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1661. Optimal serum and red blood cell folate concentrations in women of reproductive age for prevention of neural tube defects

for prevention of neural tube defects WHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data Guideline: Optimal serum and red blood cell folate concentrations in women of reproductive age for prevention of neural tube defects 1.Folic Acid – administration and dosage. 2.Folic Acid – blood. 3.Neural Tube Defects – prevention and con- trol. 4.Congenital Abnormalities – etiology. 5.Nutritional Requirements. 6.Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. 7.Guideline. I.World Health Organization. ISBN 978 92 4 154904 2 (...) Implications for future research 6 Scope and purpose 8 Background 9 Determinants of folate status 10 Thresholds for folate status in populations 11 Measurement of folate status 11 Summary of evidence 12 Genetic, biological and sociodemographic determinants of folate status (serum, plasma or red blood cell folate) in women of reproductive age 12 Blood folate concentrations and risk of neural tube defects 14 Response of serum/plasma and red blood cell folate concentrations to nutrition interventions 15

2015 World Health Organisation Guidelines

1662. Guidelines for caring for an infant, child, or young person who requires enteral feeding

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..34 APPENDIX 4……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..35 APPENDIX 5 36 REFERENCES 37 LITERATURE SEARCH 41 EQUALITY SCREENING 42 GUIDELINE DEVELOPMENT GROUP 43 3 Preface There are a large number of children and young people in settings such as hospitals, homes, schools and respite facilities, who require various enteral feeding regimes to achieve effective nutrition. Enteral feeding can have a big impact on family life resulting in both psychological and practical problems which should (...) neonatal units should adhere to national, regional and local guidance. Please note that throughout these guidelines the terminology ‘child’ will cover infant, child and young person. 5 Enteral Feeding Enteral nutrition is the provision of safe and effective nutritional support through the use of an enteral feeding device. It is generally required when a child is unable to meet their nutritional and/or hydration needs orally. The enteral device may also be used for aspiration purposes, venting

2015 Regulation and Quality Improvement Authority

1664. Management of osteoporosis and the prevention of fragility fractures

with fractures. 1.2.2 TARGET USERS OF THE GUIDELINE This guideline will be of interest to rheumatologists, endocrinologists, general practitioners (GPs), physicians involved in care of the elderly, orthopaedic surgeons, gynaecologists, specialist nurses involved in the care of patients with osteoporosis and pharmacists. It will also be of interest to physiotherapists, occupational therapists and those involved in exercise sciences and nutritional management of people with osteoporosis. Patients affected

2015 SIGN

1665. Antibiotic prophylaxis for endoscopic urologic procedures

, Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA), the Surgical Infection Society (SIS), and Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA) recommend a shorter peri- procedural/perioperative course of antimicrobials involving a single dose or continuation for less than 24 hours. 27 Risk factors for post-procedural infections may include obesity, extremes of age, nutritional status, diabetes mellitus, immu- nosuppressive therapy or immunosuppressed state. 27 Conclusion Although these guidelines were

2015 Canadian Urological Association

1666. Recommendations for growth monitoring, prevention and management of overweight and obesity in children and youth in primary health care 2015

interventions in addition to a healthy nutrition and exercise intervention show modest short-term benefit for adolescents, but have frequent harms. • We found no randomized clinical trials to support the use of pharmacologic interventions in children under 12 years of age, or surgical interventions in children and adolescents of any age. • The most effective behavioural structured interventions were those that were delivered by a specialized interdisciplinary team, involved group sessions, and incorporated (...) charts .ca). 21 (Strong recommendation; very low-quality evidence) No identified studies evaluated screening for overweight and/or obesity in primary care. How- ever, growth monitoring is a long-standing practice in primary care to identify disturbances in chil- dren’s health and nutrition and is recommended by other organizations. The 2010 Collaborative Public Policy Statement of the Dietitians of Canada, Cana- dian Paediatric Society, The College of Family Physicians of Canada and Community Health

2015 CPG Infobase

1667. Prescribing in patients with abnormal liver function tests

dysfunction and portal hypertension. 6 there are no evidence based guidelines for the use of medications in patients with cirrhosis, but we recommend that patients be assessed on an individual basis and that decisions made about prescribing be based on factors such as synthetic function, nutritional status, renal function and the presence or absence of portal hypertension. Evaluating hepatic function: is there cirrhosis? liver biopsy remains the gold standard for the diagnosis and assessment of severity

2013 Clinical Practice Guidelines Portal

1668. The 2012 Canadian Cardiovascular Society heart failure management guidelines update: Focus on acute and chronic heart failure

vascular dis- eases), nutritional de?ciencies (eg, thiamine), and sleep ap- nea (Strong Recommendation, Low-Quality Evidence). 2. We recommend that a 12-lead ECG be performed to determine heart rhythm, heart rate, QRS duration, and morphology, and to detect possible aetiologies (Strong Recommendation, Low-Quality Evidence). 3. We recommend, if available, the measurement of NP (BNP and NT-proBNP) to rule in or rule out a diagnosis of HF and to obtain prognostic information (Strong Rec- ommendation, High

