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181. Should I Consider Antibiotics in My Patient with Irritable Bowel Syndrome?

Should I Consider Antibiotics in My Patient with Irritable Bowel Syndrome? Should I Consider Antibiotics in My Patient with Irritable Bowel Syndrome? – Clinical Correlations Search Should I Consider Antibiotics in My Patient with Irritable Bowel Syndrome? July 26, 2012 6 min read By Jason Chalifoux Faculty Peer Review The story of a patient with multiple office visits due to uncontrolled abdominal pain, bloating and diarrhea/constipation is common among primary care doctors (...) bacteria can migrate into the small intestine and cause symptoms very similar to IBS: abdominal pain, bloating, and diarrhea. A 2000 study by Pimentel and colleagues showed that a majority of IBS patients (~80% of whom underwent lactulose hydrogen breath testing) suffered from SIBO, and a large number of patients (48%) had symptom improvement with SIBO eradication.[4] Although this unblinded study suffered from many methodological flaws (several different antibiotics, no placebo arm, 30% follow-up

2012 Clinical Correlations

182. Evidence Suggests Preoperative Antibiotic Use Reduces Dental Implant Failures

Evidence Suggests Preoperative Antibiotic Use Reduces Dental Implant Failures UTCAT2211, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Evidence Suggests Preoperative Antibiotic Use Reduces Dental Implant Failures Clinical Question For a patient requiring implant placement, does the use of preoperative antibiotics decrease the likelihood of implant failure as opposed to not using any antibiotics? Clinical Bottom Line (...) Routine use of a single preoperative antibiotic dose 1 hour before the procedure can reduce early implant failures; however, no significant benefit was found in giving any postoperative antibiotics. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Eposito/2010 Patients undergoing dental implant treatment Meta-Analysis Key results Meta-analysis reveals patients that received short-term antibiotics

2012 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

183. Antibiotics Are An Ineffective Treatment For Preoperative Pain Relief

Antibiotics Are An Ineffective Treatment For Preoperative Pain Relief UTCAT2244, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Antibiotics Are An Ineffective Treatment For Preoperative Pain Relief Clinical Question In patients experiencing spontaneous moderate to severe pain from irreversible pulpitis, does the administration of penicillin reduce patient discomfort pre-operatively compared to no penicillin (...) are considering treating patients with irreversible pulpitis with antibiotics in an effort to reduce pain. Specialty/Discipline (Endodontics) (General Dentistry) Keywords Antibiotics, Analgesic, Pain, Pulpitis ID# 2244 Date of submission: 04/12/2012 E-mail rowansk@livemail.uthscsa.edu Author Spencer Rowan Co-author(s) Co-author(s) e-mail Faculty mentor/Co-author Kenneth M. Hargreaves, DDS, PhD Faculty mentor/Co-author e-mail Hargreaves@uthscsa.edu Basic Science Rationale (Mechanisms that may account

2012 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

184. Antibiotics for Acute Bronchitis

Antibiotics for Acute Bronchitis Antibiotics for Acute Bronchitis – TheNNTTheNNT Antibiotics for the Treatment of Acute Bronchitis in Adults 37 for side effects In Summary, for those who received the antibiotics: Benefits in NNT 100% saw no benefit 18% were helped by a reduction in symptoms, including cough None were helped (overall) 1 in 6 were helped (no cough at follow up) Harms in NNT 2.6% were harmed by medication side effects 1 in 37 were harmed (minor adverse effects at follow up) View (...) are thought to be bacterial, few patients cite needing an antibiotic, and most guidelines do not recommend their routine use in bronchitis. But antibiotics, often broad spectrum, are prescribed for 60-80% of outpatient cases. This review examines the utility of antibiotics in improving symptoms and effecting clinical cure in adults with acute bronchitis. Fifteen randomized controlled trials were included in this review. Antibiotics did not increase the number of subjects who were clinically improved

