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141. Effect of multidisciplinary intensive targeted care in improving diabetes mellitus outcomes: a randomized controlled pilot study - the Integrated Diabetes Education, Awareness and Lifestyle modification in Singapore (IDEALS) Program. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effect of multidisciplinary intensive targeted care in improving diabetes mellitus outcomes: a randomized controlled pilot study - the Integrated Diabetes Education, Awareness and Lifestyle modification in Singapore (IDEALS) Program. There is a global pandemic of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), especially in Asia. Singapore has a prevalence of T2DM at 10.5%, which is higher than the world average of 8.8%. Multiple studies have shown that multidisciplinary, team-based, coordinated care has

2019 Trials Controlled trial quality: uncertain

142. Mobile Phone Text Message Intervention on Diabetes Self-Care Activities, Cardiovascular Disease Risk Awareness, and Food Choices among Type 2 Diabetes Patients. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Mobile Phone Text Message Intervention on Diabetes Self-Care Activities, Cardiovascular Disease Risk Awareness, and Food Choices among Type 2 Diabetes Patients. This study examines the effects of educational text messages on diabetes self-care activities, cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk awareness, and home food availabilities related to food choices among patients with type 2 diabetes. Quasi-experimental design was used with 40 patients (58.0 ± 10.6 years) in the intervention group and 39 (...) the intervention. Significant increases in scores of CVD risk awareness (57% increase; p = 0.04) and availabilities of fresh fruits (320% increase; p = 0.01) and fresh vegetables (250% increase; p = 0.02) in the home and weekly total (16% increase; p = 0.02) and moderate/vigorous (80% increase; p = 0.006) physical activity levels were observed for the intervention group relative to the control group. The pilot results suggest the feasibility and usefulness of the text message program for diabetes education

2019 Nutrients Controlled trial quality: uncertain

143. Kindergarten Training in Phonological Awareness: Fluency and Comprehension Gains Are Greatest for Readers at Risk in Grades 1 Through 9. (Abstract)

Kindergarten Training in Phonological Awareness: Fluency and Comprehension Gains Are Greatest for Readers at Risk in Grades 1 Through 9. Training in phonological awareness has brought about well-documented positive effects on learning to read in lower-primary grades. Less is known about long-term gains extending to upper-primary and junior high school. The few longitudinal studies covering at least 5 years suggest that gains in decoding are sustained, whereas effects on reading comprehension

2019 Journal of learning disabilities Controlled trial quality: uncertain

144. Senior managers' awareness of sun protection policy predicts implementation of worksite sun safety in a randomized trial. (Abstract)

Senior managers' awareness of sun protection policy predicts implementation of worksite sun safety in a randomized trial. Outdoor workers experience chronic exposure to harmful ultraviolet radiation (UV) elevating their risk for skin cancer.A controlled randomized trial promoted the adoption of workplace sun safety policy and employee education at 98 public organizations in Colorado. A 2-year follow-up study with 68 organizations assessed the association of senior manager awareness of sun (...) safety policies and implementation of sun safety actions.Senior managers' awareness of existing sun safety policies, but not their personal sun protection behaviors, predicted implementation of sun safety actions including the number of sun protection messages and sun protection items in the workplace and increased communication about sun safety to employees.Organizational adoption of sun safety policy must include efforts to broadly inform a workplace's senior management to ensure the policies

2019 American Journal of Industrial Medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

145. The effectiveness of current informative material in improving awareness and opinion of undergraduate students towards organ donation: a comparative, randomized survey study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The effectiveness of current informative material in improving awareness and opinion of undergraduate students towards organ donation: a comparative, randomized survey study. Despite the contribution of awareness campaigns to the rise of organ donation rates in Brazil, younger folks are subject to few awareness actions. Records on the effect of informative campaigns at improving opinion and knowledge of undergraduates about organ donation are scarce. This study aimed to assess the effect

