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181. The Nexus of Data and Community: How Partnership Can Close Achievement Gaps

The Nexus of Data and Community: How Partnership Can Close Achievement Gaps The Nexus of Data and Community: How Partnership Can Close Achievement Gaps | PLOS Blogs Network PLOS Blogs Staff Blogs Blogs by Topic Biology & Life Sciences Earth & Environmental Sciences Multi-disciplinary Sciences Medicine & Health Research Analysis & Scientific Policy Diverse perspectives on science and medicine Staff Blogs Blogs by Topic Biology & Life Sciences Earth & Environmental Sciences Multi-disciplinary (...) Sciences Medicine & Health Research Analysis & Scientific Policy Post navigation in Uncategorized States across the U.S. ( ) are making strides to better understand and close the racial achievement gaps at the K-12 and college level. This week, we’re pleased to present the work of Dr. Monica Medina, who uses her training in educational research to meet underserved schools and communities where they are, learn what issues they face, and consider how academic research may help solve them. –Katlyn Hughes

2018 PLOS Blogs Network

182. “Harms of Formula” Vs “Benefits of Breastfeeding” : Why we don’t “know” how to talk about the effects of different ways of feeding babies

paper, even if she is right about general practice, this does not settle how we should talk about formula. Because breastfeeding deeply implicates the mother’s body and agency, positioning breastfeeding as the moral baseline is problematic even if it is the biological norm. To do so takes the mother’s body and agency for granted. It does not fit with our use of the concepts of harm and benefit in other situations. In general, we think of harming someone as making them worse off than a neutral state (...) “Harms of Formula” Vs “Benefits of Breastfeeding” : Why we don’t “know” how to talk about the effects of different ways of feeding babies “Harms of Formula” Vs “Benefits of Breastfeeding” : Why we don’t “know” how to talk about the effects of different ways of feeding babies | Journal of Medical Ethics blog by By I’m sitting in a room filled with people who care deeply about mothers and babies. Many of them have dedicated their lives to improving support for new mothers to have the chance

2018 Journal of Medical Ethics blog

183. How the U.S. Can Help Resolve the Rohingya Crisis

How the U.S. Can Help Resolve the Rohingya Crisis How the U.S. Can Help Resolve the Rohingya Crisis | RAND Objective Analysis. Effective Solutions. Site-wide navigation Trending Topics Featured Research Activities Spotlight Commentary: Commentary: By Research Area Drawing upon decades of experience, RAND provides research services, systematic analysis, and innovative thinking to a global clientele that includes government agencies, foundations, and private-sector firms. Who We Work For Work (...) —but it was also true before the Saffron Revolution of 2007, which set the wheels of democratization in motion. Myanmar's leaders, and more importantly, the country's population, have already proven that they do not want to remain pawns of China. U.S. demands on Myanmar—backed up by key players including the European Union, India, Japan, and South Korea—should be focused not merely on accepting the Rohingya back but on granting them the safety and citizenship rights enjoyed by all other ethnic minorities

2018 The RAND blog

184. Big Booze helped plan $100 million NIH study on alcohol–here’s how they’ve also tried to influence journalists

Big Booze helped plan $100 million NIH study on alcohol–here’s how they’ve also tried to influence journalists Liquor industry involved in planning of NIH study of alcohol benefits Note to our followers: Our nearly 13-year run of daily publication of new content on HealthNewsReview.org came to a close at the end of 2018. Publisher Gary Schwitzer and other contributors may post new articles periodically. But all of the 6,000+ articles we have published contain lessons to help you improve your (...) critical thinking about health care interventions. And those will be still be alive on the site for a couple of years. 6093 Posts Menu March 19, 2018 Big Booze helped plan $100 million NIH study on alcohol–here’s how they’ve also tried to influence journalists Posted By Categories , Tags , , , Kevin Lomangino is the managing editor of HealthNewsReview.org. He tweets as @KLomangino. Like a St. Patrick’s Day hangover, news of federal researchers courting liquor company executives for funding leaves a bad

