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(disaster OR disasters) AND ("public health" OR "health care" OR "emergency care" OR trauma OR "medical care" OR "health planning" OR "health education" OR "health information" OR "health literacy")

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41. Trauma-informed schools: Child disaster exposure, community violence and somatic symptoms. (Abstract)

Trauma-informed schools: Child disaster exposure, community violence and somatic symptoms. Given the increasing prevalence of natural disasters, trauma-informed school settings should include efficient methods for assessing child health and mental health in post-disaster environments. To develop such methods, factors that contribute to children's vulnerability and key signs of distress reactions after disasters need to be understood. To address these issues, we evaluated pre-disaster community (...) somatic symptoms were medical or functional in nature.Post-disaster school-based screeners may need to incorporate questions related to children's past exposure to community violence and their somatic symptoms to provide trauma-informed care for children.Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier B.V.

2018 Journal of Affective Disorders

42. A positive legacy of trauma? A study on the impact of natural disasters on medical utilization. (Abstract)

A positive legacy of trauma? A study on the impact of natural disasters on medical utilization. The impact of natural disasters on medical utilization is largely unknown and often overlooked how it affects bereaving and non-bereaving survivors. The aim of this study is to determine the medical utilization between both survivor groups and long-term effects.A 10-year 1999-2009 population-based retrospective study by using the National Health Insurance claim database and the Household Registration (...) , bereaving survivors slightly had higher medical utilization in the beginning stage of earthquake, i.e. for the first 3-month period or 1 year after earthquake. However, there were no differences between these two groups in medical utilization including outpatient and inpatient visits in long run.© The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press in association with the International Society for Quality in Health Care. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions

2018 International Journal for Quality in Health Care

43. Hospital Disaster Preparedness for Obstetricians and Facilities Providing Maternity Care

, and the 2014–2016 Ebola outbreak—highlight the need for disaster planning at all community levels. Furthermore, the increased frequency of environmental natural disasters, such as Hurricane Katrina (2005); Hurricane Sandy (2012); and the 2017 hurricanes Harvey, Irma, and Maria; and the increase in incidence of earthquakes, floods, heat waves, and severe wildfires that have direct consequences on human health, demonstrate the important role for health care providers in disaster preparedness ( ). A 2004 (...) review suggested that disasters cause the evacuation of as many as 20 hospitals per year ( ); another study concluded that from 2000 to 2012 natural disasters caused $1.5 trillion in damages worldwide and affected 2.9 billion people ( ). Because disasters are unpredictable in nature, attention has focused on measures that can be taken to minimize their effects and prepare citizens, businesses, health care facilities, and nations to manage the damage caused by disasters. In recent years, new

2017 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

44. A comparative assessment of major international disasters: the need for exposure assessment, systematic emergency preparedness, and lifetime health care. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A comparative assessment of major international disasters: the need for exposure assessment, systematic emergency preparedness, and lifetime health care. The disasters at Seveso, Three Mile Island, Bhopal, Chernobyl, the World Trade Center (WTC) and Fukushima had historic health and economic sequelae for large populations of workers, responders and community members.Comparative data from these events were collected to derive indications for future preparedness. Information from the primary (...) figured prominently in only the WTC Health Program. The analysis of these programs yielded the following lessons: 1) Know who was there; 2) Have public health input to the disaster response; 3) Collect health and needs data rapidly; 4) Take care of the affected; 5) Emergency preparedness; 6) Data driven, needs assessment, advocacy.Given the long-lasting health consequences of natural and man-made disasters, health surveillance and treatment programs are critical for management of health conditions

