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101. Short-term oral antibiotics may be as effective as the standard course of penicillin for children with acute streptococcal pharyngitis

Short-term oral antibiotics may be as effective as the standard course of penicillin for children with acute streptococcal pharyngitis Short-term oral antibiotics may be as effective as the standard course of penicillin for children with acute streptococcal pharyngitis ADA Websites Access news, member benefits and ADA policy Attend ADA's premier event Access cutting-edge continuing education courses Find evidence to support your clinical decisions Access member-only practice content Investing (...) boards Evidence Education * Associated Topics Short-term oral antibiotics may be as effective as the standard course of penicillin for children with acute streptococcal pharyngitis Shukan Kanuga, DDS, MSD . Overview Systematic Review Conclusion Three to 6 days of short-term late-generation antibiotics have comparable treatment efficacy as a 10-day course of oral penicillin in children with acute group A β-hemolytic streptococcus (GABHS) pharyngitis. Critical Summary Assessment On the basis of good

2015 ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry

102. Prophylactic Antibiotics in Anterior Nasal Packing for Epistaxis

Prophylactic Antibiotics in Anterior Nasal Packing for Epistaxis Emergency Medicine > Journal Club > Archive > May 2014 Toggle navigation May 2014 Prophylactic Antibiotics in Anterior Nasal Packing for Epistaxis Vignette You are working in your community emergency department (ED) one winter afternoon when you encounter Mr. D. He is a 64 year old gentleman with a history of hypertension, who takes amlodipine and a daily 81 mg aspirin. He presents with one hour of continuous right-­sided (...) brisk to allow for cautery. You bite the bullet and grab a 5.5 cm Rapid-­‐rhino and insert this in the right nare. After inflating the balloon, you Lind that you have achieved good hemostasis. You call your on-‐call ENT to arrange a follow-­‐up appointment in the next 2-­‐3 days for removal of the Rapid-­rhino and further assessment of the epistaxis. The ENT agrees to see the patient, and at the end of the call reminds you to send the patient home on oral antibiotics until follow­‐up. You send

2014 Washington University Emergency Medicine Journal Club

103. Antimicrobial resistance: summary report on progress made in implementing resolution WHA67.25 on antimicrobial resistance: report by the Secretariat

Antimicrobial resistance: summary report on progress made in implementing resolution WHA67.25 on antimicrobial resistance: report by the Secretariat Antimicrobial resistance: summary report on progress made in implementing resolution WHA67.25 on antimicrobial resistance: report by the Secretariat JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it. Toggle navigation Toggle navigation Search Browse Statistics Related Links Antimicrobial resistance: summary (...) report on progress made in implementing resolution WHA67.25 on antimicrobial resistance: report by the Secretariat View/ Open View Statistics Altmetrics Share Citation World Health Assembly, 68 . (‎2015)‎. Antimicrobial resistance: summary report on progress made in implementing resolution WHA67.25 on antimicrobial resistance: report by the Secretariat. World Health Organization. Gov't Doc # A68/19 Collections Language English Metadata Related items Showing items related by title and MeSH subject

2015 WHO

104. Antimicrobial resistance: Draft global action plan on antimicrobial resistance: report by the Secretariat

Antimicrobial resistance: Draft global action plan on antimicrobial resistance: report by the Secretariat Antimicrobial resistance: draft global action plan on antimicrobial resistance: report by the Secretariat JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it. Toggle navigation Toggle navigation Search Browse Statistics Related Links Antimicrobial resistance: draft global action plan on antimicrobial resistance: report by the Secretariat View/ Open (...) View Statistics Altmetrics Share Citation World Health Assembly, 68 . (‎2015)‎. Antimicrobial resistance: draft global action plan on antimicrobial resistance: report by the Secretariat. World Health Organization. Gov't Doc # A68/20 Collections Language English Metadata Related items Showing items related by title and MeSH subject.  Executive Board, 136 (‎ EB136/20 , 2015 )‎  World Health Assembly, 68 (‎ A68/19 , 2015 )‎  Executive Board, 136 (‎ EB136/19 , 2015 )‎ View Item

2015 WHO

105. Antibiotic Prophylaxis with Bone Grafting Procedures Reduces Risk of Postoperative Complications

and antimicrobial activity towards the oral flora. Cephalexin and clindamycin should be considered as alternatives if the patient has an allergy to penicillin. Considerations of local, systemic, surgical, and procedural factors need to be taken into account for dosage and timing of antibiotics. The subjects in the Lindeboom 2003 study were seen preoperatively and regularly postoperatively by a dental hygienist to ensure adequate oral hygiene. Patients also received postoperative analgesics and 0.2 (...) Antibiotic Prophylaxis with Bone Grafting Procedures Reduces Risk of Postoperative Complications UTCAT2804, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Antibiotic Prophylaxis with Bone Grafting Procedures Reduces Risk of Postoperative Complications Clinical Question In patients indicated for bone grafting, does oral antibiotic prophylaxis decrease risk of postoperative complications, including infections? Clinical

