Latest & greatest articles for babies

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Top results for babies

1. Investigations before starting treatment for late-onset neonatal infection in babies

Investigations before starting treatment for late-onset neonatal infection in babies Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites

2020 PROSPERO

2. Cord management at birth for term and late preterm babies

Cord management at birth for term and late preterm babies Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr

2020 PROSPERO

3. ASCIA Information on how to introduce solid foods to babies for allergy prevention

ASCIA Information on how to introduce solid foods to babies for allergy prevention ASCIA INFORMATION FOR PATIENTS, CONSUMERS AND CARERS 1 Parent Information: Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) How to Introduce Solid Foods For Allergy Prevention This information aims to provide practical advice on how to introduce solid foods to your baby, and is based on current evidence for food allergy prevention. This advice is relevant for all babies, particularly those with severe eczema, or existing food (...) allergy, or a family member (parent or sibling) with allergies. Key Points • Start to introduce solid foods around six months of age (not before four months), and when your baby is ready. If possible, continue to breastfeed your baby while you are introducing solid foods. • When introducing solid foods to your baby, include common allergy causing foods by 12 months in an age appropriate form, such as well cooked egg and smooth peanut butter/paste. These foods include egg, peanut, cow’s milk (dairy

2019 Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy

4. Immunisations: babies up to 13 months of age

Immunisations: babies up to 13 months of age Immunisations: babies up to 13 months of age - GOV.UK GOV.UK uses cookies which are essential for the site to work. We also use non-essential cookies to help us improve government digital services. Any data collected is anonymised. By continuing to use this site, you agree to our use of cookies. Accept cookies You’ve accepted all cookies. You can at any time. Hide Search Register by 26 November to vote in the General Election on 12 December (...) . Promotional material Immunisations: babies up to 13 months of age This booklet covers all immunisations for babies during their first year of life. Published 29 July 2013 Last updated 4 November 2019 — From: Documents Ref: Public Health England gateway number 2019179 If you use assistive technology (such as a screen reader) and need a version of this document in a more accessible format, please email . Please tell us what format you need. It will help us if you say what assistive technology you use

2019 Public Health England

5. Effect of antenatal dietary interventions in maternal obesity on pregnancy weight-gain and birthweight: Healthy Mums and Babies (HUMBA) randomized trial (Abstract)

Effect of antenatal dietary interventions in maternal obesity on pregnancy weight-gain and birthweight: Healthy Mums and Babies (HUMBA) randomized trial Pregnancy interventions that improve maternal and infant outcomes are urgently needed in populations with high rates of obesity. We undertook the Healthy Mums and Babies (HUMBA) randomized controlled trial to assess the effect of dietary interventions and or probiotics in a multiethnic population of pregnant women with obesity, living

2019 EvidenceUpdates

6. A Randomized Trial of Baby Triple P for Preterm Infants: Child Outcomes at 2 Years of Corrected Age Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Randomized Trial of Baby Triple P for Preterm Infants: Child Outcomes at 2 Years of Corrected Age To determine the efficacy of a hospital-based intervention that transitions into existing community support, in enhancing developmental outcomes at 2 years of corrected age in infants born at less than 32 weeks.In total, 323 families of 384 infants born <32 weeks were randomized to receive intervention or care-as-usual. The intervention teaches parents coping skills, partner support (...) scored significantly higher on cognition (3.5; 95% CI 0.2-6.8, P = .04) and motor skill (5.5; 95% CI 2.5-8.4, P < .001), and approached significance on language (3.8; 95% CI -0.3 to 7.9, P = .07).Baby Triple P for Preterm Infants increases cognitive and motor skills but does not impact behavior. The results are evidence that hospital-based interventions can improve some developmental outcomes for infants <32 weeks.ACTRN 12612000194864.Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2019 EvidenceUpdates

