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Emotional intelligence and social functioning in persons with schizotypy.
Schizophrenia Research, 2008Over 2100 undergraduates were screened for schizotypy with the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire - Brief Version.
Forty participants identified as persons with high schizotypy and 56 participants identified as persons with low schizotypy completed assessments of emotional intelligence (Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test), social functioning (Social Adjustment Scale - Self Report), verbal episodic (secondary) memory (California Verbal Learning Test), and executive functioning (Wisconsin Card Sorting Test).
Persons high in schizotypy were impaired in overall emotional intelligence and two aspects of emotional intelligence, the ability to perceive emotions and the ability to manage emotions.
Persons high in schizotypy were also impaired in three aspects of social functioning: peer relationships, family relationships, and academic functioning.
For persons with high schizotypy, overall emotional intelligence and two aspects of emotional intelligence, the ability to perceive emotions and the ability to manage emotions, were associated with peer relationship functioning.
Overall emotional intelligence was associated with verbal episodic (secondary) memory, but not executive functioning, in persons with high schizotypy.
The current findings suggest that emotional intelligence is impaired in persons with schizotypy and that these impairments affect their social functioning.