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41. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms and Posttraumatic Growth Following Indirect Trauma from the Sewol Ferry Disaster, 2014 (Full text)

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms and Posttraumatic Growth Following Indirect Trauma from the Sewol Ferry Disaster, 2014 The definition of psychological trauma, which was traditionally restricted to immediate and direct experience, is now expanding to include mediated or vicarious experience. So the present study aims to examine the relationship between the negative effects and the positive outcomes to a national disaster by assessing the posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms (...) and posttraumatic growth of the general public.A nationwide survey of the Korean population (n=811) who were exposed to the Sewol ferry disaster through the media participated in this research, completing a self-report questionnaire consisting of demographic characteristics, Impact of Event Scale-Revised- Korean, and Korean-Stress-related Growth Scale-Revised. The participants were divided into three groups according to the severity of PTSD symptoms, then one-way ANOVA were conducted.The results revealed 30.4

2018 Psychiatry investigation PubMed

42. Reducing the Future Risk of Trauma: On the Integration of Global Disaster Policy within Specific Health Domains and Established Fields of Practice (Full text)

Reducing the Future Risk of Trauma: On the Integration of Global Disaster Policy within Specific Health Domains and Established Fields of Practice The global increase in the frequency and severity of natural hazards and extreme climatic events necessitates more efficient global and national strategies to reduce the likelihood and impact of traumatic consequences for disaster-affected populations. The recent inclusion of mental health in the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction marks (...) a pivotal point in the recognition of the significant burden of disasters on mental health, and a global commitment to reducing its impacts. Nevertheless, effective agreement implementation and efforts to reduce disaster mental health risks are facing significant challenges. These include a lack of clarity about the conceptual interlinkages and place of disaster risk reduction principles within the field of disaster mental health, which is traditionally marked by a prevailing recovery orientation

2018 International journal of environmental research and public health PubMed

43. Public health after a nuclear disaster: beyond radiation risks (Full text)

Public health after a nuclear disaster: beyond radiation risks 27821890 2018 11 13 1564-0604 94 11 2016 Nov 01 Bulletin of the World Health Organization Bull. World Health Organ. Public health after a nuclear disaster: beyond radiation risks. 859-860 Leppold Claire C Department of Research, Minamisoma Municipal General Hospital, Minamisoma, Fukushima, 975-0033, Japan . Tanimoto Tetsuya T Department of Internal Medicine, Jyoban Hospital of Tokiwa Foundation, Iwaki, Fukushima, Japan . Tsubokura (...) Masaharu M Department of Radiation Protection, Minamisoma Municipal General Hospital, Minamisoma, Fukushima, Japan . eng Journal Article 2016 08 30 Switzerland Bull World Health Organ 7507052 0042-9686 2015 12 14 2016 03 04 2016 06 23 2016 11 9 6 0 2016 11 9 6 0 2016 11 9 6 0 ppublish 27821890 10.2471/BLT.15.168187 BLT.15.168187 PMC5096345 BMJ Open. 2016 Feb 04;6(2):e010080 26846896 Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2014 Feb;8(1):30-6 24524378 Bull World Health Organ. 2012 Aug 1;90(8):629-30 22893747

2016 Bulletin of the World Health Organization PubMed

44. Public health policy in a time of change and disaster in South Africa: 1910–1920 (Full text)

Public health policy in a time of change and disaster in South Africa: 1910–1920 With the establishment of the Union of South Africa in 1910, the central focus of the newly appointed government was to alter and consolidate the policies of the pre-Union colonies that differed materially in many respects and to substitute them with uniform policies that had to be implemented as a consolidated whole for the Union. This central focus was applied to a number of policies, notably those (...) of the influenza epidemic in 1918 was the incidental and piecemeal fashion in which expressions on public health appeared in the published party political manifestos, which in turn influenced the proceedings of Parliament. This political negligence was, however, quickly overturned by Parliament immediately after the epidemic, showing the influence of this demographic disaster on political thinking and action.

