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241. Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy for Anxiety and Depression in Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy for Anxiety and Depression in Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy for Anxiety and Depression in Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): A Rapid Review. February 2015; pp. 1–21 Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy for Anxiety and Depression in Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): A Rapid Review Health Quality Ontario February 2015 Evidence Development and Standards Branch at Health (...) Quality Ontario Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy for Anxiety and Depression in Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): A Rapid Review. February 2015; pp. 1–21 2 Suggested Citation This report should be cited as follows: Health Quality Ontario. Cognitive-behavioural therapy for anxiety and depression in patients with COPD: a rapid review. Toronto: Health Quality Ontario; 2015 February. 21 p. Available from: http://www.hqontario.ca/evidence/evidence-process/episodes-of-care#community

2015 Health Quality Ontario

242. Second Generation Antidepressants for Pediatric patients with Major Depressive Disorder and Anxiety Disorder

Second Generation Antidepressants for Pediatric patients with Major Depressive Disorder and Anxiety Disorder Disclaimer: The Rapid Response Service is an information service for those involved in planning and providing health care in Canada. Rapid responses are based on a limited literature search and are not comprehensive, systematic reviews. The intent is to provide a list of sources of the best evidence on the topic that CADTH could identify using all reasonable efforts within the time (...) Antidepressants for Pediatric patients with Major Depressive Disorder and Anxiety Disorder: A Review of the Clinical Effectiveness and Safety DATE: 11 June 2015 CONTEXT AND POLICY ISSUES Major depressive disorders (MDD) and anxiety disorders fall within a spectrum of psychiatric disorders that are characterized by severe and/or persistent symptoms of sadness and irritability that can cause considerable distress and interfere with daily activities. Untreated, they may lead to serious developmental, personal

2015 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

243. Mindfulness Interventions for the Treatment of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Depression, and Substance Use Disorders

Mindfulness Interventions for the Treatment of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Depression, and Substance Use Disorders Disclaimer: The Rapid Response Service is an information service for those involved in planning and providing health care in Canada. Rapid responses are based on a limited literature search and are not comprehensive, systematic reviews. The intent is to provide a list of sources of the best evidence on the topic that CADTH could identify using all (...) and conditions. TITLE: Mindfulness Interventions for the Treatment of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Depression, and Substance Use Disorders: A Review of the Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines DATE: 19 June 2015 CONTEXT AND POLICY ISSUES Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is the recurring and intrusive recollection of an overwhelming traumatic event. 1 Individuals with PTSD relive the traumatic event in a variety of ways (e.g. memories, flashbacks, dreams), avoid stimuli

2015 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

244. Yoga for the Treatment of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Depression, and Substance Abuse

Yoga for the Treatment of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Depression, and Substance Abuse TITLE: Yoga for the Treatment of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Depression, and Substance Abuse: A Review of the Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines DATE: 22 June 2015 CONTEXT AND POLICY ISSUES Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), depression and substance abuse (SA) are mental health disorders that can lead (...) of yoga. 11 The purpose of this Rapid Response report is to review the clinical effectiveness of yoga for treating PTSD, GAD, depression and substance abuse, and to summarize the guidelines that are associated with the use of yoga for these conditions. RESEARCH QUESTIONS 1. What is the clinical effectiveness of yoga as an intervention for the treatment of post- traumatic stress disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, depression, and substance abuse? 2. What are the evidence-based guidelines

2015 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

245. Systematic review of benzodiazepines for anxiety disorders in late life. (Abstract)

Systematic review of benzodiazepines for anxiety disorders in late life. Benzodiazepines are currently the most commonly prescribed medication for the treatment of anxiety in older adults, although there is a dearth of good-quality data on this subject. The aim of this review was to systematically review studies examining the efficacy and tolerability of benzodiazepines for the treatment of anxiety disorders among older adults.The authors conducted a systematic review, searching PubMed, Ovid (...) ) evaluated the titles, abstracts, and full text of the eligible articles. Five studies met the inclusion criteria. Across all studies, benzodiazepines were associated with decreased anxiety at the end of the study period. The limited tolerability data show mild adverse effects from the benzodiazepines studied. Limitations of the trials included limited data on the long-term use of benzodiazepines for anxiety and a preponderance of trials examining generalized anxiety disorder, with relatively less data