2012 theNNT

185. Antibiotics

Antibiotics ANTIBIOTIC USE IN PREGNANCY 0344 892 0909 ANTIBIOTIC USE IN PREGNANCY (Date of issue: February 2013 , Version: 1.1 ) This is a UKTIS monograph for use by health care professionals. For case-specific advice please contact UKTIS on 0344 892 0909. To report an exposure please download and complete a . Please encourage all women to complete an . Summary It is important to ensure adequate treatment of maternal infection in pregnancy as failure to treat may lead to adverse maternal (...) and fetal outcome as a consequence of uncontrolled infection or fever. When considering treatment with antibacterial agents during pregnancy, the following factors should be taken into account: the severity of the maternal infection, the presence of fever, the maternal and fetal risks associated with failing to treat the mother adequately, the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic effects (where known) of pregnancy on drug absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion, and the potential fetotoxicity

2014 UK Teratology Information Service

186. Randomised controlled trial: A three-step critical pathway for community-acquired pneumonia reduces duration of hospital stay and intravenous antibiotic use by 2?days

Randomised controlled trial: A three-step critical pathway for community-acquired pneumonia reduces duration of hospital stay and intravenous antibiotic use by 2?days A three-step critical pathway for community-acquired pneumonia reduces duration of hospital stay and intravenous antibiotic use by 2 days | Evidence-Based Nursing We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more (...) of hospital stay and intravenous antibiotic use by 2 days Article Text Adult nursing Randomised controlled trial A three-step critical pathway for community-acquired pneumonia reduces duration of hospital stay and intravenous antibiotic use by 2 days Paula Peyrani Statistics from Altmetric.com Commentary on: Carratalà J , Garcia-Vidal C , Ortega L , et al . Effect of a 3-step critical pathway to reduce duration of intravenous antibiotic therapy and length of stay in community-acquired pneumonia

2013 Evidence-Based Nursing

187. Antimicrobial reisistance in leprosy: report of a global consultation, Kathmandu, Nepal, 27-28 October 2016

Antimicrobial reisistance in leprosy: report of a global consultation, Kathmandu, Nepal, 27-28 October 2016 Antimicrobial reisistance in leprosy: report of a global consultation, Kathmandu, Nepal, 27-28 October 2016 JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it. Toggle navigation Toggle navigation Search Browse Statistics Related Links Antimicrobial reisistance in leprosy: report of a global consultation, Kathmandu, Nepal, 27-28 October 2016 View (...) / Open View Statistics Altmetrics Share Citation Regional Office for South-East Asia, World Health Organization . (‎2016)‎. Antimicrobial reisistance in leprosy: report of a global consultation, Kathmandu, Nepal, 27-28 October 2016. WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia. Gov't Doc # SEA-GLP-2016.5 Collections Language English Metadata View Item

2016 WHO

188. Global action plan on antimicrobial resistance: report by the Secretariat

Global action plan on antimicrobial resistance: report by the Secretariat Global action plan on antimicrobial resistance: report by the Secretariat JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it. Toggle navigation Toggle navigation Search Browse Statistics Related Links Global action plan on antimicrobial resistance: report by the Secretariat View/ Open View Statistics Altmetrics Share Citation World Health Assembly, 69 . (‎2016)‎. Global action plan (...) on antimicrobial resistance: report by the Secretariat. World Health Organization. Gov't Doc # A69/24 Collections Language English Metadata Related items Showing items related by title and MeSH subject.  Woolfson, A ; Huebner, R ; Wasas, A ; Chola, S ; Godfrey-Faussett, P ; Klugman, K (‎ 1997 )‎  Nicolas, P ; Cavallo, J.-D ; Fabre, R ; Martet, G (‎ 1998 )‎  Mthwalo, M ; Wasas, A ; Heubner, R ; Koornhof, H. J ; Klugman, K. P (‎ 1998 )‎ View Item

2016 WHO

189. Are oral antibiotics as efficacious as intravenous antibiotics for the treatment of community acquired pneumonia?

Are oral antibiotics as efficacious as intravenous antibiotics for the treatment of community acquired pneumonia? BestBets: Are oral antibiotics as efficacious as intravenous antibiotics for the treatment of community acquired pneumonia? Are oral antibiotics as efficacious as intravenous antibiotics for the treatment of community acquired pneumonia? Report By: R A Wilder - Specialist Registrar in Paediatrics Institution: Leeds Teaching Hospitals Trust, Ward 10, Leeds General Infirmary, Leeds (...) , LS1 Date Submitted: 5th April 2011 Last Modified: 5th April 2011 Status: Green (complete) Three Part Question In [a 7-year-old boy with pneumonia] are [oral antibiotics as efficacious as intravenous antibiotics] for [resolution of symptoms and avoidance of complications] Clinical Scenario A 7-year-old boy presents to the accident and emergency department with cough, a high temperature and signs of respiratory distress. An x-ray shows pneumonia. Does this child require intravenous antibiotics

