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161. Ketamine Effects on EEG during Therapy of Treatment-Resistant Generalized Anxiety and Social Anxiety (Full text)

Ketamine Effects on EEG during Therapy of Treatment-Resistant Generalized Anxiety and Social Anxiety Ketamine is swiftly effective in a range of neurotic disorders that are resistant to conventional antidepressant and anxiolytic drugs. The neural basis for its therapeutic action is unknown. Here we report the effects of ketamine on the EEG of patients with treatment-resistant generalized anxiety and social anxiety disorders.Twelve patients with refractory DSM-IV generalized anxiety disorder (...) and/or social anxiety disorder provided EEG during 10 minutes of relaxation before and 2 hours after receiving double-blind drug administration. Three ascending ketamine dose levels (0.25, 0.5, and 1 mg/kg) and midazolam (0.01 mg/kg) were given at 1-week intervals to each patient, with the midazolam counterbalanced in dosing position across patients. Anxiety was assessed pre- and postdose with the Fear Questionnaire and HAM-A.Ketamine dose-dependently improved Fear Questionnaire but not HAM-A scores

2018 International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology Controlled trial quality: uncertain PubMed abstract

162. Test Performance Characteristics of the AIR, GAD-7 and HADS-Anxiety Screening Questionnaires for Anxiety in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. (Full text)

Test Performance Characteristics of the AIR, GAD-7 and HADS-Anxiety Screening Questionnaires for Anxiety in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Anxiety is a common co-morbidity of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) that is associated with higher morbidity and mortality. We evaluated three anxiety screening questionnaires, the Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) questionnaire, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS-A), and the Anxiety Inventory for Respiratory Disease (AIR (...) ).Evaluate and compare thet test performance characteristics of 3 anxiety screening questionnaires using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) version 7.0 as the gold standard.Individuals with COPD were recruited at 16 centers. The MINI interview and questionnaires were administered by trained research coordinators at an in-person visit and re-administered by telephone 2 to 4 weeks later. A composite score for the presence of any DSM-V anxiety disorder was computed based on the MINI

2018 Annals of the American Thoracic Society PubMed abstract

163. Are children with social anxiety disorder more likely than children with other anxiety disorders to anticipate poor social performance and reflect negatively on their performance? (Full text)

Are children with social anxiety disorder more likely than children with other anxiety disorders to anticipate poor social performance and reflect negatively on their performance? The cognitive theory of social anxiety disorder (SAD) suggests that adults with SAD have a tendency to anticipate poor social performance and reflect negatively on their performance following a social event. While a number of studies with socially anxious adults have supported the role of poor performance anticipation (...) with other anxiety disorders, children with SAD were not more likely than their anxious or non-anxious peers to show a general bias in pre- or post-performance appraisals. Furthermore, children with SAD were just as likely as their anxious and non-anxious peers to recognize good performance but were more critical of themselves when their performance was poor.The speech task did not involve a same-age peer. Participants were relatively affluent group of predominantly non-minority status. Specificity

2018 Journal of Affective Disorders PubMed abstract

164. Results From the Child/Adolescent Anxiety Multimodal Extended Long-Term Study (CAMELS): Primary Anxiety Outcomes. (Abstract)

Results From the Child/Adolescent Anxiety Multimodal Extended Long-Term Study (CAMELS): Primary Anxiety Outcomes. To report anxiety outcomes from the multisite Child/Adolescent Anxiety Multimodal Extended Long-term Study (CAMELS). Rates of stable anxiety remission (defined rigorously as the absence of all DSM-IV TR anxiety disorders across all follow-up years) and predictors of anxiety remission across a 4-year period, beginning 4 to 12 years after randomization to 12 weeks of medication (...) , cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), their combination, or pill placebo were examined. Examined predictors of remission included acute treatment response, treatment assignment, baseline child and family variables, and interim negative life events.Data were from 319 youths (age range 10.9-25.2 years; mean age 17.12 years) originally diagnosed with separation, social, and/or generalized anxiety disorders and enrolled in the multi-site Child/Adolescent Anxiety Multimodal Study (CAMS). Participants were

2018 Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Controlled trial quality: uncertain

165. Risk factors of new onset anxiety and anxiety exacerbation in the perinatal period: A systematic review and meta-analysis. (Abstract)

Risk factors of new onset anxiety and anxiety exacerbation in the perinatal period: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Even though more than 20% of women meet diagnostic criteria for an anxiety disorder during the perinatal period, very little is known about the predictors of these problems. As a result, we systematically reviewed the literature on risk factors for new onset anxiety and maternal anxiety exacerbation in the perinatal period.PubMed, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Ovid, ProQuest (...) Portal, and Web of Science were searched for studies assessing risk factors for the development of new onset anxiety or anxiety worsening in women during pregnancy and the postpartum period.11,759 citations were identified, with 11 studies meeting eligibility criteria. New onset anxiety was assessed in 7 studies, anxiety worsening in 3, and 1 assessed both. Lower educational attainment, living with extended family members, multiparity, a family history of psychiatric disorders, hyperemesis gravidarum