2017 BMC Public Health

45. Disaster management and primary health care: implications for medical education Full Text available with Trip Pro

Disaster management and primary health care: implications for medical education 29200403 2018 12 11 2018 12 11 2042-6372 8 2017 Nov 30 International journal of medical education Int J Med Educ Disaster management and primary health care: implications for medical education. 414-415 ijme.8.414415 10.5116/ijme.5a07.1e1b Swathi Javeria Majeed JM Unit for Research in Emergency and Disaster, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oviedo, Spain. González Pedro Arcos PA Unit for Research in Emergency (...) and Disaster, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oviedo, Spain. Delgado Rafael Castro RC Unit for Research in Emergency and Disaster, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oviedo, Spain. eng Journal Article 2017 11 30 England Int J Med Educ 101603754 2042-6372 IM Clinical Competence standards Disaster Medicine education Disasters Education, Medical methods organization & administration standards Humans Primary Health Care methods organization & administration standards 2016 08 27 2017 11 11 2017 12 5 6 0 2017

2017 International Journal of Medical Education

46. Nurses' experiences of responding to a health care disaster or adventitious crisis: a systematic review of qualitative evidence. (Abstract)

Nurses' experiences of responding to a health care disaster or adventitious crisis: a systematic review of qualitative evidence. 27820180 2019 11 20 1838-2142 9 64 Suppl 2011 JBI library of systematic reviews JBI Libr Syst Rev Nurses' experiences of responding to a health care disaster or adventitious crisis: a systematic review of qualitative evidence. 1-11 Danna Denise D 1Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, School of Nursing. New Orleans, LA 70112 Louisiana Center for Evidence

2017 JBI library of systematic reviews

47. Health Effects of Oil Spills and Implications for Public Health Planning and Research

Health Effects of Oil Spills and Implications for Public Health Planning and Research NOVEMBER 2014 1 Health Effects of Oil Spills and Implications for Public Health Planning and Research Angela Eykelbosh, MSc, PhD Introduction Two major pipeline projects have been proposed to transport petroleum products from Alberta to the British Columbian coast. Despite potential economic benefits, these proposals have roused widespread public concern regarding the health and ecological consequences (...) provision, and the alleviation of financial uncertainty through timely, rapid, and fair compensation, as well as policies that promote social support. Implications for Public Health Planning and Research The literature highlights an urgent need for proactive policies to evaluate and treat the short- term impacts on paid and volunteer clean-up workers and the general population, as well as the commitment of long-term funding to monitor and manage long-term impacts as they unfold. 2 populations

2015 National Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health

48. Reducing Disaster Exacerbated Non-Communicable Diseases Through Public Health Infrastructure Resilience: Perspectives of Australian Disaster Service Providers Full Text available with Trip Pro

Reducing Disaster Exacerbated Non-Communicable Diseases Through Public Health Infrastructure Resilience: Perspectives of Australian Disaster Service Providers The exposure of people and infrastructure to flood and storm related disasters across the world is increasing faster than vulnerability is decreasing. For people with non-communicable diseases this presents a significant risk as traditionally the focus of disaster management systems has been on immediate trauma and communicable diseases (...) . This focus must now be expanded to include the management of non-communicable diseases because these conditions are generating the bulk of ill health, disability and premature death around the globe. When public health service infrastructure is destroyed or damaged access to treatment and care is severely jeopardised, resulting in an increased risk of non-communicable disease exacerbation or even death. This research proposes disaster responders, coordinators and government officials are vital assets

2016 PLoS currents

49. Unconditional cash transfers for assistance in humanitarian disasters: effect on use of health services and health outcomes in low- and middle-income countries. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Unconditional cash transfers for assistance in humanitarian disasters: effect on use of health services and health outcomes in low- and middle-income countries. Unconditional cash transfers (UCTs) are a common social protection intervention that increases income, a key social determinant of health, in disaster contexts in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).To assess the effects of UCTs in improving health services use, health outcomes, social determinants of health, health care (...) expenditure, and local markets and infrastructure in LMICs. We also compared the relative effectiveness of UCTs delivered in-hand with in-kind transfers, conditional cash transfers, and UCTs paid through other mechanisms.We searched 17 academic databases, including the Cochrane Public Health Group Specialised Register, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (The Cochrane Library 2014, Issue 7), MEDLINE, and EMBASE between May and July 2014 for any records published up until 4 May 2014. We also