7. Specialist neonatal respiratory care for babies born preterm

Specialist neonatal respiratory care for babies born preterm Specialist neonatal respir Specialist neonatal respiratory care for atory care for babies born preterm babies born preterm NICE guideline Published: 3 April 2019 nice.org.uk/guidance/ng124 © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and-conditions#notice-of- rights).Y Y our responsibility our responsibility The recommendations in this guideline represent the view of NICE, arrived (...) be interpreted in a way that would be inconsistent with complying with those duties. Commissioners and providers have a responsibility to promote an environmentally sustainable health and care system and should assess and reduce the environmental impact of implementing NICE recommendations wherever possible. Specialist neonatal respiratory care for babies born preterm (NG124) © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 2

2019 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

8. Support during pregnancy for women at increased risk of low birthweight babies. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Support during pregnancy for women at increased risk of low birthweight babies. Studies consistently show a relationship between social disadvantage and low birthweight. Many countries have programmes offering special assistance to women thought to be at risk for giving birth to a low birthweight infant. These programmes, collectively referred to in this review as additional social support, may include emotional support, which gives a person a feeling of being loved and cared for, tangible (...) , instrumental/tangible and informational) compared with routine care, for pregnant women believed to be at high risk for giving birth to babies that are either preterm (less than 37 weeks' gestation) or weigh less than 2500 g, or both, at birth. Secondary objectives were to determine whether the effectiveness of support was mediated by timing of onset (early versus later in pregnancy) or type of provider (healthcare professional or lay person).For this update, we searched Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth's

2019 Cochrane

9. Intrapartum care for women with existing medical conditions or obstetric complications and their babies

Intrapartum care for women with existing medical conditions or obstetric complications and their babies Intr Intrapartum care for women with apartum care for women with e existing medical conditions or obstetric xisting medical conditions or obstetric complications and their babies complications and their babies NICE guideline Published: 6 March 2019 www.nice.org.uk/guidance/ng121 © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and-conditions#notice (...) with existing medical conditions or obstetric complications and their babies (NG121) © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Last updated April 2019 Page 2 of 96Contents Contents Overview 6 Who is it for? 6 Recommendations 7 1.1 Information for women with existing medical conditions 7 1.2 Planning for intrapartum care with women with existing medical conditions – involving a multidisciplinary team 8 1.3 Heart disease 9

2019 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

10. Oral ibuprofen may be an option for closing patent ductus arteriosus in premature babies

Oral ibuprofen may be an option for closing patent ductus arteriosus in premature babies Oral ibuprofen may be an option for closing patent ductus arteriosus in premature babies Discover Portal Discover Portal Oral ibuprofen may be an option for closing patent ductus arteriosus in premature babies Published on 3 July 2018 doi: A high dose of oral ibuprofen was more likely to close a patent ductus arteriosus in premature babies when compared with standard doses of intravenous ibuprofen (...) or indometacin. Before birth, a baby's lungs aren't needed for breathing. Most blood bypasses the lungs through a large vessel called the ductus arteriosus directly from the pulmonary artery into the aorta to supply the main circulation. Once born, blood flows through the lungs, and the ductus arteriosus usually closes in the first few days. If it doesn't close it is referred to as "patent". This condition is much more common in premature babies and doesn't always need treatment, but if causing problems may

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

11. Testing oxygen levels of newborn babies helps find serious heart defects

Testing oxygen levels of newborn babies helps find serious heart defects Testing oxygen levels of newborn babies helps find serious heart defects Discover Portal Discover Portal Testing oxygen levels of newborn babies helps find serious heart defects Published on 17 July 2018 doi: Measuring oxygen levels in newborn babies as part of routine care can identify cases of critical congenital heart defects sooner than waiting until symptoms appear. If 10,000 babies were screened, pulse oximetry could (...) correctly identify about 5 of the 6 expected asymptomatic cases and might miss one. This international research suggests there would be about 14 false alarms. Waiting until babies are at least 24 hours old minimises the number of these false positives. Babies with critical heart defects often show no symptoms at birth. Early detection of these problems increases the chance of successful treatment. This systematic review looked at 21 studies of 457,202 babies where pulse oximetry (measuring the amount