2015 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

106. There Is Insufficient Evidence to Support the Use of Systemic Antibiotics to Prevent Postoperative Endodontic Flare-Ups

There Is Insufficient Evidence to Support the Use of Systemic Antibiotics to Prevent Postoperative Endodontic Flare-Ups UTCAT2814, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title There Is Insufficient Evidence to Support the Use of Systemic Antibiotics to Prevent Postoperative Endodontic Flare-Ups Clinical Question Is the incidence of postoperative endodontic flare-ups lower if antibiotics are given compared (...) to endodontic therapy without antibiotics? Clinical Bottom Line There is insufficient evidence to support the use of systemic antibiotics to prevent postoperative endodontic flare-ups. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Cope/2014 62 participants in 2 trials Systematic review of randomized trials Key results There is insufficient evidence on the efficacy of systemic antibiotics to prevent flare-ups

2015 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

107. Antibiotic therapy for acute appendicitis in adults

Antibiotic therapy for acute appendicitis in adults Prescrire IN ENGLISH - Spotlight ''Antibiotic therapy for acute appendicitis in adults '', 1 June 2014 {1} {1} {1} | | > > > Antibiotic therapy for acute appendicitis in adults Spotlight Every month, the subjects in Prescrire’s Spotlight. 100 most recent :  |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |  Spotlight Antibiotic therapy for acute appendicitis in adults FEATURED REVIEW How (...) effective are antibiotics in adults with uncomplicated acute appendicitis, and what is the risk of complications? To answer these questions, we conducted a review of the literature using the standard Prescrire methodology. Full review (3 pages) available for download by subscribers. Abstract Appendectomy is the standard treatment for acute appendicitis. Since the 1990s, antibiotic therapy has sometimes been proposed as an alternative to immediate appendectomy. How effective are antibiotics in adults

2014 Prescrire

108. Personal Protective Equipment for Antibiotic Resistant Organisms in Rehabilitation Facilities

Personal Protective Equipment for Antibiotic Resistant Organisms in Rehabilitation Facilities TITLE: Personal Protective Equipment for Antibiotic Resistant Organisms in Rehabilitation Facilities: Clinical Evidence and Guidelines DATE: 24 June 2014 RESEARCH QUESTIONS 1. What is the clinical evidence regarding the use of personal protective equipment by adult patients with antibiotic resistant organisms in rehabilitation facilities? 2. What are the evidence-based guidelines regarding the use (...) of personal protective equipment by adult patients with antibiotic resistant organisms in rehabilitation facilities? KEY MESSAGE No relevant literature was found regarding the use of personal protective equipment by adult patients with antibiotic resistant organisms in rehabilitation facilities. METHODS A focused search (with main concepts appearing in title, abstract or major subject heading) was conducted on key resources including PubMed, The Cochrane Library (2014, Issue 6), University of York Centre

2014 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

109. Antibacterial Sutures for Wound Closure After Surgery

over the content of such sites. Use of third party sites is governed by the owners’ own terms and conditions. 3. What are the guidelines for using antibacterial sutures for wound closure? 4. What is the cost-effectiveness of using antibacterial sutures for wound closure? KEY FINDINGS Clinical evidence of varying quality suggests that the use of antimicrobial sutures reduces SSI incidence compared to non-antimicrobial sutures, and evidence from one non-Canadian economic evaluation suggests (...) Criteria and Methods One reviewer screened citations and a second reviewer selected studies. In the first level of screening, titles and abstracts were reviewed and potentially relevant articles were retrieved and assessed for inclusion. The final selection of full-text articles was based on the inclusion criteria presented in Table 1. Table 1: Selection Criteria Population Adults undergoing surgery Subgroups: Colorectal surgery Intervention Antimicrobial or antibacterial sutures Comparator Non

2014 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

110. Antibiotic treatment of uncomplicated pyelonephritis in non-pregnant women

Antibiotic treatment of uncomplicated pyelonephritis in non-pregnant women Prescrire IN ENGLISH - Spotlight ''Antibiotic treatment of uncomplicated pyelonephritis in non-pregnant women'', 1 December 2014 {1} {1} {1} | | > > > Antibiotic treatment of uncomplicated pyelonephritis in non-pregnant women Spotlight Every month, the subjects in Prescrire’s Spotlight. 100 most recent :  |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |  Spotlight (...) Antibiotic treatment of uncomplicated pyelonephritis in non-pregnant women The choice of antibiotic treatment for acute uncomplicated pyelonephritis in women should take resistance to antibiotics into account. Acute uncomplicated pyelonephritis is a bacterial kidney infection. It is more frequent in women than in men and is generally caused by the Escherichia coli bacterium. Pyelonephritis is suspected in cases of spontaneous lumbar pain or tenderness during palpation, combined with a high fever

