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121. Reduced patient anxiety as a result of radiation therapist-led psychosocial support: a systematic review. (PubMed)

Reduced patient anxiety as a result of radiation therapist-led psychosocial support: a systematic review. Up to 49% of patients attending radiation therapy appointments may experience anxiety and distress. Anxiety is heightened during the first few visits to radiation oncology. Radiation therapists (RT) are the only health professionals in direct daily contact with patients during treatment, placing them in a unique position to explore patients' psychosocial needs. This review aims (...) to synthesise literature regarding the effect of RT-led psychosocial support on patient anxiety. In May 2015, we searched the following electronic databases: Medline, PsycINFO, Embase, CINAHL, PubMed and Cochrane library. Radiation therapy-specific journals were hand-searched, and reference lists of identified studies searched. This review complies with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. The search identified 263 articles, of which 251 were excluded based

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2017 Journal of medical radiation sciences

122. Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy for Anxiety and Depression in Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy for Anxiety and Depression in Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy for Anxiety and Depression in Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): A Rapid Review. February 2015; pp. 1–21 Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy for Anxiety and Depression in Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): A Rapid Review Health Quality Ontario February 2015 Evidence Development and Standards Branch at Health (...) Quality Ontario Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy for Anxiety and Depression in Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): A Rapid Review. February 2015; pp. 1–21 2 Suggested Citation This report should be cited as follows: Health Quality Ontario. Cognitive-behavioural therapy for anxiety and depression in patients with COPD: a rapid review. Toronto: Health Quality Ontario; 2015 February. 21 p. Available from: http://www.hqontario.ca/evidence/evidence-process/episodes-of-care#community

2015 Health Quality Ontario

123. Evaluation of anxiety and depression in mothers of children with asthma (PubMed)

Evaluation of anxiety and depression in mothers of children with asthma Asthma is the most common chronic disease in childhood. Parents have an important role in managing asthma in children. Studies have shown a higher degree of depression and anxiety and lower family performance in mothers of asthmatic children in comparison with the control group.The aim of this study was to evaluate the parenting styles and also depression, anxiety and stress parameters in mothers of children (...) with asthma.This case-control study was performed on 45 mothers of 3 to 15 years old asthmatic children in the allergy clinic of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran, during the years of 2014 to 2016. The control group was 45 mothers of non-asthmatic children who were matched for the age of their children with the case group in the same population. The parenting styles, as well as depression and anxiety of mothers were evaluated using parenting scales, and the depression-anxiety-stress scales

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2017 Electronic physician

124. The role of anxiety and depression on acceptance and action, considering emotional schemas in diabetics of Birjand (Iran) (PubMed)

The role of anxiety and depression on acceptance and action, considering emotional schemas in diabetics of Birjand (Iran) Diabetes is one of the most common noncommunicable diseases around the world that accompanies assorted psychiatric disorders including anxiety and depression due to being chronic.The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of anxiety and depression on acceptance and action, considering emotional schemas of diabetics referring to diabetes clinics of health centers (...) in Birjand, Iran.This study was conducted in 2016 and was a correlational study with a structural equation modeling approach. The statistical population of this study were all men and women with type 2 diabetes in Birjand, with an active health record in health centers of this county. To collect data, Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21), Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II (AAQ-II) and Leahy Emotional Schema Scale (LESS) were employed. Using SPSS19 and LISREL, data were analyzed via

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2017 Electronic physician

125. The role of fear of childbirth in pregnancy related anxiety in Iranian women: a qualitative research (PubMed)

The role of fear of childbirth in pregnancy related anxiety in Iranian women: a qualitative research Anxiety disorders have severe complications for a mother and her developing baby. A few studies have focused on pregnancy related anxiety and its risk factors including fear of childbirth. Therefore, the current study aimed to explore components and dimensions of this kind of anxiety.This qualitative study (conventional content analysis) was conducted with mothers who referred to health care

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2017 Electronic physician

126. The association between death anxiety with spiritual experiences and life satisfaction in elderly people (PubMed)

The association between death anxiety with spiritual experiences and life satisfaction in elderly people Death anxiety is a concept with greater importance among the elderly as they approach inevitability of death. Identifying the correlates of death anxiety among old people is important in order to reduce the burden of this problem. Therefore, the present study was performed with the aim to examine the association between spiritual experiences and life satisfaction with death anxiety (...) in this stage of life.This cross-sectional study with descriptive-analytical design included 190 elderly people visiting the health and medical centers of Neyshabur city, Iran, during fall and winter, 2016. Participants were asked to complete three questionnaires including a 16-item spiritual experiences scale, life satisfaction index proposed by Wood and Shifor with 13 items, and a 27-item death anxiety scale developed by Aminpour. Analytical statistics (Spearman's correlation coefficient, Pearson's

