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21. CRACKCast E193 – Disaster Preparedness

), community agencies (EMS, police, and public health), and sources of vital supplies (water, oxygen, and drugs) [9] List the 8 basic components of a comprehensive hospital disaster response planning process Interdepartmental Planning Group: needs representatives from every department that is vital to a hospital’s response (i.e. admin, medical staff, nursing, safety & security, emergency department, engineering). Responsible for hazard identification and response planning Resource Management: A full (...) Those who will survive without care Those who will benefit from care in the field (austere care) Only patients in the third category receive interventions beyond comfort care or basic measures [6] List the 5 functional elements of an incident command system Incident command: overall management responsibility – not automatically the physician, especially pre-hospital Operations section: provides tactical services (e.g. medical care, extraction, fire, law enforcement) Planning section: collects

2018 CandiEM

22. What is the evidence around knowledge and library service provision and knowledge management to support global health, and disaster and emergency preparedness?

, Beards GM, et al. Wikipedia: a key tool for global public health promotion. Journal of Medical Internet Research. 2011;13(1):e14. 32. Schell MB. Disseminating Disaster Health Information: Three Trial Projects. Journal of Hospital Librarianship. 2013;13(3):291-7. 33. Murphy J. Global health: Where are things heading? and what does this mean for health information professionals?: International perspectives and initiatives. Health Information and Libraries Journal. 2009;26(4):336-40. 34. Murphy J (...) . O'Sullivan TL, Amaratunga CA, Hardt J, Dow D, Phillips KP, Corneil W. Are we ready? Evidence of support mechanisms for Canadian health care workers in multi-jurisdictional emergency planning. Canadian Journal of Public Health Revue Canadienne de Sante Publique. 2007;98(5):358-63. 50. Featherstone RM. The Disaster Information Specialist: An Emerging Role for Health Librarians. Journal of Library Administration. 2012;52(8):731-53. 51. Featherstone RM, Lyon BJ, Ruffin AB. Library roles in disaster response

2017 Publication 4890972

23. Association of PTSD symptom groups with functional impairment and distress in trauma-exposed disaster survivors. (Abstract)

Association of PTSD symptom groups with functional impairment and distress in trauma-exposed disaster survivors. In the nearly a quarter of a century since the addition of the clinically significant distress/impairment criterion to the definition of PTSD in DSM-IV, little research has been done to examine the association of this criterion with symptom group criteria and with the numbing subgroup specifically. This study was conducted to examine these relationships in a large database (...) of disaster survivors consistently studied across 12 different incidents of the full range of disaster typology.Analysis was conducted on a merged database representing 1187 trauma-exposed survivors of 12 different disasters studied systematically. DSM-IV-TR criteria for disaster-related PTSD were assessed with the Diagnostic Interview Schedule.PTSD Group C (avoidance/numbing) and numbing specifically were less common and more associated than other symptom groups with criterion F (distress/impairment

2019 Psychological Medicine

24. Trauma and Relationship Strain: Oral Histories With World Trade Center Disaster Responders. (Abstract)

Trauma and Relationship Strain: Oral Histories With World Trade Center Disaster Responders. Existing models of couple functioning after trauma are primarily based on the experiences of returning military veterans. In this study, we conducted thematic analysis of a purposive sample of 49 oral histories of responders to the 9/11/01 terrorist attacks to understand how they navigated life with their spouses after the response experience. Use of multiple coders and analytic matrices increased (...) analytic rigor. In the sample, 34.7% disclosed a posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnosis and another 22.7% mentioned experiencing at least one trauma symptom. Most responders had not sought mental health intervention, relying instead on their spouses' caregiving. Responders reported limited disclosure to their spouses about the details of their 9/11/01 response work, which may have helped them cope emotionally with repeated 9/11/01 clean-up duties. Shared values regarding the common good

2019 Qualitative Health Research

25. Efficacy and safety of ear acupuncture for trauma-related disorders after large-scale disasters: A protocol of systematic review. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Efficacy and safety of ear acupuncture for trauma-related disorders after large-scale disasters: A protocol of systematic review. This systematic review protocol describes the methods that will be used to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ear acupuncture for trauma-related disorders after large-scale disasters.The following electronic databases will be searched up to May 2019 without language or publication status restrictions: Medline, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled (...) Trials, Allied and Complementary Medicine Database, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and PsycARTICLES. We will also search Korean, Chinese, and Japanese databases. Any clinical studies with original data related to ear acupuncture for trauma-related disorders after large-scale disaster will be included. Traumatic stress-related symptoms will be assessed as primary outcomes. Depression, anxiety, adverse events, and total effective rate will be evaluated as secondary outcomes

