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41. Tobacco Dependence Treatment Grants: A Collaborative Approach to the Implementation of WHO Tobacco Control Initiatives (PubMed)

. However, LMICs, in particular, face several barriers to implementing tobacco dependence treatment. This paper is a descriptive evaluation of a novel grant funding mechanism that was initiated in 2014 to address these barriers. Global Bridges. Healthcare Alliance for Tobacco Dependence Treatment aims to create and mobilize a global network of healthcare professionals and organizations dedicated to advancing evidence-based tobacco dependence treatment and advocating for effective tobacco control policy (...) healthcare providers have been trained in tobacco dependence treatment and an estimated 150,000 patients have been offered treatment. Because most of these projects are designed with a "train-the-trainer" component, two years of grant funding has been a tremendous catalyst for accelerating change in tobacco dependence treatment practices throughout the world. In order to foster such exponential growth and continue to maintain the impact of these projects, ongoing financial, educational, and professional

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2018 Journal of environmental and public health

42. What do we know about grant peer review in the health sciences? (PubMed)

What do we know about grant peer review in the health sciences? Background: Peer review decisions award an estimated >95% of academic medical research funding, so it is crucial to understand how well they work and if they could be improved. Methods: This paper summarises evidence from 105 papers identified through a literature search on the effectiveness and burden of peer review for grant funding. Results: There is a remarkable paucity of evidence about the efficiency of peer review

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2018 F1000Research

43. Studying grant decision-making: a linguistic analysis of review reports (PubMed)

Studying grant decision-making: a linguistic analysis of review reports Peer and panel review are the dominant forms of grant decision-making, despite its serious weaknesses as shown by many studies. This paper contributes to the understanding of the grant selection process through a linguistic analysis of the review reports. We reconstruct in that way several aspects of the evaluation and selection process: what dimensions of the proposal are discussed during the process and how, and what

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2018 Scientometrics

44. Specific Aims Workshop: Your Grant in a Sound Bite (PubMed)

drew on the presenters' collective combination of grant experience ranging from successful submissions to serving as grant reviewers. The focus of the session was to provide some key points with regards to the purpose of a Specific Aims document, the typical audience who will read the Specific Aims, and how to construct Specific Aims that catch the attention of reviewers and provide a clear and concise overview of the grant with the goal of attracting funding. The following is a brief summary (...) Specific Aims Workshop: Your Grant in a Sound Bite Grant writing is an essential component of research. In an increasingly competitive funding environment, writing successful grants has become an important focus of workshops and websites with each grant proposal component requiring detailed attention. The FUN 2017 Workshop session "Specific Aims: Your Grant in a Sound Bite" was dedicated to provide information and guidance in constructing and composing a Specific Aims document. This workshop

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2018 Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education

45. Low agreement among reviewers evaluating the same NIH grant applications (PubMed)

Low agreement among reviewers evaluating the same NIH grant applications Obtaining grant funding from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) is increasingly competitive, as funding success rates have declined over the past decade. To allocate relatively scarce funds, scientific peer reviewers must differentiate the very best applications from comparatively weaker ones. Despite the importance of this determination, little research has explored how reviewers assign ratings to the applications (...) they review and whether there is consistency in the reviewers' evaluation of the same application. Replicating all aspects of the NIH peer-review process, we examined 43 individual reviewers' ratings and written critiques of the same group of 25 NIH grant applications. Results showed no agreement among reviewers regarding the quality of the applications in either their qualitative or quantitative evaluations. Although all reviewers received the same instructions on how to rate applications and format

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2018 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

46. Costs of community-based interventions from the community transformation grants. (PubMed)

Costs of community-based interventions from the community transformation grants. Limited data are available on the costs of evidence-based community-wide prevention programs. The objective of this study was to estimate the per-person costs of strategies that support policy, systems, and environmental changes implemented under the Community Transformation Grants (CTG) program. We collected cost data from 29 CTG awardees and estimated program costs as spending on labor; consultants; materials (...) , travel, and services; overhead activities; partners; and the value of in-kind contributions. We estimated costs per person reached for 20 strategies. We assessed how per-person costs varied with the number of people reached. Data were collected in 2012-2015, and the analysis was conducted in 2015-2016. Two of the tobacco-free living strategies cost less than $1.20 per person and reached over 6 million people each. Four of the healthy eating strategies cost less than $1.00 per person, and one of them

