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61. ASCIA Clinical Update - Antibiotic Allergy

allergy. The problem becomes even more complicated when the patient is taking more than one drug. Antibiotic hypersensitivity is usually diagnosed on the basis of clinical history, especially the timing of the reaction after antimicrobial use. If the patient reports an allergy, specific details about the nature of the reaction, the timing, concurrent illnesses and drugs, and the outcome should be sought, documented and provided to the clinical immunology/allergy specialist. 3.2 Skin and blood testing (...) ASCIA Clinical Update - Antibiotic Allergy Disclaimer: ASCIA information is reviewed by ASCIA members and represents the available published literature at the time of review. The content of this document is not intended to replace professional medical advice and any questions regarding a medical diagnosis or treatment should be directed to a medical practitioner. © ASCIA 2014 Antibiotic Allergy Clinical Update This Clinical Update has been adapted, with permission, from the allergy section

2014 Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy

62. Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Spine Surgery (Revised 2013)

Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Spine Surgery (Revised 2013) This clinical guideline should not be construed as including all proper methods of care or excluding or other acceptable methods of care reason- ably directed to obtaining the same results. The ultimate judgment regarding any specific procedure or treatment is to be made by the physi- cian and patient in light of all circumstances presented by the patient and the needs and resources particular to the locality or institution. 1 Introduct Ion (...) /Gu Idel Ine Methodolo Gy Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Spine Surgery | NASS Clinical Guidelines NASS Evidence-Based Clinical Guidelines Committee William O. Shaffer, MD Committee Chair Jamie Baisden, MD Robert Fernand, MD Paul Matz, MD Evidence-Based Clinical Guidelines for Multidisciplinary Spine Care Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Spine SurgeryThis clinical guideline should not be construed as including all proper methods of care or excluding or other acceptable methods of care reason- ably directed

2013 North American Spine Society

63. Guidelines for the diagnosis and antibiotic treatment of endocarditis in adults: a report of the working party of BSAC

Guidelines for the diagnosis and antibiotic treatment of endocarditis in adults: a report of the working party of BSAC Guidelines for the diagnosis and antibiotic treatment of endocarditis in adults: a report of the Working Party of the British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy F. Kate Gould 1 *, David W. Denning 2 , Tom S. J. Elliott 3 , Juliet Foweraker 4 , John D. Perry 1 , Bernard D. Prendergast 5 , Jonathan A. T. Sandoe 6 , Michael J. Spry 1 and Richard W. Watkin 7 1 Department (...) to respond to initial antimicrobial therapy and may require a change in therapy. Several treatment options are therefore provided for most scenarios. Guidelines such as these have, in the past, received criticism for not being evidence based. We appreciate that clinical guide- lines should ideally be based on high-quality, prospective, rando- mized controlled trials; however, few such trials have been performed to assess the bene?t of antibiotic regimens in the treatment of endocarditis. Since the last

2012 British Infection Association

64. Guidelines from the American Heart Association Regarding Antibiotic Prophylaxis to Prevent Infective Endocarditis Associated with Genitourinary Procedures

temporally associated with a GI or GU procedure are anecdotal. ? No published data demonstrate a conclusive link between GI and GU procedures and the development of infective endocarditis. ? No studies exist that demonstrate that the administration of prophylactic antibiotics prevents infective endocarditis in association with GI or GU procedures. ? There has been a dramatic increase in the frequency of antimicrobial resistant strains of enterococci (the only bacteria among the varied flora found (...) Guidelines from the American Heart Association Regarding Antibiotic Prophylaxis to Prevent Infective Endocarditis Associated with Genitourinary Procedures Guidelines from the American Heart Association Regarding Antibiotic Prophylaxis to Prevent Infective Endocarditis Associated with Genitourinary Procedures April 2012 According to guidelines issued by the American Heart Association (AHA), antibiotic prophylaxis solely to prevent infective endocarditis in patients with valvular heart disease

2012 Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology

65. Penetrating Abdominal Trauma, Prophylactic Antibiotic Use in

of antibiotics with broad-spectrum aerobic and anaerobic coverage was the standard of care for trauma patients sustaining penetrating abdominal wounds. No additional doses of antimicrobials were necessary if there was no bowel injury. A Level II recommendation supported the continuation of antibiotics for only 24 hours when there was a hollow viscus injury. In addition, Level 3 recommendations were made regarding alteration of antibiotic dosing for patients presenting with hemorrhagic shock. A prospective (...) number of anaerobic infections in the cephalothin group (21%) compared with those in the clindamycin group (2%). This landmark article established the basis for the addition of antimicrobial agents that provided coverage of anaerobic organisms, in addition to aerobic organisms, for penetrating wounds of the intestinal tract. Several studies have evaluated various antimicrobial agents regarding the specific pathogens that should be covered. Many of the antibiotics used in the earlier studies

