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41. Fall Prevention in Community-Dwelling Older Adults. (Abstract)

Fall Prevention in Community-Dwelling Older Adults. Falls are common among older adults. One in 3 adults aged 65 years or older and 1 in 2 adults aged 80 years or older fall each year. Interventions for prevention have been identified; however, they are often not addressed in primary care practice. Screening all older adults annually for falls can identify who will benefit from further clinical evaluation and management. Falls and the need for care from subsequent injury increase with age

2018 Annals of Internal Medicine

42. Relationship Between Falls and Physical Activity in Healthy Seniors: A Focused Practice Question

will grow from 10.5 per cent of the total population in 2011, to 21 per cent of Peel’s population in 2041. 3 Falls-related emergency department (ED) visits, hospitalizations and deaths increase with age. For Peel seniors, falls are the leading cause of injury-related ED visits and one of the top five causes of injury-related hospitalizations. 4,2 Still, Peel’s 2013 rates for falls-related ED visits, hospitalization, and death among the seniors population are overall lower as compared to provincial rates (...) of transportation) 5 ? Environmental (e.g., absence of handrails/grab bars/rest areas, slippery or uneven surfaces, obstacles, home hazards, stairs, poor building design) The Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) report, “SeniorsFalls in Canada: Second Report”, notes lack of physical activity as a factor associated with risk of falling. 1 Statistics Canada estimates that only 12 per cent of Canadians between the ages of 60 to 79 years were meeting the Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines in 2012 and 2013. 5

2016 Peel Health Library

43. Clinical Practice Guidelines on Falls Prevention among Older Adults living in the Community

A: Algorithm for Assessing Fall Risk in Older Adults Living in the Community References Self-assessment (MCQs) Workgroup Members Acknowledgement List of Endorsing Agencies CONTENTS PAGE 01 04 09 13 20 22 23 24 36 39 43 44Falls and injuries related to falls are common among older adults. Globally, one in three adults above 65 years old falls once a year. Falls are not only associated with greater morbidity and mortality in the older population, but are also linked to reduced overall functioning

2015 Ministry of Health, Singapore

44. Evaluation of the criteria for trauma activation in the paediatric emergency department. (Abstract)

then assessed the sensitivity and specificity of proposed models with respect to observed patient outcomes.Among 11 282 cases, the mean age was 6.1±4.9 (SD) years old. Fall was the most common mechanism of injury in 7364 (65.3%) patients. Eighty-eight (0.8%) patients required at least one high-level resource. Significant predictors for high-resource utilisation were overall GCS of <14 (relative risk (RR) 38.841, 95% CI 21.328 to 70.739, p<0.001), high-risk mechanisms of fall from height and motor vehicle

2019 Emergency Medicine Journal

45. Retrobulbar haematoma in the era of anticoagulants. (Abstract)

diagnosis and adequate therapy. With increasing age, patients are more likely to receive an anticoagulant, which leads to a higher risk of RBH. Because falling was the most frequent cause of RBH in our patient population and increases in frequency with increasing age, fall prevention is crucial.Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

2019 Injury

46. Balance Problems and Fall Risks in the Elderly. (Abstract)

Balance Problems and Fall Risks in the Elderly. Falls in the elderly are an increasing problem causing a high degree of morbidity, mortality, and use of health care services. Identification of risk factors through medical assessment supports the provision of appropriate interventions that reduce rates of falling. Evaluation and intervention strategies are generally challenging because of the complex and multifactorial nature of falls. The clinician should consider screening for falls

2019 Clinics in Geriatric Medicine

47. Effects of a Health Education Program on Fall Risk Prevention among the Urban Elderly: A Quasi-Experimental Study. (Abstract)

Effects of a Health Education Program on Fall Risk Prevention among the Urban Elderly: A Quasi-Experimental Study. Elderly falls increase dramatically with age and are a leading cause of injury, carrying a risk of loss of independence and death. We studied the effects of a health education program on fall-risk prevention among urban elderly persons in the municipality of Khon Kaen, Thailand.A quasi-experimental study was conducted in 2 communities. The calculated sample size was 216 individuals

2019 Iranian journal of public health Controlled trial quality: uncertain

48. Incomplete Kawasaki disease in the 2-month-old infant: A case report. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Incomplete Kawasaki disease in the 2-month-old infant: A case report. The diagnosis of Kawasaki disease (KD) is difficult and is often delayed for children whose age falls outside the typical age range of 6 months to 5 years, especially for those with incomplete KD (IKD) or atypical features.A 2-month-20-day-old girl presented to our hospital with a chief complaint of intermittent fever for 1 day and 1 episode of seizure, with poor feeding and swelling of feet.Until the appearance of red

2018 Medicine

49. Characterizing the type and location of intracranial abnormalities in mild traumatic brain injury. (Abstract)

than those with moderate to severe TBIs. Having a past traumatic lesion was associated with increased risk for an acute traumatic lesion but neurodegenerative and ischemic lesions were not. A lower Glasgow Coma Scale score, male sex, older age, falls, and chronic alcohol abuse were associated with higher risk of acute intracranial lesion in patients with mild TBI.CONCLUSIONSThese findings underscore the heterogeneity of neuropathology associated with the mild TBI classification. Preexisting brain

2018 Journal of Neurosurgery

50. Effectiveness of a Binocular Video Game vs Placebo Video Game for Improving Visual Functions in Older Children, Teenagers, and Adults With Amblyopia: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

group (child, age 7 to 12 years; teenager, age 13 to 17 years; and adult, 18 years and older).Falling-blocks video games played at home on an iPod Touch for 1 hour per day for 6 weeks. The active video game had game elements split between eyes with a dichoptic contrast offset (mean [SD] initial fellow eye contrast, 0.23 [0.14]). The placebo video game presented identical images to both eyes.Change in amblyopic eye visual acuity at 6 weeks. Secondary outcomes included compliance, stereoacuity

2018 JAMA ophthalmology Controlled trial quality: predicted high

51. Prevalence of fear of falling and associated factors among Japanese community-dwelling older adults. Full Text available with Trip Pro

. Advanced age, falls in previous year, and pain were associated with fear of falling in men. A longer 5 times chair stand time was also associated with fear of falling among older adult women. Maintenance of physical function and pain management might be important for older adults with fear of falling.