2018 Journal of Affective Disorders

166. Changes in the expression of worries, anxiety and Generalized anxiety disorder with increasing age: A population study of 70-85 year-olds. (Full text)

Changes in the expression of worries, anxiety and Generalized anxiety disorder with increasing age: A population study of 70-85 year-olds. The prevalence of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is supposed to decrease with age. Reasons suggested include that emotional control increases and that anxiety and worry are expressed differently in older adults. The aim of this study was to examine how the expression of anxiety and worry changes with age and how this influences diagnoses in current (...) classification systems.Semistructured psychiatric examinations were performed in population-based samples of 70- (n = 562), 75- (n = 770), 79/80- (n = 603), and 85-year-olds (n = 433). Individuals with dementia were excluded. GAD was diagnosed according to DSM-5 (DSM5 GAD) and ICD-10 (ICD10 GAD) criteria. Individual symptoms were assessed according to severity and frequency. Functioning was measured with Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF).The prevalence of clinical anxiety, autonomic arousal, muscle

2018 International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry PubMed abstract

167. Measurement equivalence of the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) and Social Phobia Scale (SPS) across individuals with social anxiety disorder from Japanese and Australian sociocultural contexts. (Abstract)

Measurement equivalence of the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) and Social Phobia Scale (SPS) across individuals with social anxiety disorder from Japanese and Australian sociocultural contexts. Cultural factors influence both the expression of social anxiety and the interpretation and functioning of social anxiety measures. This study aimed to test the measurement equivalence of two commonly used social anxiety measures across two sociocultural contexts using individuals with social (...) anxiety disorder (SAD) from Australia and Japan.Scores on the straightforwardly-worded Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (S-SIAS) and the Social Phobia Scale (SPS) from two archival datasets of individual with SAD, one from Australia (n = 201) and one from Japan (n = 295), were analysed for measurement equivalence using a multigroup confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) framework.The best-fitting factor models for the S-SIAS and SPS were not found to be measurement equivalent across the Australian

2018 Journal of Affective Disorders

168. A cluster randomised controlled trial comparing the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a school-based cognitive behavioural therapy programme (FRIENDS) in the reduction of anxiety and improvement in mood in children aged 9/10 years (Full text)

A cluster randomised controlled trial comparing the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a school-based cognitive behavioural therapy programme (FRIENDS) in the reduction of anxiety and improvement in mood in children aged 9/10 years A cluster randomised controlled trial comparing the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a school-based cognitive behavioural therapy programme (FRIENDS)in the reduction of anxiety and improvement in mood in children aged 9/10 years Journals Library An error

2015 NIHR HTA programme PubMed abstract

169. Effectiveness of psycho-educational counseling on anxiety in preeclampsia. (Full text)

Effectiveness of psycho-educational counseling on anxiety in preeclampsia. Preeclampsia is a serious complication during pregnancy that not only influences maternal and fetal physical health, but also has maternal mental health outcomes such as anxiety. Prenatal anxiety has negative short- and long-term effects on pre- and postpartum maternal mental health, delivery, and mental health in subsequent pregnancies.To investigate the effectiveness of individual psycho-educational counseling (...) on anxiety in pregnant women with preeclampsia.This was a randomized, intervention-controlled study involving two governmental hospitals in the municipality of Sirjan, Kerman, from January 30 2017 to March 31 2017. A total of 44 pregnant women with preeclampsia were assessed. The women were randomized into two groups: control (n=22) and intervention (n=22). The intervention consisted of two sessions of individual psycho-educational counseling. The level of anxiety was measured using the Spielberger State

2019 Trends in psychiatry and psychotherapy Controlled trial quality: uncertain PubMed abstract

170. A newly designed intensive caregiver education program reduces cognitive impairment, anxiety, and depression in patients with acute ischemic stroke. (Full text)

A newly designed intensive caregiver education program reduces cognitive impairment, anxiety, and depression in patients with acute ischemic stroke. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of a newly designed intensive caregiver education program (ICEP) on reducing cognitive impairment, anxiety, and depression in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients. One hundred and ninety-six AIS patients were divided into ICEP group and Control group in a 1:1 ratio using blocked randomization method (...) . In the ICEP group, the caregivers received ICEP, while in the Control group caregivers received usual education and guidance. All patients received conventional rehabilitation treatment. Cognitive impairment (assessed by Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) score and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) score), anxiety (assessed by Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)-A score and Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) score), and depression (assessed by HADS-D score and Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS

2019 Brazilian journal of medical and biological research = Revista brasileira de pesquisas medicas e biologicas Controlled trial quality: uncertain PubMed abstract

171. Stepped care programme in primary care to prevent anxiety and depression: a randomised clinical trial. (Abstract)

Stepped care programme in primary care to prevent anxiety and depression: a randomised clinical trial. 30792364 2019 11 20 1024-2708 25 Suppl 3 1 2019 Feb Hong Kong medical journal = Xianggang yi xue za zhi Hong Kong Med J Stepped care programme in primary care to prevent anxiety and depression: a randomised clinical trial. 9-10 Wong S Ys SY The Jockey Club School of Public Health and Primary Care, The Chinese University of Hong Kong. Tang W K WK Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine

2019 Hong Kong medical journal = Xianggang yi xue za zhi Controlled trial quality: uncertain

172. Effect of Lavender Oil on the Anxiety of Patients Before Breast Surgery. (Abstract)

Effect of Lavender Oil on the Anxiety of Patients Before Breast Surgery. Anxiety is a common problem before surgery. This study aimed to investigate the effects of inhaling lavender oil on anxiety levels in patients before breast surgery.A randomized controlled design was used.The study was conducted in surgery clinics of a university hospital in Adana, Turkey. The study included a total of 80 patients, 40 patients in the intervention group, and 40 patients in the control group, who were (...) scheduled for breast surgery. Lavender oil was used by inhalation. A Personal Information Form and the State Anxiety Inventory were used to collect data.The mean State Anxiety Inventory pretest and post-test scores were 43.00 ± 11.48 and 37.28 ± 9.93, respectively, in the intervention group, indicating a statistically significant difference (P < .05). The mean pretest and post-test State Anxiety Inventory scores were 44.6 ± 11.45 and 42.43 ± 11.48, respectively, in the control group; however

2019 Journal of perianesthesia nursing : official journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses Controlled trial quality: uncertain

173. Effects of Vibration and Cold Application on Pain and Anxiety During Intravenous Catheterization. (Abstract)

Effects of Vibration and Cold Application on Pain and Anxiety During Intravenous Catheterization. To determine the effects of vibration and cold gel pack application on pain and anxiety levels of patients undergoing intravenous (IV) catheterization.A randomized controlled, pretest and post-test experimental study.Catheterization was performed 60 seconds before the IV catheterization procedure was started by applying vibration and cold gel pack to patients in the experimental group. Patients (...) in the control group underwent catheterization using standard procedures.The mean pain scores of patients in the experimental group were lower than those of the patients in the control group. Intragroup analysis demonstrated that the mean scores obtained from the state anxiety and trait anxiety inventories after the study were not significantly different from those obtained before the study.Vibration and cold gel pack application is suggested to relive pain during IV catheterization in adults.Copyright ©

2019 Journal of perianesthesia nursing : official journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses Controlled trial quality: uncertain

174. Efficacy of Guided Imagery for Postoperative Symptoms, Sleep Quality, Anxiety, and Satisfaction Regarding Nursing Care: A Randomized Controlled Study. (Abstract)

Efficacy of Guided Imagery for Postoperative Symptoms, Sleep Quality, Anxiety, and Satisfaction Regarding Nursing Care: A Randomized Controlled Study. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of perioperatively applied guided imagery on nausea, satisfaction, and anxiety.This is a prospective randomized controlled study.In addition to standard treatment and nursing care, guided imagery was applied to the intervention group once in the preoperative period, once on the first day

2019 Journal of perianesthesia nursing : official journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses Controlled trial quality: uncertain

175. The effectiveness of relaxation training in the quality of life and anxiety of patients with asthma. (Full text)

The effectiveness of relaxation training in the quality of life and anxiety of patients with asthma. With a 5-10% global prevalence, asthma, as a chronic condition which can strongly affect the quality of life of patients and care givers, needs comprehensive approach, including medications and psychological techniques, to get the optimal control. This is why the current study aimed to assess the effectiveness of the Papworth method relaxation training among patients with asthma, considering (...) reduced anxiety and improved quality of life.Through a randomized controlled trial, 30 patients with asthma 20-45 years of age referring to a tertiary university hospital in Tehran enrolled two study groups, including disease cases and controls. The Papworth method of relaxation was used and was finally assessed for its effectiveness by two questionnaires, namely STAI for anxiety and SF-36 for the quality of life. Pre-test and post-test were done for both groups.The scores of the anxiety questionnaire

2019 Advances in respiratory medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain PubMed abstract

176. Effect of cross-sex hormones on the quality of life, depression and anxiety of transgender individuals: a quantitative systematic review. (Abstract)

Effect of cross-sex hormones on the quality of life, depression and anxiety of transgender individuals: a quantitative systematic review. The objective of the review was to evaluate the effectiveness of cross-sex hormone use in improving quality of life and the related measures of depression and anxiety in transgender individuals.Transgender medicine as a specialty is still in its infancy and is beginning to attract more primary care providers. The use of hormones to aid in gender transition (...) was associated with improved quality of life, depression and anxiety scores, although no causation can be inferred.Transgender participants who were prescribed cross-sex hormones had statistically significant scores demonstrating improvement on the validated scales that measured quality of life, anxiety and depression when compared to transgender people who had enrolled in a sex-reassignment clinic but had not yet begun taking cross-sex hormones. However, because the certainty of this evidence was very low

2019 JBI database of systematic reviews and implementation reports

177. Benefit of Watching a Live Visual Inspection of the Cervix With Acetic Acid and Lugol Iodine on Women's Anxiety: Randomized Controlled Trial of an Educational Intervention Conducted in a Low-Resource Setting. (Full text)

Benefit of Watching a Live Visual Inspection of the Cervix With Acetic Acid and Lugol Iodine on Women's Anxiety: Randomized Controlled Trial of an Educational Intervention Conducted in a Low-Resource Setting. Women undergoing pelvic examination for cervical cancer screening can experience periprocedural anxiety.The aim of this study was to assess the anxiety level experienced by women undergoing a visual inspection with acetic acid and Lugol iodine (VIA and VILI) examination, with or without (...) group (CG) and an intervention group (IG). Women in both groups underwent a pelvic examination and were verbally informed about the steps undertaken during the gynecological examination. The IG could also watch it live on a tablet screen. Women's anxiety was assessed before and immediately after the examination, using the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). A paired t test was used to compare the mean STAI score for each question before and after VIA/VILI while a nonpaired, 2-sided t

2019 JMIR cancer Controlled trial quality: uncertain PubMed abstract

178. Acupressure on Anxiety and Sleep Quality After Cardiac Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial. (Abstract)

Acupressure on Anxiety and Sleep Quality After Cardiac Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial. To determine the effect of acupressure on anxiety and sleep quality after cardiac surgery.A randomized pre-post test control group design.Patients after cardiac surgery were divided into two groups: the intervention group (n = 50), who received acupressure on four different acupoints plus standard care, and the control group (n = 50), who received only standard care. Patients were admitted (...) to the surgical clinic from the intensive care unit after 3 or 4 days of surgery. The levels of anxiety and sleep quality were evaluated during three postoperative days starting from their first day in the surgical clinic.Among the patients in the intervention group, the usage of acupressure decreased the level of anxiety and increased the sleep quality significantly compared with the control group (P < .05).Our findings showed that acupressure decreased the level of anxiety and improved the sleep quality

2019 Journal of perianesthesia nursing : official journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses Controlled trial quality: uncertain

179. Comparison of the Effects of Hand Reflexology versus Acupressure on Anxiety and Vital Signs in Female Patients with Coronary Artery Diseases. (Full text)

Comparison of the Effects of Hand Reflexology versus Acupressure on Anxiety and Vital Signs in Female Patients with Coronary Artery Diseases. Hospitalization in the cardiac care unit can increase anxiety in patients. This study aimed to compare hand reflexology versus acupressure on anxiety and vital signs in female patients with coronary artery diseases. This double-blinded randomized placebo-controlled trial with a pre- and post-intervention design was conducted on 135 female patients (...) with coronary artery diseases. Female patients hospitalized in a cardiac care unit were randomly divided into three groups of hand reflexology, acupressure and placebo (n = 45 patients in each group) using blocking and a table of random numbers. Data was collected using the Spielberger anxiety inventory. Also, their vital signs were measured before, immediately after and half an hour after the intervention. Data analysis was performed using descriptive and analytical statistics. Before the intervention

2019 Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland) Controlled trial quality: uncertain PubMed abstract

180. Effectiveness of an Interventional Package on the Level of Anxiety, Depression, and Fatigue among Patients with Cervical Cancer. (Full text)

Effectiveness of an Interventional Package on the Level of Anxiety, Depression, and Fatigue among Patients with Cervical Cancer. To evaluate the effectiveness of interventional package on the level of anxiety, depression, and fatigue.The study was conducted in room no. 5, first floor, B Block, Department of Radiotherapy, Nehru Hospital, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh Quasi experimental pretest-posttest design was used in the study. A total of 60 patients (...) receiving radiotherapy/chemotherapy were assigned in two groups of 30 each, through total enumeration sampling technique. The tools used for the study were Zung Anxiety Scale, Beck Depression inventory, and Fatigue Scale. The protocol used for the study includes the Jacobson's Progressive muscle relaxtion technique, counsling and home care techniques.Sociodemographic variables and clinical profile of participants in both groups were comparable. Interventional package significantly reduces the anxiety

2019 Asia-Pacific journal of oncology nursing Controlled trial quality: uncertain PubMed abstract

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