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2017 Electronic physician

127. Negative valence in Autism Spectrum Disorder: the relationship between amygdala activity, selective attention, and co-occurring anxiety (PubMed)

Negative valence in Autism Spectrum Disorder: the relationship between amygdala activity, selective attention, and co-occurring anxiety A critical agenda of the National Institutes of Health Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) initiative is establishing whether domains within the RDoC matrix are truly transdiagnostic. Rates of anxiety disorders are elevated in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but it is unclear whether the same mechanisms contribute to anxiety in individuals with and without ASD (...) . As changes in selective attention are a hallmark of anxiety disorders in non-ASD samples, the identification of these changes in ASD would support the transdiagnostic nature of anxiety.This functional magnetic resonance imaging study focused on the negative valence domain from RDoC (manifest as anxiety symptoms) in youth with ASD (n = 38) and typically developing control participants (n = 25). The task required selective attention toward and away from social information (faces) with negative and neutral

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2017 Biological psychiatry. Cognitive neuroscience and neuroimaging

128. Vigilance, the Amygdala, and Anxiety in Youths with a History of Institutional Care (PubMed)

Vigilance, the Amygdala, and Anxiety in Youths with a History of Institutional Care Early adversity is commonly associated with alterations of amygdala circuitry and increased anxiety. While many theoretical and clinical accounts of early adversity suggest that it increases vigilance to threatening stimuli, the present study tested whether heightened anxiety and amygdala reactivity associated with early adversity enhanced goal-directed attention for threatening stimuli. Showing this association (...) (fearful face) or positive target (happy face) in an array of neutral distractor stimuli (neutral faces).Across both groups, individual differences in vigilant behavior were positively associated with amygdala responses for negative versus positive stimuli. However, a moderation analysis revealed that the degree to which amygdala responses were greater for negative versus positive stimuli was associated with greater anxiety symptomology for PI youth, but not comparison youth.Together, these findings

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2017 Biological psychiatry. Cognitive neuroscience and neuroimaging

129. Qualitatively Comparing the Support Needs of People with Cancer Based on Their History of Anxiety/Depression (PubMed)

Qualitatively Comparing the Support Needs of People with Cancer Based on Their History of Anxiety/Depression Research rarely considers the origin or history of a cancer patient's anxiety and/or depression, instead assuming that these illnesses are related to the cancer experience. The aim of this study was to compare differences in the support needs of people who have experienced anxiety/depression as part of the cancer experience and people who have not, as well as between people who have (...) experienced episodic anxiety/depression and people who have experienced long-term anxiety/depression.Twenty-one semi-structured interviews were conducted with people with a current or previous diagnosis of cancer, and a current or previous experience with anxiety and/or depression. Participants were split into four groups based on their history with cancer and anxiety/depression, and an inductive thematic analysis was conducted to identify themes across groups.Two superordinate themes (with three and two

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2017 Oncology and therapy

130. Anxiety- and Health-Related Quality of Life Among Patients With Breast Cancer: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of China and the United States (PubMed)

Anxiety- and Health-Related Quality of Life Among Patients With Breast Cancer: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of China and the United States Literature has documented the prevalence of anxiety and its adverse effect on quality of life among patients with breast cancer from Western countries, yet cross-cultural examinations with non-Western patients are rare. This cross-cultural study investigated differences in anxiety and its association with quality of life between US and Chinese patients (...) with breast cancer.Patients with breast cancer from the United States and China completed measures for anxiety (Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory) and quality of life (Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Breast).After controlling for demographic and medical characteristics, Chinese patients reported higher levels of trait and state anxiety than US patients. Although there was an association between anxiety and quality of life in both groups of patients, the association between state anxiety

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2017 Journal of global oncology

131. Anxiety and depression in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disorder (PubMed)

Anxiety and depression in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disorder Evidence shows an influence relationship between described symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disorder (GERD) and emotional state.To determine the relationship between anxiety and depression with GERD in patients referred to the endoscopy unit of Bouali-Sina Hospital in Qazvin.This case-control study was conducted in the endoscopy unit of Bouali-Sina Hospital in Qazvin, Iran, from April 2014 through May 2015. Two hundred (...) individuals (100 patients with GERD and 100 healthy individuals as a control group) were enrolled into the current study. All subjects completed the hospital anxiety and depression questionnaire. GERD was diagnosed based on the Los Angeles classification system. Demographic and socioeconomic characteristics in addition to clinical history of subjects were collected and analyzed using proper statistical methods (independent-samples t-test and AVOVA) and using SPSS version 22.Among the recruited patients