2018 HealthNewsReview

185. How To Get The Most Out Of A Scientific Conference

How To Get The Most Out Of A Scientific Conference How To Get The Most Out Of A Scientific Conference | PLOS Blogs Network PLOS Blogs Staff Blogs Blogs by Topic Biology & Life Sciences Earth & Environmental Sciences Multi-disciplinary Sciences Medicine & Health Research Analysis & Scientific Policy Diverse perspectives on science and medicine Staff Blogs Blogs by Topic Biology & Life Sciences Earth & Environmental Sciences Multi-disciplinary Sciences Medicine & Health Research Analysis (...) that conferences can burn you out, so you may want to incorporate some downtime into your schedule, too. Many people noted how Twitter enhances the conference experience. Megan Lynch (@may_gun) suggested: “Start following listed guests who have Twitter accts before the conference. Find out what the conf hashtag is. If there isn’t one, invent it and livetweet – people will remember who you are because you’re helping to spread info.” Similar advice was echoed by Efrain Rivera-Serrano (@nakedcapsid): “Join

2018 PLOS Blogs Network

186. Tom Jefferson: How Cochrane is doing pharma a good turn Full Text available with Trip Pro

Tom Jefferson: How Cochrane is doing pharma a good turn Tom Jefferson: How Cochrane is doing pharma a good turn - The BMJ ---> The way in which Cochrane produces its reviews is a boon to pharma, says Tom Jefferson We do not know how the pharmaceutical industry viewed the birth of the Cochrane Collaboration but we can be fairly sure that today, if industry is watching, it is surely smiling. This is a consequence of the evolution of Cochrane and its output over the past two decades. Since (...) very good reasons to try (for example) to standardise the content of journal articles that were reporting trials, as any reviewer of the pre-CONSORT era knows. However, the other side of the coin has largely avoided scrutiny. By providing a roadmap of what should be included in a journal submission and how it will be appraised we have furnished a great facilitator for writers trying to get their product (the submission) accepted for publication. “Tell me what you are looking for and I will make

2018 The BMJ Blog

187. How to fulfil China’s potential for carrying out clinical trials

How to fulfil China’s potential for carrying out clinical trials How to fulfil China's potential for carrying out clinical trials - The BMJ ---> Liming Lu , Yuqing Zhang , Gordon Guyatt, Chunzhi Tang, Nenggui Xu Although reactions vary from enthusiasm to trepidation, observers worldwide have recognised China as an international force in a wide variety of domains, including clinical trial research. China has the potential to become one of the world’s most favoured sites for performing clinical (...) for Acupuncture and Moxibustion, and the dean of Medical College of Acu-Moxi and Rehabilit ation, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, China. Nenggui Xu is a professor and director at South China Research Center for Acupuncture and Moxibustion, and the vice president of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, China. Competing interests: None declared. Acknowledgments: This work was supported, in part, by grants from the First-class Discipline Construction Foundation of Guangzhou

2018 The BMJ Blog

188. The Nexus of Data and Community: How Partnership Can Close Achievement Gaps

The Nexus of Data and Community: How Partnership Can Close Achievement Gaps The Nexus of Data and Community: How Partnership Can Close Achievement Gaps | PLOS Blogs Network PLOS Blogs Staff Blogs Blogs by Topic Biology & Life Sciences Earth & Environmental Sciences Multi-disciplinary Sciences Medicine & Health Research Analysis & Scientific Policy Diverse perspectives on science and medicine Staff Blogs Blogs by Topic Biology & Life Sciences Earth & Environmental Sciences Multi-disciplinary (...) Sciences Medicine & Health Research Analysis & Scientific Policy Post navigation in Uncategorized States across the U.S. ( ) are making strides to better understand and close the racial achievement gaps at the K-12 and college level. This week, we’re pleased to present the work of Dr. Monica Medina, who uses her training in educational research to meet underserved schools and communities where they are, learn what issues they face, and consider how academic research may help solve them. –Katlyn Hughes

