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82. Urolithiasis

. 274. Fischer, C., et al. [Extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy induced ultrastructural changes to the renal parenchyma under aspirin use. Electron microscopic findings in the rat kidney]. Urologe A, 2007. 46: 150. 275. Becopoulos, T., et al. Extracorporeal lithotripsy in patients with hemophilia. Eur Urol, 1988. 14: 343. 276. Ishikawa, J., et al. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy in von Willebrand’s disease. Int J Urol, 1996. 3: 58. 277. Zanetti, G., et al. Cardiac dysrhythmiastreated

2019 European Association of Urology

83. 2019 ACC/AHA Guideline on the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease

. Nutrition and Diet 18 3.2. Exercise and Physical Activity 21 4. Other Factors Affecting Cardiovascular Risk 24 4.1. Adults with Overweight and Obesity 24 4.2. Adults with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus 26 4.3. Adults with High Blood Cholesterol 29 4.4. Adults with High Blood Pressure or Hypertension 35 4.5. Treatment of Tobacco Use 41 4.6. Aspirin Use 45 5. Cost and Value Considerations 47 6. Conclusion 48 Appendix 1. Search Criteria 50 Appendix 2. Author Relationships With Industry and Other Entities (...) , such as antihypertensive therapy, a statin, or aspirin. In addition, assessing for other risk-enhancing factors can help guide decisions about preventive interventions in select individuals, as can coronary artery calcium scanning. 4. All adults should consume a healthy diet that emphasizes the intake of vegetables, fruits, nuts, whole grains, lean vegetable or animal protein, and fish and minimizes the intake of trans fats, processed meats, refined carbohydrates, and sweetened beverages. For adults with overweight

2019 American Heart Association

84. Thromboprophylaxis

of the postoperative risk of venous thromboembolism in middle aged women: prospective cohort study. BMJ, 2009. 339: b4583. 15. Devereaux, P.J., et al. Aspirin in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery. N Engl J Med, 2014. 370: 1494. 16. Lassen, M.R., et al. Apixaban versus enoxaparin for thromboprophylaxis after knee replacement (ADVANCE-2): a randomised double-blind trial. Lancet, 2010. 375: 807. 17. Lassen, M.R., et al. Apixaban versus enoxaparin for thromboprophylaxis after hip replacement. N Engl J Med, 2010 (...) of antithrombotic agents in surgery [ , ] preceded recent major studies, including large, rigorous randomised trials [ , ]. With respect to anti-platelet agents, a recent large, rigorous randomised trial comparing aspirin to placebo has demonstrated that aspirin increases post-operative bleeding without reducing arterial thrombotic events [ ]. These results provide indirect evidence for antiplatelet agents other than aspirin. Although the absence of large, rigorous placebo-controlled trials to inform

2019 European Association of Urology

87. The Use of Antimüllerian Hormone in Women Not Seeking Fertility Care

-dose aspirin on live birth in women with a history of one or two previous pregnancy losses, prepregnancy antimüllerian hormone values were not associated with pregnancy loss ( ). Thus, at this time, routine antimüllerian hormone testing for the prediction of pregnancy loss is not recommended. Conclusion Although serum antimüllerian hormone levels are a known predictor of ovarian response to exogenous gonadotropin stimulation in infertile women undergoing assisted reproduction cycles, the use (...) , Goldschlag D, Rosenwaks Z. Value of antimüllerian hormone as a prognostic indicator of in vitro fertilization outcome. Fertil Steril 2014;101:1012–8.e1. Tremellen K, Kolo M. Serum anti-Müllerian hormone is a useful measure of quantitative ovarian reserve but does not predict the chances of live-birth pregnancy. Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 2010;50:568–72. Zarek SM, Mitchell EM, Sjaarda LA, Mumford SL, Silver RM, Stanford JB, et al. Antimüllerian hormone and pregnancy loss from the Effects of Aspirin