2013 CPG Infobase

1669. The toddler who is falling off the growth chart

The toddler who is falling off the growth chart Growth monitoring is an essential part of paediatric health care, from birth through adolescence. Growth and nutritional problems often occur between 18 months and three years of age. Health care professionals involved in the care of children need to follow growth closely in this period, be able to evaluate a toddler whose growth seems to be faltering, and know when and how to intervene. Key Words: Appetite; Growth; Nutritional intervention

2012 Canadian Paediatric Society

1670. The role of HbA1c in the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus in Australia Full Text available with Trip Pro

Hans G Schneider 11 N Wah Cheung 12 1 Royal Brisbane and Women’s Hospital, Brisbane, QLD. 2 Australian Diabetes Society, Sydney, NSW. 3 Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, VIC. 4 Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, VIC. 5 Boden Institute of Obesity, Nutrition, Exercise and Eating Disorders, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW. 6 University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW. 7 St Vincent’s Hospital, Sydney, NSW. 8 Royal College of Pathologists of Australasia, Sydney, NSW. 9 Melbourne, VIC. 10

2012 Clinical Practice Guidelines Portal

1671. Managing undernutrition in the elderly. Prevention is better than a cure

Undernutrition is common among elderly Australians living in the community, 1–3 with an estimated 10–44% of older people being at risk. 2–4 Acute illness in such individuals can trigger severe clinical consequences, with recovery likely to be difficult and delayed given the lack of nutritional reserve. Yet undernutrition often remains unrecognised and undermanaged. The potential consequences of undernutrition and risk factors contributing to its development have been reviewed elsewhere (summarised in Figure (...) into general practice screening for undernutrition among elderly patients in general practice should be incorporated into routine practice wherever possible, to help focus time and resources on intervention for those identified as at greatest risk. 2,15 A systematic approach is best, such as: • weigh elderly patients at every visit or twice yearly if a patient is seen frequently, with any recorded weight loss triggering nutritional screening (in the elderly, weight loss over time is a better indicator

2012 Clinical Practice Guidelines Portal

1672. Guidelines for preventive activities in general practice (8th edition)

Hospital, New South Wales Professor Ian Caterson Centre for Overweight and Obesity, The University of Sydney, New South Wales Samantha Chakraborty beyondblue Professor Stephen Colagiuri Institute of Obesity, Nutrition and Exercise, The University of Sydney, New South Wales Dr Michael Crampton National Immunisation Committee Dr Michael D’Emden Diabetes Australia Dr Joanne Dixon Human Genetics Society of Australasia Professor Peter Ebeling Osteoporosis Australia Associate Professor Matt Edwards (...) Postnatal depression RACGP The Royal Australian College of General Practitioners RCT Randomised controlled trial SBP Systolic blood pressure SES Socioeconomic status SIDS Sudden infant death syndrome SNAP Smoking, nutrition, alcohol, physical activity SPF Sun protection factor STIs Sexually transmitted infections TG Triglyceride TIA Transient ischaemic attack TUGT Timed up and go test UACR Urine Albumin-to-Creatinine Ratio VV Varicella Vaccination VZV Varicella Zoster Virus WHO World Health

2012 Clinical Practice Guidelines Portal

1673. Goitre causes, investigation and management

geographic area (Figure 2). the prevalence of goitre, diffuse and nodular, is dependent on the status of iodine intake of the population. in general, in iodine sufficient countries the prevalence of clinically palpable goitre is less than 4%. in countries with a previous deficiency corrected by universal salt iodination, elderly subjects may have a prevalence of approximately 10%. this can be attributed to lack of nutritional iodine in early adult life, as longstanding endemic goitres usually do (...) deficiency at a population level. 5,6 however, day-to-day variations in uic preclude the use of uic as a diagnostic tool to assess the iodine nutritional status of an individual, unless multiple samples are collected over a period of weeks to derive an average level. 7 As this is neither practical nor a prudent use of resources, the public health response has instead focused on supplementation. since october 2009, all bread produced in Australia and new Zealand (with the exception of organic bread) must

2012 Clinical Practice Guidelines Portal

1674. Chronic kidney disease and measurement of albuminuria or proteinuria: a position statement Full Text available with Trip Pro

, Sydney Medical School Westmead, Sydney, NSW. 6 Department of Nephrology, Monash Medical Centre, Melbourne, VIC. 7 Boden Institute of Obesity, Nutrition and Exercise, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW. 8 Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes, St Vincent's Hospital, Melbourne, VIC. 9 Gribbles Pathology, Adelaide, SA. Correspondence: Acknowledgements: David Johnson has received consulting fees or honoraria from Amgen, Roche, Shire, Genzyme, Boehringer-Ingelheim, Baxter Healthcare and Fresenius (...) of Atherosclerosis (MESA). Atherosclerosis 2008; 197: 407-414. de Boer IH, Ioannou GN, Kestenbaum B, et al. 25-Hydroxyvitamin D levels and albuminuria in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III). Am J Kidney Dis 2007; 50: 69-77. Incerti J, Zelmanovitz T, Camargo JL, et al. Evaluation of tests for microalbuminuria screening in patients with diabetes. Nephrol Dial Transplant 2005; 20: 2402-2407. Mogensen CE, Keane WF, Bennett PH, et al. Prevention of diabetic renal disease

