How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

2,905 results for

(disaster OR disasters) AND ("public health" OR "health care" OR "emergency care" OR trauma OR "medical care" OR "health planning" OR "health education" OR "health information" OR "health literacy")

by
...
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

141. Literature Review: Herbal Medicine Treatment after Large-Scale Disasters. Full Text available with Trip Pro

investigating post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), three retrospective investigations of trauma or common diseases, and seven case series or case reports of dizziness, pain, and psychosomatic symptoms. In conclusion, herbal medicine has been used to treat trauma, PTSD, and other symptoms after disasters. However, few articles have been published, likely due to the difficulty in designing high quality studies in such situations. Further study will be needed to clarify the usefulness of herbal medicine (...) Literature Review: Herbal Medicine Treatment after Large-Scale Disasters. Large-scale natural disasters, such as earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, and typhoons, occur worldwide. After the Great East Japan earthquake and tsunami, our medical support operation's experiences suggested that traditional medicine might be useful for treating the various symptoms of the survivors. However, little information is available regarding herbal medicine treatment in such situations. Considering

2017 American Journal of Chinese Medicine

142. Measuring the Impact of Disasters Using Publicly Available Data: Application to Hurricane Sandy (2012). Full Text available with Trip Pro

School of Public Health. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com. (...) Measuring the Impact of Disasters Using Publicly Available Data: Application to Hurricane Sandy (2012). The unexpected nature of disasters leaves little time or resources for organized health surveillance of the affected population, and even less for those who are unaffected. An ideal epidemiologic study would monitor both groups equally well, but would typically be decided against as infeasible or costly. Exposure and health outcome data at the level of the individual can be difficult

2017 American Journal of Epidemiology

143. Committee Opinion No. 726 Summary: Hospital Disaster Preparedness for Obstetricians and Facilities Providing Maternity Care. Full Text available with Trip Pro

diseases. Trauma during pregnancy presents anatomic and physiologic considerations that often can require increased use of resources such as higher rates of cesarean delivery. Recent evidence suggests that floods and human-influenced environmental disasters increase the risks of spontaneous miscarriages, preterm births, and low-birth-weight infants among pregnant women. The potential surge in maternal and neonatal patient volume due to mass-casualty events, transfer of high-acuity patients (...) Committee Opinion No. 726 Summary: Hospital Disaster Preparedness for Obstetricians and Facilities Providing Maternity Care. Large-scale catastrophic events and infectious disease outbreaks highlight the need for disaster planning at all community levels. Features unique to the obstetric population (including antepartum, intrapartum, postpartum and neonatal care) warrant special consideration in the event of a disaster. Pregnancy increases the risks of untoward outcomes from various infectious

2017 Obstetrics and Gynecology

144. Committee Opinion No. 726: Hospital Disaster Preparedness for Obstetricians and Facilities Providing Maternity Care. (Abstract)

. Trauma during pregnancy presents anatomic and physiologic considerations that often can require increased use of resources such as higher rates of cesarean delivery. Recent evidence suggests that floods and human-influenced environmental disasters increase the risks of spontaneous miscarriages, preterm births, and low-birth-weight infants among pregnant women. The potential surge in maternal and neonatal patient volume due to mass-casualty events, transfer of high-acuity patients, or redirection (...) Committee Opinion No. 726: Hospital Disaster Preparedness for Obstetricians and Facilities Providing Maternity Care. Large-scale catastrophic events and infectious disease outbreaks highlight the need for disaster planning at all community levels. Features unique to the obstetric population (including antepartum, intrapartum, postpartum and neonatal care) warrant special consideration in the event of a disaster. Pregnancy increases the risks of untoward outcomes from various infectious diseases

2017 Obstetrics and Gynecology

145. Monitoring and evaluation of disaster response efforts undertaken by local health departments: a rapid realist review. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Monitoring and evaluation of disaster response efforts undertaken by local health departments: a rapid realist review. Local health departments are often at the forefront of a disaster response, attending to the immediate trauma inflicted by the disaster and also the long term health consequences. As the frequency and severity of disasters are projected to rise, monitoring and evaluation (M&E) efforts are critical to help local health departments consolidate past experiences and improve future (...) response efforts. Local health departments often conduct M&E work post disaster, however, many of these efforts fail to improve response procedures.We undertook a rapid realist review (RRR) to examine why M&E efforts undertaken by local health departments do not always result in improved disaster response efforts. We aimed to complement existing frameworks by focusing on the most basic and pragmatic steps of a M&E cycle targeted towards continuous system improvements. For these purposes, we developed

