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Genetic Polymorphisms and Generalized Anxiety Disorder: a systematic review Medical Express - Genetic Polymorphisms and Generalized Anxiety Disorder: a systematic review ISSN (print): 2318-8111 ISSN (online): 2358-0429 Issue: 4.1 - 6 Articles x How to cite Alves VM, Moura EL, Correia LTA, Nardi A. Genetic Polymorphisms and Generalized Anxiety Disorder: a systematic review. MEDICALEXPRESS 2017;4(1): http://www.dx.doi.org/10.5935/MedicalExpress.2017.01.01 REVIEW http://www.dx.doi.org/10.5935 (...) /MedicalExpress.2017.01.01 Genetic Polymorphisms and Generalized Anxiety Disorder: a systematic review Verônica de Medeiros Alves 1 ; Edilson Leite de Moura 2 ; Larissa Tenório Andrade Correia 1 ; Antonio E. Nardi 3 1. Universidade Federal de Alagoas Unidade de Enfermagem, Arapiraca, AL, Brazil 2. Universidade Federal de Alagoas, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde, Arapiraca, AL, Brazil 3. Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Instituto de Psiquiatria, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil E-mail: Received
The Effectiveness Of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) And Internet Cognitive Behavior Therapy (ICBT) As Non-Pharmacological Interventions On Patients With Anxiety: A Systematic Review The Effectiveness Of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) And Internet Cognitive Behavior Therapy (ICBT) As Non-Pharmacological Interventions On Patients With Anxiety: A Systematic Review | Atlantis Press Series: Proceedings of the 8th International Nursing Conference on Education, Practice and Research Development (...) in Nursing (INC 2017) Previous Article In Volume Next Article In Volume The Effectiveness Of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) And Internet Cognitive Behavior Therapy (ICBT) As Non-Pharmacological Interventions On Patients With Anxiety: A Systematic Review Authors Nurul Arifah, Rustafariningsih Rustafariningsih, Nansy Delia Pangandaheng, Ira Ayu Maryuti Corresponding Author Nurul Arifah Available Online April 2017. DOI Keywords CBT, ICBT, anxiety Abstract Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) is one
The relationship between parenting styles or parenting practices, and anxiety in childhood and adolescence: a systematic review Relación entre los estilos educativos parentales o prácticas de crianza y la ansiedad infanto-juvenil: una revisión bibliográfica | Revista Española de Pedagogia Relación entre los estilos educativos parentales o prácticas de crianza y la ansiedad infant ... Relación entre los estilos educativos parentales o prácticas de crianza y la ansiedad infanto-juvenil: una (...) between parenting styles or parenting practices, and anxiety in childhood and adolescence: a systematic review . Revista Española de Pedagogía , 75 (267), 337-351. doi Descriptores: Aroca, C., Cánovas, P., y Sahuquillo, P. (2014). Los estilos educativos. En P. Cánovas y P. M. Mateo (Coords.), Familias y meno r es: r etos y p r opuestas pe d agógicas (pp. 189-230). Valencia: Tirant Humanidades. Betancourt, D., y Andrade, P. (2011). Control parental y problemas emocionales y de conducta en adolescentes
The impact of an educational pamphlet on knowledge and anxiety in women with preeclampsia. This study was undertaken to evaluate whether or not an educational pamphlet could improve knowledge without increasing anxiety in women with preeclampsia.One hundred women recruited from an inpatient setting with suspected or proven preeclampsia were asked to answer a questionnaire assessing demographics, knowledge (primary outcome), anxiety and satisfaction (secondary outcomes) after being randomized (...) of preeclampsia (P = 0.57) were risk factors. There was a significant difference in knowledge about the risk of some fetal complications, including death (90% versus 39%, P < 0.01) and all maternal complications (P < 0.05) favouring the intervention group. Despite increased knowledge about preeclampsia and its risks, anxiety was not greater in the intervention group. Overall, there was a trend towards less knowledge in vulnerable subgroups (non-white, low income and schooling levels), but the improvement
The Relation between Perceived Social Support and Anxiety in Patients under Hemodialysis The increase in the number of patients under hemodialysis treatment is a universal problem. With regard to the fact that there have been few social-psychological studies conducted on patients under hemodialysis treatment, the current study was conducted to investigate anxiety and perceived social support and the relation between them among these patients.This cross-sectional study was conducted on 126 (...) patients under hemodialysis treatment in Isfahan in 2012. After randomly selecting a hospital with a hemodialysis ward, purposive sampling was conducted. Data collection tools included state-trait anxiety and perceived social support inventory. The data were analyzed using the Spearman correlation coefficient.Among the participants, 68.3% received average perceived social support. In addition, perceiving the tangible dimension of support was lower compared to other dimensions (Mean 40.02). Level
