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121. ACR–ASNR–SCBT-MR Practice Parameter for the Performance of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the Adult Spine

helps identify axonal loss, myelin loss, and, in the early stages of disease, axonal injury. Tractography can highlight axonal injury as seen as loss of fractional anisotropy. The usual application of tractography, to determine fiber direction, is of little significance in the spinal cord, where one knows the fiber orientation. Although diffusion imaging is a critical component of MR evaluation of brain stroke, it has been far less studied for spinal cord ischemia. This is likely due to the relative (...) atrophy, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis d. Spinal Stenosis 6. Trauma Nature and extent of injury to spinal cord, vertebral column, ribs, and skull base; ligaments, thecal sac, and paraspinal soft tissues following trauma (CT is considered the Gold Standard primary tool for the initial evaluation of the traumatized spine, with MRI often performed to provide complementary data, particularly when the patients' clinical findings are discrepant with the initial CT findings.) 7. Neoplastic abnormalities

2019 American Society of Neuroradiology

122. ACR–ASNR–SPR Practice Parameter for the Performance of Myelography and Cisternography

of adverse events during contrast medium administration, including patients with asthma, sensitivity to medication and/or allergens, congestive heart failure, serum creatinine level greater than 1.5 mg/dL, or those less than 12 months of age. However, the incidence of headache, vomiting, and back pain appears to be lower in the pediatric population. Prior to performing myelography in a child, the radiologist should review imaging studies of the brain and spine to determine if the patient has undergone (...) and neural foraminal stenosis in presurgical diagnosis. 5. Assessing brachial plexus injuries, particularly in neonates [17]. 6. Evaluating spinal herniations and extradural defects. B. Indications for MR Cisternography (MRC) Similar to conventional cisternography, both without and/or with intrathecal gadolinium contrast, MRC has the following indications, including but not limited to: 1. Localization and measurement of skull base CSF fistulae or leaks. 2. Preoperative evaluation of intracranial

2019 American Society of Neuroradiology

123. ACR-ASNR-SIR-SNIS Practice Parameter for the Performance of Diagnostic Cervicocerebral Catheter Angiography in Adults

parameter was developed and written with the collaboration of the American College of Radiology (ACR), the American Society of Neuroradiology (ASNR), the Society of NeuroInterventional Surgery (SNIS), and the Society of Interventional Radiology (SIR). Diagnostic cervicocerebral catheter angiography is a proven, safe, and effective procedure for evaluating many intracranial and extracranial disorders, especially vascular abnormalities of the head, neck, and brain. It should be performed only for a valid (...) and set of images resulting in identification or exclusion of the suspected pathology or other pathology capable of being identified with arteriography Stroke – a focal neurological deficit lasting >24 hours, typically documented by imaging findings clinically relevant to the deficit Threshold – a specific level of an indicator that should prompt the performance of a review Transient ischemic attack (TIA) – a brief episode of neurological dysfunction caused by focal brain or retinal ischemia

2019 American Society of Neuroradiology

125. Society of Interventional Radiology Consensus Guidelines for the Periprocedural Management of Thrombotic and Bleeding Risk in Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Image-Guided Interventions—Part II: Recommendations.

, retroperitoneum), or involve procedures occurring in locations where even minor amounts of bleeding may have devastating consequences (eg, eye, spinal cord, brain) ( x 35 Baron, T.H., Kamath, P.S., and McBane, R.D. Management of antithrombotic therapy in patients undergoing invasive procedures. N Engl J Med . 2013 ; 368 : 2113–2124 ) (35) . Although there is no standard, accepted risk rate of major bleeding that defines a high procedure-related bleeding risk, definitions to delineate high from low procedure

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2019 Society of Interventional Radiology