2020 Annals of clinical psychiatry : official journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists

246. The role of exposure in the treatment of anxiety in children and adolescents: protocol of a systematic review and meta-analysis. (Full text)

The role of exposure in the treatment of anxiety in children and adolescents: protocol of a systematic review and meta-analysis. In children and adolescents, anxiety disorders (ADs) are among the most prevalent mental disorders. While there is a solid empirical foundation to support CBT as an evidence-based treatment for childhood ADs, the mechanisms underlying the efficacy of CBT are not well explored. Exposure is assumed to be vital to the efficacy of CBT in ADs, but empirical evidence (e.g (...) ., dismantling studies) showing that exposure is indeed a vital element of effective treatments is relatively scarce. The proposed meta-analysis aims to investigate the role of exposure in reducing symptoms of anxiety among children and adolescents.A systematic search of several electronic databases including PubMed/MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Psyndex plus, Web of Science, Scopus, and EMBASE will be conducted (from inception onwards). We will include randomized and non-randomized clinical trials examining exposure

2020 Systematic reviews PubMed abstract

247. Virtual reality exposure therapy for anxiety and related disorders: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. (Abstract)

Virtual reality exposure therapy for anxiety and related disorders: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Trials of virtual reality exposure therapy (VRET) for anxiety-related disorders have proliferated in number and diversity since our previous meta-analysis that examined 13 total trials, most of which were for specific phobias (Powers & Emmelkamp, 2008). Since then, new trials have compared VRET to more diverse anxiety and related disorders including social anxiety disorder (SAD (...) ), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and panic disorder (PD) with and without agoraphobia. With the availability of this data, it is imperative to re-examine the efficacy of VRET for anxiety. A literature search for randomized controlled trials of VRET versus control or in vivo exposure yielded 30 studies with 1057 participants. Fourteen studies tested VRET for specific phobias, 8 for SAD or performance anxiety, 5 for PTSD, and 3 for PD. A random effects analysis estimated a large effect size for VRET

2020 Journal of anxiety disorders

248. Art therapy for anxiety, depression, and fatigue in females with breast cancer: A systematic review. (Abstract)

Art therapy for anxiety, depression, and fatigue in females with breast cancer: A systematic review. This systematic review employed a meta-analysis to examine the effectiveness of art therapy for treating anxiety, depression, and fatigue in female patients with breast cancer, the most prevalent cancer and the most common cause of cancer-related mortality among women worldwide. The review included nine original studies and analyzed data from a total of 754 patients. Data extraction and quality (...) ]). The review provides initial evidence to suggest that art therapy benefits female breast cancer patients with respect to the treatment of anxiety, depression, and fatigue. However, additional and better-quality studies must be conducted, particularly with larger sample sizes, greater specificity of the design of trials and interventions, and a longer follow-up duration.

2020 Journal of psychosocial oncology

249. Pharmacological treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder comorbid with an anxiety disorder: a systematic review. (Abstract)

Pharmacological treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder comorbid with an anxiety disorder: a systematic review. The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the pharmacological options available to treat patients diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and anxiety disorder, for generating evidence on the safest, most-effective and tolerable pharmacotherapy. To this end, a systematic search was performed in three electronic databases (Medline (...) , Scopus and Directory of Open Access Journals; December 2017). Randomized, double-blind, parallel-design clinical trials evaluating the efficacy, safety or tolerability of therapies for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and anxiety disorder in children and adolescents or adults were considered. A total of 1960 articles were retrieved from the databases, of which five studies were included in the qualitative synthesis. Two of these studies evaluated the drug atomoxetine, another study evaluated

2020 International clinical psychopharmacology

250. A systematic review of interventions for healthcare professionals to improve screening and referral for perinatal mood and anxiety disorders. (Abstract)

A systematic review of interventions for healthcare professionals to improve screening and referral for perinatal mood and anxiety disorders. Postpartum depression affects approximately 11% of women. However, screening for perinatal mood and anxiety disorders (PMAD) is rare and inconsistent among healthcare professionals. When healthcare professionals screen, they often rely on clinical judgment, rather than validated screening tools. The objective of the current study is to review the types

