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161. The future of public health research

, obesity, multimorbidity and widening inequalities (see sections below). When considering public health targets in mental health, careful definitions and good comparative population data over time is needed, due to the complex nature of mental health diagnosis and treatment. The Academy of Medical Sciences 7 Research gaps Research into the following was proposed: ? Identifying the relative contributions of social, cyber, cultural, educational, economic and technological drivers (such as social media (...) The future of public health research The future of public health research Summary report of a workshop held 20-21 July 2017 The Academy of Medical Sciences The Academy of Medical Sciences The Academy of Medical Sciences is the independent body in the UK representing the diversity of medical science. Our mission is to promote medical science and its translation into benefits for society. The Academy’s elected Fellows are the United Kingdom’s leading medical scientists from hospitals, academia

2017 Academy of Medical Sciences

162. Public health emergency preparedness: Core competencies for EU Member States

and capabilities that is implicit in Nelson and colleague’s definition of public health emergency preparedness [6]: namely, ‘the capability of the public health and health care systems, communities, and individuals, to prevent, protect against, quickly respond to, and recover from health emergencies, particularly those whose scale, timing, or unpredictability threatens to overwhelm routine capabilities. Preparedness involves a coordinated and continuous process of planning and implementation that relies (...) Public health emergency preparedness: Core competencies for EU Member States TECHNICAL REPORT www.ecdc.europa.eu Public health emergency preparedness Core competencies for EU Member StatesECDC TECHNICAL REPORT Public health emergency preparedness Core competencies for EU Member States ii This report was commissioned by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), coordinated by Judit Takács, and produced under contract No. 6389. Authors Michael A. Stoto, Elena Savoia

2017 European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control - Technical Guidance

163. Increasing the provision of mental health care for vulnerable, disaster-affected people in Bangladesh. (PubMed)

Increasing the provision of mental health care for vulnerable, disaster-affected people in Bangladesh. Bangladesh has the highest natural disaster mortality rate in the world, with over half a million people lost to disaster events since 1970. Most of these people have died during floods or cyclones, both of which are likely to become more frequent due to global climate change. To date, the government's post-disaster response strategy has focused, increasingly effectively, on the physical needs (...) of survivors, through the provision of shelter, food and medical care. However, the serious and widespread mental health consequences of natural disasters in Bangladesh have not yet received the attention that they deserve. This Debate article proposes a practical model that will facilitate the provision of comprehensive and effective post-disaster mental health services for vulnerable Bangladeshis on a sustainable basis.A series of socially determined factors render the women and the poor of Bangladesh

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2014 BMC Public Health

164. Communicating Risk in Public Health Emergencies. A WHO Guideline for Emergency Risk Communication (ERC) policy and practice

and needs so that the advice they provide is relevant, trusted and acceptable. WHO has manuals, training modules and other forms of guidance related to emergency and risk communication which are based on expert opinion or lessons drawn from major environmental disasters or disease outbreaks, such as the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) outbreak of 2003, and the H1N1 influenza pandemic of 2009, rather than on systematic analyses of the evidence. Recent public health emergencies, such as the Ebola (...) Communicating Risk in Public Health Emergencies. A WHO Guideline for Emergency Risk Communication (ERC) policy and practice Communicating risk in public health emergencies A WHO guideline for emergency risk communication (ERC) policy and practiceCommunicating risk in public health emergencies A WHO guideline for emergency risk communication (ERC) policy and practiceCommunicating risk in public health emergencies: a WHO guideline for emergency risk communication (ERC) policy and practice ISBN

2018 World Health Organisation Guidelines

165. Knowledge saves lives after natural disasters

Knowledge saves lives after natural disasters Knowledge saves lives after natural disasters | TrustTheEvidence.net Syndicate Discover the truth behind the research findings that affect everyday healthcare. » » Links Tags HONcode Certified This site complies with the for trustworthy health information: . Knowledge saves lives after natural disasters Carl Heneghan Last edited 27th September 2011 Published Guardian online, Carl Heneghan, 26/09/2011 Comment: Dr Carl Heneghan, director of the Centre (...) for Evidence-Based Medicine and a clinical reader in the Department of Primary Health Care Sciences at the University of Oxford, writes: ‘Where were you when the tsunami hit in December 2004? ... Have you ever considered how rescue workers and medics on the ground make the right decisions under such extreme circumstances? To improve their decision-making, the Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine at the University of Oxford organised the first conference on Evidence Aid, held in Oxford on Monday ... Evidence