126. Guidelines for Monitoring and Management of Pediatric Patients Before, During, and After Sedation for Diagnostic and Therapeutic Procedures

tracheal intubation or other airway manipulations. , However, the absolute risk of aspiration during elective procedural sedation is not yet known; the reported incidence varies from ∼1 in 825 to ∼1 in 30 037. , , , , , Therefore, standard practice for fasting before elective sedation generally follows the same guidelines as for elective general anesthesia; this requirement is particularly important for solids, because aspiration of clear gastric contents causes less pulmonary injury than aspiration

2019 American Academy of Pediatrics

128. ACR–ASNR–SPR Practice Parameter for the Performance and Interpretation of Cervicocerebral Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA)

varices [2-9] 2. Ischemic stroke, vasospasm and thromboembolism [9-21] 3. Intracranial hemorrhage and intraspinal hemorrhage [22-26] 4. Vasculitis and collagen vascular diseases 5. Atherosclerotic steno-occlusive disease [1,27-35] 6. Nonatherosclerotic, noninflammatory vasculopathy 7. Traumatic vascular injuries, [3,32,36-41] 8. Venous and dural sinus thrombosis (when performed as a dedicated CTV) [42-44]. 9. Vascular malformations and fistulas 10. Vascular anatomic variants [32] 11. Evaluation (...) of volume-rendered images and digital subtraction angiography. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2007;28(1):60-67. 17. Chatzikonstantinou A, Krissak R, Fluchter S, et al. CT angiography of the aorta is superior to transesophageal echocardiography for determining stroke subtypes in patients with cryptogenic ischemic stroke. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2012;33(4):322-328. PRACTICE PARAMETER Cervicocerebral CTA / 11 18. Furtado AD, Adraktas DD, Brasic N, et al. The triple rule-out for acute ischemic stroke: imaging the brain

2019 American Society of Neuroradiology

129. ACR–ASNR–SNIS–SPR Practice Parameter for the Performance of Cervicocerebral Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA)

parameter was developed and written with the collaboration of the American College of Radiology (ACR), the American Society of Neuroradiology (ASNR), the Society of NeuroInterventional Surgery (SNIS), and the Society of Interventional Radiology (SIR). Diagnostic cervicocerebral catheter angiography is a proven, safe, and effective procedure for evaluating many intracranial and extracranial disorders, especially vascular abnormalities of the head, neck, and brain. It should be performed only for a valid (...) and set of images resulting in identification or exclusion of the suspected pathology or other pathology capable of being identified with arteriography Stroke – a focal neurological deficit lasting >24 hours, typically documented by imaging findings clinically relevant to the deficit Threshold – a specific level of an indicator that should prompt the performance of a review Transient ischemic attack (TIA) – a brief episode of neurological dysfunction caused by focal brain or retinal ischemia

2019 American Society of Neuroradiology

130. ACR–ASNR–SPR Practice Parameter for the Performance of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the Head and Neck

joint and central skull-base evaluation. Oblique imaging along anatomic structures in off-axis orientations, such as the temporo-mandibular joint [20,21] and the optic nerves [22], may better depict anatomic detail. With advances in MRI coil design and phased array technology, head and neck imaging is usually performed with standard brain and head/neck coils that produce the high-quality, thin-section images needed to display head and neck anatomy and pathology [23,24]. Surface coils are rarely (...) ]. Additionally, if the brain or subarachnoid space is involved, dedicated imaging of the brain should be considered [114]. Diffusion- weighted imaging of the brain is also generally useful in this circumstance. 2. Paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity CT is the imaging modality of choice for evaluation of inflammatory disorders of the paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity, with MRI reserved for evaluating complications of inflammatory and neoplastic sinus disease [40-42], including orbital, skull base