2019 Medicine

26. Austria’s new government: a victory for the tobacco industry and public health disaster?

Austria’s new government: a victory for the tobacco industry and public health disaster? Austria’s new government: a victory for the tobacco industry and public health disaster? | Blog - Tobacco Control by Manfred Neuberger In Austria the conservative Austrian People’s Party (Oesterreiche Volkpartei, OeVP) won the 2017 elections, and negotiated with the third-largest party, the right-wing nationalist Freedom Party of Austria (Freiheitliche Partei Oesterreichs, FPOe) to form a new government (...) reported that he was willing to sacrifice the tobacco law and trade it for the tolerance of FPOe to sign the EU-Canada Comprehensive Economic and Free Trade Agreement (CETA). The reports caused alarm among health professionals, both in Austria and internationally. Numerous associations appealed to Kurz not to give in, including the European Public Health Alliance, Brussels; Smokefree Partnership, Brussels; member organisations of the European Network for Smoking and Tobacco Prevention, Society

2018 BMJ Tobacco Control Blog

27. Urban disaster risk governance: A systematic review

that urban authorities have a number of responsibilities that can contribute to disaster risk reduction, preparedness and post- disaster response and recovery. These can be grouped into three categories - built environment (planning, building codes, land use regulations); physical infrastructure (roads, drainage, sanitation) and services (fire-protection, solid waste, transport, health care). See figure 2 for full mapping. 10 Figure 2: The role of city/municipal government in disaster risk management (...) Urban disaster risk governance: A systematic review Urban disaster risk governance A systematic review by Nicola Murray February 2017 Systematic review i Urban disaster risk governance: a systematic review “After five years working on this in Nepal, I have come to recognise that addressing Nepal's vulnerability to natural hazards is first a governance problem, and only second, about funding and expertise.” (Robert Piper, UN Resident Coordinator Nepal 2013). By Nicola Murray February 2017

2017 EPPI Centre

28. Post-earthquake Zika virus surge: Disaster and public health threat amid climatic conduciveness Full Text available with Trip Pro

Post-earthquake Zika virus surge: Disaster and public health threat amid climatic conduciveness A recent major earthquake (M7.8), coupled with appropriate climatic conditions, led to significant destruction in Ecuador. Temperature variations, which may be induced by anthropogenic climate change, are often associated with changes in rainfall, humidity and pressure. Temperature and humidity are associated with ecological modifications that may favour mosquito breeding. We hypothesized (...) that the disruptive ecological changes triggered by the earthquake, in the context of appropriate climatic conditions, led to an upsurge in Zika virus (ZIKV) infections. Here we show that, after controlling for climatic and socioeconomic conditions, earthquake severity was associated with incident ZIKV cases. Pre-earthquake mean maximum monthly temperature and post-earthquake mean monthly pressure were negatively associated with ZIKV incidence rates. These results demonstrate the dynamics of post-disaster vector

2017 Scientific reports

29. Public Health Disasters: Be Prepared Full Text available with Trip Pro

Public Health Disasters: Be Prepared 28892453 2017 09 20 1541-0048 107 S2 2017 Sep American journal of public health Am J Public Health Public Health Disasters: Be Prepared. S120-S121 10.2105/AJPH.2017.304039 Kim-Farley Robert James RJ Robert James Kim-Farley is with the Departments of Epidemiology and Community Health Sciences, Fielding School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles and is an associate editor of AJPH. eng Journal Article United States Am J Public Health 1254074

2017 American Journal of Public Health

30. Resilient Health System As Conceptual Framework for Strengthening Public Health Disaster Risk Management: An African Viewpoint Full Text available with Trip Pro

Resilient Health System As Conceptual Framework for Strengthening Public Health Disaster Risk Management: An African Viewpoint 29034230 2018 11 13 2296-2565 5 2017 Frontiers in public health Front Public Health Resilient Health System As Conceptual Framework for Strengthening Public Health Disaster Risk Management: An African Viewpoint. 263 10.3389/fpubh.2017.00263 Olu Olushayo O World Health Organization, Kigali, Rwanda. eng 001 World Health Organization International Journal Article 2017 09 (...) 28 Switzerland Front Public Health 101616579 2296-2565 Africa conceptual framework disaster risk management opinion article public health resilient health system 2017 05 22 2017 09 14 2017 10 17 6 0 2017 10 17 6 0 2017 10 17 6 1 epublish 29034230 10.3389/fpubh.2017.00263 PMC5625001 PLoS Curr. 2012 Aug 22;4:e5028b6037259a 23066520 Public Health. 2017 Feb;143:60-70 28159028 Lancet. 2015 Mar 14;385(9972):941 25747581 Prehosp Disaster Med. 2016 Feb;31(1):74-8 26675042 BMJ Open. 2015 Dec 23;5(12

2017 Frontiers in public health

31. How Do Communities Use a Participatory Public Health Approach to Build Resilience? The Los Angeles County Community Disaster Resilience Project Full Text available with Trip Pro

How Do Communities Use a Participatory Public Health Approach to Build Resilience? The Los Angeles County Community Disaster Resilience Project Community resilience is a key concept in the National Health Security Strategy that emphasizes development of multi-sector partnerships and equity through community engagement. Here, we describe the advancement of CR principles through community participatory methods in the Los Angeles County Community Disaster Resilience (LACCDR) initiative. LACCDR (...) , an initiative led by the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health with academic partners, randomized 16 community coalitions to implement either an Enhanced Standard Preparedness or Community Resilience approach over 24 months. Facilitated by a public health nurse or community educator, coalitions comprised government agencies, community-focused organizations and community members. We used thematic analysis of data from focus groups (n = 5) and interviews (n = 6 coalition members; n = 16 facilitators

2017 International journal of environmental research and public health

32. Public health implications of complex emergencies and natural disasters Full Text available with Trip Pro

Public health implications of complex emergencies and natural disasters During the last decade, conflict or natural disasters have displaced unprecedented numbers of persons. This leads to conditions prone to outbreaks that imperil the health of displaced persons and threaten global health security. Past literature has minimally examined the association of communicable disease outbreaks with complex emergencies (CEs) and natural disasters (NDs).To examine this association, we identified CEs (...) and NDs using publicly available datasets from the Center for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters and United Nations Flash and Consolidated Appeals archive for 2005-2014. We identified outbreaks from World Health Organization archives. We compared findings to identify overlap of outbreaks, including their types (whether or not of a vaccine-preventable disease), and emergency event types (CE, ND, or Both) by country and year using descriptive statistics and measure of association.There were 167

2017 Conflict and health

33. Applying a New Framework for Public Health Systems Recovery following Emergencies and Disasters: The Example of Haiti following a Major Earthquake and Cholera Outbreak. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Applying a New Framework for Public Health Systems Recovery following Emergencies and Disasters: The Example of Haiti following a Major Earthquake and Cholera Outbreak. Emergencies can often directly impact health systems of an affected region or country, especially in resource-constrained areas. Health system recovery following an emergency is a complex and dynamic process. Health system recovery efforts have often been structured around the World Health Organization's health systems building (...) blocks as demonstrated by the Post-Disaster Needs Assessment. Although this structure is valuable and well known, it can overlook the intricacies of public health systems. We retrospectively examine public health systems recovery, a subset of the larger health system, following the 2010 Haiti earthquake and cholera outbreak, through the lens of the 10 essential public health services. This framework illustrates the comprehensive nature of and helps categorize the activities necessary for a well

2017 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

34. Evacuation of Pets During Disasters: A Public Health Intervention to Increase Resilience. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Evacuation of Pets During Disasters: A Public Health Intervention to Increase Resilience. During a disaster, many pet owners want to evacuate their pets with them, only to find that evacuation and sheltering options are limited or nonexistent. This disregard for companion animal welfare during a disaster can have public health consequences. Pet owners may be stranded at home, unwilling to leave their pets behind. Others refuse evacuation orders or attempt to reenter evacuation sites illegally (...) . These sequelae are not unique to the United States, nor to wealthy countries. Emergency planning for companion animals during disasters is a global need in communities with a significant pet population, and will increase resilience and improve public health.

2017 American Journal of Public Health

35. Disaster Training in 24 Hours: Evaluation of a Novel Medical Student Curriculum in Disaster Medicine. (Abstract)

of an underutilized segment of the health care team to respond to public health emergencies.Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (...) Disaster Training in 24 Hours: Evaluation of a Novel Medical Student Curriculum in Disaster Medicine. Over a decade ago, the Association of American Medical Colleges called for incorporation of disaster medicine training into the education of medical students in the United States. Despite this recommendation, similar suggestions by other professional organizations, and significant interest from medical students and educators, few medical schools explicitly include robust disaster training

2018 Journal of Emergency Medicine

36. Social relationship changes in victim families due to a social disaster: Experiences of student victims' families in the South Korean Sewol ferry disaster. Full Text available with Trip Pro

for the rescue of the survivors inside. However, their anxiety had become shock, anger, and helplessness, and the disaster has become a daunting, collective trauma, not just to the victims and their families, but also to the citizens who were exposed only through the media. In this study, we interviewed victims' families two years after the incident. We explored how they have experienced changes in their social relationships. We conducted semi-structured interviews of 54 family members of the student victims (...) Social relationship changes in victim families due to a social disaster: Experiences of student victims' families in the South Korean Sewol ferry disaster. The Sewol ferry incident on April 16, 2014 in South Korea claimed the lives of 304 individuals, including about 250 high school students on a school trip. The majority of South Korean citizens were watching live updates on the capsized Sewol ferry, anxiously watching on TV how the vessel fully sunk over time. They were desperately hoping

2017 PLoS ONE

37. A controlled trial of trauma-focused therapy versus problem-solving in Islamic children affected by civil conflict and disaster in Aceh, Indonesia. (Abstract)

A controlled trial of trauma-focused therapy versus problem-solving in Islamic children affected by civil conflict and disaster in Aceh, Indonesia. To evaluate the relative efficacies of trauma-focused cognitive behavior therapy and problem-solving therapy in treating post-traumatic stress disorder in children affected by civil conflict in Aceh, Indonesia.A controlled trial of children with post-traumatic stress disorder ( N = 64) randomized children to either five individual weekly sessions (...) of trauma-focused cognitive behavior therapy or problem-solving therapy provided by lay-counselors who were provided with brief training. Children were assessed by blind independent assessors at pretreatment, posttreatment and 3-month follow-up on post-traumatic stress disorder, depression and anger, as well as caregiver ratings of the child's post-traumatic stress disorder levels.Intent-to-treat analyses indicated no significant linear time × treatment condition interaction effects for post-traumatic

2018 The Australian and New Zealand journal of psychiatry Controlled trial quality: uncertain

38. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms and Posttraumatic Growth Following Indirect Trauma from the Sewol Ferry Disaster, 2014 Full Text available with Trip Pro

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms and Posttraumatic Growth Following Indirect Trauma from the Sewol Ferry Disaster, 2014 The definition of psychological trauma, which was traditionally restricted to immediate and direct experience, is now expanding to include mediated or vicarious experience. So the present study aims to examine the relationship between the negative effects and the positive outcomes to a national disaster by assessing the posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms (...) and posttraumatic growth of the general public.A nationwide survey of the Korean population (n=811) who were exposed to the Sewol ferry disaster through the media participated in this research, completing a self-report questionnaire consisting of demographic characteristics, Impact of Event Scale-Revised- Korean, and Korean-Stress-related Growth Scale-Revised. The participants were divided into three groups according to the severity of PTSD symptoms, then one-way ANOVA were conducted.The results revealed 30.4

2018 Psychiatry investigation

39. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms and Posttraumatic Growth Following Indirect Trauma from the Sewol Ferry Disaster, 2014 Full Text available with Trip Pro

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms and Posttraumatic Growth Following Indirect Trauma from the Sewol Ferry Disaster, 2014 30032595 2018 08 04 1738-3684 15 7 2018 Jul Psychiatry investigation Psychiatry Investig Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms and Posttraumatic Growth Following Indirect Trauma from the Sewol Ferry Disaster, 2014. 744 10.30773/pi.2017.12.03.e1 Wong Aekyeong A Posttraumatic Growth Center, Department of Psychiatry, Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University Medical

2018 Psychiatry investigation

40. Reducing the Future Risk of Trauma: On the Integration of Global Disaster Policy within Specific Health Domains and Established Fields of Practice Full Text available with Trip Pro

Reducing the Future Risk of Trauma: On the Integration of Global Disaster Policy within Specific Health Domains and Established Fields of Practice The global increase in the frequency and severity of natural hazards and extreme climatic events necessitates more efficient global and national strategies to reduce the likelihood and impact of traumatic consequences for disaster-affected populations. The recent inclusion of mental health in the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction marks (...) a pivotal point in the recognition of the significant burden of disasters on mental health, and a global commitment to reducing its impacts. Nevertheless, effective agreement implementation and efforts to reduce disaster mental health risks are facing significant challenges. These include a lack of clarity about the conceptual interlinkages and place of disaster risk reduction principles within the field of disaster mental health, which is traditionally marked by a prevailing recovery orientation

2018 International journal of environmental research and public health

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