2019 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

88. Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease

36 4.5. Treatment of Tobacco Use 42 4.6. Aspirin Use 46 5. Cost and Value Considerations 48 6. Conclusion 49 Appendix 1. Search Criteria 51 Appendix 2. Author Relationships With Industry and Other Entities (Relevant) 59 Appendix 3. Reviewer Relationships With Industry and Other Entities (Comprehensive) 64 References 78 MANUSCRIPT ACCEPTED ACCEPTED MANUSCRIPT Arnett et al. 2019 ACC/AHA Guideline on the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease Page 4 of 101 Top 10 Take-Home Messages (...) disease prevention should undergo 10-year atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk estimation and have a clinician–patient risk discussion before starting on pharmacological therapy, such as antihypertensive therapy, a statin, or aspirin. In addition, assessing for other risk-enhancing factors can help guide decisions about preventive interventions in select individuals, as can coronary artery calcium scanning. 4. All adults should consume a healthy diet that emphasizes the intake

2019 American College of Cardiology

90. Recent Innovations, Modifications, and Evolution of ACC/AHA Clinical Practice Guidelines: An Update for Our Constituencies Full Text available with Trip Pro

of being concise enough to be readable in one sitting by busy practitioners. This guideline will consolidate for busy practitioners the key recommendations on assessment of cardiovascular risk, smoking cessation, exercise and physical activity, diet and nutrition, obesity and weight loss, diabetes mellitus management, and aspirin use, as well as the key primary prevention recommendations on high blood pressure and blood cholesterol. This guideline on the prevention of cardiovascular disease

2019 American Heart Association

91. Prostate Cancer

: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. JAMA Intern Med, 2017. 177: 1273. 66. Cremers, R.G., et al. Self-reported acne is not associated with prostate cancer. Urol Oncol, 2014. 32: 941. 67. Huang, T.B., et al. Aspirin use and the risk of prostate cancer: a meta-analysis of 24 epidemiologic studies. Int Urol Nephrol, 2014. 46: 1715. 68. Bhindi, B., et al. The impact of the use of aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on the risk of prostate cancer detection on biopsy. Urology, 2014. 84: 1073 (...) anaesthetic freehand transperineal biopsies in the outpatient setting. BJU Int, 2018. 220. NCCN Clinical practice Guidelines in OncologyTM: Prostate Cancer Early Detection, Version 2. 2015. 2015. 221. Loeb, S., et al. Systematic review of complications of prostate biopsy. Eur Urol, 2013. 64: 876. 222. Giannarini, G., et al. Continuing or discontinuing low-dose aspirin before transrectal prostate biopsy: results of a prospective randomized trial. Urology, 2007. 70: 501. 223. Garcia C, et al. Does

2019 European Association of Urology

92. ACC/AHA/SCAI/SIR/SVM 2018 Appropriate Use Criteria for Peripheral Artery Intervention: a report of the American College of Cardiology Appropriate Use Criteria Task Force, American Heart Association, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions

, and routine exercise. For patients with PAD, medical therapy should include antiplatelet therapy with aspirin or clopidogrel, moderate- or high-dose statin therapy, and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibi- tor use. Blood pressure should be controlled as per the 2017 ACC/AHA/AAPA/ABC/ACPM/AGS/APhA/ASH/ ASPC/NMA/PCNA Guideline for the Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Management of High BloodPressureinAdults(5).Thisguidelinestatesthat there is no major difference in the relative risk reduction

2019 Society of Interventional Radiology

93. Treatment of Diabetes in Older Adults Full Text available with Trip Pro

heart failure, the following oral hypoglycemic agents should be prescribed with caution to prevent worsening of heart failure: glinides, rosiglitazone, pioglitazone, and dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors. (Ungraded Good Practice Statement) Management of atherosclerosis in older adults with diabetes 5.9 In patients aged 65 years and older with diabetes and a history of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, we recommend low-dosage aspirin (75 to 162 mg/d) for secondary prevention of cardiovascular

2019 The Endocrine Society

94. 2019 HRS expert consensus statement on evaluation, risk stratification, and management of arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy Full Text available with Trip Pro

. Children are often administered aspirin. COR = Class of Recommendation; ICD = implantable cardioverter defibrillator; LOE = Level of Evidence; VT = ventricular tachycardia. Colors correspond to COR in Figure 1 . Hide Pane Expand all Collapse all Audio/Video (314.82 MB) (314.82 MB) Video Article Outline Abstract Arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy (ACM) is an arrhythmogenic disorder of the myocardium not secondary to ischemic, hypertensive, or valvular heart disease. ACM incorporates a broad spectrum