2011 BestBETS

190. Adjunct local antimicrobials provide statistically significant benefits over subgingival debridement alone in patients with chronic periodontitis

Adjunct local antimicrobials provide statistically significant benefits over subgingival debridement alone in patients with chronic periodontitis Adjunct local antimicrobials provide statistically significant benefits over subgingival debridement alone in patients with chronic periodontitis ADA Websites Access news, member benefits and ADA policy Attend ADA's premier event Access cutting-edge continuing education courses Find evidence to support your clinical decisions Access member-only (...) specialties and certifying boards Evidence Education * Associated Topics Adjunct local antimicrobials provide statistically significant benefits over subgingival debridement alone in patients with chronic periodontitis Robert Durand, DMD, MS, FRCD(C) . Overview Systematic Review Conclusion The scientific evidence supports the adjunctive use of local antimicrobials (LAs) with subgingival debridement (SD) in deep or recurrent periodontal sites, mostly with use of vehicles with proved sustained release

2015 ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry

191. Randomised controlled trial: Short-course antimicrobial therapy may be clinically similar to a longer course for complicated intra-abdominal infections

that a fixed duration of antimicrobial therapy yielded similar outcomes with less antibiotic use. 4 Clinicians have historically treated complicated intra-abdominal infections for up to 14 days, although practice guidelines recommend 4–7 days. … Request Permissions If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many (...) Randomised controlled trial: Short-course antimicrobial therapy may be clinically similar to a longer course for complicated intra-abdominal infections Short-course antimicrobial therapy may be clinically similar to a longer course for complicated intra-abdominal infections | BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies

2015 Evidence-Based Medicine

192. Adjunct local antimicrobials provide statistically significant benefits over subgingival debridement alone in patients with chronic periodontitis

Adjunct local antimicrobials provide statistically significant benefits over subgingival debridement alone in patients with chronic periodontitis Adjunct local antimicrobials provide statistically significant benefits over subgingival debridement alone in patients with chronic periodontitis ADA Websites Access news, member benefits and ADA policy Attend ADA's premier event Access cutting-edge continuing education courses Find evidence to support your clinical decisions Access member-only (...) specialties and certifying boards Evidence Education * Associated Topics Adjunct local antimicrobials provide statistically significant benefits over subgingival debridement alone in patients with chronic periodontitis Robert Durand, DMD, MS, FRCD(C) . Overview Systematic Review Conclusion The scientific evidence supports the adjunctive use of local antimicrobials (LAs) with subgingival debridement (SD) in deep or recurrent periodontal sites, mostly with use of vehicles with proved sustained release

2015 ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry

193. Effects of controlled perioperative antimicrobial prophylaxis on infectious outcomes in pediatric cardiac surgery

Effects of controlled perioperative antimicrobial prophylaxis on infectious outcomes in pediatric cardiac surgery PEDSCCM.org Criteria abstracted from series in Review Posted: founded 1995 Questions or comments?

2014 PedsCCM Evidence-Based Journal Club

194. Consensus Statement on Surveillance & Screening for AROs (Antimicrobial-Resistant Organisms)

Consensus Statement on Surveillance & Screening for AROs (Antimicrobial-Resistant Organisms) application/octet-stream

2015 Institute of Health Economics

195. Adjunct local antimicrobials provide statistically significant benefits over subgingival debridement alone in patients with chronic periodontitis

Adjunct local antimicrobials provide statistically significant benefits over subgingival debridement alone in patients with chronic periodontitis Adjunct local antimicrobials provide statistically significant benefits over subgingival debridement alone in patients with chronic periodontitis ADA Websites Access news, member benefits and ADA policy Attend ADA's premier event Access cutting-edge continuing education courses Find evidence to support your clinical decisions Access member-only (...) specialties and certifying boards Evidence Education * Associated Topics Adjunct local antimicrobials provide statistically significant benefits over subgingival debridement alone in patients with chronic periodontitis Robert Durand, DMD, MS, FRCD(C) . Overview Systematic Review Conclusion The scientific evidence supports the adjunctive use of local antimicrobials (LAs) with subgingival debridement (SD) in deep or recurrent periodontal sites, mostly with use of vehicles with proved sustained release