Evaluating the Link Between Dopaminergic Treatment, Gait Impairment, and Anxiety in Parkinson's Disease Anxiety is the most under-recognized nonmotor symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD), yet it is unclear whether motor impairment exacerbates anxiety observed in PD, or vice versa. The current study examined: (1) whether movement (i.e., walking vs. standing) elevates distress in PD; (2) how dopaminergic treatment influences anxiety specifically while walking; and (3) whether these responses (...) are worse in PD patients with gait impairments (compared to those without).Twenty healthy control participants (HC), 17 PD participants without gait impairments (PD-GI), and 14 PD participants with gait impairments (PD+GI) performed two tasks (stand vs. walk) in two virtual environments: (1) LOW threat; (2) HIGH threat. This protocol was completed in on and off dopaminergic states (to evaluate the effect of exacerbating motor symptoms).PD+GI reported greater levels of anxiety compared to PD-GI and HC
Anxiety and depression in patients with osteoarthritis: impact and management challenges Anxiety and depression are common psychological comorbidities that impact the quality of life (QoL) of patients. In this systematic review, we 1) determined the impact of anxiety and depression on outcomes in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) and 2) summarized unique challenges these comorbidities present to current OA management.A systematic literature search was performed using the OVID Medline and EMBASE (...) databases until April 2016. Full-text research articles published in English from the year 2000 onward with a sample size of >100 were included in this review. Eligible research articles were reviewed and the following data were extracted: study author(s), year of publication, study design, and key findings.A total of 38 studies were included in the present review. The present study found that both anxiety and/or depression were highly prevalent among patients with OA. Patients with OA diagnosed
Association between quality of life and anxiety, depression, physical activity and physical performance in maintenance hemodialysis patients Maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients often have impaired quality of life (QOL), anxiety, depression, and reduced daily physical activity (DPA) and physical performance. The contributions of these latter factors to reduced QOL in MHD are poorly understood. We examined the association of QOL with anxiety, depression, DPA, and physical performance.Seventy (...) -two relatively healthy adult MHD patients, vintage ≥6 months, and 39 normals of similar age range and gender distribution were studied. QOL was assessed using the Kidney Disease Quality of Life-Short Form (KDQOL-SF). Anxiety and depression were each evaluated with two questionnaires. DPA and physical performance were assessed with a physical activity monitor, Human Activity Profile, and 6-minute walk, sit-to-stand, and stair-climbing tests.Most KDQOL components were reduced in MHD patients versus
Caring for Clients and Families With Anxiety: Home Care Nursesâ€™ Practice Narratives This study elucidated Japanese home care nurses' experiences of supporting clients and families with anxiety. We interviewed 10 registered nurses working in home care agencies and analyzed the data using grounded theory to derive categories pertaining to the nurses' experiences of providing care. We conceptualized nurses' approaches to caring for anxiety into three categories: First, they attempted to reach (...) out for anxiety even when the client/family did not make it explicit; second, they tried to alter the outlook of the situation; and third, they created comfort in the lives of the client/family. The conceptualizations of nurses' strategies to alleviate client/family anxiety may reflect Japanese/Eastern cultural characteristics in communication and their view of the person and social care system, but these conceptualizations may also inform the practice of Western nurses by increasing awareness
Depression and anxiety after 2 years of follow-up in patients diagnosed with diabetes or rheumatoid arthritis We studied emotional health in patients with diabetes mellitus (n = 89) or rheumatoid arthritis (n = 100) aged 18-65 years, at the time of diagnosis and after 24 months. Predictors for depression or anxiety according to the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale after 2 years were assessed by logistic regression, with psychosocial factors and coping as dependent factors. There were many (...) similarities between patients with diabetes mellitus or rheumatoid arthritis. Having children at home, low score on the Sense of Coherence scale, and high score on the coping strategy "protest" were important risk factors for depression and anxiety after 2 years.