2012 Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma

66. Tube Thoracostomy, Presumptive Antibiotics in

showed a reduced risk of infectious complications. Limitations of this study included direct comparisons of different antimicrobial drug classes (aminoglycosides vs. cephalosporins vs. tetracyclines) and published non-English literature. Furthermore, eight of the analyzed studies used nonstandard definitions (or no definition) for the diagnosis of pneumonia and empyema. In the era of emerging resistant organisms, antibiotic prophylaxis is typically limited to 24 hours’ duration and is usually a first (...) Tube Thoracostomy, Presumptive Antibiotics in Tube Thoracostomy, Presumptive Antibiotics in - Practice Management Guideline Search » Tube Thoracostomy, Presumptive Antibiotics in Published 2012 Citation: Authors Moore, Forrest O. MD; Duane, Therese M. MD; Hu, Charles K.C. MD; Fox, Adam D. DO; McQuay, Nathaniel Jr MD; Lieber, Michael L. MS; Como, John J. MD; Haut, Elliott R. MD; Kerwin, Andrew J. MD; Guillamondegui, Oscar D. MD; Burns, J. Bracken DO Author Information From the Division of Trauma

2012 Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma

67. Infective Endocarditis in Adults: Diagnosis, Antimicrobial Therapy, and Management of Complications Full Text available with Trip Pro

, mural, infection, diagnosis, bacteremia, case definition, epidemiology, risks, demographics, injection drug use, echocardiography, microbiology, culture-negative, therapy, antibiotic, antifungal, antimicrobial, antimicrobial resistance, adverse drug effects, drug monitoring, outcome, meta-analysis, complications, abscess, heart failure, embolic events, stroke, conduction abnormalities, survival, pathogens, organisms, treatment, surgery, indications, valve replacement, valve repair, ambulatory care (...) cases, 18 F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/CT was useful in identifying peripheral embolization in 11 patients and in detecting IE extracardiac manifestations in 7 patients who did not demonstrate any clinical manifestations of IE. The use of multimodality imaging in IE may increase in the future as the risks and benefits of each diagnostic tool are defined. Antimicrobial Therapy Therapeutic Principles The primary goal of antibiotic treatment is to eradicate infection, including

2016 Infectious Diseases Society of America

68. Antimicrobial Bowel Preparation for Elective Colon Surgery

Antimicrobial Bowel Preparation for Elective Colon Surgery Antimicrobial Bowel Preparation for Elective Colon Surgery | Surgical Infections Login to your account Username Password Keep me logged in Change Password Old Password New Password Password Changed (...) Background: Mechanical bowel preparation continues to be a controversial subject for the pre-operative management of patients undergoing elective colon resection. Methods: The English literature on bowel preparation was searched to identify pertinent publications. Results: The published literature over the past 80 y confirms that mechanical bowel preparation alone does not reduce surgical site infections. However, the use of appropriate oral antibiotics following mechanical bowel preparation with pre

2016 Surgical Infection Society

69. Antimicrobial Formulation and Delivery in the Prevention of Surgical Site Infection

antibiotics, skin incision antibacterial sealants, and antimicrobial dressings. It is the purpose of this review to study the evidence behind each of these measures and to evaluate relevant data for recommendations in each area. Methods: A systematic review of the literature through PubMed was performed. Results: Need for adequate dosing and re-dosing of intravenous peri-operative antibiotics, duration of antibiotic usage past wound closure, and the use of antibiotic bowel preparation in colorectal (...) Administration Boston Health Care System, West Roxbury, Massachusetts. Department of Surgery, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts. Published Online: 20 May 2016 Abstract Background: A number of adjunct antimicrobial measures have been studied in an attempt to reduce surgical site infection (SSI) rates. In addition to parenteral antibiotic prophylaxis, these measures include oral antibiotics in bowel preparation for colorectal surgery, antiseptic/antimicrobial irrigation, antimicrobial sutures, local

