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161. Randomised controlled trial: Antibiotics may not improve short-term or long-term outcomes in acute uncomplicated diverticulitis

Randomised controlled trial: Antibiotics may not improve short-term or long-term outcomes in acute uncomplicated diverticulitis Antibiotics may not improve short-term or long-term outcomes in acute uncomplicated diverticulitis | BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username (...) and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Antibiotics may not improve short-term or long-term outcomes in acute uncomplicated diverticulitis Article Text Therapeutics Randomised controlled trial Antibiotics

2013 Evidence-Based Medicine

162. In A Previously Irradiated Patient, Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy May Be More Effective Than Antibiotic Therapy In Preventing Osteoradionecrosis Following A Dental Extraction

in treatments. This study found insufficient information to show the efficacy of HBO in preventing ORN in irradiated patients. Based on these studies, it appears that while HBO therapy appears to be weakly superior to antimicrobial prophylaxis in preventing ORN, further study is needed to determine the overall benefit in HBO prophylaxis in reducing ORN risk. Applicability If performing an extraction on a previously irradiated patient, prophylactic Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy appears superior to antibiotic (...) In A Previously Irradiated Patient, Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy May Be More Effective Than Antibiotic Therapy In Preventing Osteoradionecrosis Following A Dental Extraction UTCAT2380, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title In A Previously Irradiated Patient, Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy May Be More Effective Than Antibiotic Therapy In Preventing Osteoradionecrosis Following A Dental Extraction Clinical Question

2013 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

163. Antibiotics Help Improve The Clinical Outcome of Non-Surgical Therapy (Scaling and Root Planing [SRP]) in The Treatment of Periodontitis in Smokers

Antibiotics Help Improve The Clinical Outcome of Non-Surgical Therapy (Scaling and Root Planing [SRP]) in The Treatment of Periodontitis in Smokers UTCAT2458, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Antibiotics Help Improve The Clinical Outcome of Non-Surgical Therapy (Scaling and Root Planing [SRP]) in The Treatment of Periodontitis in Smokers Clinical Question Do adjunctive locally delivered antibiotics (...) improve the clinical outcome of non-surgical therapy (scaling and root planing [SRP]) in the treatment of periodontitis in smokers? Clinical Bottom Line Antibiotics help improve the clinical outcome of non-surgical therapy (scaling and root planing [SRP]) in the treatment of periodontitis in smokers. Smokers tend to harbor anaerobic bacteria in periodontal pockets that are resistant to mechanical instrumentation. This systematic review of several randomized controlled clinical trials supports

2013 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

164. Amalgam Versus Resin Composite Restorative Materials to Prevent Secondary Caries Via Antibacterial Properties

Amalgam Versus Resin Composite Restorative Materials to Prevent Secondary Caries Via Antibacterial Properties UTCAT2456, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Amalgam Versus Resin Composite Restorative Materials to Prevent Secondary Caries Via Antibacterial Properties Clinical Question In a patient with high caries risk, are dental amalgams or resin composites more effective as antibacterial agents (...) in preventing secondary caries? Clinical Bottom Line In vitro amalgam certainly showed more antibacterial potential than composite material, but for a high caries risk patient it is not clear whether the amalgam positive benefits of this study will translate into the same results in the oral cavity of patients as opposed to composite. Thus good technique and preparation formation should be considered first priority when considering the formation of secondary caries. Best Evidence (you may view more info

2013 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

165. Antibacterial Composite Resins Show Potential For Minimizing Secondary Caries

Antibacterial Composite Resins Show Potential For Minimizing Secondary Caries UTCAT2407, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Antibacterial Composite Resins Show Potential For Minimizing Secondary Caries Clinical Question For patients needing composite resin restorations are antibacterial composites superior to traditional composites in preventing secondary caries? Clinical Bottom Line Antibacterial (...) composite resins show potential to reduce plaque accumulation, reducing secondary caries but more RCT need to be done. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Saku/2010 1 Male + 2 female In Situ Key results In comparison of Beautiful II, Clearfil, and Filtek there was no significant difference in antibacterial effect of the three. However, Beautiful II showed lower adhesion of plaque orally

2013 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

166. There Is No Difference In The Rates Of Third Molar Post-Operative Inflammatory Complications Between Patients With 600mg Clindamycin, and Patients Without Antibiotics