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

12. Domperidone increases breast milk production in mothers of premature babies

Domperidone increases breast milk production in mothers of premature babies Domperidone increases breast milk in mothers of premature babies Discover Portal Discover Portal Domperidone increases breast milk production in mothers of premature babies Published on 8 May 2018 doi: The drug domperidone increases the amount of breast milk women produce. This review looked at its use for up to two weeks in women with premature babies being fed with expressed milk. Women had a moderate increase (...) in breast milk of about 88ml a day, a clinically important increase for these small babies. Domperidone is an anti-sickness medication. It has not been widely used to increase breast milk because of unknown effectiveness and concerns that it can cause an irregular heart rhythm with longer-term use in older people. This review found it can moderately increase milk production. Though no serious or cardiac side effects occurred in the studies, only 192 women participated in the trials, so rarer side

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

13. Inducing labour in older women having their first baby does not increase the chance of caesarean delivery

Inducing labour in older women having their first baby does not increase the chance of caesarean delivery Inducing labour in older women having their first baby does not increase the chance of caesarean delivery Discover Portal Discover Portal Inducing labour in older women having their first baby does not increase the chance of caesarean delivery Published on 26 April 2016 doi: Planning to artificially start labour for older women, pregnant with their first child, in the 39th week of pregnancy (...) does not affect the chance of having a caesarean delivery, according to a new trial funded by NIHR. Older women having a first baby have a higher risk of stillbirth and other complications than younger mothers and inducing labour at or before the due date is thought to reduce this risk. However, there have been fears that inducing labour may raise the risk of a caesarean delivery. This study found that women aged 35 or over having their first child and who were induced at 39 weeks had no higher

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

14. High-flow oxygen therapy may be a useful alternative to other forms of breathing support for preterm babies

High-flow oxygen therapy may be a useful alternative to other forms of breathing support for preterm babies High-flow oxygen therapy may be a useful alternative to other forms of breathing support for preterm babies Discover Portal Discover Portal High-flow oxygen therapy may be a useful alternative to other forms of breathing support for preterm babies Published on 17 May 2016 doi: This systematic review found high-flow oxygen delivered by nose was as effective and safe as other non-invasive (...) methods of breathing support for preterm babies. The numbers of treatment failures, deaths and rates of chronic lung disease were similar. Most studies were of high-flow oxygen for babies after tubes used for ventilation had been removed. For these babies use of high-flow techniques were less likely to cause nasal damage or a collapsed lung than other non-invasive methods. High-flow oxygen therapy delivers gas through thin tubes that sit just inside each nostril, whereas the most common non-invasive

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

15. Links between antipsychotics in pregnancy and harmful outcomes for baby may be influenced by mother’s lifestyle

Links between antipsychotics in pregnancy and harmful outcomes for baby may be influenced by mother’s lifestyle Links between antipsychotics in pregnancy and harmful outcomes for baby may be influenced by mother’s lifestyle Discover Portal Discover Portal Links between antipsychotics in pregnancy and harmful outcomes for baby may be influenced by mother’s lifestyle Published on 6 June 2016 doi: This NIHR funded study found that antipsychotic use during pregnancy was not associated with worse

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

16. Preterm babies do not benefit from a new IV feeding regimen

Preterm babies do not benefit from a new IV feeding regimen Preterm babies do not benefit from a new IV feeding regimen Discover Portal Discover Portal Preterm babies do not benefit from a new IV feeding regimen Published on 14 July 2016 doi: Intravenous feeding solutions with a higher dose of amino acids or solutions containing fish oils do not provide better outcomes for preterm infants. Many preterm babies can’t feed normally for the first few weeks after birth so they are given a mixture (...) acids or emulsions containing fish oils are beneficial compared to a standard approach, where the dose of amino acids is slowly increased and soya oil is used. Share your views on the research. Why was this study needed? Each year about 8000 extremely preterm infants, born before 31 weeks of gestation, are born in the UK. Until they are able to tolerate milk feeds most of these babies receive intravenous feeding which starts at a variable time after birth and is usually increased slowly, though