2018 Preventive Medicine

47. Quality of evidence considered by Health Canada in granting full market authorisation to new drugs with a conditional approval: a retrospective cohort study. (PubMed)

Quality of evidence considered by Health Canada in granting full market authorisation to new drugs with a conditional approval: a retrospective cohort study. This study examines the characteristics of studies that Health Canada uses to grant full marketing authorisation for products given a conditional approval between 1 January 1998 and 30 June 2017.Cohort study.Journal articles listing drugs that fulfilled their conditions and received full marketing authorisation, Notice of Compliance (...) . There were still deficiencies in these studies. The absence of blinding in the majority of RCTs may introduce bias in their results. The use of surrogate outcomes especially in oncology trials means that improvements in survival are not available. The relatively young age of patients, even for products for cancer, means that predicting how the elderly will respond is often unknown. The almost universal finding that men outnumbered women may make it hard to differentiate responses by sex. These results

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2018 BMJ open

48. 'To be a woman is to make a plan': a qualitative study exploring mothers' experiences of the Child Support Grant in supporting children's diets and nutrition in South Africa. (PubMed)

'To be a woman is to make a plan': a qualitative study exploring mothers' experiences of the Child Support Grant in supporting children's diets and nutrition in South Africa. Food security and good nutrition are key determinants of child well-being. There is strong evidence that cash transfers such as South Africa's Child Support Grant (CSG) have the potential to help address some of the underlying drivers of food insecurity and malnutrition by providing income to caregivers in poor households (...) , but it is unclear how precisely they work to affect child well-being and nutrition. We present results from a qualitative study conducted to explore the role of the CSG in food security and child well-being in poor households in an urban and a rural setting in South Africa.Mt Frere, Eastern Cape (rural area); Langa, Western Cape (urban township).CSG recipient caregivers and community members in the two sites . We conducted a total of 40 in-depth interviews with mothers or primary caregivers in receipt

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2018 BMJ open

49. Effectiveness of innovation grants to smallholder agricultural producers

Project Fund (GTZ) SSRN Social Science Research Network TDS Technology development site (NAADS) USAID United States Agency for International Development VDC Village development committee (Sierra Leone) WUR Wageningen University and Research (the Netherlands) Effectiveness of innovation grants to smallholder agricultural producers: an explorative systematic review v Abstract Grants for agricultural innovation are common but grant funds specifically targeted to smallholder farmers remain relatively rare (...) Grants for agricultural innovation are common but grant funds specifically targeted to smallholder farmers remain relatively rare. Nevertheless, they are receiving increasing recognition as a promising venue for agricultural innovation. They stimulate smallholders to experiment with improved practices, to become pro- active and to engage with research and extension providers. The systematic review covered three modalities of disbursing these grants to smallholder farmers and their organisations

2013 EPPI Centre

50. Teaching Pharmacology Graduate Students how to Write an NIH Grant Application (PubMed)

Teaching Pharmacology Graduate Students how to Write an NIH Grant Application Objective. To fill the gap in grant writing training in pharmacology graduate education using an active-learning strategy. Design. Graduate students wrote subsections of a grant according to NIH guidelines. Students revised their applications based on multiple rounds of critiques from professors and peers throughout a semester-long scientific writing course. Assessment. Prerevision and postrevision grant drafts were (...) confidence in grant writing ability. The results of 3 independent measures demonstrate that intensive feedback on scientific writing improved the quality of student proposals.