2011 TrustTheEvidence

166. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons/Society of Military Orthopaedic Surgeons/Orthopaedic Trauma Associations/Pediatric Orthopaedic Association Disaster Response and Preparedness Course. (PubMed)

The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons/Society of Military Orthopaedic Surgeons/Orthopaedic Trauma Associations/Pediatric Orthopaedic Association Disaster Response and Preparedness Course. A disaster is a catastrophic event that disrupts normal infrastructure to such a degree that normal response mechanisms and capabilities cannot manage what is required to respond appropriately to the event. Launched after the largest urban disaster in modern history--the 2010 Haiti Earthquake (...) --the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons/Society of Military Orthopaedic Surgeons/Orthopaedic Trauma Association/Pediatric Orthopaedic Association of North America (AAOS/SOMOS/OTA/POSNA) Disaster Response Course (DRC) is designed to prepare orthopaedic surgeons for service in disaster response and humanitarian assistance efforts in both the acute phases as well as in the recovery and reconstructions phases. To date, 395 orthopaedic surgeons have completed the DRC and 286 (72.4%) have opted to become

2015 Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma

167. Re-experiencing phenomena following a disaster: The long-term predictive role of intrusion symptoms in the development of post-trauma depression and anxiety. (PubMed)

Re-experiencing phenomena following a disaster: The long-term predictive role of intrusion symptoms in the development of post-trauma depression and anxiety. Contention in the literature regarding the diagnostic utility of intrusion symptoms highlights that they have high sensitivity but low specificity in predicting PTSD. They are highly prevalent following a range of traumatic events, and across a range of disorders. The prevalence of intrusion symptoms in the absence of PTSD suggests (...) their relevance to the development of other psychopathology. Therefore, the predictive role of intrusion symptoms for other post-trauma psychopathology was examined using data from an epidemiological, longitudinal sample of adults recruited in childhood.From 5 phases of data collection for this sample, these analyses focused on the 20 year and 28 year follow-ups (n=583). Lifetime exposure to trauma was assessed using a modified set of 10 Criterion-A events from the Composite International Diagnostic Interview

2015 Journal of Affective Disorders

168. Community Disasters, Psychological Trauma, and Crisis Intervention (PubMed)

Community Disasters, Psychological Trauma, and Crisis Intervention The current issue of International Journal of Emergency Mental Health and Human Resilience is focused on community disasters, the impact of trauma exposure, and crisis intervention. The articles incorporated include studies ranging from the World Trade Center disaster to Hurricane Sandy. These studies are related to public attitudes and beliefs about disease outbreaks, the impact of volunteerism following the World Trade Center (...) attacks, alcohol misuse among police officers after Hurricane Katrina, posttraumatic stress disorder after Hurricane Sandy among those exposed to the Trade Center disaster, compassion fatigue and burnout among trauma workers, crisis interventions in Eastern Europe, and police officers' use of stress intervention services. While this scope is broad, it reflects the knowledge that has emerged since the Buffalo Creek and Chernobyl catastrophes, to the more recent Hurricane Katrina and Sandy disasters

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2015 International journal of emergency mental health

169. Acute post-disaster medical needs of patients with diabetes: emergency department use in New York City by diabetic adults after Hurricane Sandy (PubMed)

frequency of certain comorbidities, including hypertension, recent procedure, and chronic skin ulcers. Patients with a history of diabetes visited EDs in increased numbers after Hurricane Sandy for a primary diagnosis of myocardial infarction, prescription refills, drug dependence, dialysis, among other conditions.We found that diabetic adults aged 65 years and older are especially at risk for requiring postdisaster emergency care compared to other vulnerable populations. Our findings also suggest (...) Acute post-disaster medical needs of patients with diabetes: emergency department use in New York City by diabetic adults after Hurricane Sandy To evaluate the acute impact of disasters on diabetic patients, we performed a geospatial analysis of emergency department (ED) use by New York City diabetic adults in the week after Hurricane Sandy.Using an all-payer claims database, we retrospectively analyzed the demographics, insurance status, and medical comorbidities of post-disaster ED patients

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2016 BMJ open diabetes research & care