2019 Clinics (Sao Paulo, Brazil) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

146. Impact of disease screening on awareness and management of hypertension and diabetes between 2011 and 2015: results from the China health and retirement longitudinal study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Impact of disease screening on awareness and management of hypertension and diabetes between 2011 and 2015: results from the China health and retirement longitudinal study. There has been a limited recognition of hypertension and diabetes in China which has compromised optimal treatment. It is not clear if a screening program implemented by a national health survey has improved awareness and management of these conditions.The China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) is an ongoing (...) longitudinal health survey conducted since 2011 among Chinese people aged 45 years and older. Participants have been assessed every two years by interviews, physical examinations, and fasting glucose samples were taken in 2011. In 2013 and 2015, participants were asked about awareness and management of selected chronic diseases, and they first became aware of these conditions.Of the 11,000+ participants screened in 2011, 4594 were identified with hypertension and 1703 with diabetes by medical examinations

2019 BMC Public Health

147. HIV leadership programming attendance is associated with PrEP and PEP awareness among young, gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men in Vancouver, Canada. Full Text available with Trip Pro

HIV leadership programming attendance is associated with PrEP and PEP awareness among young, gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men in Vancouver, Canada. Young gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (YGBM) may have reduced engagement and knowledge of HIV care and biomedical HIV prevention strategies, such as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP), and Treatment as Prevention (TasP), compared with adult GBM. We sought to understand differences (...) in HIV prevention awareness, health care access, and service utilization between youth (16-29 years) and adult (≥30 year) GBM, as well as factors associated with attendance in HIV leadership programming among YGBM living in the publicly funded PrEP setting of Vancouver, Canada.Sexually-active GBM were recruited using respondent-driven sampling (RDS) from February 2012 to February 2015. Participants completed an in-person computer-assisted self-interview every 6 months, up to February 2017

2019 BMC Public Health

148. Validity and responsiveness to change of the Active Australia Survey according to gender, age, BMI, education, and physical activity level and awareness. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Validity and responsiveness to change of the Active Australia Survey according to gender, age, BMI, education, and physical activity level and awareness. This study aimed to investigate the validity of the Active Australia Survey across different subgroups and its responsiveness to change, as few previous studies have examined this.The Active Australia Survey was validated against the ActiGraph as an objective measure of physical activity. Participants (n = 465) wore the ActiGraph for 7 days

2019 BMC Public Health

149. Despite Active Public Health Campaigns, Death from Falls Increased 30% in the Past Decade: Is Ageism Part of the Barrier to Self-Awareness? (Abstract)

Despite Active Public Health Campaigns, Death from Falls Increased 30% in the Past Decade: Is Ageism Part of the Barrier to Self-Awareness? Public health messaging campaigns stating that falls are bad and can be prevented are not effective, as evidenced by a 30% increase in death from falls over the past decade. A first approach is to use measures of balance to show the magnitude of the problem. Second, the role of ageism as a barrier to required behavioral change should be addressed. Third

2019 Clinics in Geriatric Medicine

150. The Effect of Hearing-Protection Devices on Auditory Situational Awareness and Listening Effort. (Abstract)

The Effect of Hearing-Protection Devices on Auditory Situational Awareness and Listening Effort. Hearing-protection devices (HPDs) are made available, and often are required, for industrial use as well as military training exercises and operational duties. However, these devices often are disliked, and consequently not worn, in part because they compromise situational awareness through reduced sound detection and localization performance as well as degraded speech intelligibility. In this study (...) of the conducted tasks as compared to the open ear. Of particular note in this study is the finding of increased cognitive load or listening effort, as measured by visual reaction time, for some hearing protectors during a dual-task, which added working-memory demands to the speech-intelligibility task.These results indicate that situational awareness can vary greatly across the spectrum of HPDs, and that listening effort is another aspect of performance that should be considered in future studies

2019 Ear and hearing

151. Increased Incidence of Symptomatic Venous Thromboembolism following Pedicled Lower Extremity Flap Harvest for Abdominal and Perineal Reconstruction in Patients Receiving Mechanical Prophylaxis and Chemoprophylaxis: A Case for Heightened Awareness. (Abstract)