2018 Medicine

52. Reference data on reaction time and aging using the Nintendo Wii Balance Board: A cross-sectional study of 354 subjects from 20 to 99 years of age. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Reference data on reaction time and aging using the Nintendo Wii Balance Board: A cross-sectional study of 354 subjects from 20 to 99 years of age. Falls among older adults is one of the major public health challenges facing the rapidly changing demography. The valid assessment of reaction time (RT) and other well-documented risk factors for falls are mainly restricted to specialized clinics due to the equipment needed. The Nintendo Wii Balance Board has the potential to be a multi-modal test

2017 PLoS ONE

53. Adjustment of refugee children and adolescents in Australia: outcomes from wave three of the Building a New Life in Australia study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

, school absenteeism and achievement, family structure and parenting style, and community and neighbourhood environment. Parent and child forms of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) were completed by caregivers and older children to assess social and emotional adjustment.Sound adjustment according to the SDQ was observed regularly among young refugees, with 76-94% (across gender and age) falling within normative ranges. Comparison with community data for young people showed that young

2018 BMC Medicine

54. Application of Wearable Inertial Sensors and A New Test Battery for Distinguishing Retrospective Fallers from Non-fallers among Community-dwelling Older People Full Text available with Trip Pro

indicated that compared with non-fallers, fallers performed significantly worse on the test battery. In addition, the application of sensor data and support vector machine for faller classification achieved an overall accuracy of 89.4% with 92.7% sensitivity and 84.9% specificity. These findings suggest that wearable inertial sensor based systems show promise for elderly fall risk assessment, which could be implemented in clinical practice to identify "at-risk" individuals reliably to promote proactive

2018 Scientific reports

55. Risk factors for incident falls in older men and women: the English longitudinal study of ageing. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Risk factors for incident falls in older men and women: the English longitudinal study of ageing. Falls are a major cause of disability and death in older people, particularly women. Cross-sectional surveys suggest that some risk factors associated with a history of falls may be sex-specific, but whether risk factors for incident falls differ between the sexes is unclear. We investigated whether risk factors for incident falls differ between men and women.Participants were 3298 people aged ≥60

2018 BMC Geriatrics

56. Type and Location of Wearable Sensors for Monitoring Falls during Static and Dynamic Tasks in Healthy Elderly: A Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Type and Location of Wearable Sensors for Monitoring Falls during Static and Dynamic Tasks in Healthy Elderly: A Review In recent years, the meaning of successful living has moved from extending lifetime to improving the quality of aging, mainly in terms of high cognitive and physical functioning together with avoiding diseases. In healthy elderly, falls represent an alarming accident both in terms of number of events and the consequent decrease in the quality of life. Stability control

2018 Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)

57. Recalibrating disparities in perceived and actual balance abilities in older adults: a mixed-methods evaluation of a novel exergaming intervention Full Text available with Trip Pro

demonstrate that it is possible to recalibrate the perceptions of older adults relating to their balance abilities through a targeted, short-term intervention. We propose that the post-intervention improvements in postural control may have been, in part, the result of this recalibration; with altered perceptions leading to changes in balance performance. Findings support the application of novel interventions aimed at addressing the psychological factors associated with elderly falls.

2018 Journal of neuroengineering and rehabilitation

58. Epidemiology of vertebral fractures in pediatric and adolescent patients Full Text available with Trip Pro

and injuries were proven with conventional X-ray, computed tomography (CT) scans or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The study included 890 fractures in 546 patients with an average age of 12.8±6.2 (6.6-19.4) years. Females had an average age of 13.7±6.3 (7.4-20.0) years, whereas males were on average 12.0 (6.0-18.0) years old. Fall from height (58%) was the main cause of accident and the most common region of fracture was the thoracolumbar spine with a shift towards the thoracic spine the more fractures

2018 Pediatric reports

59. Falls in Mexican older adults aged 60 years and older Full Text available with Trip Pro

Falls in Mexican older adults aged 60 years and older Falls are a major cause of disability, morbidity, institutionalization, and mortality in older adults.The purpose of the study was to examine the risk factors for falls among Mexican older adults aged 60 years and older.This study included 6247 participants and their spouse or partner aged 60 years and older from the Mexican Health and Aging Study, an ongoing longitudinal study (2001-2012) conducted in Mexico. Measures included socio

2018 Aging clinical and experimental research

60. Factors associated with proximal femur fracture determined in a large cadaveric cohort. Full Text available with Trip Pro

variables were statistically significant in explaining the variability in femoral strength: aBMD, sex, age, fall speed, and neck-shaft angle (P ≤ 0.0135). These five variables, including significant interactions, explained 80% of the variability in hip fracture strength. Additionally, when only aBMD, sex, and age (P < 0.0001) were considered in the model, again including significant interactions, these three variables alone explained 79% of the variability in hip fracture strength. So while fall speed

2018 Bone

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