2015 Cochrane

50. Keeping Communications Flowing During Large-Scale Disasters: Leveraging Amateur Radio Innovations for Disaster Medicine Full Text available with Trip Pro

. (Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. 2018;12:257-264). (...) Keeping Communications Flowing During Large-Scale Disasters: Leveraging Amateur Radio Innovations for Disaster Medicine Medical facilities may struggle to maintain effective communications during a major disaster. Natural and man-made disasters threaten connectivity by degrading or crippling Internet, cellular/mobile, and landline telephone services across wide areas. Communications among staff, between facilities, and to resources outside the disaster area may be lost for an extended time

2017 Disaster medicine and public health preparedness

51. Conducting Science in Disasters: Recommendations from the NIEHS Working Group for Special IRB Considerations in the Review of Disaster Related Research Full Text available with Trip Pro

Conducting Science in Disasters: Recommendations from the NIEHS Working Group for Special IRB Considerations in the Review of Disaster Related Research Research involving human subjects after public health emergencies and disasters may pose ethical challenges. These challenges may include concerns about the vulnerability of prospective disaster research participants, increased research burden among disaster survivors approached by multiple research teams, and potentially reduced standards (...) to identify recommendations that are instrumental in preparing IRBs to review protocols related to public health emergencies and disasters. The meeting included formative didactic presentations and facilitated breakout discussions using disaster-related case studies. Major thematic elements from these discussions were collected and documented into 15 working group recommendations, summarized in this article, that address topics such as IRB disaster preparedness activities, informed consent, vulnerable

2017 Environmental health perspectives

52. Public health information in crisis-affected populations: a review of methods and their use for advocacy and action. (Abstract)

quantifies the availability of a minimal essential set of information in large armed conflict and natural disaster crises since 2010: we show that information was available and timely only in a small minority of cases. On the basis of this observation, we propose an agenda for methodological research and steps required to improve on the current use of available methods. This proposition includes setting up a dedicated interagency service for public health information and epidemiology in crises.Copyright (...) Public health information in crisis-affected populations: a review of methods and their use for advocacy and action. Valid and timely information about various domains of public health underpins the effectiveness of humanitarian public health interventions in crises. However, obstacles including insecurity, insufficient resources and skills for data collection and analysis, and absence of validated methods combine to hamper the quantity and quality of public health information available

2017 Lancet

53. Resources for post-traumatic stress disorder following natural disasters

Resources for post-traumatic stress disorder following natural disasters Special Collection - Cochrane & Evidence Aid: resources for post-traumatic stress disorder following natural disasters | Cochrane Library Cookies Our site uses cookies to improve your experience. You can find out more about our use of cookies in About Cookies, including instructions on how to turn off cookies if you wish to do so. By continuing to browse this site you agree to us using cookies as described in . Trusted (...) Language Banner Portlet Content Language Selection Your language preference is set to English . Where translations are available, article sections will display in this language. Return to . Scolaris Content Display Scolaris Content Display Cochrane & Evidence Aid: resources for post-traumatic stress disorder following natural disasters Evidence Aid - Free access to reviews | 1 April 2015 As people recover from yet another example of nature's fury, those involved in disaster planning will need

2015 Publication 4890975

54. Disaster response knowledge and its social determinants: A cross-sectional study in Beijing, China. Full Text available with Trip Pro

). Economic status did not show significant effects on residents' disaster response knowledge.People's disaster response knowledge in Beijing was low, especially regarding human-made disasters. The findings implicate further health education on disaster preparedness and response should be implemented, also residents who lived in peri-urban and urban areas or with less education should be given more attention. (...) Disaster response knowledge and its social determinants: A cross-sectional study in Beijing, China. The purpose of this study is to identify the social factors that shape the disaster response knowledge of residents in Beijing, China. This study aims to provide evidence supporting the development and promotion of effective strategies for disaster response knowledge, including natural and human-made ones.A cross-sectional household survey on disaster response knowledge was conducted in Beijing