2020 Archives of women's mental health

251. Longitudinal association between social anxiety disorder and incident alcohol use disorder: results from two national samples of US adults. (Abstract)

Longitudinal association between social anxiety disorder and incident alcohol use disorder: results from two national samples of US adults. This study assessed the association between subclinical social fears and a 12-month diagnosis of Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) at baseline and the risk of incident Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) at follow-up, compared to those without subclinical social fears and a 12-month diagnosis of SAD. We performed an individual participant meta-analysis based on data

2020 Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology

252. Efficacy of binaural auditory beats in cognition, anxiety, and pain perception: a meta-analysis. (Abstract)

Efficacy of binaural auditory beats in cognition, anxiety, and pain perception: a meta-analysis. Binaural auditory beats are a perceptual phenomenon that occurs when presenting separately to each ear two tones that slightly differ in their frequency. It has been suggested that binaural beats can influence cognition and mental states among others. The objective of this meta-analysis was to study the effect of binaural beats on memory, attention, anxiety, and analgesia. Twenty-two studies met our (...) during the task. Time under exposure contributed significantly to the model indicating that longer periods are advisable to ensure maximum effectiveness. Our meta-analysis adds to the growing evidence that binaural-beat exposure is an effective way to affect cognition over and above reducing anxiety levels and the perception of pain without prior training, and that the direction and the magnitude of the effect depends upon the frequency used, time under exposure, and the moment in which the exposure

2020 Psychological research

253. Technology Delivered Interventions for Depression and Anxiety in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. (Full text)

Technology Delivered Interventions for Depression and Anxiety in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Depression and anxiety are common during adolescence. Whilst effective interventions are available treatment services are limited resulting in many adolescents being unable to access effective help. Delivering mental health interventions via technology, such as computers or the internet, offers one potential way to increase access to psychological treatment. The aim (...) of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to update previous work and investigate the current evidence for the effect of technology delivered interventions for children and adolescents (aged up to 18 years) with depression and anxiety. A systematic search of eight electronic databases identified 34 randomized controlled trials involving 3113 children and young people aged 6-18. The trials evaluated computerized and internet cognitive behavior therapy programs (CBT: n = 17), computer-delivered attention

2020 Clinical child and family psychology review PubMed abstract

254. Initial severity and antidepressant efficacy for anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and posttraumatic stress disorder: An individual patient data meta-analysis. (Full text)

Initial severity and antidepressant efficacy for anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and posttraumatic stress disorder: An individual patient data meta-analysis. It has been suggested that antidepressant benefits are smaller for mild than severe depression. Because antidepressants are also used for anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), we examined the influence of severity for these disorders.We used individual patient (...) data of eight trials (3,430 participants) for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD); four trials (1,195 participants) for social anxiety disorder (SAD); four trials (1,132 participants) for OCD; three trials (1,071 participants) for PTSD; and 10 trials (2,151 participants) for panic disorder (PD). Mixed-effects models were used to investigate an interaction between severity and treatment group.For GAD and PD, severity moderated antidepressant efficacy. The antidepressant-placebo difference was 1.4 (95

2020 Depression and anxiety PubMed abstract

255. Depression and Anxiety Among Partner and Offspring Carers of People With Dementia: A Systematic Review. (Full text)

Depression and Anxiety Among Partner and Offspring Carers of People With Dementia: A Systematic Review. Family carers of people with dementia (PWD) experience high rates of depression and anxiety. However, the factors that are associated with these mental health concerns among family carers are not well understood. The purpose of this review was to identify factors that are associated with depression and anxiety in family carers of PWD.A systematic review was conducted of studies that examined (...) depressive or anxiety symptoms among family caregivers of community-dwelling older adults with dementia. Twenty-six studies met inclusion criteria and were included in the review.Depressive and anxiety symptoms were related to demographic factors, dementia characteristics, carer psychological and social factors, and dyadic relationship factors. Some prominent factors were consistently associated with depressive symptoms across studies. Female carers and adult-child carers, rather than spousal carers

