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121. A Review of Psychopharmacological Interventions Post-Disaster to Prevent Psychiatric Sequelae Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Review of Psychopharmacological Interventions Post-Disaster to Prevent Psychiatric Sequelae Disasters are mega-scale catastrophic events which cause trauma and mental health sequelae. A review of early pharmacological interventions for the prevention of psychiatric disorders following disasters is sorely needed.A literature search of "Psychiatric Sequelae AND Disasters", "Disaster mental health/Disaster psychiatry", "Psychotropics AND Disasters", and "Drug therapy AND Disasters" yielded 213 (...) articles, 38 of which were included in the review.Common post-disaster psychiatric conditions are: posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depressive and anxiety disorders, substance use disorders and medically-unexplained psychological symptoms. Early psychopharmacological interventions to prevent PTSD provide promising evidence for hydrocortisone in medically ill trauma populations. Less robust benefits were noted for other pharmacological interventions. No reported trials have explored prevention

2017 Psychopharmacology Bulletin

122. Anesthesia Provision in Disasters and Armed Conflicts Full Text available with Trip Pro

Anesthesia Provision in Disasters and Armed Conflicts Disasters and armed conflicts are characterized by high numbers of trauma cases, and occur mainly in developing countries where the healthcare response is already impaired, resulting in an inadequate response. Aside of the trauma cases, other surgical health conditions are also still present and require urgent care. Surgical care needs are different from context to context and depend on local means and capabilities.Doctors without Borders

2017 Current anesthesiology reports

123. DSM-5 and ICD-11 as competing models of PTSD in preadolescent children exposed to a natural disaster: assessing validity and co-occurring symptomatology Full Text available with Trip Pro

DSM-5 and ICD-11 as competing models of PTSD in preadolescent children exposed to a natural disaster: assessing validity and co-occurring symptomatology Background: Major revisions have been made to the DSM and ICD models of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, it is not known whether these models fit children's post-trauma responses, even though children are a vulnerable population following disasters. Objective: Using data from Hurricane Ike, we examined how well trauma-exposed (...) children's symptoms fit the DSM-IV, DSM-5 and ICD-11 models, and whether the models varied by gender. We also evaluated whether elevated symptoms of depression and anxiety characterized children meeting PTSD criteria based on DSM-5 and ICD-11. Method: Eight-months post-disaster, children (N = 327, 7-11 years) affected by Hurricane Ike completed measures of PTSD, anxiety and depression. Algorithms approximated a PTSD diagnosis based on DSM-5 and ICD-11 models. Results: Using confirmatory factor analysis

2017 European Journal of Psychotraumatology

124. Social isolation and cancer management – advanced rectal cancer with patient delay following the 2011 triple disaster in Fukushima, Japan: a case report Full Text available with Trip Pro

Social isolation and cancer management – advanced rectal cancer with patient delay following the 2011 triple disaster in Fukushima, Japan: a case report Little is known about the effects of social isolation in the elderly on their process of gaining health information and seeking health care.In March 2011, Fukushima, Japan experienced an earthquake, tsunami, and nuclear disaster, also known as Japan's triple disaster. In June 2016, an 80-year-old Japanese man, who lived alone after divorce (...) was a likely contributor to the patient delay, poor treatment course, and poor outcome of an elderly patient with rectal cancer. Direct communication with family and friends may play an indispensable role in increasing health awareness and promoting health-seeking behaviors, and in the midst of social isolation, elderly patients with cancer may lose these opportunities and experience increased risk of patient delay. Although health care providers may be able to alleviate isolation-induced delay

2017 Journal of medical case reports

125. The Case for Heat Acclimatization of Disaster Responders—An Australian Perspective Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Case for Heat Acclimatization of Disaster Responders—An Australian Perspective 28487852 2018 11 13 2296-2565 5 2017 Frontiers in public health Front Public Health The Case for Heat Acclimatization of Disaster Responders-An Australian Perspective. 98 10.3389/fpubh.2017.00098 Brearley Matt B MB Disaster Response and Preparedness, National Critical Care and Trauma Response Centre, Darwin, NT, Australia. Norton Ian N IN Emergency Risk Management and Humanitarian Response, World Health (...) Organisation, Geneva, Switzerland. Trewin Abigail S AS Disaster Response and Preparedness, National Critical Care and Trauma Response Centre, Darwin, NT, Australia. eng 001 World Health Organization International Journal Article 2017 04 25 Switzerland Front Public Health 101616579 2296-2565 acclimatization disaster emergency heat stress preparedness responder tropics 2017 03 16 2017 04 11 2017 5 11 6 0 2017 5 11 6 0 2017 5 11 6 1 epublish 28487852 10.3389/fpubh.2017.00098 PMC5403816 J Occup Environ Med