2019 American Society of Neuroradiology

131. Paediatric Urology

torsion of the spermatic cord--does it guarantee prevention of recurrent torsion events? J Urol, 2006. 175: 171. 179. Figueroa, V., et al. Comparative analysis of detorsion alone versus detorsion and tunica albuginea decompression (fasciotomy) with tunica vaginalis flap coverage in the surgical management of prolonged testicular ischemia. J Urol, 2012. 188: 1417. 180. Akcora, B., et al. The protective effect of darbepoetin alfa on experimental testicular torsion and detorsion injury. Int J Urol, 2007 (...) . 14: 846. 181. Aksoy, H., et al. Dehydroepiandrosterone treatment attenuates reperfusion injury after testicular torsion and detorsion in rats. J Pediatr Surg, 2007. 42: 1740. 182. Haj, M., et al. Effect of external scrotal cooling on the viability of the testis with torsion in rats. Eur Surg Res, 2007. 39: 160. 183. Unal, D., et al. Protective effects of trimetazidine on testicular ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats. Urol Int, 2007. 78: 356. 184. Yazihan, N., et al. Protective role

2019 European Association of Urology

132. Male Sexual Dysfunction

with aortic stiffness in patients with erectile dysfunction. Hypertension, 2014. 64: 672. 104. Omland, T., et al. Relation of Erectile Dysfunction to Subclinical Myocardial Injury. Am J Cardiol, 2016. 118: 1821. 105. Fang, S.C., et al. Changes in erectile dysfunction over time in relation to Framingham cardiovascular risk in the Boston Area Community Health (BACH) Survey. J Sex Med, 2015. 12(1)100. 106. Nehra, A., et al. The Princeton III Consensus recommendations for the management of erectile

2019 European Association of Urology

133. Chronic Pelvic Pain

. Bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis in twin sisters. J Urol, 2012. 187: 148. 33. Vehof, J., et al. Shared genetic factors underlie chronic pain syndromes. Pain, 2014. 155: 1562. 34. Roth, R.S., et al. Patient beliefs about pain diagnosis in chronic pelvic pain: relation to pain experience, mood and disability. J Reprod Med, 2011. 56: 123. 35. Berman, S.M., et al. Reduced brainstem inhibition during anticipated pelvic visceral pain correlates with enhanced brain response to the visceral (...) , 2014. 39: 141. 77. Nazif, O., et al. Neural upregulation in interstitial cystitis. Urology, 2007. 69: 24. 78. Melzack, R., et al. Central neuroplasticity and pathological pain. Ann N Y Acad Sci, 2001. 933: 157. 79. Fulbright, R.K., et al. Functional MR imaging of regional brain activation associated with the affective experience of pain. AJR Am J Roentgenol, 2001. 177: 1205. 80. Rygh, L.J., et al. Cellular memory in spinal nociceptive circuitry. Scand J Psychol, 2002. 43: 153. 81. Grace, V.M

2019 European Association of Urology

134. High-Throughput Sequencing in Respiratory, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine Research

cell types ( ), a growing number of cell subpopulations that are present either transiently during development or in adult lung ( ), as well as many types of inflammatory cells that infiltrate the airways and alveoli during periods of injury or disease. Thus, a signal measured by omics technologies in the whole lung can reflect a change in the pattern of expression of the molecules measured within a certain cell type, a change in the cellular composition of the lung, or both. There are three main

2019 American Thoracic Society

135. Neuro-urology

, 2008. Dev Med Child Neurol, 2014. 56: 59. 27. Samijn, B., et al. Lower urinary tract symptoms and urodynamic findings in children and adults with cerebral palsy: A systematic review. Neurourol Urodyn, 2017. 36: 541. 28. Tagliaferri, F., et al. A systematic review of brain injury epidemiology in Europe. Acta Neurochir (Wien), 2006. 148: 255. 29. Kulakli, F., et al. Relationship between urinary dysfunction and clinical factors in patients with traumatic brain injury. Brain Inj, 2014. 28: 323. 30 (...) Association of Urology (EAU) Guidelines on Neuro-Urology. Eur Urol, 2015. 5. Nosseir, M., et al. Clinical usefulness of urodynamic assessment for maintenance of bladder function in patients with spinal cord injury. Neurourol Urodyn, 2007. 26: 228. 6. Panicker, J.N., et al. Lower urinary tract dysfunction in the neurological patient: clinical assessment and management. Lancet Neurol, 2015. 14: 720. 7. Guyatt, G.H., et al. GRADE: an emerging consensus on rating quality of evidence and strength

