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181. Describing qualitative research undertaken with randomised controlled trials in grant proposals: a documentary analysis. (PubMed)

Describing qualitative research undertaken with randomised controlled trials in grant proposals: a documentary analysis. There is growing recognition of the value of conducting qualitative research with trials in health research. It is timely to reflect on how this qualitative research is presented in grant proposals to identify lessons for researchers and research commissioners. As part of a larger study focusing on how to maximise the value of undertaking qualitative research with trials, we (...) , with an associated lack of attention to the rationale for doing the qualitative research and important methodological details. Acknowledging the space restrictions faced by researchers writing grant proposals, we suggest a starting point for providing practical guidance to help researchers write proposals and research commissioners assess proposals of qualitative research with trials.

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2014 BMC medical research methodology

182. Does receiving an American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation Centralized Otolaryngology Research Efforts grant influence career path and scholarly impact among fellowship-trained rhinologists? (PubMed)

Institutes of Health (NIH) and CORE programs is associated with increased scholarly impact among rhinologists. Another aim was to explore whether obtaining CORE grant funding is associated with NIH award acquisition.Practice setting, academic rank, and fellowship-training status were determined for individuals in the CORE grant database. The h-index and publication experience of practitioners was calculated using the Scopus database. Faculty listings were used to determine this data for a non-CORE-grants (...) -funded "control" group of academic rhinologists. Active and past NIH funding was obtained using the NIH RePORTER database.Fifteen of 26 (57.7%) fellowship-trained rhinologists receiving CORE grants were funded for rhinologic projects. Five of 6 rhinologists receiving NIH funding had a CORE-grants-funding history. Twenty-two of 26 (84.6%) rhinologists receiving CORE funding are currently in academic practice. Academic rhinologists receiving CORE or NIH funding had higher h-indices, a result reaching

2014 International forum of allergy & rhinology

183. The impact of funding through the RF President's grants for young scientists (the field--medicine) on research productivity: a quasi-experimental study and a brief systematic review. (PubMed)

competitions) revealed a small treatment effect--an increase in the total number of publications over a 4-5-year period after the competition by 1.23 (95% CI 0.48-1.97). However, the relationship between the number of total publications published by applicants before and after the competition revealed that this treatment effect is an effect of the "maturation" of scientists with a high baseline publication activity--not of grant funding. (...) The impact of funding through the RF President's grants for young scientists (the field--medicine) on research productivity: a quasi-experimental study and a brief systematic review. The impact of grants on research productivity has been investigated by a number of retrospective studies. The results of these studies vary considerably. The objective of my study was to investigate the impact of funding through the RF President's grants for young scientists on the research productivity of awarded

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2014 PloS one

184. Percentile Ranking and Citation Impact of a Large Cohort of NHLBI-Funded Cardiovascular R01 Grants. (PubMed)

Percentile Ranking and Citation Impact of a Large Cohort of NHLBI-Funded Cardiovascular R01 Grants. Funding decisions for cardiovascular R01 grant applications at the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) largely hinge on percentile rankings. It is not known whether this approach enables the highest impact science.Our aim was to conduct an observational analysis of percentile rankings and bibliometric outcomes for a contemporary set of funded NHLBI cardiovascular R01 grants.We (...) identified 1492 investigator-initiated de novo R01 grant applications that were funded between 2001 and 2008 and followed their progress for linked publications and citations to those publications. Our coprimary end points were citations received per million dollars of funding, citations obtained <2 years of publication, and 2-year citations for each grant's maximally cited paper. In 7654 grant-years of funding that generated $3004 million of total National Institutes of Health awards, the portfolio

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2014 Circulation Research

185. How does sevoflurane induction, followed by a ketamine maintenance infusion, affect intraocular pressure? Establishment of an anaesthetic protocol for paediatric glaucoma examinations under anaesthesia. (PubMed)

How does sevoflurane induction, followed by a ketamine maintenance infusion, affect intraocular pressure? Establishment of an anaesthetic protocol for paediatric glaucoma examinations under anaesthesia. Accurate measurement of intraocular pressure (IOP) is essential in paediatric glaucoma management. Children require serial measurements and examination under anaesthesia (EUA). Most anaesthetic agents reduce IOP, and the ideal time to measure IOP under anaesthesia is questionable.To determine (...) in the text of the article) 2018. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

2017 British Journal of Ophthalmology

186. How to adapt existing evidence-based clinical practice guidelines: a case example with smoking cessation guidelines in Canada. (PubMed)

How to adapt existing evidence-based clinical practice guidelines: a case example with smoking cessation guidelines in Canada. To develop and encourage the adoption of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for smoking cessation in Canada by engaging stakeholders in the adaptation of existing high-quality CPGs using principles of the ADAPTE framework.An independent expert body in guideline review conducted a review and identified six existing CPGs, which met a priori criteria for quality (...) cessation CPGs to the local context and to facilitate subsequent adoption by various stakeholders.© Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