2018 PLOS Blogs Network

189. How to communicate basic research in schools – a case study using Drosophila

experiences in science communication or education that take you in interesting alternative professional career directions. Thirdly, serious public communication of our research usually influences the way we do it and how we sell it in publications and grant applications. To put it bluntly: “ If you cannot explain your science and its importance [to a member of the public] , you either have not thought hard enough and need to refine your explanations, or you are doing the wrong thing and should consider (...) How to communicate basic research in schools – a case study using Drosophila How to communicate basic research in schools – a case study using Drosophila | PLOS Blogs Network PLOS Blogs Staff Blogs Blogs by Topic Biology & Life Sciences Earth & Environmental Sciences Multi-disciplinary Sciences Medicine & Health Research Analysis & Scientific Policy Diverse perspectives on science and medicine Staff Blogs Blogs by Topic Biology & Life Sciences Earth & Environmental Sciences Multi-disciplinary

2018 PLOS Blogs Network

190. Survey of instructions for authors on how to report an update of a systematic review: guidance is needed. (Abstract)

systematic review should act as even the leading journal in evidence syntheses does not have clear guidance. Debate is necessary on how to report updates of systematic reviews.Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/. (...) Survey of instructions for authors on how to report an update of a systematic review: guidance is needed. Systematic reviews have become the cornerstone of evidence-based healthcare. Approximately half of the systematic reviews are out of date after 5.5 years, and keeping them up to date remains a huge challenge. Despite new guidance on when and how to update systematic reviews, there seems to be a lack of guidance on how to report updates of systematic reviews. Therefore, we decided

2017 Evidence-based medicine

191. Quality of recording of diabetes in the UK: how does the GP's method of coding clinical data affect incidence estimates? Cross-sectional study using the CPRD database. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Quality of recording of diabetes in the UK: how does the GP's method of coding clinical data affect incidence estimates? Cross-sectional study using the CPRD database. To assess the effect of coding quality on estimates of the incidence of diabetes in the UK between 1995 and 2014.A cross-sectional analysis examining diabetes coding from 1995 to 2014 and how the choice of codes (diagnosis codes vs codes which suggest diagnosis) and quality of coding affect estimated incidence.Routine primary (...) care data from 684 practices contributing to the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink (data contributed from Vision (INPS) practices).Incidence rates of diabetes and how they are affected by (1) GP coding and (2) excluding 'poor' quality practices with at least 10% incident patients inaccurately coded between 2004 and 2014.Incidence rates and accuracy of coding varied widely between practices and the trends differed according to selected category of code. If diagnosis codes were used

2017 BMJ open

192. Human Rights and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria: How Does a Large Funder of Basic Health Services Meet the Challenge of Rights-Based Programs? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Human Rights and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria: How Does a Large Funder of Basic Health Services Meet the Challenge of Rights-Based Programs? The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria was created to greatly expand access to basic services to address the three diseases in its name. From its beginnings, its governance embodied some human rights principles: civil society is represented on its board, and the country coordination mechanisms that oversee (...) funding requests to the Global Fund include representatives of people affected by the diseases. The Global Fund's core strategies recognize that the health services it supports would not be effective or cost-effective without efforts to reduce human rights-related barriers to access and utilization of health services, particularly those faced by socially marginalized and criminalized persons. Basic human rights elements were written into Global Fund grant agreements, and various technical support

2017 Health and human rights

193. What factors are associated with reporting lacking interest in sex and how do these vary by gender? Findings from the third British national survey of sexual attitudes and lifestyles. Full Text available with Trip Pro

What factors are associated with reporting lacking interest in sex and how do these vary by gender? Findings from the third British national survey of sexual attitudes and lifestyles. To investigate factors associated with reporting lacking interest in sex and how these vary by gender.British general population.Complex survey analyses of data collected for a cross-sectional probability sample survey, undertaken 2010-2012, specifically logistic regression to calculate age-adjusted OR (AOR (...) to some relationship variables. Findings highlight the need to assess, and if appropriate, treat lacking interest in sex in a holistic and relationship-specific way.© Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

2017 BMJ open

194. How health service delivery guides the allocation of major trauma patients in the intensive care units of the inclusive (hub and spoke) trauma system of the Emilia Romagna Region (Italy). A cross-sectional study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

How health service delivery guides the allocation of major trauma patients in the intensive care units of the inclusive (hub and spoke) trauma system of the Emilia Romagna Region (Italy). A cross-sectional study. To evaluate cross-sectional patient distribution and standardised 30-day mortality in the intensive care units (ICU) of an inclusive hub and spoke trauma system.ICUs of the Integrated System for Trauma Patient Care (SIAT) of Emilia-Romagna, an Italian region with a population (...) governors before implementing trauma systems.© Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