2017 Frontiers in public health

126. Depressive symptoms following natural disaster in Korea: psychometric properties of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale Full Text available with Trip Pro

showed adequate internal consistency, except for the 'interpersonal difficulties' subscale. Also regarding concurrent validity, weak to moderate positive correlations were observed between the KCES-D and the trauma-related measures.The results support the four-factor model and indicate that the KCES-D has adequate psychometric properties for natural disaster survivors. If these findings are further confirmed, the KCES-D can be used as a useful, rapid, and inexpensive screening tool for assessing (...) Depressive symptoms following natural disaster in Korea: psychometric properties of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale Depressive symptoms have been recognized as one of the most frequent complaints among natural disaster survivors. One of the most frequently used self-report measures of depressive symptoms is the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). To our knowledge, no study has yet examined the factor structure, reliability, and validity of the CES-D

2017 Health and quality of life outcomes

127. Medicolegal Death Scene Investigations After Natural Disaster- and Weather-Related Events: A Review of the Literature Full Text available with Trip Pro

results highlight the critical importance of consistent, accurate data collection during a death investigation. Review of the grey literature found variation in use of death scene data collection tools, indicating the potential for widespread inconsistency in data captured for routine reporting and public health surveillance. Findings from this review will be used to develop guidelines and tools for capturing disaster-related death investigation data. (...) Medicolegal Death Scene Investigations After Natural Disaster- and Weather-Related Events: A Review of the Literature The number of disaster-related deaths recorded by vital statistics departments often differs from that reported by other agencies, including the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration-National Weather Service storm database and the American Red Cross. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has launched an effort to improve disaster-related death scene

2017 Academic forensic pathology

128. Designing a model of patient tracking system for natural disaster in Iran Full Text available with Trip Pro

Designing a model of patient tracking system for natural disaster in Iran Disaster patient tracking consists of identifying and registering patients, recording data on their medical conditions, settings priorities for evacuation of scene, locating the patients from scene to health care centers and then till completion of treatment and discharge.The aim of this study was to design a model of patient tracking system for natural disaster in Iran.This applied study was conducted in two steps (...) in 2016. First, data on disaster patient tracking systems used in selected countries were collected from library-printed and electronic references and then compared. Next, a preliminary model of disaster patient tracking system was provided using these systems and validated by Delphi technique and focus group. The data of the first step were analyzed by content analysis and those of the second step by descriptive statistics.Analysis of the comments of key information persons in three Delphi rounds

2017 Journal of education and health promotion

129. Mental health interventions for people involved in disasters: what not to do Full Text available with Trip Pro

, London, UK. eng Editorial Italy World Psychiatry 101189643 1723-8617 2017 9 24 6 0 2017 9 25 6 0 2017 9 25 6 1 ppublish 28941097 10.1002/wps.20445 PMC5608849 Lancet. 2012 Nov 17;380(9855):1778-86 23117178 Lancet. 2017 Apr 8;389(10077):1410-1423 28215661 J Public Health Policy. 2006;27(3):219-45; discussion 246-9 17042122 Lancet. 2002 Sep 7;360(9335):766-71 12241834 Psychiatry. 2012 Spring;75(1):49-59 22397541 Occup Med (Lond). 2015 Jun;65(4):331-6 25883216 Psychol Med. 2010 Dec;40(12):2049-57 (...) Mental health interventions for people involved in disasters: what not to do 28941097 2018 11 13 1723-8617 16 3 2017 Oct World psychiatry : official journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA) World Psychiatry Mental health interventions for people involved in disasters: what not to do. 249-250 10.1002/wps.20445 Greenberg Neil N King's Centre for Military Health Research, King's College London, London, UK. Wessely Simon S King's Centre for Military Health Research, King's College London

2017 World Psychiatry

130. Functional Limitations among Responders to the World Trade Center Attacks 14 years After the Disaster: Implications of Chronic Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Full Text available with Trip Pro

Functional Limitations among Responders to the World Trade Center Attacks 14 years After the Disaster: Implications of Chronic Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with self-reported difficulties navigating the social and physical world and may also be associated with risk of functional limitations. The Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), an objective functional assessment, was administered during monitoring exams between January and December (...) of functional limitations, SPPB ≤ 9; 16.0%, 95% CI [13.7, 18.4]. Current PTSD was associated with a twofold increased risk of functional limitations after controlling for predisposing factors, trauma severity, behavioral factors, and WTC-related medical conditions, adjusted risk ratio (aRR) = 2.11, 95% CI [1.48, 3.01]. Exposure to ergonomic risk factors at the WTC also increased the risk of functional impairments, aRR = 1.34 95% CI [1.05, 1.70]. Longitudinal results suggest that individuals with current