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2017 Electronic physician

132. Relationship between time management skills and anxiety and academic motivation of nursing students in Tehran (PubMed)

Relationship between time management skills and anxiety and academic motivation of nursing students in Tehran Time management skills are essential for nursing students' success, and development of clinical competence. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between time management skills and anxiety and academic motivation of nursing students in Tehran medical sciences universities in 2015.This cross-sectional study was carried out on 441 nursing students in three medical (...) universities in Tehran. Random stratified sampling was done to select the samples. Data were collected using demographic Questionnaire, Time Management Questionnaire (TMQ), Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and Academic Motivation Scale (AMS), which was completed t by self-report. Data were analyzed using SPSS 18 software with descriptive and analytical statistics such as ANOVA, independent t-test, Regression and Pearson Correlation Coefficient.Most participants had a moderate level of time

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2017 Electronic physician

133. Environmental radiation level, radiation anxiety, and psychological distress of non-evacuee residents in Fukushima five years after the Great East Japan Earthquake: Multilevel analyses (PubMed)

Environmental radiation level, radiation anxiety, and psychological distress of non-evacuee residents in Fukushima five years after the Great East Japan Earthquake: Multilevel analyses The present study aimed to clarify the associations among radiation exposure or psychological exposure to the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident (i.e., fear/anxiety immediately after the accident), current radiation anxiety, and psychological distress among non-evacuee community residents in Fukushima five (...) . In the questionnaire, immediate fear/anxiety after the accident, current radiation anxiety, and psychological distress were measured using a single-item question, a 7-item scale, and K6, respectively. Multilevel linear or logistic regression models were applied to analyze the determinants of radiation anxiety and psychological distress. The findings showed that environmental radiation levels at the time of the survey were more strongly associated with radiation anxiety than radiation levels immediately after

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2017 SSM - population health

134. Depression, anxiety and quality of life in stroke survivors and their family caregivers: A pilot study using an actor/partner interdependence model (PubMed)

Depression, anxiety and quality of life in stroke survivors and their family caregivers: A pilot study using an actor/partner interdependence model Depression and anxiety are common in stroke survivors as well as their family caregivers. However, it is not known whether each person's emotional distress contributes to their partner's quality of life (QOL).This study aimed to examine the effect of depression and anxiety on QOL in stroke survivor-caregiver dyads using dyadic analysis technique (...) - the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model (APIM).This was a cross-sectional pilot study with a total of 30 participating dyads (30 stroke survivors and 30 family caregivers) from Hospital Rehabilitasi Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. This pilot study was conducted over a period of 3 months, between December 2014 and February 2015. Depression and anxiety were assessed using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). QOL was assessed using the Short Form-12 Health Survey (SF-12). All analyses were

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2017 Electronic physician

135. Distinct responses to predictable and unpredictable threat in anxiety pathologies: effect of panic attack (PubMed)

Distinct responses to predictable and unpredictable threat in anxiety pathologies: effect of panic attack Delineating specific clinical phenotypes of anxiety disorders is a crucial step toward better classification and understanding of these conditions. The present study sought to identify differential aversive responses to predictable and unpredictable threat of shock in healthy comparisons and in non-medicated anxiety patients with and without a history of panic attacks (PAs).143 adults (72 (...) healthy controls; 71 patients with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) or/and social anxiety disorder (SAD), 24 with and 47 without PAs) were exposed to three conditions: 1) predictable shocks signaled by a cue, 2) unpredictable shocks, and 3) no shock. Startle magnitude was used to assess aversive responses.Across disorders, a PA history was specifically associated with hypersensitivity to unpredictable threat. By disorder, SAD was associated with hypersensitivity to predictable threat, whereas GAD

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2017 Biological psychiatry. Cognitive neuroscience and neuroimaging