2017 BMJ open

195. How are decisions made in cancer care? A qualitative study using participant observation of current practice. Full Text available with Trip Pro

How are decisions made in cancer care? A qualitative study using participant observation of current practice. Shared decision-making has continuously gained importance over the last years. However, few studies have investigated the current state of shared decision-making implementation in routine cancer care. This study aimed to investigate how treatment decisions are made in routine cancer care and to explore barriers and facilitators to shared decision-making using an observational approach (...) factors were found to influence the degree of shared decision-making. If future routine cancer care wishes to follow the principles of shared decision-making, strategies are needed to foster shared decision-making in routine cancer care.© Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

2017 BMJ open

196. How novice, skilled and advanced clinical researchers include variables in a case report form for clinical research: a qualitative study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

How novice, skilled and advanced clinical researchers include variables in a case report form for clinical research: a qualitative study. Despite varying degrees in research training, most academic clinicians are expected to conduct clinical research. The objective of this research was to understand how clinical researchers of different skill levels include variables in a case report form for their clinical research.The setting for this research was a major academic institution in Beijing (...) form. These findings suggest that novice and intermediate-level researchers could benefit by emulating the comprehensive planning procedures such as those used by expert clinical researchers.© Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

2017 BMJ open

197. How to feed a baby recovering from necrotising enterocolitis when maternal milk is not available. (Abstract)

How to feed a baby recovering from necrotising enterocolitis when maternal milk is not available. Necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) is a devastating disease with significant mortality and serious adverse outcomes in at least 50% including short gut and poor neurodevelopment. Research and management are complicated by a lack of robust clinical markers, and without histological confirmation, there is a risk of both underdiagnosis and overdiagnosis. Interunit variations in the thresholds (...) composition and quality of formula milk.© Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

2017 Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition

198. How do different brands of size 1 laryngeal mask airway compare with face mask ventilation in a dedicated laryngeal mask airway teaching manikin? (Abstract)

How do different brands of size 1 laryngeal mask airway compare with face mask ventilation in a dedicated laryngeal mask airway teaching manikin? International neonatal resuscitation guidelines recommend the use of laryngeal mask airway (LMA) with newborn infants (≥34 weeks' gestation or >2 kg weight) when bag-mask ventilation (BMV) or tracheal intubation is unsuccessful. Previous publications do not allow broad LMA device comparison.To compare delivered ventilation of seven brands of size 1 (...) expressly granted.

2017 Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition

199. How are age-related differences in sleep quality associated with health outcomes? An epidemiological investigation in a UK cohort of 2406 adults. Full Text available with Trip Pro

How are age-related differences in sleep quality associated with health outcomes? An epidemiological investigation in a UK cohort of 2406 adults. To examine age-related differences in self-reported sleep quality and their associations with health outcomes across four domains: physical health, cognitive health, mental health and neural health.Cambridge Centre for Ageing and Neuroscience (Cam-CAN) is a cohort study in East Anglia/England, which collected self-reported health and lifestyle (...) symptoms that vary in prevalence across the lifespan. Better self-reported sleep is associated with better health outcomes, and the strength of these associations differs across health domains. Notably, we do not observe associations between self-reported sleep quality and white matter.© Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

2017 BMJ open

200. Advanced chronic liver disease in the last year of life: a mixed methods study to understand how care in a specialist liver unit could be improved. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Advanced chronic liver disease in the last year of life: a mixed methods study to understand how care in a specialist liver unit could be improved. To identify the limitations in palliative care provision in the last year of life for people with liver cirrhosis and potential barriers to and enablers of palliative care.Mixed methods, including a retrospective case note review, qualitative focus groups and individual interviews.A tertiary referral liver centre in the south of England (UK (...) unpredictable trajectories, but share a common pathway of frequent admissions and worsening symptoms as death approaches. The use of clinical tools to identify the point of irreversible deterioration and joint working between liver services and palliative care may improve care for people with cirrhosis.© Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

2017 BMJ open

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