There Is No Difference In The Rates Of Third Molar Post-Operative Inflammatory Complications Between Patients With 600mg Clindamycin, and Patients Without Antibiotics UTCAT2447, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title There Is No Difference In The Rates Of Third Molar Post-Operative Inflammatory Complications Between Patients With 600mg Clindamycin, and Patients Without Antibiotics Clinical Question (...) In a patient undergoing a third molar extraction, will a clindamycin prophylaxis prevent postoperative inflammatory complications compared to no postoperative antibiotics? Clinical Bottom Line There is no difference in the rates of third molar post-operative inflammatory complications between patients with clindamycin, and patients without antibiotics. For immunocompetent patients undergoing third molar extractions, there is no apparent reason to provide any clindamycin antibiotic intervention

2013 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

167. Taking antibiotics? Probiotics can cut your risk of diarrhoea

Taking antibiotics? Probiotics can cut your risk of diarrhoea Taking antibiotics? Probiotics can cut your risk of diarrhoea | Evidently Cochrane sharing the latest Cochrane Reviews Search Main menu Post navigation by Key message: moderate quality evidence suggests that probiotics are both safe and effective for preventing Clostridium difficile -associated diarrhoea. It’s no surprise that a new Cochrane review made headline news on the BBC’s health pages last week and was featured in many other (...) health news reports too, as its focus was the use of probiotics to prevent Clostridium difficile -associated diarrhoea (CDAD) in people taking antibiotics. These medicines can upset the normal healthy balance of organisms in the gut and open the door to infection, often by C.difficile bacteria. It’s a very common side-effect and one you may well have experienced. Perhaps you’ve also bought probiotic supplements from your health food shop or supermarket. These are products containing live micro

2013 Evidently Cochrane

168. Taking antibiotics? Probiotics can cut your risk of diarrhoea

Taking antibiotics? Probiotics can cut your risk of diarrhoea Taking antibiotics? Probiotics can cut your risk of diarrhoea | Evidently Cochrane sharing the latest Cochrane Reviews Search Main menu Post navigation by Key message: moderate quality evidence suggests that probiotics are both safe and effective for preventing Clostridium difficile -associated diarrhoea. It’s no surprise that a new Cochrane review made headline news on the BBC’s health pages last week and was featured in many other (...) health news reports too, as its focus was the use of probiotics to prevent Clostridium difficile -associated diarrhoea (CDAD) in people taking antibiotics. These medicines can upset the normal healthy balance of organisms in the gut and open the door to infection, often by C.difficile bacteria. It’s a very common side-effect and one you may well have experienced. Perhaps you’ve also bought probiotic supplements from your health food shop or supermarket. These are products containing live micro

2013 Evidently Cochrane

169. Insufficient Evidence supporting the use of Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Solid Organ Transplant Patients Prior to Dental Treatment

Insufficient Evidence supporting the use of Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Solid Organ Transplant Patients Prior to Dental Treatment UTCAT2484, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Insufficient Evidence supporting the use of Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Solid Organ Transplant Patients Prior to Dental Treatment Clinical Question Do Patients with Solid Organ Transplants require Antibiotic Prophylaxis before Dental (...) Treatment to prevent sepsis or distant bacteremia? Clinical Bottom Line There is limited evidence supporting the use of prophylactic antibiotics among patients with solid organ transplants before dental procedures. Decisions about antibiotic prophylactic therapy should be made on an individualized basis after discussing patient history and planned dental treatment with the patient’s physician. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group

2013 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

170. Systematic review and meta-analysis: Probiotics are associated with a decreased risk of antibiotic-associated diarrhoea

Systematic review and meta-analysis: Probiotics are associated with a decreased risk of antibiotic-associated diarrhoea Probiotics are associated with a decreased risk of antibiotic-associated diarrhoea | BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal (...) accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Probiotics are associated with a decreased risk of antibiotic-associated diarrhoea Article Text Prevention Systematic review and meta-analysis Probiotics are associated with a decreased

2013 Evidence-Based Medicine

171. Systematic review with meta-analysis: Non-operative management of uncomplicated acute appendicitis: using antibiotics is effective and decreases morbidity