2016 Surgical Infection Society

70. Duration of Antimicrobial Therapy in Treating Complicated Intra-Abdominal Infections: A Comprehensive Review

. An adequate duration of antimicrobial therapy is important to optimize empiric therapy and minimize selective pressures favoring antimicrobial resistance. Methods: The optimal duration of antibiotic therapy for intra-abdominal infections (IAIs) has been debated in the last years. A literature research, based on PubMed database and limited to English language publications, was performed without restriction of time or type of manuscript. Results: In stable patients a short course of antimicrobial therapy (3 (...) respect the basic principles of antibiotic treatment. Duration of antimicrobial treatment is an important variable to evaluate in treating complicated intra-abdominal infections. , , , , and 24 January 2019 | Surgical Infections, Vol. 0, No. 0 , , , and 18 September 2018 | OMICS: A Journal of Integrative Biology, Vol. 22, No. 9 23 June 2017 , , , , and 1 February 2017 | Surgical Infections Case Reports, Vol. 2, No. 1 8 February 2017 | BMC Infectious Diseases, Vol. 17, No. 1 10 July 2017 | World

2016 Surgical Infection Society

71. Topical Antimicrobials and the Open Surgical Wound

are used extensively in clinical practice, evidence to support the use of topical antimicrobial agents remains limited. Patients and Methods: The world literature on the use of antiseptic and antibiotic agents was evaluated to determine the current status of evidence to support the use of topical antimicrobial agents in the prevention of surgical site infections. Results: Although several techniques of using topical antibiotic solutions, powders, antibiotic gauzes, and beads have some evidence (...) Topical Antimicrobials and the Open Surgical Wound Topical Antimicrobials and the Open Surgical Wound | Surgical Infections Login to your account Username Password Keep me logged in Change Password Old Password New Password Password Changed Successfully Your

2016 Surgical Infection Society

72. Antimicrobial stewardship in daily practice: Managing an important resource

stewardship part of everyday hospital and outpatient practice. Vital components of antimicrobial stewardship include appropriate testing to diagnose whether infections are viral or bacterial, and using clinical follow-up rather than antibiotics in cases in which the child is not very ill and uncertainty exists. Other specific, important actions include questioning whether positive urine cultures are contaminated when there is no evidence of pyuria or inflammatory changes, and obtaining a chest radiograph (...) Antimicrobial stewardship in daily practice: Managing an important resource Antimicrobial stewardship is a recent concept that embodies the practical, judicious use of antimicrobials to decrease adverse outcomes from antimicrobials while optimizing the treatment of bacterial infections to reduce the emergence of resistant pathogens. The objectives of the present statement are to illustrate the principles of antimicrobial stewardship and to offer practical examples of how to make antimicrobial

2014 Canadian Paediatric Society

73. Clinical Practice Guidelines for Antimicrobial Prophylaxis in Surgery Full Text available with Trip Pro

be expected to be quite small with single-dose antibiotic prophylaxis. Although the use of fluoroquinolones may be necessary for surgical antibiotic prophylaxis in some children, they are not drugs of first choice in the pediatric population due to an increased incidence of adverse events as compared with controls in some clinical trials. k Ceftriaxone use should be limited to patients requiring antimicrobial treatment for acute cholecystitis or acute biliary tract infections which may not be determined (...) with negative pretransplantation cultures should receive antimicrobial prophylaxis as appropriate for other types of cardiothoracic surgeries. Patients undergoing lung transplantation for cystic fibrosis should receive 7–14 days of treatment with antimicrobials selected according to pretransplantation culture and susceptibility results. This treatment may include additional antibacterial or antifungal agents. t The prophylactic regimen may need to be modified to provide coverage against any potential

2013 Infectious Diseases Society of America

74. Open Fractures, Prophylactic Antibiotic Use in ? Update

Open Fractures, Prophylactic Antibiotic Use in ? Update Open Fractures, Prophylactic Antibiotic Use in — Update - Practice Management Guideline Search » Open Fractures, Prophylactic Antibiotic Use in — Update Published 2011 Citation: Authors Hoff, William S. MD, FACS; Bonadies, John A. MD, FACS; Cachecho, Riad MD, FACS, FCCP; Dorlac, Warren C. MD, FACS Author Information From the Division of Trauma (W.S.H.), St. Luke's Hospital, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania; Department of Surgery (J.A.B.), Hospital (...) open fractures. In general, risk of infection and incidence of limb loss correlate with the Gustilo type (Table 1). Process By using a search methodology similar to Luchette et al., [3] a MEDLINE search was performed using the key words “open fractures” and “antibiotics.” This search was limited to articles published subsequent to the guidelines published by Luchette et al. This search yielded a total of 49 articles. Sixteen articles were excluded for the following reasons: technical article (6