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2015 American journal of pharmaceutical education

51. Resource Allocation Strategies to Increase the Efficiency and Sustainability of Gavi's Health System Strengthening Grants. (PubMed)

Resource Allocation Strategies to Increase the Efficiency and Sustainability of Gavi's Health System Strengthening Grants. Despite the increase in Health System Strengthening (HSS) grants, there is no consensus among global health actors about how to maximize the efficiency and sustainability of HSS programs and their resulting gains. To formally analyze and compare the efficiency and sustainability of Gavi's HSS grants, we investigated the factors, events and root causes that increased (...) the time and effort needed to implement HSS grants, decreased expected outcomes and threatened the continuity of activities and the sustainability of the results gained through these grants in Cameron and Chad.We conducted 2 retrospective independent evaluations of Gavi's HSS support in Cameroon and Chad using a mixed methodology. We investigated the chain of events and situations that increased the effort and time required to implement the HSS programs, decreased the value of the funds spent

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2017 Pediatric Infectious Dsease Journal

52. Studying de-implementation in health: an analysis of funded research grants. (PubMed)

costs. A better understanding of the state-of-the-science is needed to guide future objectives and funding initiatives. To this end, we characterized de-implementation research grants funded by the United States (US) National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ).We used systematic methods to search, identify, and describe de-implementation research grants funded across all 27 NIH Institutes and Centers (ICs) and AHRQ from fiscal year 2000 through 2017 (...) Studying de-implementation in health: an analysis of funded research grants. Studying de-implementation-defined herein as reducing or stopping the use of a health service or practice provided to patients by healthcare practitioners and systems-has gained traction in recent years. De-implementing ineffective, unproven, harmful, overused, inappropriate, and/or low-value health services and practices is important for mitigating patient harm, improving processes of care, and reducing healthcare

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2017 Implementation Science

53. List randomization for soliciting experience of intimate partner violence: Application to the evaluation of Zambia's unconditional child grant program. (PubMed)

List randomization for soliciting experience of intimate partner violence: Application to the evaluation of Zambia's unconditional child grant program. Social scientists have increasingly invested in understanding how to improve data quality and measurement of sensitive topics in household surveys. We utilize the technique of list randomization to collect measures of physical intimate partner violence in an experimental impact evaluation of the Government of Zambia's Child Grant Program (...) . The Child Grant Program is an unconditional cash transfer, which targeted female caregivers of children under the age of 5 in rural areas to receive the equivalent of US $24 as a bimonthly stipend. The implementation results show that the list randomization methodology functioned as planned, with approximately 15% of the sample identifying 12-month prevalence of physical intimate partner violence. According to this measure, after 4 years, the program had no measurable effect on partner violence. List

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2017 Health economics

54. The Relationship Between OREF Grants and Future NIH Funding Success. (PubMed)

). The objectives of this study were to evaluate the rate of translating OREF faculty-level grants into subsequent NIH funding and to determine if there are identifiable factors that increase the rate of converting an OREF grant into NIH funding.This is a retrospective review of OREF grants awarded to full-time faculty orthopaedic surgeons between 1994 and 2014. Grants were analyzed on the basis of award type and were categorized as basic science, clinical, or epidemiological. Sex, individual scholarly (...) OREF grants appear to achieve their purpose of identifying and supporting researchers who aim to secure subsequent federal funding.The goal of this study is to examine how successful faculty who have obtained OREF grants have been in securing NIH funding later in their careers. Although subsequent accrual of NIH funding is not the only goal of OREF funding, it can be used as an important benchmark to assess the development of orthopaedic clinician-scientists.

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2017 The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume

55. Shifting Demographics among Research Project Grant Awardees at the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI). (PubMed)

Shifting Demographics among Research Project Grant Awardees at the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI). The present study was initiated because of concerns expressed by NHLBI-funded mid-career investigators regarding perceived difficulties in the renewal of their grant awards. This led us to ask: "Are mid-career investigators experiencing disproportionate difficulties in the advancement of their professional careers?" Our portfolio analysis indicates that there has been (...) a significant and evolving shift in the demographics of research project grant (RPG) awardees at NHLBI. In 1998, mid-career (ages 41-55) investigators constituted approximately 60% of all investigators with the remaining 40% being equally divided between early-stage (ages 24-40) investigators and established (ages 56 to 70 and older) investigators. However, since 1998, the proportion of established RPG awardees has been increasing in a slowly progressive and strikingly linear fashion. At the same time