2016 Jàmbá : Journal of Disaster Risk Studies PubMed

45. When a natural disaster strikes, can public health respond effectively?

When a natural disaster strikes, can public health respond effectively? When a natural disaster strikes, can public health respond effectively? | | Blogs | CDC Search Form Controls TOPIC ONLY Search The CDC cancel submit Search Form Controls TOPIC ONLY Search The CDC cancel submit Note: Javascript is disabled or is not supported by your browser. For this reason, some items on this page will be unavailable. For more information about this message, please visit this page: . Related to this Blog (...) About this Blog When a natural disaster strikes, can public health respond effectively? Posted on April 19, 2016 by Blog Administrator New primer shows how disaster surveillance can make all the difference. During April 25-28, 2011, a massive storm system generated 351 tornadoes that whipped through five southern states, causing 338 deaths, leaving behind historic levels of damage to people’s homes and businesses. The swarm of twisters and storms took down trees and power lines, blew roofs off

2016 CDC Your Health - Your Environment Blog

46. Medical Countermeasures for Children in Public Health Emergencies, Disasters, or Terrorism. (Full text)

Medical Countermeasures for Children in Public Health Emergencies, Disasters, or Terrorism. Significant strides have been made over the past 10 to 15 years to develop medical countermeasures (MCMs) to address potential disaster hazards, including chemical, biological, radiologic, and nuclear threats. Significant and effective collaboration between the pediatric health community, including the American Academy of Pediatrics, and federal partners, such as the Office of the Assistant Secretary (...) in children during public health emergencies or disasters. The progress made by federal agencies to date to address the needs of children and the shared commitment of collaboration that characterizes the current relationship between the pediatric health community and the federal agencies responsible for MCMs should encourage all child advocates to invest the necessary energy and resources now to complete the process of remedying the remaining significant gaps in preparedness. Copyright © 2016

2016 Pediatrics PubMed

47. Synergising Public Health Concepts with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction: A Conceptual Glossary (Full text)

Synergising Public Health Concepts with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction: A Conceptual Glossary The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (2015) is a global strategy for addressing disaster risk and resilience that has been ratified by member countries of the United Nations. Its guiding principles emphasise building resilience through inter-sectoral collaboration, as well as partnerships that facilitate community empowerment and address underlying risk factors. Both (...) of health; inequality and inequity; the inverse care law; community-based and community development approaches; hard to reach communities and services; the prevention paradox; and the inverse prevention law. These ideas from public health provide a useful conceptual base for the "new" agenda in disaster risk management that underpins the 2015 Sendai Framework. The relevance of these ideas to disaster risk management and research is illustrated through drawing on the Sendai Framework, disaster literature

2016 International journal of environmental research and public health PubMed

48. Lightning Injury is a disaster in Bangladesh? - Exploring its magnitude and public health needs (Full text)

Lightning Injury is a disaster in Bangladesh? - Exploring its magnitude and public health needs Background: Lightning injury is a global public health issue. Low and middle-income countries in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world are most affected by lightning. Bangladesh is one of the countries at particular risk, with a high number of devastating lightning injuries in the past years, causing high mortality and morbidity. The exact magnitude of the problem is still unknown (...) , than urban populations (RR 8.73, 95% CI 5.13-14.86). About 43% of injuries occurred between 12 noon and 6 pm. The newspapers reported 81 deaths during 2 days of electric storms in 2016. Lightning has been declared a natural disaster in Bangladesh. Conclusions: The current study indicates that lightning injuries are a public health problem in Bangladesh. The study recommends further investigations to develop interventions to reduce lightning injuries, mortality and related burden in Bangladesh.

2016 F1000Research PubMed

49. Keeping Communications Flowing During Large-Scale Disasters: Leveraging Amateur Radio Innovations for Disaster Medicine (Full text)

. (Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. 2018;12:257-264). (...) Keeping Communications Flowing During Large-Scale Disasters: Leveraging Amateur Radio Innovations for Disaster Medicine Medical facilities may struggle to maintain effective communications during a major disaster. Natural and man-made disasters threaten connectivity by degrading or crippling Internet, cellular/mobile, and landline telephone services across wide areas. Communications among staff, between facilities, and to resources outside the disaster area may be lost for an extended time

2017 Disaster medicine and public health preparedness PubMed

50. Conducting Science in Disasters: Recommendations from the NIEHS Working Group for Special IRB Considerations in the Review of Disaster Related Research (Full text)