2012 MJA Clinical Guidelines

1675. Type 2 diabetes in young Indigenous Australians in rural and remote areas - diagnosis, screening, management and prevention Full Text available with Trip Pro

security, invest in improving maternal and child health (particularly maternal nutrition and breastfeeding, and treatment of gestational diabetes), and pay greater attention to the conditions in which children spend the first years of their lives. T2DM = type 2 diabetes mellitus. 2 Criteria for diagnosing T2DM in Indigenous children and adolescents Random laboratory-measured* venous BGL ≥ 11.1 mmol/L and symptoms of both polyuria and polydipsia (particularly when these symptoms are nocturnal (...) , , , Issue to address First visit Quarterly visit Annual visit Target Action if target not met Lifestyle Psychosocial health ✓ ✓ ✓ Address issues relating to home, education and employment, activities, drugs, depression, sexuality and spirituality* Engage family, Indigenous health workers, social services and mental health services as required Behavioural factors ✓ ✓ ✓ Address SNAP: smoking, nutrition, alcohol, physical activity 33 Engage family, Indigenous health workers, social services and mental

2012 Clinical Practice Guidelines Portal

1676. Hypothyroidism investigation and management

by coffee. thyroid 2008;18:293–301. 17. hollowell Jg, staehling nW, Flanders WD, et al. serum tsh, t4 and thyroid antibodies in the united states population (1988-1994): national health and nutrition survey (nhAnEs iii). J clin Endocrinol metab 2002;87:486–8. 18. saravanan P , Visser tJ, Dayan cm. Psychological well-being correlates with free thyroxine but not free 3,5,3’-triiodothyronine levels in patients on thyroid hormone replacement. J clin Endocrinol metab 2006;91:3389. 19. Walsh JP , Ward lc (...) : nutritional, biochemi - cal, pathological and therapeutic aspects. oxford: Elsevier, 2009. 10. Devdhar m, ousman yh, Burman KD. hypothyroidism. Endocrinol metab clin n Am 2007;36:595–615. 11. murray Js, Jayarajasingh R, Perros P . Deterioration of symptoms after start of thyroid hormone replacement. BmJ 2001;323:332. 12. Fish LH, Schwartz HL, Cavanaugh J, Steffes MW , Bangle JP , Oppenheimer

2012 Clinical Practice Guidelines Portal

1677. Competencies: an education and training competency framework for peripheral venous cannulation in children and young people

) Does Amethocaine gel influence blood results obtained from capillary sampling? Paediatric Nursing, 18 (6), pp.29-31. Liu M, Lin K and Chou Y (2010) Using non-nutritive sucking and oral glucose solution with neonates to relieve pain: a randomised controlled trial, Journal of Clinical Nursing 19. (11-12) pp.1,604-1,611. MacDonald A (2001) Record-keeping in intravenous therapy: do yours meet the standards? Paediatric Nursing, 13 (2), pp.31-34. Mackereth P , Hackman E, T omlinson L, Manifold J

2013 Royal College of Nursing

1678. Policies to support practice areas caring for neonates, children and young people

when they are told of their child’s diagnosis.12 Breastfeeding mothers This policy outlines the organisational arrangements and facilities to accommodate the needs of breastfeeding mothers, which will include provision of fluids and nutrition, privacy and safe storage facilities for breast milk. Care of young people This policy outlines the considerations and arrangements to meet the special needs of young people, in health care settings, including privacy, information and transition to adult (...) and the maintenance of the Jacuzzi to ensure safety and reduce the risk of infection. Last offices The policy outlines the procedures to be followed when cleaning and preparing the body after death, before removal to the mortuary. It will include detail on labelling the body correctly, preparing it for viewing by the family in the chapel of rest and practice based on religious and cultural differences.14 Nutritional care for children This policy outlines the importance of good nutrition to the growth, recovery

2014 Royal College of Nursing

1679. Submission to the Prime Minister's Commission on Nursing and Midwifery

have an in depth understanding of the basic elements of care, eg post operative observations, nutrition and hydration, personal hygiene and record keeping. • The 21 st century nurse must have an understanding of public health and, regardless of their main place of work; promote health and equality; develop the skills and knowledge to work effectively with older people; take the right action to prevent disease and identify it at the earliest possible opportunity. • 70% of health care is nursing

2009 Royal College of Nursing

1680. Clinical practice guideline: The use of pressure-relieving devices (beds, mattresses and overlays) for the prevention of pressure ulcers in primary and secondary care

Institute Stakeholder involvement The following stakeholders commented on draft versions of these guidelines: 3M Healthcare Ltd Abbott Laboratories Ltd All W ales Medical and Pharmaceutical Advisers Forum Ambulance Service Association British Association for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (BAPEN) British Association of Plastic Surgeons British Association for Prosthetists and Orthotists British Dietetic Association British Geriatrics Society British Medical Association – Hospital Doctors Secretariat

2007 Royal College of Nursing

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