2019 International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation

95. Guidelines for Emergency Department Management of Individuals with Hemophilia and Other Bleeding Disorders

for obtaining IV access (25g butterfly needles in young infants, 23g butterfly needles in older children and adults). 9) Tourniquets should not be applied tightly to extremities because they may cause bleeding. 10) Aspirin and aspirin-containing products should be avoided in individuals with hemophilia unless there is a cardiac indication, and then only under close observation for bleeding, e.g. monitoring hemoglobin levels. Acetaminophen and/or oral opioids may be used for analgesia. Non-steroidal anti

2019 National Hemophilia Foundation

96. Risk factors for breast cancer: A review of the evidence 2018

4.7.12 Diet—foods high in carotenoids 108 4.7.13 Diet—Mediterranean diet 110 4.7.14 Diet—phytoestrogens 112 Breast cancer risk factors: A review of the evidence iv 4.7.15 Diet—glycaemic index 114 4.7.16 Diet—total energy 115 4.7.17 Diet—sugar 117 4.7.18 Diet—fat 118 4.7.19 Diet—processed meat 119 4.7.20 Diet—red meat 121 4.7.21 Environmental tobacco smoke 123 4.7.22 Tobacco smoking 125 4.7.23 Physical activity 127 4.7.24 Shift work disrupting circadian rhythm 130 4.8 Medical factors 133 4.8.1 Aspirin (...) and risk of breast cancer 393 Table D.53 Diet—processed meat and risk of breast cancer 395 Table D.54 Diet—red meat and risk of breast cancer 398 Table D.55 Environmental tobacco smoke and risk of breast cancer 401 Table D.56 Tobacco smoking and risk of breast cancer 405 Table D.57 Physical activity and risk of breast cancer 409 Table D.58 Shift work disrupting circadian rhythm and risk of breast cancer 415 Table D.59 Aspirin and risk of breast cancer 420 Table D.60 Cardiac glycosides and risk

2018 Cancer Australia

97. Access to Hormonal Contraception

of harm. For example, common nonsteroidal antiinflam- matory drugs, such as aspirin and ibuprofen, have documented adverse effects, including gastrointestinal bleeding (29). These effects may occur even at low doses used for prophylaxis of cardiovascular disease. e98 Committee Opinion Access to Hormonal Contraception OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGYAdditionally, over-the-counter use of acetaminophen is linked to serious liver damage (30). Safety concerns about hormonal contraception fre- quently focus

2019 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

98. Recommendations for Prevention and Control of Influenza in Children, 2019–2020

because of the potential for increased wheezing after immunization. In this age range, many children have a history of wheezing with respiratory tract illnesses and are eventually diagnosed with asthma; children who have known or suspected immunodeficiency disease or who are receiving immunosuppressive or immunomodulatory therapies; close contacts and caregivers of those who are severely immunocompromised and require a protected environment; children and adolescents receiving aspirin or salicylate

2019 American Academy of Pediatrics

99. Point of Care in General Haematology Full Text available with Trip Pro

of dabigatran and apixaban (Ebner et al , ). The Hemochron® Signature has demonstrated a good correlation with rivaroxaban and dabigatran measurement by liquid chromatography‐tandem mass spectrometry (Ebner et al , ). Similarly, TEG and ACT have been shown to be useful in the detection and reversal of dabigatran‐induced coagulopathy, and the former in the detection of DOACs with high specificity and sensitivity (Bianchi et al , ; Dias et al , ). The increasing use of aspirin and oral P2Y inhibitors (...) in the prevention and management of arterial thrombosis, and whether or not a patient is aspirin "resistant" or clopidogrel "resistant", has promoted extensive research into development of POC devices for measurement of platelet inhibition by said anti‐platelet medications (Dionizovik‐Dimanovski et al , ). However, many studies have failed to show a true benefit, therefore the clinical utility of POC systems in this area is yet to confirmed (Ebner et al , ; Michelson & Bhatt, ). Blood gas and Hb/haematocrit

2019 British Committee for Standards in Haematology

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