2017 Journal of traumatic stress

131. Extensive colonization with carbapenemase-producing microorganisms in Romanian burn patients: infectious consequences from the Colectiv fire disaster Full Text available with Trip Pro

Extensive colonization with carbapenemase-producing microorganisms in Romanian burn patients: infectious consequences from the Colectiv fire disaster Health care of severe burn patients is highly specialized and may require international patient transfer. Burn patients have an increased risk of developing infections. Patients that have been hospitalized in countries where carbapenemase-producing microorganisms (CPMO) are endemic may develop infections that are difficult to treat. In addition

2017 European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases

132. Cognitive therapy and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing for reducing psychopathology among disaster-bereaved individuals: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

participants are people who have lost one or multiple significant other(s) in the Ukrainian plane disaster in 2014 with clinically significant levels of self-rated PG, PTS, and/or depression. Multiple regression, including analysis of covariance, and multilevel regression analyses will be used. Discussion: There is a need for treatment for psychopathology following traumatic loss. Strengths of this study are the development of a treatment that targets grief and trauma-related complaints and the examination (...) Cognitive therapy and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing for reducing psychopathology among disaster-bereaved individuals: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial Background: Confrontation with a traumatic (e.g. disaster-related) loss is a risk factor for the development of psychopathology, including symptoms of prolonged grief (PG), posttraumatic stress (PTS), and depression. Although interventions have been developed for reducing post-loss psychopathology, more research

2017 European Journal of Psychotraumatology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

133. Rehabilitation services in disaster response Full Text available with Trip Pro

Rehabilitation services in disaster response 28250521 2018 06 26 2018 11 13 1564-0604 95 2 2017 Feb 01 Bulletin of the World Health Organization Bull. World Health Organ. Rehabilitation services in disaster response. 162-164 10.2471/BLT.15.157024 Mills Jody-Anne JA School of Public Health, Herston Road, University of Queensland, Herston, Brisbane, Queensland, 4006, Australia . Durham Jo J School of Public Health, Herston Road, University of Queensland, Herston, Brisbane, Queensland, 4006 (...) , Australia . Packirisamy Venkatakannan V International Committee of the Red Cross, Juba, South Sudan . eng Journal Article Switzerland Bull World Health Organ 7507052 0042-9686 IM Cooperative Behavior Disabled Persons rehabilitation Disaster Planning organization & administration Disasters Emergency Treatment methods Global Health Humans Public Assistance organization & administration 2015 04 19 2016 03 08 2016 03 12 2017 3 3 6 0 2017 3 3 6 0 2018 6 27 6 0 ppublish 28250521 10.2471/BLT.15.157024 BLT

2017 Bulletin of the World Health Organization

134. Obesity and Diabetes: The Slow‐Motion Disaster Full Text available with Trip Pro

& control Prevalence Public Health 2017 3 8 6 0 2017 3 8 6 0 2018 7 3 6 0 ppublish 28266071 10.1111/1468-0009.12238 PMC5339378 JAMA. 2013 Sep 4;310(9):948-59 24002281 Lancet. 2016 Apr 2;387(10026):1377-96 27115820 (...) Obesity and Diabetes: The Slow‐Motion Disaster 28266071 2018 07 02 2018 11 13 1468-0009 95 1 2017 03 The Milbank quarterly Milbank Q Obesity and Diabetes: The Slow-Motion Disaster. 11-14 10.1111/1468-0009.12238 Chan Margaret M Director-General of the World Health Organization. eng 001 World Health Organization International Editorial United States Milbank Q 8607003 0887-378X IM Diabetes Mellitus epidemiology prevention & control Global Health Humans Incidence Obesity epidemiology prevention

2017 The Milbank quarterly

135. Merging Outpatient Addiction and Opioid-Maintenance Programs During A Disaster: Lessons From Hurricane Sandy Full Text available with Trip Pro

care.Physicians, clinicians, and administrators from both institutions participated in interviews regarding the merger.Issues that emerged in the interviews fell into 4 major themes: (1) organization and meshing of professional cultures, (2) regulation, (3) communication, and (4) accommodations.Despite these barriers, data collected after the merger showed high retention rates and low rates of positive urine toxicology results. (Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. 2017;11:531-537). (...) Merging Outpatient Addiction and Opioid-Maintenance Programs During A Disaster: Lessons From Hurricane Sandy After Hurricane Sandy flooded Bellevue Hospital in New York City, its opiate maintenance patients were displaced and Bellevue's outpatient program was temporarily merged with the program at Metropolitan Hospital for continuation of care. The merger forced Metropolitan to accommodate a program twice as large as its own and required special staff coordination and adjustments in clinical