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2016 PLoS ONE

56. The International Sports Physical Therapy Specialist: reflections on the UK situation (what we may take for granted)

. The status we have as a profession and Physiotherapy specialty is taken for granted by some, but it has been earned . Still, there is always more to be done and developed. Reflecting back and aspiring forward I will finish by asking you to take a moment to reflect on your career to date; how have you got to where you are? What/who are your influencers? Are you providing opportunities for others? Can you call yourself a registered international sports physical therapist? We all have a role to play (...) The International Sports Physical Therapy Specialist: reflections on the UK situation (what we may take for granted) The International Sports Physical Therapy Specialist: reflections on the UK situation (what we may take for granted) | BJSM blog - social media's leading SEM voice by Association of Chartered Physiotherapists in Sport and Exercise Medicine blog series @PhysiosinSport By Colin Paterson ,MSc PGCert (Ed) MCSP SFHEA RISPT I recently presented at the Japanese Physical Therapy Congress

2016 British Journal of Sports Medicine Blog

57. Peut-on améliorer la motivation des étudiants en médecine pour un cours fondamental de physiologie en intégrant à l’exposé magistral quelques méthodes pédagogiques actives? (PubMed)

Peut-on améliorer la motivation des étudiants en médecine pour un cours fondamental de physiologie en intégrant à l’exposé magistral quelques méthodes pédagogiques actives? Students' motivation is a critical component of learning and students' perception of activity value is one of the three major components of their motivation. How can we make students perceive the usefulness and the interest of their university courses while increasing their motivation? The aim of our study

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2017 The Pan African medical journal

58. Write More Articles, Get More Grants: The Impact of Department Climate on Faculty Research Productivity (PubMed)

records were collected for 789 faculties in academic medicine, science, and engineering at the University of Wisconsin-Madison between 2000 and 2010. Research productivity was measured as Number of Publications and Number of Grants awarded, and department climate was measured with scales for professional interactions, department decision-making practices, climate for underrepresented groups, and work/life balance. Ordinary least squares and negative binomial regression methods were used to assess (...) gender differences in productivity, influences of department climate on productivity, and gender differences in effects of climate on productivity.Female faculty published fewer articles and were awarded fewer grants in the baseline period, but their productivity did not differ from male faculty on these measures in subsequent years. Number of Publications was positively affected by professional interactions, but negatively affected by positive work/life balance. Number of Grants awarded

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2017 Journal of Women's Health

59. An output evaluation of a health research foundation’s enhanced grant review process for new investigators (PubMed)

An output evaluation of a health research foundation’s enhanced grant review process for new investigators We assessed the ability of the Manitoba Medical Service Foundation (MMSF, a small not-for-profit foundation affiliated with Manitoba Blue Cross) to determine the best candidates for selection to receive research funding support among new researchers applying to the Research Operating Grants Programme (ROGP).Using bibliometric and grants funding analyses, we retrospectively compared (...) indices of academic outputs from five cohorts of MMSF-funded and not MMSF-funded applicants to the annual MMSF ROGP over 2008 to 2012, from 1 to 5 years after having received evaluation decisions from the MMSF enhanced grant review process.Those researchers funded by the MMSF competition (MMSF-funded) had a statistically significant greater number of publications, a higher h-index and greater national Tri-Council (TC) funding, versus those not selected for funding (not MMSF-funded). MMSF-funded

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2017 Health Research Policy and Systems

60. Grant-Writing Bootcamp: An Intervention to Enhance the Research Capacity of Academic Women in STEM (PubMed)

increased the number of external grants submitted, the number of proposals led as principal investigator, the number of external grants awarded, and the amount of external funding dollars awarded. (...) Grant-Writing Bootcamp: An Intervention to Enhance the Research Capacity of Academic Women in STEM Broadening the participation of women in science, technology, engineering, and mathematical (STEM) fields is more than a social-justice issue; diversity is paramount to a thriving national research agenda. However, women face several obstacles to fully actualizing their research potential. Enhancing the research capacity and opportunity of women faculty requires purposeful changes in university

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2017 Bioscience

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