2014 Prescrire

111. Should you consider antibiotics for exacerbations of mild COPD?

Should you consider antibiotics for exacerbations of mild COPD? Should you consider antibiotics for exacerbations of mild COPD? Toggle navigation Shared more. Cited more. Safe forever. Toggle navigation View Item JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it. Search MOspace This Collection Browse Statistics Should you consider antibiotics for exacerbations of mild COPD? View/ Open Date 2014-04 Format Metadata Abstract Consider antibiotics

2014 PURLS

112. Use of Topical Tetracycline-Class Antibiotics Can Reduce Pain and Formation of New Ulcers and Increase Speed of Recovery in Patients with Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis

Use of Topical Tetracycline-Class Antibiotics Can Reduce Pain and Formation of New Ulcers and Increase Speed of Recovery in Patients with Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis UTCAT2830, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Use of Topical Tetracycline-Class Antibiotics Can Reduce Pain and Formation of New Ulcers and Increase Speed of Recovery in Patients with Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis Clinical Question

2015 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

113. Antimicrobial Herbal Toothpastes Are More Effective at Controlling Gingivitis in Adults Than Commercial Fluoride Toothpaste with No Antimicrobial Constituent

Antimicrobial Herbal Toothpastes Are More Effective at Controlling Gingivitis in Adults Than Commercial Fluoride Toothpaste with No Antimicrobial Constituent UTCAT2872, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Antimicrobial Herbal Toothpastes Are More Effective at Controlling Gingivitis in Adults Than Commercial Fluoride Toothpaste with No Antimicrobial Constituent Clinical Question Are herbal toothpastes (...) or conventional non-herbal toothpastes more effective for controlling gingivitis in adults? Clinical Bottom Line Antimicrobial herbal toothpastes are more effective at controlling gingivitis in adults than are commercial fluoride toothpastes with no antimicrobial constituent. A randomized controlled trial showed that herbal dentifrices exhibited bacteriocidal qualities against most periodontal pathogens without negatively affecting the normal microflora. Antimicrobial herbal toothpastes can be recommended

2015 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

114. Effectiveness of Screening for Endemic Antibiotic Resistant Organisms (AROs) in Hospital Settings

Effectiveness of Screening for Endemic Antibiotic Resistant Organisms (AROs) in Hospital Settings application/octet-stream

2015 Institute of Health Economics

115. Short-term oral antibiotics may be as effective as the standard course of penicillin for children with acute streptococcal pharyngitis

Short-term oral antibiotics may be as effective as the standard course of penicillin for children with acute streptococcal pharyngitis Short-term oral antibiotics may be as effective as the standard course of penicillin for children with acute streptococcal pharyngitis ADA Websites Access news, member benefits and ADA policy Attend ADA's premier event Access cutting-edge continuing education courses Find evidence to support your clinical decisions Access member-only practice content Investing (...) boards Evidence Education * Associated Topics Short-term oral antibiotics may be as effective as the standard course of penicillin for children with acute streptococcal pharyngitis Shukan Kanuga, DDS, MSD . Overview Systematic Review Conclusion Three to 6 days of short-term late-generation antibiotics have comparable treatment efficacy as a 10-day course of oral penicillin in children with acute group A β-hemolytic streptococcus (GABHS) pharyngitis. Critical Summary Assessment On the basis of good

2015 ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry

116. Randomised controlled trial: In premenopausal women with recurrent UTI, antibiotics were more effective than capsules of cranberry extract for the prevention of UTI, but resistance was higher in the antibiotic group

. However, antibiotics cause adverse effects (AEs) (RR 1.58 (0.47 to 5.28)) and antimicrobial resistance 1 prompting great interest in safer prophylaxis options. In a meta-analysis of two randomised control trials, cranberries were 39% (RR 0.61, (0.40 to 0.91)) better than placebo in preventing CR of UTI in premenopausal women without causing severe AEs. 2 In postmenopausal women, antibiotics were similar to cranberries in reducing CR of UTI. 3 Beerepoot et al aimed to demonstrate that … Request (...) Randomised controlled trial: In premenopausal women with recurrent UTI, antibiotics were more effective than capsules of cranberry extract for the prevention of UTI, but resistance was higher in the antibiotic group In premenopausal women with recurrent UTI, antibiotics were more effective than capsules of cranberry extract for the prevention of UTI, but resistance was higher in the antibiotic group | BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content