Increased Incidence of Symptomatic Venous Thromboembolism following Pedicled Lower Extremity Flap Harvest for Abdominal and Perineal Reconstruction in Patients Receiving Mechanical Prophylaxis and Chemoprophylaxis: A Case for Heightened Awareness. Postsurgical venous thromboembolism remains a leading cause of hospital morbidity. Data to support venous thromboembolism prophylaxis guidelines in lower extremity flap surgery are lacking. The purpose of this study was to explore the effect

2019 Plastic and reconstructive surgery

152. Patient awareness of orthodontic mobile phone apps. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Patient awareness of orthodontic mobile phone apps. Mobile phone applications (apps) can be engaging, accessible, versatile and have the potential to improve patient care. In 2017, 354 orthodontic apps were reported to be available, many of them targeted at patients; however, the awareness and usage of apps among orthodontic patients was unreported.The primary aim of this study was to assess patients' current awareness of orthodontic apps.One hundred orthodontic patients (50 new and 50 (...) in treatment) completed a questionnaire designed to explore their awareness, access to and utilisation of orthodontic apps and social media to support orthodontic treatment. Furthermore, their willingness to engage with and use an app to aid with orthodontic treatment was explored. There were no age restrictions or exclusion criteria.Ninety percent of patients had access to a smartphone, of which 73% belonged to them (rather than a parent/relative). Apple was the most popular platform (56%) followed

2019 Journal of Orthodontics

153. Low awareness, adherence, and practice but positive attitudes regarding lifestyle recommendations among non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer patients. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Low awareness, adherence, and practice but positive attitudes regarding lifestyle recommendations among non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer patients. A healthy lifestyle may reduce the risk of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) recurrence. The objective of this study was to obtain insight in whether NMIBC patients are aware of possible risk factors for (bladder) cancer, adhere to lifestyle recommendations for cancer prevention, received lifestyle advice from their physician, and what (...) their attitudes are towards physicians giving lifestyle advice.Patients with newly diagnosed NMIBC between 2014 and 2017 participating in the UroLife cohort study completed questionnaires at 6 weeks and 3 months after diagnosis about awareness of (bladder) cancer risk factors, adherence to lifestyle recommendations, reception of lifestyle advice, and attitudes towards physicians giving lifestyle advice.A total of 969 NMIBC patients were included (response rate 46%). Most patients (89%) were aware that smoking

2019 Urologic oncology

154. Gaps in Viral Hepatitis Awareness in the United States in a Population-based Study. (Abstract)

Gaps in Viral Hepatitis Awareness in the United States in a Population-based Study. The benefits of highly effective therapies for chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) or HCV infection can only be realized if infected individuals are identified and linked to care. We sought to identify gaps in awareness of diagnosis of HBV or HCV infection in a population-based sample of adults living in the United States (US).Using National Health and Nutrition Examinations Surveys data, we examined factors (...) associated with HBV and HCV awareness. Participants surveyed from 2013 through 2016, age ≥20 years, with complete serologic analyses were included. HBV and HCV infections were defined by detection of serum HBsAg and anti-HCV, respectively. The primary outcome was awareness of infection-if participants replied "yes" to the question: "Has a doctor or other health professional ever told you that you have hepatitis B or C?"Of 14,745 participants, 68 had HBV and 211 had HCV infection, corresponding

2019 Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology

155. Listeriosis in Spain based on hospitalisation records, 1997 to 2015: need for greater awareness. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Listeriosis in Spain based on hospitalisation records, 1997 to 2015: need for greater awareness. IntroductionListeriosis is a food-borne disease of public health importance that has recently been involved in prolonged outbreaks. Despite its relevance, listeriosis is under-reported in many European countries.AimWe aimed to describe listeriosis epidemiology in Spain from 1997-2015.MethodsWe performed a retrospective study using the Spanish hospitalisation database. We calculated the mean number

2019 Euro Surveillance

156. Limits on visual awareness of object targets in the context of other object category masks: Investigating bottlenecks in the continuous flash suppression paradigm with hand and tool stimuli. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Limits on visual awareness of object targets in the context of other object category masks: Investigating bottlenecks in the continuous flash suppression paradigm with hand and tool stimuli. The continuous flash suppression (CFS) task can be used to investigate what limits our capacity to become aware of visual stimuli. In this task, a stream of rapidly changing mask images to one eye initially suppresses awareness for a static target image presented to the other eye. Several factors may (...) determine the breakthrough time from mask suppression, one of which is the overlap in representation of the target/mask categories in higher visual cortex. This hypothesis is based on certain object categories (e.g., faces) being more effective in blocking awareness of other categories (e.g., buildings) than other combinations (e.g., cars/chairs). Previous work found mask effectiveness to be correlated with category-pair high-level representational similarity. As the cortical representations of hands