170. Is mindfulness protective against PTSD? A neurocognitive study of 25 Tsunami disaster survivors (PubMed)

Is mindfulness protective against PTSD? A neurocognitive study of 25 Tsunami disaster survivors It has been suggested that mindfulness is a protective factor that buffers individuals from experiencing severe posttraumatic stress following exposure to a trauma. We aimed to examine the association between dispositional (trait) mindfulness and posttraumatic stress in individuals who had been exposed to the trauma of a natural disaster.A disaster group (n = 25) consisting of Norwegian tourists who (...) -judging, and non-reacting. However, there was a significant positive correlation between the descriptive factor of mindfulness and IES-R total. There were no significant linear correlations between the five sub-facets of mindfulness and the three categories of posttraumatic symptoms, intrusion, avoidance and hyper-arousal.Our findings do not indicate a relationship between dispositional mindfulness and posttraumatic stress levels after exposure to a trauma, except for the descriptive sub-facet

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2016 Journal of negative results in biomedicine

171. Simulated Disaster Day: Benefit from Lessons Learned Through Years of Transformation from Silos to Interprofessional Education (PubMed)

are noteworthy because it gives health care professions students an opportunity to work in teams to provide care in a disaster setting. The "authentic" learning situation has enhanced student knowledge of roles and responsibilities and seems to increase collaborative efforts with other disciplines. The lessons learned and modifications made in our Disaster Day planning, implementation, and evaluation processes are shared in an effort to facilitate best practices for other institutions interested in a similar (...) Simulated Disaster Day: Benefit from Lessons Learned Through Years of Transformation from Silos to Interprofessional Education Disaster Day is a simulation event that began in the College of Nursing and has increased exponentially in size and popularity for the last 8 years. The evolution has been the direct result of reflective practice and dedicated leadership in the form of students, faculty, and administration. Its development and expansion into a robust interprofessional education activity

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2016 Simulation in healthcare : journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare

172. Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief mission by a tripartite medical team led by the Singapore Armed Forces after the 2015 Nepal earthquake (PubMed)

, while 853 patients (28.3%) were treated by our MMTs.The ability to transport healthcare personnel and essential medical equipment within a short time allowed the SAF medical team to provide crucial medical care in the aftermath of the 2015 Nepal earthquake.Copyright: © Singapore Medical Association. (...) Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief mission by a tripartite medical team led by the Singapore Armed Forces after the 2015 Nepal earthquake This study aimed to report the injury or disease patterns, challenges, key observations, and recommendations by the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) team that embarked on an Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) mission in the aftermath of the April 2015 Nepal earthquake.The SAF medical team that provided HADR assistance to Nepal consisted

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2016 Singapore medical journal

173. Knowledge, Experiences and Training Needs of Health Professionals about Disaster Preparedness and Response in Southwest Ethiopia: a cross sectional study (PubMed)

majority (85.1%) of the participants were able to define the concept of disaster from various perspectives; 9.7% did not know about it at all and 5.2% could describe the concept partially or misconceived it. The majority (84.3%) agreed that disaster has direct public health consequences on humans. The main public health consequence of disaster the participants mentioned was environmental pollution (65.8%). Malaria, measles and diarrhoeal diseases accounted for 35.5%, 33.1% and 10.5% of the epidemics (...) Knowledge, Experiences and Training Needs of Health Professionals about Disaster Preparedness and Response in Southwest Ethiopia: a cross sectional study Over the past decade, the magnitude and intensity of disasters have been vividly rising globally due to the forces of nature or man. This study aimed at assessing the perceived knowledge, experiences and training needs of health professionals regarding disasters, their prevention and management in Jimma Zone, Southwest Ethiopia.An institution

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2016 Ethiopian journal of health sciences

174. The Ebola clinical trials: a precedent for research ethics in disasters (PubMed)

The Ebola clinical trials: a precedent for research ethics in disasters The West African Ebola epidemic has set in motion a collective endeavour to conduct accelerated clinical trials, testing unproven but potentially lifesaving interventions in the course of a major public health crisis. This unprecedented effort was supported by the recommendations of an ad hoc ethics panel convened in August 2014 by the WHO. By considering why and on what conditions the exceptional circumstances of the Ebola (...) ) the exact meaning of compassionate use with unapproved interventions. Examination of these questions, in parallel with empirical data from research sites, will help build pragmatic foundations for disaster research ethics. Furthermore, the Ebola clinical trials signal an evolution in the current paradigms of therapeutic research, beyond the case of epidemic emergencies.Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http

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2016 Journal of medical ethics

175. Understanding the Relationship between Rainstorm-Related Experiences and PTSD among Chinese Adolescents after Rainstorm Disaster: The Roles of Rumination and Social Support (PubMed)