Systematic review with meta-analysis: Non-operative management of uncomplicated acute appendicitis: using antibiotics is effective and decreases morbidity Non-operative management of uncomplicated acute appendicitis: using antibiotics is effective and decreases morbidity | BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies (...) , please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Non-operative management of uncomplicated acute appendicitis: using antibiotics is effective and decreases morbidity

2013 Evidence-Based Medicine

172. Antimicrobial Copper Surfaces in Hospital Settings: Clinical Effectiveness

Antimicrobial Copper Surfaces in Hospital Settings: Clinical Effectiveness Antimicrobial Copper Surfaces in Hospital Settings: Clinical Effectiveness | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Antimicrobial Copper Surfaces in Hospital Settings: Clinical Effectiveness Antimicrobial Copper Surfaces in Hospital Settings: Clinical Effectiveness Published on: September 30, 2016 Project Number: RA0866-000 Product Line: Research Type: Devices and Systems Report Type: Reference List Result type: Report (...) Question What is the evidence for the clinical effectiveness of antimicrobial copper surfaces in hospital settings to reduce health care-associated infections? Key Message Two systematic reviews, one randomized controlled trial, and one non-randomized study were identified regarding the clinical effectiveness of antimicrobial copper surfaces in hospital settings to reduce health care-associated infections. Tags infection control, anti-infective agents, copper, disinfectants, equipment and supplies

2016 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

173. Delayed Antimicrobial Therapy Increases Mortality and Organ Dysfunction Duration in Pediatric Sepsis

Delayed Antimicrobial Therapy Increases Mortality and Organ Dysfunction Duration in Pediatric Sepsis PEDSCCM.org Criteria abstracted from series in Review Posted: founded 1995 Questions or comments?

2016 PedsCCM Evidence-Based Journal Club

174. EU protocol for harmonised monitoring of antimicrobial resistance in human Salmonella and Campylobacter isolates ? June 2016

EU protocol for harmonised monitoring of antimicrobial resistance in human Salmonella and Campylobacter isolates ? June 2016 www.ecdc.europa.eu EU protocol for harmonised monitoring of antimicrobial resistance in human Salmonella and Campylobacter isolates June 2016 TECHNICAL DOCUMENT ECDC TECHNICAL DOCUMENT EU protocol for harmonised monitoring of antimicrobial resistance in human Salmonella and Campylobacter isolates June 2016 ii This report of the European Centre for Disease Prevention (...) collaborating institutions we would like to thank Pierre-Alexandre Beloeil (EFSA), Eva Olsson Engvall (EURL Campylobacter), Rene S Hendriksen (EURL Antimicrobial Resistance), Gunnar Kahlmeter and Robert Skov (EUCAST) for their expert advice. Further, ECDC experts Ole Heuer, Dominique Monnet, Polya Rosin, Marc Struelens, and Johanna Takkinen are acknowledged for their support and input during different stages of the process. We would also like to thank the EU Reference Laboratory for Antimicrobial Resistance

2016 European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control - Technical Guidance

175. Point prevalence survey of healthcare-associated infections and antimicrobial use in European acute care hospitals ? protocol version 5.3

Point prevalence survey of healthcare-associated infections and antimicrobial use in European acute care hospitals ? protocol version 5.3 www.ecdc.europa.eu Point prevalence survey of healthcare-associated infections and antimicrobial use in European acute care hospitals Protocol version 5.3 TECHNICAL DOCUMENT ECDC TECHNICAL DOCUMENT Point prevalence survey of healthcare- associated infections and antimicrobial use in European acute care hospitals Protocol version 5.3, ECDC PPS 2016–2017 ii (...) Suggested citation: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Point prevalence survey of healthcare- associated infections and antimicrobial use in European acute care hospitals – protocol version 5.3. Stockholm: ECDC; 2016. Stockholm, October 2016 ISBN 978-92-9193-993-0 doi 10.2900/374985 TQ-04-16-903-EN-N © European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, 2016 Reproduction is authorised, provided the source is acknowledged. TECHNICAL DOCUMENT PPS of HAIs and antimicrobial use in European

2016 European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control - Technical Guidance

176. Cohort study: Prescriber preference may influence prolonged antibiotic usage more than patient characteristics in long-term care facilities

