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141. Fortification of maize flour and corn meal with vitamins and minerals

teams 40 Additional commissioned reviews on various aspects of maize flour fortification 44 Annex 4. Summary of the considerations of the members of the guideline development group – nutrition actions for determining the direction and the strength of the recommendations 45 Annex 5. Logic model for fortification of maize flour and corn meal with vitamins and minerals in public health 47 Annex 6. WHO steering committee for food fortification 48 Annex 7. WHO guideline development groups 49 A. Guideline (...) development group – micronutrients 2010–2011 49 B. WHO guideline development group – nutrition actions 2013–2014 50 Annex 8. External resource experts 52 Annex 9. Peer-reviewers 53 Annex 10. WHO Secretariat 54vii WHO GUIDELINE: FORTIFICATION OF MAIZE FLOUR AND CORN MEAL WITH VITAMINS AND MINERALS PUBLICATION HISTORY This guideline, Fortification of maize flour and corn meal with vitamins and minerals, is a partial update of, and supersedes, the recommendations related to maize flour only in the 2009 WHO

2017 World Health Organisation Guidelines

142. WHO recommendations on antenatal care for a positive pregnancy experience

and use of the material lies with the reader. In no event shall the World Health Organization be liable for damages arising from its use. Design and layout by Green Ink (www.greenink.co.uk) Printed in LuxembourgContents Acknowledgements v Acronyms and abbreviations vii Executive summary ix 1. Introduction 1 2. Methods 4 3. Evidence and recommendations 13 A. Nutritional interventions 14 B. Maternal and fetal assessment 40 C. Preventive measures 63 D. Interventions for common physiological symptoms 74 E (...) Health and Research (RHR), Nutrition for Health and Development (NHD), and Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health (MCA) of the World Health Organization (WHO) gratefully acknowledge the contributions that many individuals and organizations have made to the development of this guideline. A. Metin Gülmezoglu, Matthews Mathai, Olufemi Oladapo, Juan Pablo Peña-Rosas and Özge T unçalp were the members of the WHO Steering Group that managed the guideline development process. The members

2016 World Health Organisation Guidelines

144. Malignant biliary obstruction

plastic stent as a preoperative stent may help to normalize coagulation profile and improve nutritional status. Endoscopic procedures are less invasive than percutaneous procedures and plastic stents are easily removed, however, they may require reintervention due to stent occlusion. 3. Mid resectable obstructions • Early referral to a hepatobiliary surgeon is recommended to assess resectability. If resection is entertained, a contrast enhanced MRI liver and MRCP are indicated, preferable before

2016 CPG Infobase

145. Physical health of people in prison

, such as anti-infectives or anti- retrovirals Endocrine system Corticosteroids Drugs used in diabetes Obstetrics, gynaecology and urinary tract disorders Emergency contraceptives Malignant disease and immunosuppression Drugs affecting the immune response Sex hormones and hormone antagonists in malignant disease – depot preparations Nutrition and blood Parenteral vitamins B and C Eye Corticosteroids and other anti-inflammatory preparations Local anaesthetics Mydriatics and cycloplegics Glaucoma treatment

2016 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

147. Diagnosis of B12 and folate deficiency

and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) reports in the United States] to lie between 1–5/100 000 per annum, i.e., a rare disease. Reflex testing of all low cobalamin samples in a routine diagnostic laboratory is therefore expensive with a low detection rate. A history of other autoimmune disease e.g. hypothyroidism, and family history (Banka et al , ) increases the pre‐test probability of pernicious anaemia. High titre IFAB may interfere with assays of cobalamin, leading to a false normal serum cobalamin (...) , ). Recommendations for prevention and treatment of nutritional deficiencies have been published (Ziegler et al , ), which include monitoring of levels and prophylactic supplementation. Oral treatment may not be adequate (Donadelli et al , ) and lifelong compliance may be poor (Edholm et al , ). There are no studies of prospective intramuscular cobalamin supplementation in bariatric surgery. ‘Food‐bound cobalamin malabsorption’ has been used to define a group of disorders characterized by gastric hypochlorhydria

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2014 British Committee for Standards in Haematology

151. Patient self-testing and self-management of oral anti-coagulants with vitamin K antagonists

was assessed, and patients not meeting the assessment criteria were offered an additional training session. Those not considered capable of PST/PSM were then asked to return to their usual care. Patient training programmes should include the following: theoretical aspects of anticoagulation management; how to monitor and the frequency of coagulation monitoring; problems with monitoring; interaction between anticoagulants and other medications; influences of nutrition, alcohol, intercurrent illness

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2014 British Committee for Standards in Haematology

152. Laboratory Diagnosis of Functional Iron Deficiency

) Serum ferritin: a possible model for the assessment of nutrient stores . American Journal of Clinical Nutrition , 35 , S1180 – S1185 . Coyne, D.W. ( 2011 ) Hepcidin: clinical utility as a diagnostic tool and therapeutic target . Kidney International , 80 , 240 – 244 . Coyne, D.W. , Kapoian, T. , Suki, W. , Singh, A.K. , Moran, J.E. , Dahl, N.V. & Rizkala, A.R. ( 2007 ) Ferric gluconate is highly efficacious in anemic hemodialysis patients with high serum ferritin and low transferrin saturation