Understanding the Relationship between Rainstorm-Related Experiences and PTSD among Chinese Adolescents after Rainstorm Disaster: The Roles of Rumination and Social Support Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is prevalent among adolescents following natural disasters, and the trauma experiences represent a critical risk factor for PTSD. Nevertheless, the underlying mechanism of adolescents' PTSD following trauma experiences remains unclear. Rumination appears to be a mediating factor between (...) trauma experiences and PTSD, and social support may moderate this mediating relationship between trauma experiences, rumination, and PTSD, but few studies have examined these assumptions. Thus, this study aimed to assess the mediating role of rumination and the moderating role of social support in the relationship between rainstorm-related experiences and PTSD among adolescents, following a rainstorm in China. Nine hundred and fifty-one middle school students completed self-report questionnaires

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2016 Frontiers in psychology

176. 30 years After the Chernobyl Nuclear Accident: Time for Reflection and Re-evaluation of Current Disaster Preparedness Plans (PubMed)

exposed as children and adolescents. Mental health effects were the most significant public health consequence of the accident in the three most contaminated countries of Ukraine, Belarus, and the Russian Federation. Timely and clear communication with affected populations emerged as one of the main lessons in the aftermath of the Chernobyl nuclear accident. (...) 30 years After the Chernobyl Nuclear Accident: Time for Reflection and Re-evaluation of Current Disaster Preparedness Plans It has been 30 years since the worst accident in the history of the nuclear era occurred at the Chernobyl power plant in Ukraine close to densely populated urban areas. To date, epidemiological studies reported increased long-term risks of leukemia, cardiovascular diseases, and cataracts among cleanup workers and of thyroid cancer and non-malignant diseases in those

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2016 Journal of urban health : bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine

177. Participation a Key Factor for Life Recovery After Disaster: A Grounded Theory Study in an Iranian Context (PubMed)

to achieve conceptual and theoretical saturation. Data were collected through interviews, observation, focus group discussion, and document reviews. Data were analyzed by Strauss and Corbin's (2008) recommended approach.Transcribed data from 26 interviews (managers, health care providers, and receivers), field notes, and other documents were analyzed, and 1,652 open codes were identified. The codes were categorized, using constant comparative analysis, into five main categories including reactive (...) Participation a Key Factor for Life Recovery After Disaster: A Grounded Theory Study in an Iranian Context Since life recovery after disasters is a subjective and multifaceted construct influenced by different factors, and survivors' main concerns and experiences are not clear, the researchers intended to explore this process.This study was conducted in 2011 - 2014 based on the grounded theory approach. Participants were selected by purposeful sampling followed by theoretical sampling

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2016 Iranian Red Crescent medical journal

178. Morbid Obesity in Disasters: Bringing the “Conspicuously Invisible” into Focus (PubMed)

and public health emergencies. (...) Morbid Obesity in Disasters: Bringing the “Conspicuously Invisible” into Focus It is a frightening reality for some people to be caught up in the midst of a disaster, alone and vulnerable due to their relative size, shape or weight. A literature search failed to find any empirical reports of data specific to body mass index (BMI) in disaster situations. A handful of largely anecdotal reports described situations in which people categorised as morbidly obese were negatively impacted

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2016 International journal of environmental research and public health

179. Objective triage in the disaster setting: will children and expecting mothers be treated like others? (PubMed)

Objective triage in the disaster setting: will children and expecting mothers be treated like others? The study of disaster triage is made difficult by the complex emotional response of potentially lifesaving intervention that a triage officer must make basing decisions on a succinct and efficient algorithm. A survey of triage professionals in international settings was designed to identify possible emotionally led bias that affects objective decision making in identifying victims most likely (...) to benefit from immediate life support intervention. This survey suggests a lack of correlation between triage priority and predictable clinical outcomes as predicted by the Revised Trauma Score tool. Among the subjects, it was observed that a pediatric victim is uniformly overtriaged when compared to less injured victims.

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2016 Open access emergency medicine : OAEM

180. Regional Anaesthesia for Painful Injuries After Disasters

Regional Anaesthesia for Painful Injuries After Disasters Regional Anaesthesia for Painful Injuries After Disasters - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Regional Anaesthesia for Painful Injuries (...) After Disasters (RAPID) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02698228 Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (Study did not occur) First Posted : March 3, 2016 Last Update Posted : June 14, 2017 Sponsor: Epicentre Collaborators: Brown University Medecins Sans Frontieres, Netherlands Information

2016 Clinical Trials

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