Conducting Science in Disasters: Recommendations from the NIEHS Working Group for Special IRB Considerations in the Review of Disaster Related Research Research involving human subjects after public health emergencies and disasters may pose ethical challenges. These challenges may include concerns about the vulnerability of prospective disaster research participants, increased research burden among disaster survivors approached by multiple research teams, and potentially reduced standards (...) to identify recommendations that are instrumental in preparing IRBs to review protocols related to public health emergencies and disasters. The meeting included formative didactic presentations and facilitated breakout discussions using disaster-related case studies. Major thematic elements from these discussions were collected and documented into 15 working group recommendations, summarized in this article, that address topics such as IRB disaster preparedness activities, informed consent, vulnerable

2017 Environmental health perspectives PubMed

51. Public health information in crisis-affected populations: a review of methods and their use for advocacy and action. (Full text)

quantifies the availability of a minimal essential set of information in large armed conflict and natural disaster crises since 2010: we show that information was available and timely only in a small minority of cases. On the basis of this observation, we propose an agenda for methodological research and steps required to improve on the current use of available methods. This proposition includes setting up a dedicated interagency service for public health information and epidemiology in crises.Copyright (...) Public health information in crisis-affected populations: a review of methods and their use for advocacy and action. Valid and timely information about various domains of public health underpins the effectiveness of humanitarian public health interventions in crises. However, obstacles including insecurity, insufficient resources and skills for data collection and analysis, and absence of validated methods combine to hamper the quantity and quality of public health information available

2017 Lancet PubMed

52. Health Effects of Oil Spills and Implications for Public Health Planning and Research

Health Effects of Oil Spills and Implications for Public Health Planning and Research NOVEMBER 2014 1 Health Effects of Oil Spills and Implications for Public Health Planning and Research Angela Eykelbosh, MSc, PhD Introduction Two major pipeline projects have been proposed to transport petroleum products from Alberta to the British Columbian coast. Despite potential economic benefits, these proposals have roused widespread public concern regarding the health and ecological consequences (...) provision, and the alleviation of financial uncertainty through timely, rapid, and fair compensation, as well as policies that promote social support. Implications for Public Health Planning and Research The literature highlights an urgent need for proactive policies to evaluate and treat the short- term impacts on paid and volunteer clean-up workers and the general population, as well as the commitment of long-term funding to monitor and manage long-term impacts as they unfold. 2 populations

2015 National Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health

53. Disaster response knowledge and its social determinants: A cross-sectional study in Beijing, China. (Full text)

). Economic status did not show significant effects on residents' disaster response knowledge.People's disaster response knowledge in Beijing was low, especially regarding human-made disasters. The findings implicate further health education on disaster preparedness and response should be implemented, also residents who lived in peri-urban and urban areas or with less education should be given more attention. (...) Disaster response knowledge and its social determinants: A cross-sectional study in Beijing, China. The purpose of this study is to identify the social factors that shape the disaster response knowledge of residents in Beijing, China. This study aims to provide evidence supporting the development and promotion of effective strategies for disaster response knowledge, including natural and human-made ones.A cross-sectional household survey on disaster response knowledge was conducted in Beijing

2019 PLoS ONE PubMed

54. Unconditional cash transfers for assistance in humanitarian disasters: effect on use of health services and health outcomes in low- and middle-income countries. (PubMed)

Unconditional cash transfers for assistance in humanitarian disasters: effect on use of health services and health outcomes in low- and middle-income countries. Unconditional cash transfers (UCTs) are a common social protection intervention that increases income, a key social determinant of health, in disaster contexts in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).To assess the effects of UCTs in improving health services use, health outcomes, social determinants of health, health care (...) expenditure, and local markets and infrastructure in LMICs. We also compared the relative effectiveness of UCTs delivered in-hand with in-kind transfers, conditional cash transfers, and UCTs paid through other mechanisms.We searched 17 academic databases, including the Cochrane Public Health Group Specialised Register, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (The Cochrane Library 2014, Issue 7), MEDLINE, and EMBASE between May and July 2014 for any records published up until 4 May 2014. We also

2015 Cochrane

56. Investigation of Japan Disaster Medical Assistance Team response guidelines assuming catastrophic damage from a Nankai Trough earthquake (Full text)