2019 European Association of Urology

137. Urinary Incontinence

induced by anticholinergic, antihistamine, GABAergic and opioid drugs. Drugs Aging, 2012. 29: 639. 243. Gray, S.L., et al. Cumulative use of strong anticholinergics and incident dementia: a prospective cohort study. JAMA Intern Med, 2015. 175: 401. 244. Risacher, S.L., et al. Association between anticholinergic medication use and cognition, brain metabolism, and brain atrophy in cognitively normal older adults. JAMA Neurol, 2016. 73: 721. 245. Kessler, T.M., et al. Adverse event assessment (...) , tolerability and efficacy of flexible-dose fesoterodine in elderly patients with overactive bladder: open-label extension of the SOFIA trial. Neurourol Urodyn, 2014. 33: 106. 276. Karakoyunlu, N., et al. A comparison of standard PCNL and staged retrograde FURS in pelvis stones over 2 cm in diameter: a prospective randomized study. Urolithiasis, 2015. 43: 283. 277. Boustani, M., et al. Impact of anticholinergics on the aging brain: a review and practical application. Aging Health, 2008. 4: 311. 278. Cai, X

2019 European Association of Urology

138. Renal Cell Carcinoma

for pulmonary metastases in patients with renal cell carcinoma. J Urol, 1993. 150: 1112. 130. Marshall, M.E., et al. Low incidence of asymptomatic brain metastases in patients with renal cell carcinoma. Urology, 1990. 36: 300. 131. Koga, S., et al. The diagnostic value of bone scan in patients with renal cell carcinoma. J Urol, 2001. 166: 2126. 132. Henriksson, C., et al. Skeletal metastases in 102 patients evaluated before surgery for renal cell carcinoma. Scand J Urol Nephrol, 1992. 26: 363. 133. Seaman

2019 European Association of Urology

139. Valvular Heart Disease: A Proposal to Optimize Care for Patients

of representa- tives from the AATS, ACC, ASE, SCAI, and STS. Existing organized and tiered systems of care for the treatment of several other acute disorders (trauma, stroke, S-T segment elevation myocardial infarction [STEMI]) and non-acute (bariatric surgery, cancer) were reviewed by the committee. A leading member of the Brain Attack Coalition had previously presented the elements of that systemtotheRoundtable.Whereappropriate,thewriting committee referred to multisocietal recommendations for operator (...) in 1960 by the National Institutes of Health, with the objective of addressingresearchandtraining(36).Currently,thereare 70 specialized cancer centers across 35 states. Motivated Nishimura et al. JACC VOL. -,NO. -,2019 VHD Systems of Care Document -,2019:-–- 6by the wide variability in the quality of care and the disparate outcomes of patients with traumatic injuries, the American College of Surgeons published a statement in 1976 (37) describing 3 tiers of trauma centers with graded infrastructure

2019 American College of Cardiology

140. AIM Clinical Appropriateness Guidelines for Whole Exome and Whole Genome Sequencing

-genetic causes of epilepsy (e.g. environmental exposures; brain injury secondary to complications of extreme prematurity, infection, trauma) have been excluded Or two of the following four criteria: - Abnormality affecting a single organ system - Significant intellectual disability or severe psychological/psychiatric disturbance (e.g. self-injurious behavior, reversed sleep-wake cycles) - Family history strongly implicating a genetic etiology - Period of unexplained developmental regression (unrelated (...) to autism or epilepsy) • No other causative circumstances (e.g. environmental exposures, injury, infection) can explain symptoms • Clinical presentation does not fit a well-described syndrome for which single-gene or targeted panel testing is available • The differential diagnosis list and/or phenotype warrant testing of multiple genes, and at least one of the following: - WES is more practical than the separate single gene tests or panels that would be recommended based on the differential diagnosis

2019 AIM Specialty Health

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