2017 Disaster medicine and public health preparedness

136. A cluster of vitreoretinal lymphoma in New York with possible link to the Chernobyl nuclear disaster Full Text available with Trip Pro

. Luke's Roosevelt Hospital , New York , NY , USA. Aizman Alexander A b New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai , New York , NY , USA. Genis Ilona I e Maimonides Medical Center , Brooklyn , NY , USA. Malamud Stephen C SC a Mount Sinai/Beth Israel Comprehensive Cancer Center , New York , NY , USA. Moslehi Roxana R f School of Public Health, Cancer Research Center, University at Albany, State University of New York (SUNY) , Albany , NY , USA. eng R21 AI105751 AI NIAID NIH HHS United States Letter (...) A cluster of vitreoretinal lymphoma in New York with possible link to the Chernobyl nuclear disaster 29164983 2019 02 07 2019 02 15 1029-2403 59 8 2018 08 Leukemia & lymphoma Leuk. Lymphoma A cluster of vitreoretinal lymphoma in New York with possible link to the Chernobyl nuclear disaster. 1998-2001 10.1080/10428194.2017.1403025 Kempin Sanford S a Mount Sinai/Beth Israel Comprehensive Cancer Center , New York , NY , USA. Finger Paul T PT b New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai , New

2017 Leukemia & lymphoma

137. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing to Facilitate Posttraumatic Growth: A Prospective Clinical Pilot Study on Ferry Disaster Survivors Full Text available with Trip Pro

scores showed more significant improvements in PTGI (rho=0.88, p=0.004) and SRGS (rho=0.83, p=0.010) scores after treatment than did those with lower pre-treatment CD-RISC scores.EMDR therapy using standard protocol for trauma processing helped facilitating PTG in disaster survivors. To generalize these findings, further controlled studies comparing with other treatment modalities for PTSD are needed. (...) Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing to Facilitate Posttraumatic Growth: A Prospective Clinical Pilot Study on Ferry Disaster Survivors The purpose of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effects of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) on post-traumatic growth (PTG).This study was conducted using a sample of ten survivors of a large-scale maritime disaster that occurred in the Yellow Sea, South Korea, in April 2014. A total of eight EMDR sessions were

2017 Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience

138. Disaster Preparedness: Biological Threats and Treatment Options. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Disaster Preparedness: Biological Threats and Treatment Options. Biological disasters can be natural, accidental, or intentional. Biological threats have made a lasting impact on civilization. This review focuses on agents of clinical significance, bioterrorism, and national security, specifically Category A agents (anthrax, botulism, plague, tularemia, and smallpox), as well as briefly discusses other naturally emerging infections of public health significance, Ebola virus (also a Category (...) A agent) and Zika virus. The role of pharmacists in disaster preparedness and disaster response is multifaceted and important. Their expertise includes clinical knowledge, which can aid in drug information consultation, patient-specific treatment decision making, and development of local treatment plans. To fulfill this role, pharmacists must have a comprehensive understanding of medical countermeasures for these significant biological threats across all health care settings. New and reemerging

2017 Pharmacotherapy

139. Content, Accessibility, and Dissemination of Disaster Information via Social Media During the 2016 Louisiana Floods. (Abstract)

Content, Accessibility, and Dissemination of Disaster Information via Social Media During the 2016 Louisiana Floods. Social media is becoming increasingly integrated into disaster response communication strategies of public health and emergency response agencies.We sought to assess the content, accessibility, and dissemination of social media communications made by government agencies during a disaster response.A cross-sectional analysis of social media posts made by federal, state, and local (...) government, public health and emergency management agencies before, during, and after the 2016 Louisiana floods was conducted to determine their content, accessibility, and dissemination by level of government and time relative to disaster onset.Facebook and/or Twitter posts made by public agencies involved in the response to the 2016 Louisiana Flooding events (FEMA Disaster Declaration [DR-4277]) published between August 4 and September 16, 2016, publicly available online between February 21 and March

2017 Journal of Public Health Management and Practice

140. Training Community Health Workers to Enhance Disaster Resilience. (Abstract)

Training Community Health Workers to Enhance Disaster Resilience. Community health workers (CHWs) have significant potential to contribute to public health in the United States by promoting disaster preparedness, speeding postdisaster recovery, and building disaster resilience in their communities. To maximize this potential, however, they must undergo rigorous and relevant training. As part of the Gulf Region Health Outreach Program, an appropriate curriculum was developed and delivered (...) as additional research and conceptual development, we offer recommendations aimed at expanding and refining CHW training curricula in the areas of chronic disease, psychosocial symptoms, community resilience, and environmental health. In addition to curriculum changes, we review policy implications aimed at promoting and facilitating the inclusion of CHWs in disaster response and recovery teams.

2017 Journal of Public Health Management and Practice

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