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

17. Placing wet gauze on babies’ tummies speeds up urine collection

Placing wet gauze on babies’ tummies speeds up urine collection Placing wet gauze on babies’ tummies speeds up urine collection Discover Portal Discover Portal Placing wet gauze on babies’ tummies speeds up urine collection Published on 17 October 2017 doi: Almost a third of infants managed to urinate within five minutes after a painless, cheap technique that stimulates the skin, compared with 12% of infants observed only, as is standard practice. The ‘Quick-Wee’ method involved rubbing (...) the babies’ abdomens gently with gauze soaked in cold saline before collecting urine. This trial was carried out with 354 babies aged one to 11 months in one Australian paediatrics emergency room. NICE guidelines recommend non-invasive ‘clean catch’ collection if possible but this can be difficult, especially in young children. They estimate that 20 minutes of staff time can be needed to obtain a sample. Hospital paediatrics settings and primary care may want to try this promising, cheap and safe

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

18. Fewer large babies are born to pregnant woman with type 1 diabetes if their glucose was monitored continuously

Fewer large babies are born to pregnant woman with type 1 diabetes if their glucose was monitored continuously Fewer large babies are born to pregnant woman with type 1 diabetes if their glucose was monitored continuously Discover Portal Discover Portal Fewer large babies are born to pregnant woman with type 1 diabetes if their glucose was monitored continuously Published on 12 December 2017 doi: Pregnant women with type 1 diabetes who used a continuous glucose monitoring system were half (...) as likely to have a large baby compared with those using standard finger prick blood glucose measurements. Only 15% of infants needed intensive care admissions due to low blood glucose in the continuous glucose monitoring group, compared with 28% born to mothers in the standard finger prick control group. Pregnant women using continuous monitoring spent 7% more time in the target glucose range than those on standard measurements. However, their HbA1c levels, which indicate diabetic control over 12 weeks

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

19. Antenatal corticosteroids reduce breathing problems in late preterm babies

Antenatal corticosteroids reduce breathing problems in late preterm babies Antenatal corticosteroids reduce breathing problems in late preterm babies Discover Portal Discover Portal Antenatal corticosteroids reduce breathing problems in late preterm babies Published on 21 February 2017 doi: Giving corticosteroids to women at risk of preterm birth at 34 weeks of pregnancy or later reduced the risk of severe breathing problems in the baby after birth from 1.9% to 1.1%. Steroids also reduced (...) the risk for babies born by planned caesarean section after 37 weeks (so not premature). Steroids are known to be beneficial if given to pregnant women at risk of preterm birth before 34 weeks and are already advised for babies born by caesarean section. This meta-analysis of six large trials provides new evidence that steroids might also benefit premature babies born after the 34th week. However, the review also found steroids increased the risk of low blood sugar in the new-born, which would need

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

20. Breastfeeding reduces crying during baby immunisation

Breastfeeding reduces crying during baby immunisation Breastfeeding reduces crying during baby immunisation Discover Portal Discover Portal Breastfeeding reduces crying during baby immunisation Published on 21 February 2017 doi: Babies who were breastfed before and during routine childhood immunisations cried on average for 38 seconds less and had lower pain scores compared to babies not breastfed. This evidence review used data from 10 trials, with results for 1,066 babies, mostly between one (...) and six months old, following their normal immunisation schedule. Immunisation levels in England are below recommended levels and falling. Pain from injections causes distress to babies and parents, and may put parents off bringing their children for immunisation or finishing the course of treatment over a year. This is the first review to focus studies of breastfeeding for any painful procedure for older babies. The only trials found related to immunisations, and none was on other procedures

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre