Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2) and (#3 or #4)
How to Trip Rapid Review
Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)
Step 2: press
Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.
Trauma and Relationship Strain: Oral Histories With World Trade Center Disaster Responders. Existing models of couple functioning after trauma are primarily based on the experiences of returning military veterans. In this study, we conducted thematic analysis of a purposive sample of 49 oral histories of responders to the 9/11/01 terrorist attacks to understand how they navigated life with their spouses after the response experience. Use of multiple coders and analytic matrices increased (...) analytic rigor. In the sample, 34.7% disclosed a posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnosis and another 22.7% mentioned experiencing at least one trauma symptom. Most responders had not sought mental health intervention, relying instead on their spouses' caregiving. Responders reported limited disclosure to their spouses about the details of their 9/11/01 response work, which may have helped them cope emotionally with repeated 9/11/01 clean-up duties. Shared values regarding the common good
Applying a New Framework for PublicHealth Systems Recovery following Emergencies and Disasters: The Example of Haiti following a Major Earthquake and Cholera Outbreak. Emergencies can often directly impact health systems of an affected region or country, especially in resource-constrained areas. Health system recovery following an emergency is a complex and dynamic process. Health system recovery efforts have often been structured around the World Health Organization's health systems building (...) blocks as demonstrated by the Post-Disaster Needs Assessment. Although this structure is valuable and well known, it can overlook the intricacies of publichealth systems. We retrospectively examine publichealth systems recovery, a subset of the larger health system, following the 2010 Haiti earthquake and cholera outbreak, through the lens of the 10 essential publichealth services. This framework illustrates the comprehensive nature of and helps categorize the activities necessary for a well
Evacuation of Pets During Disasters: A PublicHealth Intervention to Increase Resilience. During a disaster, many pet owners want to evacuate their pets with them, only to find that evacuation and sheltering options are limited or nonexistent. This disregard for companion animal welfare during a disaster can have publichealth consequences. Pet owners may be stranded at home, unwilling to leave their pets behind. Others refuse evacuation orders or attempt to reenter evacuation sites illegally (...) . These sequelae are not unique to the United States, nor to wealthy countries. Emergency planning for companion animals during disasters is a global need in communities with a significant pet population, and will increase resilience and improve publichealth.
Publichealth implications of complex emergencies and natural disasters During the last decade, conflict or natural disasters have displaced unprecedented numbers of persons. This leads to conditions prone to outbreaks that imperil the health of displaced persons and threaten global health security. Past literature has minimally examined the association of communicable disease outbreaks with complex emergencies (CEs) and natural disasters (NDs).To examine this association, we identified CEs (...) and NDs using publicly available datasets from the Center for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters and United Nations Flash and Consolidated Appeals archive for 2005-2014. We identified outbreaks from World Health Organization archives. We compared findings to identify overlap of outbreaks, including their types (whether or not of a vaccine-preventable disease), and emergency event types (CE, ND, or Both) by country and year using descriptive statistics and measure of association.There were 167
PublicHealthDisasters: Be Prepared 28892453 2017 09 20 1541-0048 107 S2 2017 Sep American journal of publichealth Am J PublicHealthPublicHealthDisasters: Be Prepared. S120-S121 10.2105/AJPH.2017.304039 Kim-Farley Robert James RJ Robert James Kim-Farley is with the Departments of Epidemiology and Community Health Sciences, Fielding School of PublicHealth, University of California, Los Angeles and is an associate editor of AJPH. eng Journal Article United States Am J PublicHealth 1254074
Resilient Health System As Conceptual Framework for Strengthening PublicHealthDisaster Risk Management: An African Viewpoint 29034230 2018 11 13 2296-2565 5 2017 Frontiers in publichealth Front PublicHealth Resilient Health System As Conceptual Framework for Strengthening PublicHealthDisaster Risk Management: An African Viewpoint. 263 10.3389/fpubh.2017.00263 Olu Olushayo O World Health Organization, Kigali, Rwanda. eng 001 World Health Organization International Journal Article 2017 09 (...) 28 Switzerland Front PublicHealth 101616579 2296-2565 Africa conceptual framework disaster risk management opinion article publichealth resilient health system 2017 05 22 2017 09 14 2017 10 17 6 0 2017 10 17 6 0 2017 10 17 6 1 epublish 29034230 10.3389/fpubh.2017.00263 PMC5625001 PLoS Curr. 2012 Aug 22;4:e5028b6037259a 23066520 PublicHealth. 2017 Feb;143:60-70 28159028 Lancet. 2015 Mar 14;385(9972):941 25747581 Prehosp Disaster Med. 2016 Feb;31(1):74-8 26675042 BMJ Open. 2015 Dec 23;5(12
How Do Communities Use a Participatory PublicHealth Approach to Build Resilience? The Los Angeles County Community Disaster Resilience Project Community resilience is a key concept in the National Health Security Strategy that emphasizes development of multi-sector partnerships and equity through community engagement. Here, we describe the advancement of CR principles through community participatory methods in the Los Angeles County Community Disaster Resilience (LACCDR) initiative. LACCDR (...) , an initiative led by the Los Angeles County Department of PublicHealth with academic partners, randomized 16 community coalitions to implement either an Enhanced Standard Preparedness or Community Resilience approach over 24 months. Facilitated by a publichealth nurse or community educator, coalitions comprised government agencies, community-focused organizations and community members. We used thematic analysis of data from focus groups (n = 5) and interviews (n = 6 coalition members; n = 16 facilitators
Post-earthquake Zika virus surge: Disaster and publichealth threat amid climatic conduciveness A recent major earthquake (M7.8), coupled with appropriate climatic conditions, led to significant destruction in Ecuador. Temperature variations, which may be induced by anthropogenic climate change, are often associated with changes in rainfall, humidity and pressure. Temperature and humidity are associated with ecological modifications that may favour mosquito breeding. We hypothesized (...) that the disruptive ecological changes triggered by the earthquake, in the context of appropriate climatic conditions, led to an upsurge in Zika virus (ZIKV) infections. Here we show that, after controlling for climatic and socioeconomic conditions, earthquake severity was associated with incident ZIKV cases. Pre-earthquake mean maximum monthly temperature and post-earthquake mean monthly pressure were negatively associated with ZIKV incidence rates. These results demonstrate the dynamics of post-disaster vector
), community agencies (EMS, police, and publichealth), and sources of vital supplies (water, oxygen, and drugs)  List the 8 basic components of a comprehensive hospital disaster response planning process Interdepartmental Planning Group: needs representatives from every department that is vital to a hospital’s response (i.e. admin, medical staff, nursing, safety & security, emergency department, engineering). Responsible for hazard identification and response planning Resource Management: A full (...) Those who will survive without care Those who will benefit from care in the field (austere care) Only patients in the third category receive interventions beyond comfort care or basic measures  List the 5 functional elements of an incident command system Incident command: overall management responsibility – not automatically the physician, especially pre-hospital Operations section: provides tactical services (e.g. medicalcare, extraction, fire, law enforcement) Planning section: collects
that urban authorities have a number of responsibilities that can contribute to disaster risk reduction, preparedness and post- disaster response and recovery. These can be grouped into three categories - built environment (planning, building codes, land use regulations); physical infrastructure (roads, drainage, sanitation) and services (fire-protection, solid waste, transport, healthcare). See figure 2 for full mapping. 10 Figure 2: The role of city/municipal government in disaster risk management (...) Urban disaster risk governance: A systematic review Urban disaster risk governance A systematic review by Nicola Murray February 2017 Systematic review i Urban disaster risk governance: a systematic review “After five years working on this in Nepal, I have come to recognise that addressing Nepal's vulnerability to natural hazards is first a governance problem, and only second, about funding and expertise.” (Robert Piper, UN Resident Coordinator Nepal 2013). By Nicola Murray February 2017
for the rescue of the survivors inside. However, their anxiety had become shock, anger, and helplessness, and the disaster has become a daunting, collective trauma, not just to the victims and their families, but also to the citizens who were exposed only through the media. In this study, we interviewed victims' families two years after the incident. We explored how they have experienced changes in their social relationships. We conducted semi-structured interviews of 54 family members of the student victims (...) Social relationship changes in victim families due to a social disaster: Experiences of student victims' families in the South Korean Sewol ferry disaster. The Sewol ferry incident on April 16, 2014 in South Korea claimed the lives of 304 individuals, including about 250 high school students on a school trip. The majority of South Korean citizens were watching live updates on the capsized Sewol ferry, anxiously watching on TV how the vessel fully sunk over time. They were desperately hoping
The Nepal earthquake: use of a disaster to improve mental healthliteracy People were not well prepared for the psychological aftermath of the earthquake in Nepal in April 2015. A higher rate of mental disorder was noted in the ensuing months and there was a need to develop psychosocial interventions, especially for those with poor mental healthliteracy. Acceptable, affordable and accessible mental health awareness programmes were required. Through examples of strategies adopted by the author (...) , this article asserts that the aftermath of natural disasters can give mental health professionals opportunities to improve mental healthliteracy.
, and the 2014–2016 Ebola outbreak—highlight the need for disaster planning at all community levels. Furthermore, the increased frequency of environmental natural disasters, such as Hurricane Katrina (2005); Hurricane Sandy (2012); and the 2017 hurricanes Harvey, Irma, and Maria; and the increase in incidence of earthquakes, floods, heat waves, and severe wildfires that have direct consequences on human health, demonstrate the important role for healthcare providers in disaster preparedness ( ). A 2004 (...) review suggested that disasters cause the evacuation of as many as 20 hospitals per year ( ); another study concluded that from 2000 to 2012 natural disasters caused $1.5 trillion in damages worldwide and affected 2.9 billion people ( ). Because disasters are unpredictable in nature, attention has focused on measures that can be taken to minimize their effects and prepare citizens, businesses, healthcare facilities, and nations to manage the damage caused by disasters. In recent years, new
A comparative assessment of major international disasters: the need for exposure assessment, systematic emergency preparedness, and lifetime healthcare. The disasters at Seveso, Three Mile Island, Bhopal, Chernobyl, the World Trade Center (WTC) and Fukushima had historic health and economic sequelae for large populations of workers, responders and community members.Comparative data from these events were collected to derive indications for future preparedness. Information from the primary (...) figured prominently in only the WTC Health Program. The analysis of these programs yielded the following lessons: 1) Know who was there; 2) Have publichealth input to the disaster response; 3) Collect health and needs data rapidly; 4) Take care of the affected; 5) Emergency preparedness; 6) Data driven, needs assessment, advocacy.Given the long-lasting health consequences of natural and man-made disasters, health surveillance and treatment programs are critical for management of health conditions
Disaster management and primary healthcare: implications for medical education 29200403 2018 12 11 2018 12 11 2042-6372 8 2017 Nov 30 International journal of medical education Int J Med Educ Disaster management and primary healthcare: implications for medical education. 414-415 ijme.8.414415 10.5116/ijme.5a07.1e1b Swathi Javeria Majeed JM Unit for Research in Emergency and Disaster, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oviedo, Spain. González Pedro Arcos PA Unit for Research in Emergency (...) and Disaster, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oviedo, Spain. Delgado Rafael Castro RC Unit for Research in Emergency and Disaster, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oviedo, Spain. eng Journal Article 2017 11 30 England Int J Med Educ 101603754 2042-6372 IM Clinical Competence standards Disaster Medicine education Disasters Education, Medical methods organization & administration standards Humans Primary HealthCare methods organization & administration standards 2016 08 27 2017 11 11 2017 12 5 6 0 2017
A controlled trial of trauma-focused therapy versus problem-solving in Islamic children affected by civil conflict and disaster in Aceh, Indonesia. To evaluate the relative efficacies of trauma-focused cognitive behavior therapy and problem-solving therapy in treating post-traumatic stress disorder in children affected by civil conflict in Aceh, Indonesia.A controlled trial of children with post-traumatic stress disorder ( N = 64) randomized children to either five individual weekly sessions (...) of trauma-focused cognitive behavior therapy or problem-solving therapy provided by lay-counselors who were provided with brief training. Children were assessed by blind independent assessors at pretreatment, posttreatment and 3-month follow-up on post-traumatic stress disorder, depression and anger, as well as caregiver ratings of the child's post-traumatic stress disorder levels.Intent-to-treat analyses indicated no significant linear time × treatment condition interaction effects for post-traumatic
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms and Posttraumatic Growth Following Indirect Trauma from the Sewol Ferry Disaster, 2014 30032595 2018 08 04 1738-3684 15 7 2018 Jul Psychiatry investigation Psychiatry Investig Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms and Posttraumatic Growth Following Indirect Trauma from the Sewol Ferry Disaster, 2014. 744 10.30773/pi.2017.12.03.e1 Wong Aekyeong A Posttraumatic Growth Center, Department of Psychiatry, Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University Medical