2015 ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry

196. Can Rapid Viral Testing in the Emergency Department Reduce Antibiotic Use in Children?

- mary outcome determined by the systematic review authors was a 25% reduction in the antimicrobial prescription rate. DATA EXTRACTION AND SYNTHESIS Quality of study methodology was assessed independently by 2 in- vestigators. Can Rapid Viral Testing in the Emergency Department Reduce Antibiotic Use in Children? EBEM Commentators Lee Wilbur, MD Rawle A. Seupaul, MD Department of Emergency Medicine Indiana University School of Medicine Indianapolis, IN Results The search identi?ed 1,180 potential (...) Can Rapid Viral Testing in the Emergency Department Reduce Antibiotic Use in Children? SystematicReviewSnapshot TAKE-HOME MESSAGE There is inadequate evidence to support the routine use of rapid viral testing to reduce antibiotic use in pediatric emergency departments. METHODS DATA SOURCES The authors searched the Co- chrane Central register of Con- trolled Trials (CENTRAL) (The Cochrane Library, 2009, issue 1) which contains the Acute Respira- tory Infection Group’s Specialized Register

2011 Annals of Emergency Medicine Systematic Review Snapshots

197. Impact of time to antibiotics on survival in patients with severe sepsis or septic shock in whom early goal-directed therapy was initiated in the emergency department

Impact of time to antibiotics on survival in patients with severe sepsis or septic shock in whom early goal-directed therapy was initiated in the emergency department PEDSCCM.org Criteria abstracted from series in Review Posted: founded 1995 Questions or comments?

2011 PedsCCM Evidence-Based Journal Club

198. Short-course Empiric Antibiotic Therapy for Patients with Pulmonary Infiltrates in the Intensive Care Unit. A proposed solution for indiscriminate antibiotic prescription

Short-course Empiric Antibiotic Therapy for Patients with Pulmonary Infiltrates in the Intensive Care Unit. A proposed solution for indiscriminate antibiotic prescription PEDSCCM.org Criteria abstracted from series in Review Posted: founded 1995 Questions or comments?

2010 PedsCCM Evidence-Based Journal Club

199. Antimicrobial Sutures for Wound Closure after Surgery

. What is the clinical effectiveness of antibacterial sutures for the prevention of surgical site infections? 2. What are the adverse events associated with antimicrobial suture use including the development of drug-resistant bacteria? 3. What are the guidelines for using antimicrobial sutures for wound closure? 4. What is the cost-effectiveness of using antimicrobial sutures for wound closure? Disclaimer: The Rapid Response Service is an information service for those involved in planning (...) Adults undergoing surgery Sub-group: colorectal surgery Intervention Antimicrobial/ antibacterial sutures Comparator No antimicrobial/ antibacterial sutures Outcomes Surgical site infections, adverse events/ harms (including bacterial resistance), guideline recommendations, and cost-effectiveness Study Designs Q.1 and Q. 2 Health technology assessments, systematic reviews, meta-analyses, randomized controlled trials Q.3 Evidence based clinical practice guidelines Q.4 Economic evaluations Exclusion

2013 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

200. Antimicrobial Ointments for Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis

, and they are not without risk. For example, the widespread prophylactic use of topical antibiotics, particularly mupirocin, may lead to an increased prevalence of drug-resistant micro-organisms. 3,4,6,7 These ongoing concerns with regard to mupirocin microbial drug resistance have raised the question whether an antiseptic ointment, alternative antimicrobial ointments, or antiseptic-impregnated dressing products may be preferable alternatives. This Rapid Response report aims to provide information on the clinical (...) , short-term and long-term central venous devices. […] There is Grade B evidence that the use of an antimicrobial or antibiotic ointment (calcium mupirocin, or Polysporin) on long-term tunnelled central venous devices used for haemodialysis access significantly reduces intravascular device associated bloodstream infections and exit site infections. Povidone iodine antiseptic ointment or bacitracin/neomycin/polymyxin B ointment should only be used at the hemodialysis catheter exit site after catheter

2013 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

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