2017 BMC health services research

146. No Calm After the Storm: A Systematic Review of Human Health Following Flood and Storm Disasters. Full Text available with Trip Pro

disasters. Articles on mental health, interventions, and rescue or health care workers were excluded. Data were extracted from articles that met the eligibility criteria and analyzed by narrative synthesis.The review included 113 studies. Poisonings, wounds, gastrointestinal infections, and skin or soft tissue infections all increased after storms. Gastrointestinal infections were more frequent after floods. Leptospirosis and diabetes-related complications increased after both. The majority of changes (...) No Calm After the Storm: A Systematic Review of Human Health Following Flood and Storm Disasters. Introduction How the burden of disease varies during different phases after floods and after storms is essential in order to guide a medical response, but it has not been well-described. The objective of this review was to elucidate the health problems following flood and storm disasters.A literature search of the databases Medline (US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health

2017 Prehospital and disaster medicine

147. Disaster Preparedness in Neonatal Intensive Care Units. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Disaster Preparedness in Neonatal Intensive Care Units. Disasters disproportionally affect vulnerable, technology-dependent people, including preterm and critically ill newborn infants. It is important for health care providers to be aware of and prepared for the potential consequences of disasters for the NICU. Neonatal intensive care personnel can provide specialized expertise for their hospital, community, and regional emergency preparedness plans and can help develop institutional surge

2017 Pediatrics

148. Health-Related Disaster Communication and Social Media: Mixed-Method Systematic Review. Full Text available with Trip Pro

that agencies need to contextualize the use of social media for particular populations and crises. Social media are tools that still have not become routine practices in many governmental agencies regarding public health in the countries studied. Social media, especially Twitter and Facebook (and equivalents in countries such as China), need to be incorporated into daily operations of governmental agencies and implementing partners to build familiarity with them before health-related crises happen (...) Health-Related Disaster Communication and Social Media: Mixed-Method Systematic Review. This mixed-method evidence synthesis drew on Cochrane methods and principles to systematically review literature published between 2003 and 2016 on the best social media practices to promote health protection and dispel misinformation during disasters. Seventy-nine studies employing quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods on risk communication during disasters in all UN-languages were reviewed, finding

2017 Health communication

149. Scarce Resource Allocation during Disasters: A Mixed-Method Community Engagement Study. (Abstract)

Scarce Resource Allocation during Disasters: A Mixed-Method Community Engagement Study. During a catastrophe, health-care providers may face difficult questions regarding who will receive limited life-saving resources. The ethical principles that should guide decision-making have been considered by expert panels but have not been well explored with the public or front-line clinicians. The objective of this study was to characterize the public's values regarding how scarce mechanical ventilators (...) should be allocated during an influenza pandemic, with the ultimate goal of informing a statewide scare resource allocation framework.Adopting deliberative democracy practices, we conducted 15 half-day community engagement forums with the general public and health-related professionals. Small group discussions of six potential guiding ethical principles were led by trained facilitators. The forums consisted exclusively of either members of the general public or health-related or disaster response

2017 Chest

150. Ethical Guidance for Disaster Response, Specifically Around Crisis Standards of Care: A Systematic Review. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Ethical Guidance for Disaster Response, Specifically Around Crisis Standards of Care: A Systematic Review. Terrorism, disease outbreaks, and other natural disasters and mass casualty events have pushed health care and public health systems to identify and refine emergency preparedness protocols for disaster response. Ethical guidance, alongside legal and medical frameworks, are increasingly common components of disaster response plans.To systematically review the prevalence and content (...) and -discussed ethical concepts and principles used in disaster planning around CSCs. Although discussion of more nuanced issues (e.g., health equity) are present, the majority of items substantively engaging in ethical discussion around disaster planning do so regarding triage and why ethics is needed in disaster response generally. Public health implications. A significant evolution in disaster planning has occurred within the past decade; ethical theories and frameworks have been put to work. For ethical

2017 American Journal of Public Health

151. Anesthesiologists and Disaster Medicine: A Needs Assessment for Education and Training and Reported Willingness to Respond. (Abstract)

Anesthesiologists and Disaster Medicine: A Needs Assessment for Education and Training and Reported Willingness to Respond. Anesthesiologists provide comprehensive health care across the emergency department, operating room, and intensive care unit. To date, anesthesiologists' perspectives regarding disaster medicine and public health preparedness have not been described.Anesthesiologists' thoughts and attitudes were assessed via a Web-based survey at 3 major academic institutions. Frequencies (...) anesthesiologists reported receiving sufficient education and training in disaster medicine and public health preparedness. Providing education and training and enhancing related employee services may further bolster WTR and help to build a more capable and effective medical workforce for disaster response.