2013 British Committee for Standards in Haematology

153. Management of iron deficiency in pregnancy

and Applied Nutrition 1-36. Arnold, D.L., Williams, M.A., Miller, R.S., Qiu, C., Sorensen, T.K. (2009) Maternal iron deficiency anaemia is associated with an increased risk of abruption placentae – a retrospective case control study. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology research 35, 446-452. Asif, N., Hassan, K., Mahmud, S., Abbass Zaheer, H., Naseem, L., Zafar, T., Shams, R. (2007) Comparison of serum ferritin levels in three trimesters of pregnancy and their correlation with increasing gravidity (...) development. Journal of Nutrition 138, 2534–2536. Beard, J.L., Hendricks, M.K., Perez, E.M., Murray-Kolb, L.E., Berg, A., Vernon- Feagans, L., Irlam, J., Isaacs, W., Sivem, A., Tomlinson, M. (2005) Maternal iron deficiency anemia affects postpartum emotions and cognition. Journal of Nutrition 135, 267-272. Bhandal, N., Russell, R. (2006) Intravenous versus oral therapy for postpartum anaemia. BJOG 113, 1248–1252. Bothwell, T.H. (2000) Iron requirements in pregnancy and strategies to meet them. American

2011 British Committee for Standards in Haematology

155. Parent-Infant Interaction for Non-Organic Failure to Thrive

[3a]; Benoit, 1997 [4a]) and these differences in attachment were related to their child’s nutritional status (Ward, 2000 [3a]). Level of evidence for attachment: moderate. 2. It is recommended that caregiver-infant interaction be evaluated in infants and children admitted with non- organic failure to thrive. The findings from this additional evaluation will serve to guide additional supports the caregiver-child dyad might benefit from to support overall feeding interactions (Coolbear, 1999 [3a (...) , 1996 [3a] (p<.10) and Benoit, 1997 [4a] (p<.05). Maternal attachment differences were associated with reduced bonding cues with their infants (Fosson and Wilson, 1987 [4a]), were significantly related to their child’s nutritional status (Ward, 2000 [3a] (p<.001), and when combined with another variable (working model of the child interview, WMCI) was able to predict who would be in a failure to thrive group (Coolbear, 1999 [3a] (p<.01). Patient Services/Non-Organic Failure to Thrive/Parent-infant

2011 Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

156. Erectile Dysfunction

29.1% of U.S. adults between 2011 and 2012. 31 It is frequently associated with ED and often contributes to its etiology (i.e., hypertension-related arterial stenotic lesions). It is present in 38% to 42% of men with ED, and approximately 35% of men with hypertension have some degree of ED. 32-35 Dyslipidemia . Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2003-2006) indicate that approximately 53% of U.S. adults have lipid abnormalities. 36 Up to 42.4% of men with ED also have

2018 American Urological Association

157. 2012 ACCF/AHA/ACP/AATS/PCNA/SCAI/STS Guideline for the Diagnosis and Management of Patients With Stable Ischemic Heart Disease

, myocardial infarction (MI), noninvasive testing and mortality, nuclear myocardial perfusion, nutrition, obesity, outcomes, patient follow-up, patient education, prognosis, proximal left anterior descending (LAD) disease, physical activity, reoperation, risk stratification, smoking, stable ischemic heart disease (SIHD), stable angina and reoperation, stable angina and revascularization, stress echocardiography, radionuclide stress testing, stenting versus CABG, unprotected left main, weight reduction

2011 American Heart Association

158. Developing a Clinical Pediatric Interventional Practice: A Joint Clinical Practice Guideline from the Society of Interventional Radiology and the Society for Pediatric Radiology

and expectations. Of?cespaceforoutpatientvisitsmaybemosteconomicallyachieved through an of?ce-sharing arrangement within a hospital-owned clinic or in conjunction with another subspecialty clinic such as a general pediatric surgical clinic. If interventional radiologists and other colleagues offer special multidisciplinary services, such as treatment of vascular anomalies or feeding and nutrition, combining efforts in a multidisciplinary specialty clinic may help coordinate care more effectively and improve

2011 Society of Interventional Radiology

160. The role of CT screening for Lung Cancer in clinical practice

Medical Devices and Equipment Medical Education Medical Education and Training Medical Journals and Publishing Melanoma Mobile Health and Telemedicine Narrative Medicine Nephrology Neurology Neuroscience and Psychiatry Notable Notes Nursing Nutrition Nutrition, Obesity, Exercise Obesity Obstetrics and Gynecology Occupational Health Oncology Ophthalmic Images Ophthalmology Orthopedics Otolaryngology Pain Medicine Pathology and Laboratory Medicine Patient Care Patient Information Pediatrics Performance

2012 American Society of Clinical Oncology Guidelines

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