2019 Journal of vision

157. Can a mass media campaign raise awareness of alcohol as a risk factor for cancer and public support for alcohol related policies? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Can a mass media campaign raise awareness of alcohol as a risk factor for cancer and public support for alcohol related policies? Alcohol consumption increases the risk of several cancers, but public awareness of alcohol as a risk factor for cancer is low. Research indicates that public opinion about alcohol related policies can be influenced by mass media campaigns and awareness of alcohol as a carcinogen. The objective of this study was to test whether a mass media campaign intended to raise (...) awareness of the relation between alcohol and cancer is associated with higher public awareness of alcohol as a risk factor for cancer, and higher levels of support for alcohol related policies. Cross-sectional surveys of a nationally representative sample of N = 6000 Danish adults were conducted pre- (n = 3000) and post campaign (n = 3000) in 2017-2018. Awareness of alcohol as a cancer risk factor significantly increased between the pre and post campaign survey (approximately 5 percentage points

2019 Preventive Medicine

158. The Tangibility of Personalized 3D-Printed Feedback May Enhance Youths' Physical Activity Awareness, Goal Setting, and Motivation: Intervention Study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Tangibility of Personalized 3D-Printed Feedback May Enhance Youths' Physical Activity Awareness, Goal Setting, and Motivation: Intervention Study. In the United Kingdom, most youth fail to achieve the government guideline of 60 min of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) daily. Reasons that are frequently cited for the underachievement of this guideline include (1) a lack of awareness of personal physical activity levels (PALs) and (2) a lack of understanding of what activities (...) and different intensities contribute to daily targets of physical activity (PA). Technological advances have enabled novel ways of representing PA data through personalized tangible three-dimensional (3D) models.The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of 3D-printed models to enhance youth awareness and understanding of and motivation to engage in PA.A total of 39 primary school children (22 boys; mean age 7.9 [SD 0.3] years) and 58 secondary school adolescents (37 boys; mean age 13.8 [SD

2019 Journal of medical Internet research

159. Accurate prognostic awareness and preference states influence the concordance between terminally ill cancer patients' states of preferred and received life-sustaining treatments in the last 6 months of life. (Abstract)

Accurate prognostic awareness and preference states influence the concordance between terminally ill cancer patients' states of preferred and received life-sustaining treatments in the last 6 months of life. Factors facilitating/hindering concordance between preferred and received life-sustaining treatments may be distorted if preferences and predictors are measured long before death.To examine factors facilitating/hindering concordance between cancer patients' preferred and received life (...) uncertain about what life-sustaining treatments they preferred to receive, and those who preferred nutritional support but declined other life-sustaining treatments. Patient age, physician-patient end-of-life-care discussions, symptom distress, and functional dependence were not associated with concordance between preferred and received life-sustaining-treatment states.Prognostic awareness and preferred states of life-sustaining treatments were significantly associated with concordance between preferred

2019 Palliative medicine

160. Assessing risks to paediatric patients: conversation analysis of situation awareness in huddle meetings in England. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Assessing risks to paediatric patients: conversation analysis of situation awareness in huddle meetings in England. To analyse the language and conversation used in huddles to gain a deeper understanding of exactly how huddles proceed in practice and to examine the methods by which staff members identify at-risk patients.Paediatric wards in four English hospitals, which were part of a 12-hospital cohort participating in the Situation Awareness for Everyone programme. Wards varied (...) to identify such in-between states. Sequential analysis also highlighted the conversational rights that were held implicitly by staff in different clinical roles.Practical implications and recommendations for huddlers are considered. These included that for increased situation awareness, it is recommended that all staff are active in the huddle conversation and not only the most senior team members.© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2019. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights

2019 BMJ open

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