2017 Anesthesia and Analgesia

152. What is the evidence on availability and integration of refugee and migrant health data in health information systems in the WHO European Region?

on migration and health, X Kayvan Bozorgmehr | Louise Biddle | Sven Rohleder | Rosa JahnAbstract The recent rapid increases in population movements across borders highlight the importance of reliable data on refugee and migrant health for public health planning. This scoping report examined evidence on the availability and integration of refugee and migrant health data in health information systems in the WHO European Region. Refugee and migrant health data were available in 25 of the Region's 53 Member (...) the importance of reliable data on refugee and migrant health for public health planning. However, such data are not always systematically collected by country health information systems in the WHO European Region. A health information system includes all activities and resources aimed at ensuring the production, analysis, dissemination and reporting of health information for public health monitoring. It also includes some less tangible elements necessary for operating a health information system

2019 WHO Health Evidence Network

153. What do the Challenger disaster and medicine have in common?

, the deviance became such a normal occurrence that those within the organization no longer even consider it to be deviant. Of course, rocket scientists and engineers are not the only professionals who are susceptible to the temptation of deviating from the protocol. Unfortunately, have shown that health care professionals “consistently and even brazenly” neglect established protocols and standards of care. Over time, these deviations become normalized. Even in workplaces with carefully crafted policies (...) . Being a health care provider comes with high expectations and intense pressure — not only to ensure the best patient outcomes but to do so efficiently. The copious rules and regulations that are put in place are often perceived as hindrances that inhibit one’s ability to do their job well. A from NASA acknowledges, “There’s a natural human tendency to rationalize shortcuts under pressure.” Most of the time, nothing bad happens as a result of these shortcuts, but the very infrequency of serious

2019 KevinMD blog

154. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons/Society of Military Orthopaedic Surgeons/Orthopaedic Trauma Associations/Pediatric Orthopaedic Association Disaster Response and Preparedness Course. (Abstract)

The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons/Society of Military Orthopaedic Surgeons/Orthopaedic Trauma Associations/Pediatric Orthopaedic Association Disaster Response and Preparedness Course. A disaster is a catastrophic event that disrupts normal infrastructure to such a degree that normal response mechanisms and capabilities cannot manage what is required to respond appropriately to the event. Launched after the largest urban disaster in modern history--the 2010 Haiti Earthquake (...) --the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons/Society of Military Orthopaedic Surgeons/Orthopaedic Trauma Association/Pediatric Orthopaedic Association of North America (AAOS/SOMOS/OTA/POSNA) Disaster Response Course (DRC) is designed to prepare orthopaedic surgeons for service in disaster response and humanitarian assistance efforts in both the acute phases as well as in the recovery and reconstructions phases. To date, 395 orthopaedic surgeons have completed the DRC and 286 (72.4%) have opted to become

2015 Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma

155. Re-experiencing phenomena following a disaster: The long-term predictive role of intrusion symptoms in the development of post-trauma depression and anxiety. (Abstract)

Re-experiencing phenomena following a disaster: The long-term predictive role of intrusion symptoms in the development of post-trauma depression and anxiety. Contention in the literature regarding the diagnostic utility of intrusion symptoms highlights that they have high sensitivity but low specificity in predicting PTSD. They are highly prevalent following a range of traumatic events, and across a range of disorders. The prevalence of intrusion symptoms in the absence of PTSD suggests (...) their relevance to the development of other psychopathology. Therefore, the predictive role of intrusion symptoms for other post-trauma psychopathology was examined using data from an epidemiological, longitudinal sample of adults recruited in childhood.From 5 phases of data collection for this sample, these analyses focused on the 20 year and 28 year follow-ups (n=583). Lifetime exposure to trauma was assessed using a modified set of 10 Criterion-A events from the Composite International Diagnostic Interview