Cohort study: Prescriber preference may influence prolonged antibiotic usage more than patient characteristics in long-term care facilities Prescriber preference may influence prolonged antibiotic usage more than patient characteristics in long-term care facilities | Evidence-Based Nursing We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our (...) . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Prescriber preference may influence prolonged antibiotic usage more than patient characteristics in long-term care facilities

2014 Evidence-Based Nursing

177. No evidence for prophylactic antibiotics in pinna laceration.

No evidence for prophylactic antibiotics in pinna laceration. BestBets: No evidence for prophylactic antibiotics in pinna laceration. No evidence for prophylactic antibiotics in pinna laceration. Report By: Hannah Kelly - ST4 in Emergency Medicine Search checked by Matt Beardmore - ACCS trainee Institution: Ayr Hospital, South Ayrshire, Scotland Original institution: Manchester Royal Infirmary, Manchester, UK Date Submitted: 3rd May 2012 Date Completed: 12th September 2012 Last Modified: 12th (...) September 2012 Status: Green (complete) Three Part Question In [adults with traumatic laceration of the pinna], do [prophylactic antibiotics after suturing] [help to prevent perichondritis]? Clinical Scenario An adult patient attends the ED with a simple traumatic laceration to the pinna after fighting. You have heard that we should give prophylactic antibiotics to these patients after suturing the wound as they have a high risk of developing perichondritis. You wonder whether there is any evidence

2012 BestBETS

178. Should I Consider Antibiotics in My Patient with Irritable Bowel Syndrome?

Should I Consider Antibiotics in My Patient with Irritable Bowel Syndrome? Should I Consider Antibiotics in My Patient with Irritable Bowel Syndrome? – Clinical Correlations Search Should I Consider Antibiotics in My Patient with Irritable Bowel Syndrome? July 26, 2012 6 min read By Jason Chalifoux Faculty Peer Review The story of a patient with multiple office visits due to uncontrolled abdominal pain, bloating and diarrhea/constipation is common among primary care doctors (...) bacteria can migrate into the small intestine and cause symptoms very similar to IBS: abdominal pain, bloating, and diarrhea. A 2000 study by Pimentel and colleagues showed that a majority of IBS patients (~80% of whom underwent lactulose hydrogen breath testing) suffered from SIBO, and a large number of patients (48%) had symptom improvement with SIBO eradication.[4] Although this unblinded study suffered from many methodological flaws (several different antibiotics, no placebo arm, 30% follow-up

2012 Clinical Correlations

179. Evidence Suggests Preoperative Antibiotic Use Reduces Dental Implant Failures

Evidence Suggests Preoperative Antibiotic Use Reduces Dental Implant Failures UTCAT2211, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Evidence Suggests Preoperative Antibiotic Use Reduces Dental Implant Failures Clinical Question For a patient requiring implant placement, does the use of preoperative antibiotics decrease the likelihood of implant failure as opposed to not using any antibiotics? Clinical Bottom Line (...) Routine use of a single preoperative antibiotic dose 1 hour before the procedure can reduce early implant failures; however, no significant benefit was found in giving any postoperative antibiotics. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Eposito/2010 Patients undergoing dental implant treatment Meta-Analysis Key results Meta-analysis reveals patients that received short-term antibiotics

2012 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

180. Antibiotics Are An Ineffective Treatment For Preoperative Pain Relief

Antibiotics Are An Ineffective Treatment For Preoperative Pain Relief UTCAT2244, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Antibiotics Are An Ineffective Treatment For Preoperative Pain Relief Clinical Question In patients experiencing spontaneous moderate to severe pain from irreversible pulpitis, does the administration of penicillin reduce patient discomfort pre-operatively compared to no penicillin (...) are considering treating patients with irreversible pulpitis with antibiotics in an effort to reduce pain. Specialty/Discipline (Endodontics) (General Dentistry) Keywords Antibiotics, Analgesic, Pain, Pulpitis ID# 2244 Date of submission: 04/12/2012 E-mail rowansk@livemail.uthscsa.edu Author Spencer Rowan Co-author(s) Co-author(s) e-mail Faculty mentor/Co-author Kenneth M. Hargreaves, DDS, PhD Faculty mentor/Co-author e-mail Hargreaves@uthscsa.edu Basic Science Rationale (Mechanisms that may account

2012 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

Evidence-based Synopses

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