Latest & greatest articles for azithromycin

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This page lists the very latest high quality evidence on azithromycin and also the most popular articles. Popularity measured by the number of times the articles have been clicked on by fellow users in the last twelve months.

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Top results for azithromycin

1. Does maintenance azithromycin reduce asthma exacerbations? An individual participant data meta-analysis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Does maintenance azithromycin reduce asthma exacerbations? An individual participant data meta-analysis Preventing exacerbations is an important goal of asthma treatment. Long-term treatment with azithromycin may help achieve this. Our aim was to conduct a systematic review and individual participant data (IPD) meta-analysis to examine the efficacy of azithromycin in reducing exacerbations in asthma, and in the subphenotypes of noneosinophilic asthma, eosinophilic asthma and severe asthma.We (...) completed a systematic search of Embase, MEDLINE, PubMed, Cochrane Library, ClinicalTrials.gov and reference lists of previous systematic reviews in February 2019. We included parallel-group, double-blind, randomised controlled trials in adults comparing at least 8 weeks of azithromycin treatment with placebo, where the outcome of exacerbations was assessed over at least 6 months. Data were extracted from published sources, Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool was applied and IPD were sought from authors. Reviews

2020 EvidenceUpdates

2. Azithromycin and sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine as prophylaxis against newborn low birthweight in endemic malaria and sexually transmitted infection settings of Sub-Sahara Africa: a systematic review with meta-analysis

Azithromycin and sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine as prophylaxis against newborn low birthweight in endemic malaria and sexually transmitted infection settings of Sub-Sahara Africa: a systematic review with meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD

2020 PROSPERO

3. Biannual mass azithromycin distributions and malaria parasitemia in pre-school children in Niger: A cluster-randomized, placebo-controlled trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

Biannual mass azithromycin distributions and malaria parasitemia in pre-school children in Niger: A cluster-randomized, placebo-controlled trial Mass azithromycin distributions have been shown to reduce mortality in preschool children, although the factors mediating this mortality reduction are not clear. This study was performed to determine whether mass distribution of azithromycin, which has modest antimalarial activity, reduces the community burden of malaria.In a cluster-randomized trial (...) conducted from 23 November 2014 until 31 July 2017, 30 rural communities in Niger were randomized to 2 years of biannual mass distributions of either azithromycin (20 mg/kg oral suspension) or placebo to children aged 1 to 59 months. Participants, field staff, and investigators were masked to treatment allocation. The primary malaria outcome was the community prevalence of parasitemia on thick blood smear, assessed in a random sample of children from each community at study visits 12 and 24 months after

2019 EvidenceUpdates

4. Longer-Term Assessment of Azithromycin for Reducing Childhood Mortality in Africa. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Longer-Term Assessment of Azithromycin for Reducing Childhood Mortality in Africa. The MORDOR I trial (Macrolides Oraux pour Réduire les Décès avec un Oeil sur la Résistance) showed that in Niger, mass administration of azithromycin twice a year for 2 years resulted in 18% lower postneonatal childhood mortality than administration of placebo. Whether this benefit could increase with each administration or wane owing to antibiotic resistance was unknown.In the Niger component of the MORDOR I (...) trial, we randomly assigned 594 communities to four twice-yearly distributions of either azithromycin or placebo to children 1 to 59 months of age. In MORDOR II, all these communities received two additional open-label azithromycin distributions. All-cause mortality was assessed twice yearly by census workers who were unaware of participants' original assignments.In the MORDOR II trial, the mean (±SD) azithromycin coverage was 91.3±7.2% in the communities that received twice-yearly azithromycin

2019 NEJM Controlled trial quality: predicted high

5. Efficacy of periodic mass drug administration (MDA) of azithromycin for reduction of mortality and morbidity in children aged 1-59 months - a systematic review

Efficacy of periodic mass drug administration (MDA) of azithromycin for reduction of mortality and morbidity in children aged 1-59 months - a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr

2019 PROSPERO

6. Can azithromycin be an add-on treatment for asthma: protocol of a systematic review and meta-analysis

Can azithromycin be an add-on treatment for asthma: protocol of a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web

2019 PROSPERO

7. Systematic review (and meta-analysis) of the effect of administration of azithromycin during pregnancy on perinatal and neonatal outcomes