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2017 BMJ open

187. How to feed a baby recovering from necrotising enterocolitis when maternal milk is not available. (PubMed)

How to feed a baby recovering from necrotising enterocolitis when maternal milk is not available. Necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) is a devastating disease with significant mortality and serious adverse outcomes in at least 50% including short gut and poor neurodevelopment. Research and management are complicated by a lack of robust clinical markers, and without histological confirmation, there is a risk of both underdiagnosis and overdiagnosis. Interunit variations in the thresholds (...) composition and quality of formula milk.© Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

2017 Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition

188. Exploring how ward staff engage with the implementation of a patient safety intervention: a UK-based qualitative process evaluation. (PubMed)

Exploring how ward staff engage with the implementation of a patient safety intervention: a UK-based qualitative process evaluation. A patient safety intervention was tested in a 33-ward randomised controlled trial. No statistically significant difference between intervention and control wards was found. We conducted a process evaluation of the trial and our aim in this paper is to understand staff engagement across the 17 intervention wards.Large qualitative process evaluation (...) in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

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2017 BMJ open

189. NIHR Clinical Research Networks: what they do and how they help paediatric research. (PubMed)

NIHR Clinical Research Networks: what they do and how they help paediatric research. This review provides paediatricians with an update on the new structure of the National Institute for Health Research's (NIHR) Clinical Research Network (CRN): Children and its role within the wider NIHR infrastructure. The network supports delivery of high-quality research within the NHS in England and supports researchers, through provision of staff and resources, with feasibility, site set-up, patient (...) of paediatric research.Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

2017 Archives of Disease in Childhood

190. How cute. Naturopathic oncologists are pretending that theirs is a real medical specialty.

Integrative Cancer Centre and somehow has managed to score two rather rich grants from an anonymous benefactor to run clinical studies of naturopathy in cancer patients, and then . He was also the that I meant when I mentioned how naturopathy and homeopathy can’t be separated. We’ve also . He was the from 2002 to 2012 and has been voted physician of the year by the American Association of Naturopathic Physicians. In 2013 he was promoted by CTCA and now serves as . (He’s also of supplements to look (...) How cute. Naturopathic oncologists are pretending that theirs is a real medical specialty. How cute. Naturopathic oncologists are pretending that theirs is a real medical specialty. | ScienceBlogs Advertisment Search Search Toggle navigation Main navigation How cute. Naturopathic oncologists are pretending that theirs is a real medical specialty. By on December 26, 2016. With the Christmas holiday over, I thought it would be a good time to revisit a topic that I've discussed before from time

2016 Respectful Insolence

191. Quality of recording of diabetes in the UK: how does the GP's method of coding clinical data affect incidence estimates? Cross-sectional study using the CPRD database. (PubMed)

Quality of recording of diabetes in the UK: how does the GP's method of coding clinical data affect incidence estimates? Cross-sectional study using the CPRD database. To assess the effect of coding quality on estimates of the incidence of diabetes in the UK between 1995 and 2014.A cross-sectional analysis examining diabetes coding from 1995 to 2014 and how the choice of codes (diagnosis codes vs codes which suggest diagnosis) and quality of coding affect estimated incidence.Routine primary (...) care data from 684 practices contributing to the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink (data contributed from Vision (INPS) practices).Incidence rates of diabetes and how they are affected by (1) GP coding and (2) excluding 'poor' quality practices with at least 10% incident patients inaccurately coded between 2004 and 2014.Incidence rates and accuracy of coding varied widely between practices and the trends differed according to selected category of code. If diagnosis codes were used

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2017 BMJ open

192. Survey of instructions for authors on how to report an update of a systematic review: guidance is needed. (PubMed)

systematic review should act as even the leading journal in evidence syntheses does not have clear guidance. Debate is necessary on how to report updates of systematic reviews.Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/. (...) Survey of instructions for authors on how to report an update of a systematic review: guidance is needed. Systematic reviews have become the cornerstone of evidence-based healthcare. Approximately half of the systematic reviews are out of date after 5.5 years, and keeping them up to date remains a huge challenge. Despite new guidance on when and how to update systematic reviews, there seems to be a lack of guidance on how to report updates of systematic reviews. Therefore, we decided

2017 Evidence-based medicine

193. How prepared are UK medical graduates for practice? A rapid review of the literature 2009-2014. (PubMed)

How prepared are UK medical graduates for practice? A rapid review of the literature 2009-2014. To understand how prepared UK medical graduates are for practice and the effectiveness of workplace transition interventions.A rapid review of the literature (registration #CRD42013005305).Nine major databases (and key websites) were searched in two timeframes (July-September 2013; updated May-June 2014): CINAHL, Embase, Educational Resources Information Centre, Health Management Information (...) Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

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2017 BMJ open

194. How do women with eating disorders experience a new treatment combining guided physical exercise and dietary therapy? An interview study of women participating in a randomised controlled trial at the Norwegian School of Sport Sciences. (PubMed)

How do women with eating disorders experience a new treatment combining guided physical exercise and dietary therapy? An interview study of women participating in a randomised controlled trial at the Norwegian School of Sport Sciences. To investigate how women with bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED) experience participating in a new treatment programme for eating disorders, based on guided physical exercise and dietary therapy.Six women with BN and four with BED were (...) suggested.NCT02079935.© Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

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2017 BMJ open

195. How is defensive medicine understood and experienced in a primary care setting? A qualitative focus group study among Danish general practitioners. (PubMed)

How is defensive medicine understood and experienced in a primary care setting? A qualitative focus group study among Danish general practitioners. Recent years have witnessed a progressive increase in defensive medicine (DM) in several Western welfare countries. In Danish primary and secondary care, documentation on the extent of DM is lacking. Before investigating the extent of DM, we wanted to explore how the phenomenon is understood and experienced in the context of general practice (...) to be carried out as a result of succumbing to various sources of pressure deriving from the system, the patients, the GPs themselves and peers.© Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

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2017 BMJ open

196. How a nurse helped this doctor find joy in medicine

How a nurse helped this doctor find joy in medicine How a nurse helped this doctor find joy in medicine How a nurse helped this doctor find joy in medicine | | September 28, 2017 216 Shares With clinician burnout, depression, resilience and joy in practice so prominent in the primary care literature lately, I have been reflecting on my own career, and the times I experienced the most joy professionally. Looking back, I think it was the years I worked with Chris (not her real name). Chris (...) . To describe a patient who loved to talk and make phone calls, but was stable, Chris said the patient was, “dialing for dollars.” Yet, I knew that Chris would double check to evaluate the patient with a visit. When I moved to a different health system, I lost touch with Chris. Soon after my move, I was awarded a small grant from a visiting nurse association to teach family medicine residents about house calls. I needed a nurse, and, of course, the first person to come to mind was Chris. “Where have you

2017 KevinMD blog

197. How information about overdetection changes breast cancer screening decisions: a mediation analysis within a randomised controlled trial. (PubMed)

How information about overdetection changes breast cancer screening decisions: a mediation analysis within a randomised controlled trial. In a randomised controlled trial, we found that informing women about overdetection changed their breast screening decisions. We now present a mediation analysis exploring the psychological pathways through which study participants who received the intervention processed information about overdetection and how this influenced their decision-making. We (...) to provide good-quality information on screening outcomes and to communicate this information effectively, so that women can make well-informed decisions.This study was prospectively registered with the Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry (ACTRN12613001035718) on 17 September 2013.© Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

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2017 BMJ open

198. How do general practitioners put preventive care recommendations into practice? A cross-sectional study in Switzerland and France. (PubMed)

How do general practitioners put preventive care recommendations into practice? A cross-sectional study in Switzerland and France. We previously identified that general practitioners (GPs) in French-speaking regions of Europe had a variable uptake of common preventive recommendations. In this study, we describe GPs' reports of how they put different preventive recommendations into practice.Cross-sectional study conducted in 2015 in Switzerland and France. 3400 randomly selected GPs were asked (...) to complete a postal (n=1100) or online (n=2300) questionnaire. GPs who exclusively practiced complementary and alternative medicine were not eligible for the study. 764 GPs (response rate: postal 47%, online 11%) returned the questionnaire (428 in Switzerland and 336 in France).We investigated how the GPs performed five preventive practices (screening for dyslipidaemia, colorectal and prostate cancer, identification of hazardous alcohol consumption and brief intervention), examining which age group

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2017 BMJ open

199. How are decisions made in cancer care? A qualitative study using participant observation of current practice. (PubMed)

How are decisions made in cancer care? A qualitative study using participant observation of current practice. Shared decision-making has continuously gained importance over the last years. However, few studies have investigated the current state of shared decision-making implementation in routine cancer care. This study aimed to investigate how treatment decisions are made in routine cancer care and to explore barriers and facilitators to shared decision-making using an observational approach (...) factors were found to influence the degree of shared decision-making. If future routine cancer care wishes to follow the principles of shared decision-making, strategies are needed to foster shared decision-making in routine cancer care.© Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

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2017 BMJ open

200. How biomarkers reflect the prognosis and treatment of necrotising soft tissue infections and the effects of hyperbaric oxygen therapy: the protocol of the prospective cohort PROTREAT study conducted at a tertiary hospital in Copenhagen, Denmark. (PubMed)

How biomarkers reflect the prognosis and treatment of necrotising soft tissue infections and the effects of hyperbaric oxygen therapy: the protocol of the prospective cohort PROTREAT study conducted at a tertiary hospital in Copenhagen, Denmark. Not enough is known regarding the prognosis and treatment of necrotising soft tissue infections (NSTIs). Mortality has been shown to be 25%-35%, with survivors coping with amputations and prolonged rehabilitation. This study will evaluate soluble (...) ) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

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2017 BMJ open

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