2011 Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma

75. Urologic Surgery Antimicrobial Prophylaxis

) Patient Safety and Quality of Care Accreditations and Reporting Patient Education Urologic Surgery Antimicrobial Prophylaxis [pdf] [pdf] Panel Members J. Stuart Wolf, Jr., MD, Chairman; Carol J. Bennett, MD; Roger R. Dmochowski, MD; Brent K. Hollenbeck, MD, MS; Margaret S. Pearle, MD, PhD; Anthony J. Schaeffer, MD Additional Update Panel Member(s): Kenneth T. Pace, MD Note to the Reader: (7/29/16): "On July 26, 2016, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved of flouroquinolone antibacterial (...) Urologic Surgery Antimicrobial Prophylaxis Urologic Surgery Antimicrobial Prophylaxis - American Urological Association advertisement Toggle navigation About Us About the AUA Membership AUA Governance Industry Relations Education AUAUniversity Education Products & Resources Normal Histology and Important Histo-anatomic Structures Urinary Bladder Prostate Kidney Renovascular Diseases Andrenal Gland Testis Paratesticular Tumors Penis Retroperitoneum Cytology Online Learning For Medical Students

2012 American Urological Association

76. Antibiotic therapy in preterm premature rupture of the membranes.

Antibiotic therapy in preterm premature rupture of the membranes. Guidelines and Measures | Agency for Healthcare Research & Quality HHS.gov Search ahrq.gov Search ahrq.gov Menu Topics A - Z Healthcare Delivery Latest available findings on quality of and access to health care Searchable database of AHRQ Grants, Working Papers & HHS Recovery Act Projects AHRQ Projects funded by the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Trust Fund You are here Guidelines and Measures Funding for the National

2010 Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada

77. Guidelines for Antimicrobial Treatment of Acute Uncomplicated Cystitis and Pyelonephritis in Women Full Text available with Trip Pro

Guidelines for Antimicrobial Treatment of Acute Uncomplicated Cystitis and Pyelonephritis in Women We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. International Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Treatment of Acute Uncomplicated Cystitis and Pyelonephritis in Women: A 2010 Update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the European Society (...) for Academic Emergency Medicine. The focus of this work is treatment of women with acute uncomplicated cystitis and pyelonephritis, diagnoses limited in these guidelines to premenopausal, non-pregnant women with no known urological abnormalities or co-morbidities. The issues of in vitro resistance prevalence and the ecological adverse effects of antimicrobial therapy (collateral damage) were considered as important factors in making optimal treatment choices and thus are reflected in the rankings

2011 Infectious Diseases Society of America

78. Clinical Practice Guideline for the Use of Antimicrobial Agents in Neutropenic Patients with Cancer Full Text available with Trip Pro

chemotherapy-induced fever and neutropenia. Recent advances in antimicrobial drug development and technology, clinical trial results, and extensive clinical experience have informed the approaches and recommendations herein. Because the previous iteration of this guideline in 2002, we have a developed a clearer definition of which populations of patients with cancer may benefit most from antibiotic, antifungal, and antiviral prophylaxis. Furthermore, categorizing neutropenic patients as being at high risk (...) Is Appropriate and in What Venue? Recommendations General Considerations 9. High-risk patients require hospitalization for IV empirical antibiotic therapy; monotherapy with an anti-pseudomonal β-lactam agent, such as cefepime, a carbapenem (meropenem or imipenem-cilastatin), or piperacillin-tazobactam, is recommended (A-I) . Other antimicrobials (aminoglycosides, fluoroquinolones, and/or vancomycin) may be added to the initial regimen for management of complications (eg, hypotension and pneumonia

2010 Infectious Diseases Society of America

79. COVID-19 rapid guideline: delivery of systemic anticancer treatments

and offering empiric antibiotic therapy immediately. 4.6 If COVID-19 is later diagnosed in someone not isolated from admission or presentation, follow UK government guidance on actions required when a case was not diagnosed on admission. © NICE 2020. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 8 of 135 5 Staff who are self-isolating Staff who are self-isolating 5.1 If a healthcare professional needs to self-isolate, ensure

2020 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

80. COVID-19 rapid guideline: delivery of radiotherapy

sepsis as an acute medical emergency and offering empiric antibiotic therapy immediately. 4.5 If COVID-19 is later diagnosed in someone not isolated from admission or presentation, follow UK government guidance on actions required when a case was not diagnosed on admission. COVID-19 rapid guideline: delivery of radiotherapy (NG162) © NICE 2020. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 9 of 155 5 Grouping and separating

2020 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

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