2019 PLoS ONE

55. Investigation of Japan Disaster Medical Assistance Team response guidelines assuming catastrophic damage from a Nankai Trough earthquake Full Text available with Trip Pro

. This will require DMAT operational reforms and the creation of logistics systems such as the supply of resources for earthquake-reinforced hospitals.In addition to patient transport, systems to provide medical care inside disaster-affected areas are needed. (...) Investigation of Japan Disaster Medical Assistance Team response guidelines assuming catastrophic damage from a Nankai Trough earthquake Transporting critically ill patients outside of disaster-affected areas for treatment is an important activity of Japan Disaster Medical Assistance Teams (DMATs). We investigated whether this activity is possible after possible catastrophic damage from a Nankai Trough earthquake.Japan was divided into three areas based on the level of predicted damage

2017 Acute medicine & surgery

56. The Nepal earthquake: use of a disaster to improve mental health literacy Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Nepal earthquake: use of a disaster to improve mental health literacy People were not well prepared for the psychological aftermath of the earthquake in Nepal in April 2015. A higher rate of mental disorder was noted in the ensuing months and there was a need to develop psychosocial interventions, especially for those with poor mental health literacy. Acceptable, affordable and accessible mental health awareness programmes were required. Through examples of strategies adopted by the author (...) , this article asserts that the aftermath of natural disasters can give mental health professionals opportunities to improve mental health literacy.

2016 BJPsych International

58. Improving Hurricane Harvey Disaster Research Response Through Academic-Practice Partnerships. (Abstract)

Improving Hurricane Harvey Disaster Research Response Through Academic-Practice Partnerships. After Hurricane Harvey, researchers, media, and public health agencies collected data in Houston, Texas, to assess potential health effects and inform the public. To limit redundancy and ensure sampling coverage of impacted areas, research and practice partners used disaster research response (DR2) resources and relied on partnerships formed during a 2015 DR2 workshop in Houston. Improved coordination (...) after the disaster can improve the effectiveness and efficiency of DR2 and enable the use of data to improve recovery and preparedness for future disasters.

2019 American Journal of Public Health

59. Medicaid Utilization Before and After a Natural Disaster in the 2016 Baton Rouge-Area Flood. Full Text available with Trip Pro

%, respectively. Expansion accounted for a 4% increase in claims. Postflood claims reflected 8% to 10% higher costs.Conclusions. Greater amounts of behavioral health care services were sought in all 10 months of the postflood study period. We observed gender differences in use of services and diagnoses. Behavioral health care services following natural disasters must be extended longer than traditionally expected, with consideration for specific population needs. (...) ). This constituted 273 233 provider claims for 22 196 individuals. Claims data included patient gender, behavioral health diagnoses, treatment dates, and costs. We made adjustments for Medicaid expansion by using monthly enrollment data.Results. Overall, most male patient behavioral health care visits were for substance use disorders (33.6%) and most female patient behavioral health care visits were for depression-related disorders (30%). Both diagnostic categories increased after the flood by 66% and 44

2019 American Journal of Public Health

60. The impact of natural disasters on medicare costs in U.S. gulf coast states. Full Text available with Trip Pro

with Medicare claims data to create a panel dataset from 2001 to 2007.Medicare Part A claims for the years 2001 to 2007 were merged with FEMA data related to disasters in each U.S. County. Overall Medicare costs, as well as costs for inpatient and home health care for residents of states located along the U.S. Gulf Coast (Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida) were compared to costs for residents of the rest of the U.S.Expenditures among residents of U.S. Gulf States decreased with increased (...) hazard exposure. Decreases in inpatient expenditures persisted in the years following a disaster.The use of beneficiary-level data highlights the potential for natural hazards to impact health care costs. This study demonstrates the possibility that exposure to more severe disasters may limit access to health care and therefore reduce expenditures. Additional research is needed to determine if there is a substitution of services (e.g., inpatient rehabilitation for home health) in disaster-affected

2019 Medicine

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