. This will require DMAT operational reforms and the creation of logistics systems such as the supply of resources for earthquake-reinforced hospitals.In addition to patient transport, systems to provide medical care inside disaster-affected areas are needed. (...) Investigation of Japan Disaster Medical Assistance Team response guidelines assuming catastrophic damage from a Nankai Trough earthquake Transporting critically ill patients outside of disaster-affected areas for treatment is an important activity of Japan Disaster Medical Assistance Teams (DMATs). We investigated whether this activity is possible after possible catastrophic damage from a Nankai Trough earthquake.Japan was divided into three areas based on the level of predicted damage

2017 Acute medicine & surgery PubMed

57. How should we screen for depression following a natural disaster? An ROC approach to post-disaster screening in adolescents and adults. (Full text)

constructs (i.e., PTSD symptoms, trauma history, social support) conveyed the greatest risk for post-natural disaster depression, b) specific cutoff scores across these measures, and c) whether the significance or cutoff scores for each construct varied between adolescents and adults.Structured phone-based clinical interviews were conducted with 2000 adolescents who lived through a tornado and 1543 adults who survived a hurricane.Findings suggested that in both adolescents and adults, individual-related (...) constructs forecasted greater risk for depressive symptoms following a natural disaster compared to disaster-related stressors. Furthermore, trauma history and PTSD symptoms were particularly strong indicators for adolescent depressive symptoms compared to adult depressive symptoms. Adolescents and adults who reported vulnerable scores for social support, trauma history, and lifetime PTSD symptoms were approximately twice as likely to present as depressed following the natural disaster.Findings from

2016 Journal of Affective Disorders PubMed

58. Trauma-focused Smoking Cessation for Smokers Exposed to the World Trade Center Disaster: A Randomized Clinical Trial. (PubMed)

Trauma-focused Smoking Cessation for Smokers Exposed to the World Trade Center Disaster: A Randomized Clinical Trial. The main objective was to evaluate the efficacy of an 8-session, group-based comprehensive smoking cessation and trauma management (CSC-T) treatment among daily smokers (≥5 cigarettes/day) exposed to the World Trade Center (WTC) disaster with elevated WTC-related post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms.Participants (N = 90) were randomly assigned to CSC-T (N = 44; 63.6 (...) conditions. Although the current study found no evidence that the CSC-T was superior to the CSC alone treatment, the abstinence rates observed were high relative to previous trials of smokers with diagnosed PTSD. Further development of smoking cessation programs tailored to the needs of smokers with PTSD symptoms continues to be needed.This study suggests that a CSC program aids in smoking abstinence for smokers with PTSD symptoms and that incorporating trauma management skills, may not add additional

2016 Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco

59. Specialized disaster behavioral health training: Its connection with response, practice, trauma health, and resilience (Full text)

Specialized disaster behavioral health training: Its connection with response, practice, trauma health, and resilience This study examined the relationship between having training in key disaster behavioral health (DBH) interventions and trauma health (compassion fatigue, burnout and compassion satisfaction), resilience, the number of crisis responses participated in within the last year, and the frequency of assembling to practice crisis interventions skills. Data was collected from (...) a convenience sample of disaster behavioral health responders (N = 139) attending a training conference in Michigan. Measures included the Professional Quality of Life Scale, the 14-item Resilience Scale, and a demographic questionnaire. Point biserial correlations revealed that having training in large and small group crisis interventions and individual and peer crisis interventions was significantly correlated with higher resilience and lower levels of burnout. Psychological First Aid

2016 Disaster health PubMed

60. Surgical Procedures Performed by Emergency Medical Teams in Sudden-Onset Disasters: A Systematic Review. (PubMed)

Surgical Procedures Performed by Emergency Medical Teams in Sudden-Onset Disasters: A Systematic Review. Emergency medical teams (EMTs) frequently provide surgical care after sudden-onset disasters (SODs) in low- and middle-income countries. The purpose of this review is to describe the types of surgical procedures performed by EMTs with general surgical capability in order to aid the recruitment and training of surgeons for these teams.A search of electronic databases (PubMed, MEDLINE (...) (46.8%) and fractures (28.3%), although a number of abdominal and genitourinary/obstetric procedures were also reported.Based upon this review, deployment of surgeons or teams with experience in the management of soft tissue wounds, orthopaedic trauma, abdominal surgery, and obstetrics is recommended.

2019 World Journal of Surgery

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