Systematic review (and meta-analysis) of the effect of administration of azithromycin during pregnancy on perinatal and neonatal outcomes Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration

2019 PROSPERO

8. Efficacy of azithromycin ophthalmic solutions for ocular diseases: a systematic review and meta analysis

Efficacy of azithromycin ophthalmic solutions for ocular diseases: a systematic review and meta analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files

2019 PROSPERO

9. Circulating desmosine as a biomarker of azithromycin treatment response: a post hoc analysis of the COLUMBUS randomised controlled trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

Circulating desmosine as a biomarker of azithromycin treatment response: a post hoc analysis of the COLUMBUS randomised controlled trial Circulating desmosine is not reduced by treatment with azithromycin in COPD but elevated desmosine may identify a patient group with a greater treatment response http://ow.ly/vN6N30mhBA1.

2018 ERJ open research Controlled trial quality: uncertain

10. Azithromycin treatment modifies airway and blood gene expression networks in neutrophilic COPD Full Text available with Trip Pro

Azithromycin treatment modifies airway and blood gene expression networks in neutrophilic COPD Long-term, low-dose azithromycin reduces exacerbation frequency in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), yet the mechanism remains unclear. This study characterised genome-wide gene expression changes in patients with neutrophilic COPD following long-term, low-dose azithromycin treatment. Patients with neutrophilic COPD (>61% or >162×104 cells per mL sputum neutrophils) were randomised (...) to receive either azithromycin or placebo for 12 weeks. Sputum and blood were obtained before and after 12 weeks of treatment. Gene expression was defined using microarrays. Networks were analysed using the Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Gene database. In sputum, 403 genes were differentially expressed following azithromycin treatment (171 downregulated and 232 upregulated), and three following placebo treatment (one downregulated and two upregulated) compared to baseline (adjusted p<0.05

2018 ERJ open research Controlled trial quality: uncertain

11. Azithromycin for Early Pseudomonas Infection in Cystic Fibrosis. The OPTIMIZE Randomized Trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

Azithromycin for Early Pseudomonas Infection in Cystic Fibrosis. The OPTIMIZE Randomized Trial New isolation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Pa) is generally treated with inhaled antipseudomonal antibiotics such as tobramycin inhalation solution (TIS). A therapeutic approach that complements traditional antimicrobial therapy by reducing the risk of pulmonary exacerbation and inflammation may ultimately prolong the time to Pa recurrence.To test the hypothesis that the addition of azithromycin to TIS (...) in children with cystic fibrosis and early Pa decreases the risk of pulmonary exacerbation and prolongs the time to Pa recurrence.The OPTIMIZE (Optimizing Treatment for Early Pseudomonas aeruginosa Infection in Cystic Fibrosis) trial was a multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, 18-month trial in children with CF, 6 months to 18 years of age, with early Pa. Azithromycin or placebo was given 3× weekly with standardized TIS.The primary endpoint was the time to pulmonary exacerbation

2018 EvidenceUpdates

12. Amoxicillin-clavulanate versus azithromycin for respiratory exacerbations in children with bronchiectasis (BEST-2): a multicentre, double-blind, non-inferiority, randomised controlled trial. (Abstract)

Amoxicillin-clavulanate versus azithromycin for respiratory exacerbations in children with bronchiectasis (BEST-2): a multicentre, double-blind, non-inferiority, randomised controlled trial. Although amoxicillin-clavulanate is the recommended first-line empirical oral antibiotic treatment for non-severe exacerbations in children with bronchiectasis, azithromycin is also often prescribed for its convenient once-daily dosing. No randomised controlled trials involving acute exacerbations (...) in children with bronchiectasis have been published to our knowledge. We hypothesised that azithromycin is non-inferior to amoxicillin-clavulanate for resolving exacerbations in children with bronchiectasis.We did this parallel-group, double-dummy, double-blind, non-inferiority randomised controlled trial in three Australian and one New Zealand hospital between April, 2012, and August, 2016. We enrolled children aged 1-19 years with radiographically proven bronchiectasis unrelated to cystic fibrosis

2018 Lancet Controlled trial quality: predicted high

13. Azithromycin

Azithromycin Top results for azithromycin - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Liberating the literature ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2 (...) ) and (#3 or #4) Loading history... Population: Intervention: Comparison: Outcome: Population: Intervention: Latest & greatest articles for azithromycin The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms

2018 Trip Latest and Greatest

14. Azithromycin to Reduce Childhood Mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Azithromycin to Reduce Childhood Mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa. We hypothesized that mass distribution of a broad-spectrum antibiotic agent to preschool children would reduce mortality in areas of sub-Saharan Africa that are currently far from meeting the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations.In this cluster-randomized trial, we assigned communities in Malawi, Niger, and Tanzania to four twice-yearly mass distributions of either oral azithromycin (approximately 20 mg per (...) ) azithromycin and placebo coverage over the four twice-yearly distributions was 90.4±10.4%. The overall annual mortality rate was 14.6 deaths per 1000 person-years in communities that received azithromycin (9.1 in Malawi, 22.5 in Niger, and 5.4 in Tanzania) and 16.5 deaths per 1000 person-years in communities that received placebo (9.6 in Malawi, 27.5 in Niger, and 5.5 in Tanzania). Mortality was 13.5% lower overall (95% confidence interval [CI], 6.7 to 19.8) in communities that received azithromycin than

2018 NEJM Controlled trial quality: predicted high

15. Azithromycin and metronidazole versus metronidazole-based therapy for the induction of remission in mild to moderate paediatric Crohn`s disease : a randomised controlled trial (Abstract)

Azithromycin and metronidazole versus metronidazole-based therapy for the induction of remission in mild to moderate paediatric Crohn`s disease : a randomised controlled trial Crohn's disease (CD) pathogenesis associated with dysbiosis and presence of pathobionts in the lumen, intracellular compartments and epithelial biofilms. Azithromycin is active in all three compartments. Our goal was to evaluate if azithromycin-based therapy can improve response and induce remission compared (...) with metronidazole alone in paediatric CD.This blinded randomised controlled trial allocated children 5-18 years with 10azithromycin 7.5 mg/kg, 5 days/week for 4 weeks and 3 days/week for another 4 weeks with metronidazole 20 mg/kg/day (group 1) or metronidazole alone (group 2), daily for 8 weeks. Failures from group 2 were offered azithromycin as open label. The primary end point was response defined by a decrease in PCDAI>12.5 or remission using intention

2018 EvidenceUpdates

16. Re-emergence of yaws after single mass azithromycin treatment followed by targeted treatment: a longitudinal study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Re-emergence of yaws after single mass azithromycin treatment followed by targeted treatment: a longitudinal study. Yaws is a substantial cause of chronic disfiguring ulcers in children in at least 14 countries in the tropics. WHO's newly adopted strategy for yaws eradication uses a single round of mass azithromycin treatment followed by targeted treatment programmes, and data from pilot studies have shown a short-term significant reduction of yaws. We assessed the long-term efficacy of the WHO (...) was the primary outcome indicator. The study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01955252.Mass azithromycin treatment (coverage rate of 84%) followed by targeted treatment programmes reduced the prevalence of active yaws from 1·8% to a minimum of 0·1% at 18 months (difference from baseline -1·7%, 95% CI, -1·9 to -1·4; p<0·0001), but the infection began to re-emerge after 24 months with a significant increase to 0·4% at 42 months (difference from 18 months 0·3%, 95% CI 0·1 to 0·4; p<0·0001

2018 Lancet

17. The effect of the mass distribution of azithromycin on target and non-target infections: a systematic review and meta-analysis

The effect of the mass distribution of azithromycin on target and non-target infections: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne

2018 PROSPERO

18. The effect of mass drug administration of azithromycin for the management of trachoma on overall child mortality: a systematic review

The effect of mass drug administration of azithromycin for the management of trachoma on overall child mortality: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne

2018 PROSPERO

19. Combined azithromycin and metronidazole therapy for the induction of remission in Crohn's disease

Combined azithromycin and metronidazole therapy for the induction of remission in Crohn's disease Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address

2018 PROSPERO

20. Clinical effectiveness of systemic azithromycin as an adjunct to scaling and root surfacedebridement in the treatment of chronic periodontitis: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Clinical effectiveness of systemic azithromycin as an adjunct to scaling and root surfacedebridement in the treatment of chronic periodontitis: A systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email

2018 PROSPERO