2020 The Gerontologist PubMed abstract

256. [Prevalence of anxiety disorders in people over 65 years-old: A systematic review]. (Abstract)

[Prevalence of anxiety disorders in people over 65 years-old: A systematic review]. Anxiety is an emotional problem that causes discomfort and suffering to those that suffer from it. Anxiety disorders can affect the functioning in different facets of a person's life. Studies on the prevalence of anxiety disorders in people over 65 years show variable results, ranging between 0.1% and 17.2%. Most of these studies include samples of the general population, in which the population of people over (...) 65 years is under-represented. These studies evaluate older people with the same diagnostic tools used to assess anxiety disorders in people under 65 years, and collect data from people between 65 and 75 years old, leaving out people aged 75 and over. A systematic review of the prevalence studies of anxiety disorders in elderly people is presented. It is concluded that when representative samples of people over 65 years are used and evaluated with suitable tools, the prevalence rate

2020 Revista espanola de geriatria y gerontologia

257. Meta-analysis of psychosocial interventions for people with dementia and anxiety or depression. (Full text)

Meta-analysis of psychosocial interventions for people with dementia and anxiety or depression. Objectives: Assess the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions for depression and anxiety in people with dementia (PWD) or mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Method: OvidMedline, PsychInfo and Embase were searched for studies on the 5th August 2017. The efficacy of the studies was estimated using meta-analyses. Results: Eight RCTs were included. No RCTs were identified for people with MCI. Four (...) at follow-up. Three RCTs found that psychosocial interventions (music therapy and cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)) reduced symptoms of anxiety in PWD who were anxious. Evidence from two of these RCTs (music therapy and CBT) showed that these improvements were evident at three to six-month follow-up. Conclusion: The identified psychosocial interventions are effective at reducing symptoms of depression or anxiety in PWD experiencing these symptoms. This review is limited by the quality of studies

2020 Aging & mental health PubMed abstract

258. Pregnancy-specific anxiety and elective cesarean section in primiparas: A cohort study in China. (Full text)

Pregnancy-specific anxiety and elective cesarean section in primiparas: A cohort study in China. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between pregnancy-specific anxiety and elective cesarean section, and identify the critical period in which pregnancy-specific anxiety will affect the elective cesarean section. Primiparous women in the 1st trimester of pregnancy were invited to participate in the cohort. General information on maternal socio-demographic characteristics (...) and environmental exposure were collected using questionnaires. Pregnancy-specific anxiety was assessed by using pregnancy-specific anxiety questionnaire in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd trimester, respectively. Delivery modes and pregnancy complications were abstracted from medical notes. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was adopted to examine the relationship between pregnancy-specific anxiety and elective cesarean section. Results indicated the overall elective cesarean section rate in this study was 45%. Among 1

2019 PLoS ONE PubMed abstract

259. "I would love if there was a young woman to encourage us, to ease our anxiety which we would have if we were alone": Adapting the Mothers2Mothers Mentor Mother Model for adolescent mothers living with HIV in Malawi. (Full text)

"I would love if there was a young woman to encourage us, to ease our anxiety which we would have if we were alone": Adapting the Mothers2Mothers Mentor Mother Model for adolescent mothers living with HIV in Malawi. Pregnant and post-partum adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa experience inferior outcomes along the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) cascade compared to their adult counterparts. Yet, despite this inequality

2019 PLoS ONE PubMed abstract

260. Influence of genetic factors on long-term treatment related neurocognitive complications, and on anxiety and depression in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: The Petale study. (Full text)

Influence of genetic factors on long-term treatment related neurocognitive complications, and on anxiety and depression in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: The Petale study. A substantial number of survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia suffer from treatment-related late adverse effects including neurocognitive impairment. While multiple studies have described neurocognitive outcomes in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) survivors, relatively few have (...) investigated their association with individual genetic constitution.To further address this issue, genetic variants located in 99 genes relevant to the effects of anticancer drugs and in 360 genes implicated in nervous system function and predicted to affect protein function, were pooled from whole exome sequencing data of childhood ALL survivors (PETALE cohort) and analyzed for an association with neurocognitive complications, as well as with anxiety and depression. Variants that sustained correction

2019 PLoS ONE PubMed abstract

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