2015 Journal of Affective Disorders

156. Community Disasters, Psychological Trauma, and Crisis Intervention Full Text available with Trip Pro

Community Disasters, Psychological Trauma, and Crisis Intervention The current issue of International Journal of Emergency Mental Health and Human Resilience is focused on community disasters, the impact of trauma exposure, and crisis intervention. The articles incorporated include studies ranging from the World Trade Center disaster to Hurricane Sandy. These studies are related to public attitudes and beliefs about disease outbreaks, the impact of volunteerism following the World Trade Center (...) attacks, alcohol misuse among police officers after Hurricane Katrina, posttraumatic stress disorder after Hurricane Sandy among those exposed to the Trade Center disaster, compassion fatigue and burnout among trauma workers, crisis interventions in Eastern Europe, and police officers' use of stress intervention services. While this scope is broad, it reflects the knowledge that has emerged since the Buffalo Creek and Chernobyl catastrophes, to the more recent Hurricane Katrina and Sandy disasters

2015 International journal of emergency mental health

157. The future of public health research

, obesity, multimorbidity and widening inequalities (see sections below). When considering public health targets in mental health, careful definitions and good comparative population data over time is needed, due to the complex nature of mental health diagnosis and treatment. The Academy of Medical Sciences 7 Research gaps Research into the following was proposed: ? Identifying the relative contributions of social, cyber, cultural, educational, economic and technological drivers (such as social media (...) The future of public health research The future of public health research Summary report of a workshop held 20-21 July 2017 The Academy of Medical Sciences The Academy of Medical Sciences The Academy of Medical Sciences is the independent body in the UK representing the diversity of medical science. Our mission is to promote medical science and its translation into benefits for society. The Academy’s elected Fellows are the United Kingdom’s leading medical scientists from hospitals, academia

2017 Academy of Medical Sciences

158. Public health emergency preparedness: Core competencies for EU Member States

and capabilities that is implicit in Nelson and colleague’s definition of public health emergency preparedness [6]: namely, ‘the capability of the public health and health care systems, communities, and individuals, to prevent, protect against, quickly respond to, and recover from health emergencies, particularly those whose scale, timing, or unpredictability threatens to overwhelm routine capabilities. Preparedness involves a coordinated and continuous process of planning and implementation that relies (...) Public health emergency preparedness: Core competencies for EU Member States TECHNICAL REPORT www.ecdc.europa.eu Public health emergency preparedness Core competencies for EU Member StatesECDC TECHNICAL REPORT Public health emergency preparedness Core competencies for EU Member States ii This report was commissioned by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), coordinated by Judit Takács, and produced under contract No. 6389. Authors Michael A. Stoto, Elena Savoia

2017 European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control - Technical Guidance

159. Communicating Risk in Public Health Emergencies. A WHO Guideline for Emergency Risk Communication (ERC) policy and practice

and needs so that the advice they provide is relevant, trusted and acceptable. WHO has manuals, training modules and other forms of guidance related to emergency and risk communication which are based on expert opinion or lessons drawn from major environmental disasters or disease outbreaks, such as the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) outbreak of 2003, and the H1N1 influenza pandemic of 2009, rather than on systematic analyses of the evidence. Recent public health emergencies, such as the Ebola (...) Communicating Risk in Public Health Emergencies. A WHO Guideline for Emergency Risk Communication (ERC) policy and practice Communicating risk in public health emergencies A WHO guideline for emergency risk communication (ERC) policy and practiceCommunicating risk in public health emergencies A WHO guideline for emergency risk communication (ERC) policy and practiceCommunicating risk in public health emergencies: a WHO guideline for emergency risk communication (ERC) policy and practice ISBN

2018 World Health Organisation Guidelines

160. Averting a malaria disaster: will insecticide resistance derail malaria control? Full Text available with Trip Pro

of associated development, policy, and implementation pathways to counter this looming public health catastrophe. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (...) Averting a malaria disaster: will insecticide resistance derail malaria control? World Malaria Day 2015 highlighted the progress made in the development of new methods of prevention (vaccines and insecticides) and treatment (single dose drugs) of the disease. However, increasing drug and insecticide resistance threatens the successes made with existing methods. Insecticide resistance has decreased the efficacy of the most commonly used insecticide class of pyrethroids. This decreased efficacy

2016 Lancet

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>