The Relation of Pre and Postnatal Depression and Anxiety with Exclusive Breastfeeding Studies on the relationship between prenatal psychosocial risk factors and breastfeeding are disjointed. Maternal health status has a great influence on breastfeeding, growth, and general health of the neonates. The aim of this study was to ascertain the relation between maternal mental health and breastfeeding status of mothers in Kazerun (Fars province, Iran).This cross-sectional study was conducted (...) on a total of 92 pregnant women recruited from clinics in Kazerun in 2015. Participants were divided into two groups subject to exclusive breastfeeding. Spielberger Anxiety Inventory, Beck Depression Inventory and Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) were used for data collection. Data analysis was performed by the SPSS version 16 using descriptive statistics, Chi-square, and Fisher's exact test.The average of state anxiety score according to Spielberger Anxiety Inventory was 1.97±0.51
The Association Between Geographic Location and Anxiety and Depression in Transgender Individuals: An Exploratory Study of an Online Sample Purpose: Research has demonstrated associations between discrimination and mental health in lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender populations. However, little is known about the influence of geographic location on psychological distress in these populations, particularly among transgender people. Methods: This secondary analysis conducted on a national (...) sample of transgender individuals (N=414) offers a preliminary understanding of the effects of geographic location on psychological distress (i.e., anxiety and depression). A univariate analysis of variance was calculated to determine this relationship. Results: The West South Central division (i.e., Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas) revealed highest psychological distress. Conclusion: Results suggest an urgent need for transgender-competent healthcare in this division.
Internet-delivered treatment for older adults with anxiety and depression: implementation of the Wellbeing Plus Course in routine clinical care and comparison with research trial outcomes. The Wellbeing Plus Course is an internet-delivered psychological intervention for older adults with anxiety or depression.To compare the effectiveness of the Wellbeing Plus Course in a public health setting (clinic group) with its efficacy in a randomised controlled trial (research group).Participants (n=949 (...) ) were Australian adults aged 60 and above. Primary outcome measures were the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-7).Initial symptom severity was higher in the clinic group and course completion was lower. Both groups showed significant symptom reductions at post-treatment and were satisfied with the treatment. Results were maintained at 3-month follow-up. Within-group symptom changes were comparable between settings; there were no between-group
Treating anxiety and depression in older adults: randomised controlled trial comparing guided Symptoms of anxiety and depression are prevalent in older adults.To compare clinician-guided and self-guided versions of a transdiagnostic internet-delivered cognitive-behavioural therapy (iCBT) intervention for adults aged 60 years and above.Adults (n=433) with symptoms of anxiety and depression were randomly allocated to: (1) clinician-guided treatment (n=153); (2) initial clinician interview (...) followed by self-guided treatment (n=140); or (3) self-guided treatment without interview (n=140).Large reductions (d ≥1.00) in symptoms of depression and anxiety were observed across groups, and sustained at follow-up. No differences were observed in clinical outcomes or satisfaction ratings. Age did not affect outcomes.Carefully developed iCBT interventions may significantly reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression in older adults when delivered in either clinician-guided or self-guided formats.N.T
The People with Asperger syndrome and anxiety disorders (PAsSA) trial: a pilot multicentre, single-blind randomised trial of group cognitive-behavioural therapy. There is a growing interest in using cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) with people who have Asperger syndrome and comorbid mental health problems.To examine whether modified group CBT for clinically significant anxiety in an Asperger syndrome population is feasible and likely to be efficacious.Using a randomised assessor-blind trial
Protocol investigating the clinical outcomes and cost-effectiveness of cognitive-behavioural therapy delivered remotely for unscheduled care users with health anxiety: randomised controlled trial. Health anxiety and medically unexplained symptoms cost the National Health Service (NHS) an estimated £3 billion per year in unnecessary costs with little evidence of patient benefit. Effective treatment is rarely taken up due to issues such as stigma or previous negative experiences with mental (...) health services. An approach to overcome this might be to offer remotely delivered psychological therapy, which can be just as effective as face-to-face therapy and may be more accessible and suitable.To investigate the clinical outcomes and cost-effectiveness of remotely delivered cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) to people with high health anxiety repeatedly accessing unscheduled care (trial registration: NCT02298036).A multicentre randomised controlled trial (RCT) will be undertaken in primary