principles of the ADAPTE framework.An independent expert body in guideline review conducted a review and identified six existing CPGs, which met a priori criteria for quality (...) cessation CPGs to the local context and to facilitate subsequent adoption by various stakeholders.© Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

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2017 BMJ open

199. How to feed a baby recovering from necrotising enterocolitis when maternal milk is not available. (PubMed)

How to feed a baby recovering from necrotising enterocolitis when maternal milk is not available. Necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) is a devastating disease with significant mortality and serious adverse outcomes in at least 50% including short gut and poor neurodevelopment. Research and management are complicated by a lack of robust clinical markers, and without histological confirmation, there is a risk of both underdiagnosis and overdiagnosis. Interunit variations in the thresholds (...) composition and quality of formula milk.© Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

2017 Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition

200. Exploring how ward staff engage with the implementation of a patient safety intervention: a UK-based qualitative process evaluation. (PubMed)

Exploring how ward staff engage with the implementation of a patient safety intervention: a UK-based qualitative process evaluation. A patient safety intervention was tested in a 33-ward randomised controlled trial. No statistically significant difference between intervention and control wards was found. We conducted a process evaluation of the trial and our aim in this paper is to understand staff engagement across the 17 intervention wards.Large qualitative process evaluation (...) in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

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2017 BMJ open

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