2012 Evidence-Based Medicine

117. Chronic wounds: advanced wound dressings and antimicrobial dressings

Chronic wounds: advanced wound dressings and antimicrobial dressings Chronic wounds: advanced wound dressings and Chronic wounds: advanced wound dressings and antimicrobial dressings antimicrobial dressings Evidence summary Published: 30 March 2016 nice.org.uk/guidance/esmpb2 pathways K Ke ey points from the e y points from the evidence vidence The content of this evidence summary was up-to-date in March 2016. See summaries of product characteristics (SPCs), British national formulary (BNF (...) ) or the MHRA or NICE websites for up-to-date information. Overall summary This evidence summary discusses the best available evidence for advanced wound dressings and antimicrobial dressings for managing common chronic wounds (diabetic foot ulcers, pressure ulcers, venous leg ulcers and infected wounds). It includes evidence and recommendations from national guidance (if available) and the most up-to-date systematic reviews and meta-analyses (search date July 2015). Dressings should provide the optimal

2016 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Advice

118. Antibiotic-Laden Bone Cement for Primary Knee Arthroplasty

Antibiotic-Laden Bone Cement for Primary Knee Arthroplasty Antibiotic-Laden Cement for Primary Knee Arthroplasty: A Rapid Review. November 2013; pp. 1–22 Antibiotic-Laden Bone Cement for Primary Knee Arthroplasty: A Rapid Review M Nikitovic November 2013 Evidence Development and Standards Branch at Health Quality Ontario Antibiotic-Laden Bone Cement in Primary Knee Arthroplasty: A Rapid Review. November 2013; pp. 1–22 2 Suggested Citation This report should be cited as follows: Nikitovic M (...) . Antibiotic-laden bone cement for primary knee arthroplasty: a rapid review. Toronto, ON: Health Quality Ontario; 2013 November. 22 p. Available from: http://www.hqontario.ca/evidence/publications-and-ohtac- recommendations/rapid-reviews. Permission Requests All inquiries regarding permission to reproduce any content in Health Quality Ontario reports should be directed to EvidenceInfo@hqontario.ca. How to Obtain Rapid Reviews from Health Quality Ontario All rapid reviews are freely available in PDF format

2013 Health Quality Ontario

119. Antibiotic Coverage in Atypical Pathogens for Adults Hospitalized With Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Antibiotic Coverage in Atypical Pathogens for Adults Hospitalized With Community-Acquired Pneumonia Antibiotic Coverage in Atypical Pathogens for Adults Hospitalized With Community-Acquired Pneumonia: A Rapid Review. November 2013; pp. 1–24 Antibiotic Coverage in Atypical Pathogens for Adults Hospitalized With Community-Acquired Pneumonia: A Rapid Review Health Quality Ontario November 2013 Evidence Development and Standards Branch at Health Quality Ontario Antibiotic Coverage in Atypical (...) Pathogens for Adults Hospitalized With Community-Acquired Pneumonia: A Rapid Review. November 2013; pp. 1–24 2 Suggested Citation This report should be cited as follows: Health Quality Ontario. Antibiotic coverage in atypical pathogens for adults hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia: a rapid review. Toronto, ON: Health Quality Ontario; 2013 November. 24 p. Available from: http://www.hqontario.ca/evidence/publications-and-ohtac-recommendations/rapid-reviews. Permission Requests All inquiries

2013 Health Quality Ontario

120. Optimal Timing for Antibiotic Administration in Patients With Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Optimal Timing for Antibiotic Administration in Patients With Community-Acquired Pneumonia Optimal Timing for Antibiotic Administration in Patients With Community-Acquired Pneumonia: A Rapid Review. November 2013; pp. 1–23 Optimal Timing for Antibiotic Administration in Patients With Community-Acquired Pneumonia: A Rapid Review M Ghazipura November 2013 Evidence Development and Standards Branch at Health Quality Ontario Optimal Timing for Antibiotic Administration in Patients With Community (...) -Acquired Pneumonia: A Rapid Review. November 2013; pp. 1–23 2 Suggested Citation This report should be cited as follows: Ghazipura M. Optimal Timing for Antibiotic Administration in Patients with Community-Acquired Pneumonia. Toronto, ON: Health Quality Ontario; 2013 November. 23 p. Available from: http://www.hqontario.ca/evidence/publications-and-ohtac-recommendations/rapid-reviews. Permission Requests All inquiries regarding permission to reproduce any content in Health Quality Ontario reports should

2013 Health Quality Ontario

Evidence-based Synopses

Synopses are typically easily digested, critical commentaries of articles e.g. critically appraised topics.