136. Prevalence of anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder in the Kashmir Valley (PubMed)

Prevalence of anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder in the Kashmir Valley Following the partition of India in 1947, the Kashmir Valley has been subject to continual political insecurity and ongoing conflict, the region remains highly militarised. We conducted a representative cross-sectional population-based survey of adults to estimate the prevalence and predictors of anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the 10 districts of the Kashmir (...) regression analysis was conducted to identify risk factors for developing symptoms of psychological distress.The estimated prevalence of mental distress in adults in the Kashmir Valley was 45% (95% CI 42.6 to 47.0). We identified 41% (95% CI 39.2 to 43.4) of adults with probable depression, 26% (95% CI 23.8 to 27.5) with probable anxiety and 19% (95% CI 17.5 to 21.2) with probable PTSD. The three disorders were associated with the following characteristics: being female, over 55 years of age, having had

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2017 BMJ global health

137. Prevalence of depression and anxiety and their association with body mass index among high school students in Qazvin, Iran, 2013–2014 (PubMed)

Prevalence of depression and anxiety and their association with body mass index among high school students in Qazvin, Iran, 2013–2014 Evidence shows that mental disorders among adolescents are associated with suicide, drug abuse, acute infectious diseases and low educational performances.To determine the prevalence of depression and anxiety and their associations with body mass index (BMI) among high school students in Qazvin, Iran in 2013-2014.A descriptive and analytical cross-sectional (...) study using cluster-sampling method recruited 1,040 students among high schools in Qazvin, Iran from March 2013 to April 2014. Data were collected using questionnaires including demographic, Beck depression inventory and Beck anxiety inventory, and were analyzed with SPSS-19 by descriptive analyses, t-test, Chi-square and Pearson correlation.The prevalence of depression and anxiety was 31.8% and 14.9%, respectively and these amounts were significantly higher in girls than in boys (p<0.05

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2017 Electronic physician

138. Error-Specific Cognitive Control Alterations in Generalized Anxiety Disorder (PubMed)

Error-Specific Cognitive Control Alterations in Generalized Anxiety Disorder Trait anxiety is reliably associated with enhanced neural responses following errors: meta analyses have described how the electrophysiological response to errors known as the Error-Related Negativity (ERN) is increased in anxious individuals, particularly in relation to worry. The ERN has been related to a broader class of control signals, particularly via a common theta band denominator, but it is unknown whether (...) worry relates to these alternative medial frontal metrics. Moreover, it is unclear if increased ERN in anxiety relates to altered cognitive control.In this report we examine EEG activities in Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD, N=39) and control (CTL: N=52) participants during an executive control task. We leveraged a previously defined theta-band network to examine if an altered control signal in GAD underlies a differential implementation of cognitive control.GAD and CTL groups were reliably

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2017 Biological psychiatry. Cognitive neuroscience and neuroimaging

139. The Efficacy of Lavender Aromatherapy in Reducing Preoperative Anxiety in Ambulatory Surgery Patients Undergoing Procedures in General Otolaryngology (PubMed)

The Efficacy of Lavender Aromatherapy in Reducing Preoperative Anxiety in Ambulatory Surgery Patients Undergoing Procedures in General Otolaryngology Preoperative anxiety is a common problem in hospitals and other health care centers. This emotional state has been shown to negatively impact patient satisfaction and outcomes. Aromatherapy, the therapeutic use of essential oils extracted from aromatic plants, may offer a simple, low-risk and cost-effective method of managing preoperative anxiety (...) . The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of lavender aromatherapy in reducing preoperative anxiety in ambulatory surgery patients undergoing procedures in general otolaryngology.A prospective and controlled pilot study was conducted with 100 patients who were admitted to New York-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical Center for ambulatory surgery from January of 2015 to August of 2015. The subjects were allocated to two groups; the experimental group received inhalation lavender aromatherapy

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2017 Laryngoscope investigative otolaryngology

140. Second Generation Antidepressants for Pediatric patients with Major Depressive Disorder and Anxiety Disorder

Second Generation Antidepressants for Pediatric patients with Major Depressive Disorder and Anxiety Disorder Disclaimer: The Rapid Response Service is an information service for those involved in planning and providing health care in Canada. Rapid responses are based on a limited literature search and are not comprehensive, systematic reviews. The intent is to provide a list of sources of the best evidence on the topic that CADTH could identify using all reasonable efforts within the time (...) Antidepressants for Pediatric patients with Major Depressive Disorder and Anxiety Disorder: A Review of the Clinical Effectiveness and Safety DATE: 11 June 2015 CONTEXT AND POLICY ISSUES Major depressive disorders (MDD) and anxiety disorders fall within a spectrum of psychiatric disorders that are characterized by severe and/or persistent symptoms of sadness and irritability that can cause considerable distress and interfere with daily activities. Untreated, they may lead to serious developmental, personal

2015 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review